Earth and environmental sciences


Earth and environmental sciences cover all aspects of Earth and planetary sciences, and broadly encompasses solid Earth processes, surface and atmospheric dynamics, Earth system history, climate and climate change, marine and freshwater systems, and ecology. It also considers the interactions between humans and these systems.


Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • News and Views |

    There is widespread speculation as to whether hailstorms are getting more intense or frequent as the global climate warms. Now research suggests a potential increase in both the mean hail size and frequency of larger hail events over North America.

    • John T. Allen
  • Correspondence |

    • C. L. Van Dover
    • , J. A. Ardron
    • , E. Escobar
    • , M. Gianni
    • , K. M. Gjerde
    • , A. Jaeckel
    • , D. O. B. Jones
    • , L. A. Levin
    • , H. J. Niner
    • , L. Pendleton
    • , C. R. Smith
    • , T. Thiele
    • , P. J. Turner
    • , L. Watling
    •  & P. P. E. Weaver
  • News and Views |

    Permafrost soils represent a massive pool of organic carbon that could be released to the atmosphere due to future climate change. A study now shows that previously frozen soil carbon contained in peatlands may make a relatively modest contribution to future methane emissions following permafrost thaw.

    • Scott D. Bridgham
  • Comments and Opinion |

    Reconstructions of Earth's past are much more than benchmarks for climate models. They also help us comprehend risk by providing concrete narratives for diverse climates.

    • Richard D. Pancost