Materials science

  • Article
    | Open Access

    An iron–cobalt–nickel–tantalum–aluminium multicomponent alloy with ferromagnetic matrix and paramagnetic coherent nanoparticles is described, showing high tensile strength and ductility, along with very low coercivity.

    • Liuliu Han
    • , Fernando Maccari
    •  & Dierk Raabe
  • Article |

    Fabrication of a low-dimensional metal halide perovskite superlattice by chemical epitaxy is reported, with a criss-cross two-dimensional network parallel to the substrate, leading to efficient carrier transport in three dimensions.

    • Yusheng Lei
    • , Yuheng Li
    •  & Sheng Xu
  • Article
    | Open Access

    A synthetic cell-cell adhesion logic using swarming E. coli with 4 bits of information is introduced, enabling the programming of interfaces that combine to form universal tessellation patterns over a large scale.

    • Honesty Kim
    • , Dominic J. Skinner
    •  & Ingmar H. Riedel-Kruse
  • Article |

    The PiezoMem membrane responsive to hydraulic pressure is introduced, showing the ability to convert pressure pulses into electroactive responses for in situ self-cleaning and enabling broad-spectrum antifouling action towards a range of membrane foulants.

    • Yang Zhao
    • , Yuna Gu
    •  & Guandao Gao
  • Article |

    Using a sol–gel passivation method, the fabrication of blue InGaN nanorod-LEDs with the highest external quantum efficiency value ever reported for LEDs in the nanoscale is demonstrated.

    • Mihyang Sheen
    • , Yunhyuk Ko
    •  & Changhee Lee
  • Article |

    An alternating stack of a candidate spin liquid and a superconductor shows a spontaneous vortex phase in the superconducting state without magnetism in the normal state. This indicates the presence of  unconventional magnetic ordering independent of the superconductor.

    • Eylon Persky
    • , Anders V. Bjørlig
    •  & Beena Kalisky
  • Article |

    By examining three model pyroelectric materials with different bonding characters along the out-of-plane direction, it is shown that their pyroelectric coefficients increase rapidly when the thickness of free-standing sheets becomes small.

    • Jie Jiang
    • , Lifu Zhang
    •  & Jian Shi
  • Article |

    Using integrated differential phase contrast scanning transmission electron microscopy, the atomic imaging of single pyridine and thiophene molecules identifies host–guest interactions in zeolite ZSM-5 and their adsorption and desorption behaviours can be studied.

    • Boyuan Shen
    • , Huiqiu Wang
    •  & Fei Wei
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The discovery of graphite–diamond hybrid carbon, Gradia, which consists of graphite and diamond nanodomains interlocked through coherent interfaces, clarifies the long-standing mystery of how graphite turns into diamond.

    • Kun Luo
    • , Bing Liu
    •  & Yongjun Tian
  • Article |

    Vortices in an electron fluid are directly observed in a para-hydrodynamic regime in which the spatial diffusion of electron momenta is enabled by small-angle scattering rather than electron–electron scattering.

    • A. Aharon-Steinberg
    • , T. Völkl
    •  & E. Zeldov
  • Article |

    By intercalating layered 2D atomic crystals with selected chiral molecules, a new class of chiral molecular intercalation superlattices is reported, demonstrating highly ordered structures and achieving high tunnelling magnetoresistance and spin polarization ratios.

    • Qi Qian
    • , Huaying Ren
    •  & Xiangfeng Duan
  • Article |

    A metal–organic framework membrane based on fumarate and mesaconate linkers is shown to have a pore aperture shape that enables efficient and cost-effective removal of nitrogen and carbon dioxide from methane.

    • Sheng Zhou
    • , Osama Shekhah
    •  & Mohamed Eddaoudi
  • Article
    | Open Access

    An organic bipolar junction transistor composed of highly crystalline rubrene thin films has a device architecture that could be used in organic electronics with greatly improved high-frequency performance

    • Shu-Jen Wang
    • , Michael Sawatzki
    •  & Karl Leo
  • Article |

    Using an interlayer bonding cleavage strategy, a two-dimensional monolayer fullerene network is prepared; its moderate bandgap makes it a potential candidate for use in two-dimensional electronic devices.

    • Lingxiang Hou
    • , Xueping Cui
    •  & Jian Zheng
  • Article |

    Using a chemical vapour deposition method, it is possible to epitaxially grow wafer-scale single-crystal trilayers of hexagonal boron nitride—an important dielectric for 2D materials—on Ni (111) foils by boron dissolution.

    • Kyung Yeol Ma
    • , Leining Zhang
    •  & Hyeon Suk Shin
  • Article |

    NeuroString, a tissue-like biological interface created by laser patterning of polyimide into a graphene/nanoparticle network embedded in an elastomer, is introduced, allowing in vivo real-time detection of neurotransmitters in the brain and gut.

    • Jinxing Li
    • , Yuxin Liu
    •  & Zhenan Bao
  • Perspective |

    The control of light–matter interactions as a way to manipulate and synthesize strongly correlated quantum matter is discussed, highlighting a field termed ‘strongly correlated electron–photon science’.

    • Jacqueline Bloch
    • , Andrea Cavalleri
    •  & Angel Rubio
  • Article |

    Three tunable quantum Hall broken-symmetry states in charge-neutral graphene are identified by visualizing their lattice-scale order with scanning tunnelling microscopy and spectroscopy.

    • Alexis Coissard
    • , David Wander
    •  & Benjamin Sacépé
  • Perspective |

    A findable, accessible, interoperable and reusable (FAIR) data infrastructure is discussed to turn the large amount of research data generated by the field of materials science into knowledge and value.

    • Matthias Scheffler
    • , Martin Aeschlimann
    •  & Claudia Draxl
  • Article |

    Untreated, postconsumer-PET from 51 different thermoformed products can all be almost completely degraded by FAST-PETase in 1 week and PET can be resynthesized from the recovered monomers, demonstrating recycling at the industrial scale.

    • Hongyuan Lu
    • , Daniel J. Diaz
    •  & Hal S. Alper
  • Article |

    A study combining spectroscopy and mathematical topology  reports the observation of linked node loops in a quantum magnet, with properties suggesting a Seifert bulk–boundary correspondence.

    • Ilya Belopolski
    • , Guoqing Chang
    •  & M. Zahid Hasan
  • Article |

      . Triplet fusion upconversion nanocapsules dispersed in a photopolymerizable resin allow for volumetric 3D printing at low-power continuous-wave excitation without support structures. 

    • Samuel N. Sanders
    • , Tracy H. Schloemer
    •  & Daniel N. Congreve
  • Article |

    A simple acid treatment can improve high-temperature annealed electrolyte surfaces, resulting in improved performance and stability at lower temperatures for protonic ceramic fuel/electrolysis cells, offering new understanding for sustainable energy infrastructures.

    • Wenjuan Bian
    • , Wei Wu
    •  & Dong Ding
  • Article
    | Open Access

    A protocol in which monomers are pre-organized using a reversible and removable urea linkage enables the production of covalent organic frameworks with higher crystallinity and porosity than those produced using standard approaches with randomly aligned monomers.

    • Weiwei Zhang
    • , Linjiang Chen
    •  & Andrew I. Cooper
  • Article |

    In the standard Si transistor gate stack, replacing conventional dielectric HfO2 with an ultrathin ferroelectric–antiferroelectric HfO2–ZrO2 heterostructure exhibiting the negative capacitance effect demonstrates ultrahigh capacitance without degradation in leakage and mobility, promising for ferroelectric integration into advanced logic technology.

    • Suraj S. Cheema
    • , Nirmaan Shanker
    •  & Sayeef Salahuddin
  • Article |

    In situ scanning tunnelling microscopy reveals the dynamic nature of the early stages of two-dimensional (2D) polymer formation and crystallization at the solid–liquid interface.

    • Gaolei Zhan
    • , Zhen-Feng Cai
    •  & Steven De Feyter
  • Article |

    A material design strategy and fabrication process is described to produce all-polymer light-emitting diodes with high brightness, current efficiency and good mechanical stability, with applications in skin electronics and human–machine interfaces.

    • Zhitao Zhang
    • , Weichen Wang
    •  & Zhenan Bao
  • Article |

    A metastable palladium hydride is synthesized where the unique environment in the liquid cell, namely the limited quantity of Pd precursors and the continuous supply of H, resulted in the formation of the hcp phase.

    • Jaeyoung Hong
    • , Jee-Hwan Bae
    •  & Dong Won Chun
  • Article |

    A piezoelectric fibre woven into a machine-washable fabric converts tenuous sound pressure into electric signals and is used to listen to cardiac sound, determine the source direction of a sound, and record and play back audio.

    • Wei Yan
    • , Grace Noel
    •  & Yoel Fink