Virology

Virology is the scientific discipline concerned with the study of the biology of viruses and viral diseases, including the distribution, biochemistry, physiology, molecular biology, ecology, evolution and clinical aspects of viruses.

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  • News and Views |

    Eradicating the viral reservoir remains a formidable barrier to curing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The first challenge is to characterize the cells and tissues where HIV hides. In this issue of Nature Microbiology, urethral macrophages are shown to retain infectious HIV particles, prompting us to rethink strategies to eliminate the reservoir.

    • Vasco Rodrigues
    •  & Philippe Benaroch
    Nature Microbiology 4, 556-557
  • News and Views |

    Three recent metagenomic studies analyse methanogenesis-related genes in previously uncharacterized, sediment-inhabiting archaeal lineages. They elucidate the metabolic capacity encoded in the genomes of these lineages, yet how these organisms harness energy is still a mystery.

    • Joana C. Xavier
    •  & William F. Martin
    Nature Microbiology 4, 547-549
  • News and Views |

    Rapid diagnostic tests capable of detecting any potential pathogen are needed to improve the efficacy of antimicrobial therapy and inform antimicrobial stewardship efforts. A new metagenomics-based test that detects microbial DNA in human blood can identify a diverse array of pathogens from any source in the body.

    • Justin O’Grady
    Nature Microbiology 4, 554-555