Climate sciences

Definition

Climate science is the study of relatively long-term weather conditions, typically spanning decades to centuries but extending to geological timescales. The discipline is primarily concerned with atmospheric properties – for example temperature and humidity – and patterns of circulation, as well as interactions with the ocean, the biosphere, and, over longer timescales, the geosphere.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    Investigations of an Icelandic volcanic eruption confirm that sulfate aerosols caused a discernible yet transient brightening effect, as predicted, but their effect on the liquid water path was unexpectedly negligible.

    • Florent F. Malavelle
    • , Jim M. Haywood
    • , Andy Jones
    • , Andrew Gettelman
    • , Lieven Clarisse
    • , Sophie Bauduin
    • , Richard P. Allan
    • , Inger Helene H. Karset
    • , Jón Egill Kristjánsson
    • , Lazaros Oreopoulos
    • , Nayeong Cho
    • , Dongmin Lee
    • , Nicolas Bellouin
    • , Olivier Boucher
    • , Daniel P. Grosvenor
    • , Ken S. Carslaw
    • , Sandip Dhomse
    • , Graham W. Mann
    • , Anja Schmidt
    • , Hugh Coe
    • , Margaret E. Hartley
    • , Mohit Dalvi
    • , Adrian A. Hill
    • , Ben T. Johnson
    • , Colin E. Johnson
    • , Jeff R. Knight
    • , Fiona M. O’Connor
    • , Daniel G. Partridge
    • , Philip Stier
    • , Gunnar Myhre
    • , Steven Platnick
    • , Graeme L. Stephens
    • , Hanii Takahashi
    •  & Thorvaldur Thordarson
    Nature 546, 485–491
  • Research |

    A phase-separation mechanism is proposed for the dominance of the surface tension effect over the solute effect in the observed activation of ultrafine cloud condensation nuclei.

    • Jurgita Ovadnevaite
    • , Andreas Zuend
    • , Ari Laaksonen
    • , Kevin J. Sanchez
    • , Greg Roberts
    • , Darius Ceburnis
    • , Stefano Decesari
    • , Matteo Rinaldi
    • , Natasha Hodas
    • , Maria Cristina Facchini
    • , John H. Seinfeld
    •  & Colin O’ Dowd
  • Research | | open

    • Panos Panagos
    • , Pasquale Borrelli
    • , Katrin Meusburger
    • , Bofu Yu
    • , Andreas Klik
    • , Kyoung Jae Lim
    • , Jae E. Yang
    • , Jinren Ni
    • , Chiyuan Miao
    • , Nabansu Chattopadhyay
    • , Seyed Hamidreza Sadeghi
    • , Zeinab Hazbavi
    • , Mohsen Zabihi
    • , Gennady A. Larionov
    • , Sergey F. Krasnov
    • , Andrey V. Gorobets
    • , Yoav Levi
    • , Gunay Erpul
    • , Christian Birkel
    • , Natalia Hoyos
    • , Victoria Naipal
    • , Paulo Tarso S. Oliveira
    • , Carlos A. Bonilla
    • , Mohamed Meddi
    • , Werner Nel
    • , Hassan Al Dashti
    • , Martino Boni
    • , Nazzareno Diodato
    • , Kristof Van Oost
    • , Mark Nearing
    •  & Cristiano Ballabio
  • Research | | open

    • Gaetano Catanese
    • , Romain Watteaux
    • , Iratxe Montes
    • , Marco Barra
    • , Paola Rumolo
    • , Diego Borme
    • , Bruno Buongiorno Nardelli
    • , Vincenzo Botte
    • , Maria Grazia Mazzocchi
    • , Simona Genovese
    • , Iole Di Capua
    • , Mikel Iriondo
    • , Andone Estonba
    • , Paolo Ruggeri
    • , Valentina Tirelli
    • , Vincenzo Caputo-Barucchi
    • , Gualtiero Basilone
    • , Angelo Bonanno
    • , Daniele Iudicone
    •  & Gabriele Procaccini

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