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Behavioural ecology is the study of behavioural interactions between individuals within populations and communities, usually in an evolutionary context. It looks at how competition and cooperation between and within species affects evolutionary fitness.
Predator–prey interactions in a Zambian national park reveal the interaction between types of risk: strong prey vigilance responses to locations with high long-term risk when short-term risk was high, but not when short-term risk was low.
Co-mapping the incidence of worker reproduction and queen pheromone chemical composition on a phylogeny of stingless bees reveals no association between queen hydrocarbon profiles and worker reproduction.
Female aggression is enhanced after mating. Genetic manipulation and behavioural observation show that the receipt of sperm, and a seminal fluid protein, enhances female Drosophila aggression towards other females.
Despite the obvious influence of space on interactions, constraints imposed by the built environment are seldom considered when examining collective behaviours of animals and humans. We propose an interdisciplinary path towards uncovering the impact of architecture on collective outcomes.