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Boreal ecology is the study of ecosystems in the subarctic (boreal) zone of the Northern hemisphere. These areas are dominated by coniferous forest, generally have permafrost soils, and occur below the Arctic tundra latitudes.
Boreal forest fires tend to be more intense and lethal in North America than Eurasia. Differences in tree species composition explain these differences in fire regime, and lead to contrasting feedbacks to climate.