Ecology

Definition

Ecology is the study of how organisms interact with each other and their environment. It considers processes that occur at the population, community and ecosystem levels and has a particular focus on biodiversity.

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Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • Comments and Opinion |

    We anticipate that conventional management approaches will be insufficient to protect coral reefs, even if global warming is limited to 1.5 °C. Emerging technologies are needed to stem the decline of these natural assets.

    • Ken Anthony
    • , Line K. Bay
    • , Robert Costanza
    • , Jennifer Firn
    • , John Gunn
    • , Peter Harrison
    • , Andrew Heyward
    • , Petra Lundgren
    • , David Mead
    • , Tom Moore
    • , Peter J. Mumby
    • , Madeleine J. H. van Oppen
    • , John Robertson
    • , Michael C. Runge
    • , David J. Suggett
    • , Britta Schaffelke
    • , David Wachenfeld
    •  & Terry Walshe
  • Comments and Opinion |

    Targets for human development are increasingly connected with targets for nature, however, existing scenarios do not explicitly address this relationship. Here, we outline a strategy to generate scenarios centred on our relationship with nature to inform decision-making at multiple scales.

    • Isabel M. D. Rosa
    • , Henrique M. Pereira
    • , Simon Ferrier
    • , Rob Alkemade
    • , Lilibeth A. Acosta
    • , H. Resit Akcakaya
    • , Eefje den Belder
    • , Asghar M. Fazel
    • , Shinichiro Fujimori
    • , Mike Harfoot
    • , Khaled A. Harhash
    • , Paula A. Harrison
    • , Jennifer Hauck
    • , Rob J. J. Hendriks
    • , Gladys Hernández
    • , Walter Jetz
    • , Sylvia I. Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen
    • , HyeJin Kim
    • , Nicholas King
    • , Marcel T. J. Kok
    • , Grygoriy O. Kolomytsev
    • , Tanya Lazarova
    • , Paul Leadley
    • , Carolyn J. Lundquist
    • , Jaime García Márquez
    • , Carsten Meyer
    • , Laetitia M. Navarro
    • , Carsten Nesshöver
    • , Hien T. Ngo
    • , Karachepone N. Ninan
    • , Maria G. Palomo
    • , Laura M. Pereira
    • , Garry D. Peterson
    • , Ramon Pichs
    • , Alexander Popp
    • , Andy Purvis
    • , Federica Ravera
    • , Carlo Rondinini
    • , Jyothis Sathyapalan
    • , Aafke M. Schipper
    • , Ralf Seppelt
    • , Josef Settele
    • , Nadia Sitas
    •  & Detlef van Vuuren
  • News and Views |

    There is a species-diversity gradient on Earth, with the greatest diversity found near the Equator. Analysis of forest data now reveals a mechanism aiding species coexistence in the tropics that might underlie this phenomenon.

    • Gary G. Mittelbach