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Read our October issue

Our October issue includes phenotypic variation in fungi, early nervous system evolution, the evolution of CRISPR immunity, and an Editorial marking the sixtieth anniversary of Silent Spring.


  • healthy planet and green energy sources

    Last November, world leaders met in Glasgow, UK for the 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) to discuss action on the Paris Agreement and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. This Collection draws together content from across the Nature Portfolio that discusses solutions to challenges in mitigation, adaptation and finance — key pillars for COP26.

Nature Ecology & Evolution is a Transformative Journal; authors can publish using the traditional publishing route OR via immediate gold Open Access.

Our Open Access option complies with funder and institutional requirements.


  • A comparison of fish community data with reef coral and macroalgae cover at several sites around Polynesia over 11 years and spanning disturbance events suggests that fish community diversity has only minimal influence on coral dynamics, including recovery from disturbance.

    • Timothy J. Cline
    • Jacob E. Allgeier
  • Quantifying changing climatic effects on ecosystem productivity and human spatiotemporal distributions during the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition in Iberia, the authors find evidence that the hiatus between Neanderthal and modern human cultural complexes in North Atlantic Iberia and the longer persistence of Neanderthals in southern latitudes had an ecological cause.

    • M. Vidal-Cordasco
    • D. Ocio
    • A. B. Marín-Arroyo
    Article Open Access
  • Fossil calibrations, a relative clade age calibration (informed by horizontal gene transfer) and new phylogenomic methods for mapping gene family origins resolve tracheophytes (vascular plants) and bryophytes (non-vascular plants) as monophyletic sister groups that diverged during the Cambrian, 515–494 million years ago. The early evolution of both groups, but particularly that of bryophytes, was characterized by major gene content change.

    • Brogan J. Harris
    • James W. Clark
    • Tom A. Williams
    Article Open Access
    • This Perspective discusses potential effects of ocean warming on human nutrition provision from coral reef fish, ranging from altered species compositions of fish populations through to changed fish nutrient profiles resulting from altered metabolism, microbiome composition and trophic interactions.

      • Camille Mellin
      • Christina C. Hicks
      • Nicholas A. J. Graham
    • Fitness landscapes were described almost a century ago as smooth surfaces with peaks and valleys that are difficult to navigate. Now, more realistic high-dimensional genotype–phenotype maps show that fitness maxima can be reached from almost any other phenotype while avoiding fitness valleys, which are very rare.

      • Jacobo Aguirre
      News & Views
    • Harnessing big data and machine learning provides an assessment of the extinction risks of palm species worldwide, and illustrates an integrative conservation planning approach that incorporates evolutionary and ecological distinctiveness as well as human use.

      • Danilo M. Neves
      News & Views
    • Many viruses evolve quickly, leading to the coexistence of multiple strains within the same host and population. In this Review, the authors synthesize ecological and evolutionary approaches to studying the dynamics of multi-strain RNA virus infections and suggest opportunities for future work.

      • Dennis N. Makau
      • Samantha Lycett
      • Kimberly VanderWaal
      Review Article
    • Coevolutionary warfare between bacteria and phage results in the diversification of anti-phage CRISPR arrays among the most successful bacterial competitors

      • Saheli Saha
      • Samay Pande
      News & Views
  • Many academics move countries in pursuit of career opportunities. With every move, personal identities are renegotiated as people shift between belonging to majority and minority groups in different contexts. Institutes should consider people’s dynamic and intersectional identities in their diversity, equity and inclusion practices.

    • Alejandra Echeverri
    • Laura Melissa Guzman
    • Maria Natalia Umaña
  • Rachel Carson’s book has had lasting impacts on the global regulation of chemicals harmful to life. Six decades since its publication, however, novel threats to wildlife and human health are still emerging.

  • Most ecological research does not reach its full potential, for reasons that range from poor design to publication bias to insufficient reporting. There are several straightforward steps that researchers, institutions, funders and publishers can take to cut the amount of wasted research.


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