Health care

Definition

Health care is the discipline concerned with the provision and delivery of health services to a patient population by personnel in professional and allied health occupations.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    CMTM6 and CMTM4 bind to and stabilize the inhibitory receptor PD-L1 and regulate PD-L1 levels at the surface of human tumour and immune cells.

    • Riccardo Mezzadra
    • , Chong Sun
    • , Lucas T. Jae
    • , Raquel Gomez-Eerland
    • , Evert de Vries
    • , Wei Wu
    • , Meike E. W. Logtenberg
    • , Maarten Slagter
    • , Elisa A. Rozeman
    • , Ingrid Hofland
    • , Annegien Broeks
    • , Hugo M. Horlings
    • , Lodewyk F. A. Wessels
    • , Christian U. Blank
    • , Yanling Xiao
    • , Albert J. R. Heck
    • , Jannie Borst
    • , Thijn R. Brummelkamp
    •  & Ton N. M. Schumacher
  • Reviews |

    Patients with bladder cancer have a substantially increased risk of prostate cancer, compared with that of the general male population, and a diagnosis of concomitant prostate cancer can contribute to inferior outcomes, particularly in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Here, the authors describe the outcomes of such patients, in addition to the optimal treatment and management strategies and future research needs.

    • Antonio Lopez-Beltran
    • , Liang Cheng
    • , Francesco Montorsi
    • , Maria Scarpelli
    • , Maria R. Raspollini
    •  & Rodolfo Montironi
  • Reviews |

    Mitochondria provide the kidney with energy to remove waste from the blood and regulate fluid and electrolyte balance. This Review discusses how mitochondrial homeostasis is maintained, the changes in mitochondrial energetics that occur in acute kidney injury and diabetic nephropathy, and how targeting mitochondrial energetics might aid the treatment of renal disease.

    • Pallavi Bhargava
    •  & Rick G. Schnellmann
  • Research | | open

    Early detection of gum inflammation caused by dental implants helps prevent tissue damage. Here, the authors present a peptide sensor that generates a bitter taste when cleaved by proteases present in peri-implant disease, embed it in a chewing gum, and compare the probe to existing sensors using patient saliva.

    • J. Ritzer
    • , T. Lühmann
    • , C. Rode
    • , M. Pein-Hackelbusch
    • , I. Immohr
    • , U. Schedler
    • , T. Thiele
    • , S. Stübinger
    • , B. v. Rechenberg
    • , J. Waser-Althaus
    • , F. Schlottig
    • , M. Merli
    • , H. Dawe
    • , M. Karpíšek
    • , R. Wyrwa
    • , M. Schnabelrauch
    •  & L. Meinel

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