Earth and environmental sciences

Definition

Earth and environmental sciences cover all aspects of Earth and planetary sciences, and broadly encompasses solid Earth processes, surface and atmospheric dynamics, Earth system history, climate and climate change, marine and freshwater systems, and ecology. It also considers the interactions between humans and these systems.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    The Arctic is under-represented in surface temperature datasets and this could affect estimates of global warming. A new dataset with greater coverage of the Arctic shows a higher warming rate of 0.112 °C per decade compared to 0.005 °C from IPCC AR5.

    • Jianbin Huang
    • , Xiangdong Zhang
    • , Qiyi Zhang
    • , Yanluan Lin
    • , Mingju Hao
    • , Yong Luo
    • , Zongci Zhao
    • , Yao Yao
    • , Xin Chen
    • , Lei Wang
    • , Suping Nie
    • , Yizhou Yin
    • , Ying Xu
    •  & Jiansong Zhang
  • Reviews |

    The recognition of adolescence as a distinctive period for biological embedding of culture, and mass education, are features of the globalization of cultures that are driven by transformations in labour, livelihood and lifestyle.

    • Carol M. Worthman
    •  & Kathy Trang
    Nature 554, 451–457
  • Research |

    The structure of the glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R) with its biased agonist exendin-P5 sheds light on both receptor activation and the mechanism of biased agonism.

    • Yi-Lynn Liang
    • , Maryam Khoshouei
    • , Alisa Glukhova
    • , Sebastian G. B. Furness
    • , Peishen Zhao
    • , Lachlan Clydesdale
    • , Cassandra Koole
    • , Tin T. Truong
    • , David M. Thal
    • , Saifei Lei
    • , Mazdak Radjainia
    • , Radostin Danev
    • , Wolfgang Baumeister
    • , Ming-Wei Wang
    • , Laurence J. Miller
    • , Arthur Christopoulos
    • , Patrick M. Sexton
    •  & Denise Wootten
  • Research |

    Analyses of a global dataset of plant root traits identify an ancestral conservative strategy based on thick roots and mycorrhizal symbiosis, and an evolutionarily more-recent opportunistic strategy of thin roots that efficiently use photosynthetic carbon for soil exploration.

    • Zeqing Ma
    • , Dali Guo
    • , Xingliang Xu
    • , Mingzhen Lu
    • , Richard D. Bardgett
    • , David M. Eissenstat
    • , M. Luke McCormack
    •  & Lars O. Hedin
  • Research | | open

    The fate of terrestrial organic carbon in marine sediments is debated due to large uncertainties in its degradation during transport. Here, using compound-specific radiocarbon dating of terrestrial biomarkers, the authors show that transport across the East Siberian Arctic shelf takes 3600 ± 300 years.

    • Lisa Bröder
    • , Tommaso Tesi
    • , August Andersson
    • , Igor Semiletov
    •  & Örjan Gustafsson

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