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The health sciences study all aspects of health, disease and healthcare. This field of study aims to develop knowledge, interventions and technology for use in healthcare to improve the treatment of patients.
The levels of monoamines and their cofactors in cerebrospinal fluid are strong indicators for dopamine and serotonin biosynthesis and turnover. This protocol describes a set of HPLC-based approaches for the quantitative detection of these molecules.
After acute inflammation, epithelial stem cells retain a memory that accelerates restoration of the skin barrier during subsequent tissue damage, and this enhancement is dependent on the AIM2 inflammasome and its downstream effectors.
Recent decades have seen an alarming rise in the incidence of autoimmune disease. In a Perspective, Matarese and colleagues discuss the evidence showing that changes in diet and metabolic workload can account for, at least in part, rises in the frequency of autoimmune disease.
NADPH oxidase NOX4 has been linked to poor cancer survival. Here the authors show that NOX4 regulates drug resistance in renal cancer carcinoma by regulating PKM2 and that NOX4 activity is allosterically activated by reduced mitochondrial ATP levels thus coupling energy metabolism to drug resistance.
MicroRNAs play an important role in stem cell fate and tumorigenesis. In this work, the authors show that miR-31 controls mammary stem cell self-renewal and tumorigenesis by simultaneously activating Wnt/β-catenin and repressing TGFβ signaling pathways.
Thick filaments in skeletal muscle and heart are composed of myosin. The authors show that the length of thick filaments is defined by titin, and that alterations in titin length affect force generation and lead to dilated cardiomyopathy in mice.
Tumour cells can develop intrinsic adaptations that make them less susceptible to chemotherapy. It emerges that extrinsic bacterial action can also enable tumour cells to escape the effects of drug treatment.