Earth and environmental sciences

Definition

Earth and environmental sciences cover all aspects of Earth and planetary sciences, and broadly encompasses solid Earth processes, surface and atmospheric dynamics, Earth system history, climate and climate change, marine and freshwater systems, and ecology. It also considers the interactions between humans and these systems.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    A pure culture of the complete nitrifier Nitrospira inopinata shows a high affinity for ammonia, low maximum rate of ammonia oxidation, high growth yield compared to canonical nitrifiers and genomic potential for alternative metabolisms, probably reflecting an important role in nitrification in oligotrophic environments.

    • K. Dimitri Kits
    • , Christopher J. Sedlacek
    • , Elena V. Lebedeva
    • , Ping Han
    • , Alexandr Bulaev
    • , Petra Pjevac
    • , Anne Daebeler
    • , Stefano Romano
    • , Mads Albertsen
    • , Lisa Y. Stein
    • , Holger Daims
    •  & Michael Wagner
  • Research |

    Measurements from Antarctic ice suggest that geological methane emissions are much lower than previously thought, and that methane emissions from hydrates and permafrost in response to climate warming are minimal.

    • Vasilii V. Petrenko
    • , Andrew M. Smith
    • , Hinrich Schaefer
    • , Katja Riedel
    • , Edward Brook
    • , Daniel Baggenstos
    • , Christina Harth
    • , Quan Hua
    • , Christo Buizert
    • , Adrian Schilt
    • , Xavier Fain
    • , Logan Mitchell
    • , Thomas Bauska
    • , Anais Orsi
    • , Ray F. Weiss
    •  & Jeffrey P. Severinghaus
    Nature 548, 443–446
  • Reviews |

    Assessing development challenges for fisheries-dependent countries based on analyses of interactions and trade-offs between goals focusing on food, biodiversity and climate change.

    • Julia L. Blanchard
    • , Reg A. Watson
    • , Elizabeth A. Fulton
    • , Richard S. Cottrell
    • , Kirsty L. Nash
    • , Andrea Bryndum-Buchholz
    • , Matthias Büchner
    • , David A. Carozza
    • , William W. L. Cheung
    • , Joshua Elliott
    • , Lindsay N. K. Davidson
    • , Nicholas K. Dulvy
    • , John P. Dunne
    • , Tyler D. Eddy
    • , Eric Galbraith
    • , Heike K. Lotze
    • , Olivier Maury
    • , Christoph Müller
    • , Derek P. Tittensor
    •  & Simon Jennings
  • Research |

    The Martian atmosphere hosts water-ice clouds, but it is thought that any snow precipitation settles slowly, rather than in storms. Martian meteorology simulations suggest that localized convective snowstorms can occur on Mars during the night.

    • Aymeric Spiga
    • , David P. Hinson
    • , Jean-Baptiste Madeleine
    • , Thomas Navarro
    • , Ehouarn Millour
    • , François Forget
    •  & Franck Montmessin

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