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Ecological epidemiology is the study of the ecology of infectious diseases. It includes population and community level studies of the interactions between hosts and their pathogens and parasites, and covers diseases of both humans and wildlife.
New infections of the amphibian chytrid fungus could arise from other animal reservoirs in the environment. Here, Liew et al. demonstrate that zebrafish can be infected by chytrid similarly to amphibians, expanding our understanding of how this pathogen can parasitize its hosts.
A mathematical model coupling malaria epidemiology and socioeconomic–demographic factors related to land-use change identifies the different kinds of malaria dynamics that arise early on with land-use change.
Biologists have long been captivated by bats, whose unique adaptations are wonders of evolution. We examine some of the many reasons why they are so important to ecologists and evolutionary biologists.
Intuition informs a widespread policy of epidemic response, replacing infected workers in classrooms or hospitals with healthy substitutes. But modelling now suggests that this mechanism may be a key factor in the accelerated spread of an epidemic.
Accurate estimates of disease burden are possible by building high-resolution geographical models. However, novel pathogens such as Zika virus pose substantial challenges, requiring both new analytical techniques and, where possible, serological surveys.