Endocrine toxicities of immune checkpoint inhibitors

This Review highlights our current understanding of endocrinopathies induced by immune checkpoint inhibitors, including epidemiology, aetiology, clinical manifestations and approaches to treatment.

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Islet biology

Islet biology

The endocrine pancreas is composed of clusters of cells, or islets, which secrete endocrine factors important for systemic metabolism, including insulin and glucagon.
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