Viral epidemiology

Definition

Viral epidemiology is the scientific discipline concerned with the study of the incidence and spread of viruses in populations over time. Host, virus and environmental factors are monitored to determine the dynamics of viral infections, the ultimate goal of which is to devise intervention strategies.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    Genome sequencing of Zika virus samples from infected patients and Aedes aegypti mosquitoes in Florida shows that the virus was probably introduced into the United States on multiple occasions, and that the Caribbean is the most likely source.

    • Nathan D. Grubaugh
    • , Jason T. Ladner
    • , Moritz U. G. Kraemer
    • , Gytis Dudas
    • , Amanda L. Tan
    • , Karthik Gangavarapu
    • , Michael R. Wiley
    • , Stephen White
    • , Julien Thézé
    • , Diogo M. Magnani
    • , Karla Prieto
    • , Daniel Reyes
    • , Andrea M. Bingham
    • , Lauren M. Paul
    • , Refugio Robles-Sikisaka
    • , Glenn Oliveira
    • , Darryl Pronty
    • , Carolyn M. Barcellona
    • , Hayden C. Metsky
    • , Mary Lynn Baniecki
    • , Kayla G. Barnes
    • , Bridget Chak
    • , Catherine A. Freije
    • , Adrianne Gladden-Young
    • , Andreas Gnirke
    • , Cynthia Luo
    • , Bronwyn MacInnis
    • , Christian B. Matranga
    • , Daniel J. Park
    • , James Qu
    • , Stephen F. Schaffner
    • , Christopher Tomkins-Tinch
    • , Kendra L. West
    • , Sarah M. Winnicki
    • , Shirlee Wohl
    • , Nathan L. Yozwiak
    • , Joshua Quick
    • , Joseph R. Fauver
    • , Kamran Khan
    • , Shannon E. Brent
    • , Robert C. Reiner Jr
    • , Paola N. Lichtenberger
    • , Michael J. Ricciardi
    • , Varian K. Bailey
    • , David I. Watkins
    • , Marshall R. Cone
    • , Edgar W. Kopp IV
    • , Kelly N. Hogan
    • , Andrew C. Cannons
    • , Reynald Jean
    • , Andrew J. Monaghan
    • , Robert F. Garry
    • , Nicholas J. Loman
    • , Nuno R. Faria
    • , Mario C. Porcelli
    • , Chalmers Vasquez
    • , Elyse R. Nagle
    • , Derek A. T. Cummings
    • , Danielle Stanek
    • , Andrew Rambaut
    • , Mariano Sanchez-Lockhart
    • , Pardis C. Sabeti
    • , Leah D. Gillis
    • , Scott F. Michael
    • , Trevor Bedford
    • , Oliver G. Pybus
    • , Sharon Isern
    • , Gustavo Palacios
    •  & Kristian G. Andersen
    Nature 546, 401–405
  • Protocols |

    This multiplex PCR enrichment protocol enables sequencing of Zika and other viral genomes of low abundance from clinical samples using the Illumina platform, or the portable MinION sequencer, facilitating direct application in field situations.

    • Joshua Quick
    • , Nathan D Grubaugh
    • , Steven T Pullan
    • , Ingra M Claro
    • , Andrew D Smith
    • , Karthik Gangavarapu
    • , Glenn Oliveira
    • , Refugio Robles-Sikisaka
    • , Thomas F Rogers
    • , Nathan A Beutler
    • , Dennis R Burton
    • , Lia Laura Lewis-Ximenez
    • , Jaqueline Goes de Jesus
    • , Marta Giovanetti
    • , Sarah C Hill
    • , Allison Black
    • , Trevor Bedford
    • , Miles W Carroll
    • , Marcio Nunes
    • , Luiz Carlos Alcantara Jr.
    • , Ester C Sabino
    • , Sally A Baylis
    • , Nuno R Faria
    • , Matthew Loose
    • , Jared T Simpson
    • , Oliver G Pybus
    • , Kristian G Andersen
    •  & Nicholas J Loman
    Nature Protocols 12, 1261–1276
  • Research | | open

    The WHO targets measles elimination by 2020, a goal that relies on high vaccination coverage. Here, Takahashi et al. identify ‘coldspots’ in the African Great Lakes region where measles vaccine coverage is below 80%, suggesting that these regions should be targeted in future vaccination campaigns.

    • Saki Takahashi
    • , C. Jessica E. Metcalf
    • , Matthew J. Ferrari
    • , Andrew J. Tatem
    •  & Justin Lessler

News and Comment