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Serum autoantibodies have a wide range of glycosylation patterns. In this Review, the authors describe the role of autoantibody glycosylation in the pathology of autoimmune disease, and how understanding the role of specific antibody glycoforms might optimize current treatment approaches.
In this Consensus Statement, a group of experts propose that high-quality immunoassays, rather than indirect immunofluorescence, should be used as the primary screening method for detecting anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies when diagnosing patients with suspected granulomatosis with polyangiitis or microscopic polyangiitis.
Rapid progress in the fields of giant cell arteritis and polymyalgia rheumatica has resulted in the introduction of imaging techniques into routine clinical practice and in promising reports on the efficacy of biologic agents for treatment. Further research should further advance our understanding of the epidemiology, pathogenesis, imaging and treatment of these diseases.
Epigenetic alterations are increasingly being associated with the pathogenesis of inflammatory rheumatic diseases. In this Review, Ballestar and Li outline the current state of research into the role of epigenetics in such diseases and the possibility of epigenetic-targeting therapies.