Review Articles

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  • The promising performance of low-platinum-loading oxygen reduction reaction catalysts in preliminary electrochemical tests is rarely translated into similarly impressive performance in real fuel cells. In this Review, Li and colleagues explore the underlying reasons for this issue and outline strategies to overcome it.

    • Jiantao Fan
    • Ming Chen
    • Hui Li
    Review Article
  • Fuel cells are increasingly being considered for powertrains of heavy-duty transportation. Cullen et al. survey the technical challenges of fuel cells at both the system and materials level for transportation application and outline the roadmap for future development.

    • David A. Cullen
    • K. C. Neyerlin
    • Ahmet Kusoglu
    Review Article
  • Carbon dioxide electroreduction is a promising approach to synthesize chemicals and fuels using renewable energy. This Review explores our understanding of anion exchange membranes — a key component of certain carbon dioxide electrolysers — and outlines approaches to design improved materials.

    • Danielle A. Salvatore
    • Christine M. Gabardo
    • Curtis P. Berlinguette
    Review Article
  • High-performance solid-state electrolytes are key to enabling solid-state batteries that hold great promise for future energy storage. The authors survey the fabrication process of thin-film versus thick oxide-based solid-state electrolytes and discuss their material design and processing options.

    • Moran Balaish
    • Juan Carlos Gonzalez-Rosillo
    • Jennifer L. M. Rupp
    Review Article
  • Tremendous research progress has been made in the development of post-lithium-ion batteries (PLIBs), yet there is little discussion on the manufacturing of these upcoming technologies. In this Review, the authors survey the current production status of several representative PLIBs and offer an industrial-scale manufacturing outlook.

    • Fabian Duffner
    • Niklas Kronemeyer
    • Richard Schmuch
    Review Article
  • Ultrathin solar cells attract interest for their relatively low cost and potential novel applications. Here, Massiot et al. discuss their performance and the challenges in the fabrication of ultrathin absorbers, patterning of light trapping structures and ensuring efficient charge-carrier collection.

    • Inès Massiot
    • Andrea Cattoni
    • Stéphane Collin
    Review Article
  • Negawatt trading or trade in wattage of energy saved from consumption has been a much debated idea that has evaded wide-scale practical application. Tushar et al. look at the challenges to wide-scale negawatt trading and explain how recent technological developments can help address those challenges.

    • Wayes Tushar
    • Tapan K. Saha
    • Subarna Basnet
    Review Article
  • Batteries based on multivalent metal anodes hold great promise for large-scale energy storage but their development is still at an early stage. This Review surveys the main complexity arising from anodes, electrolytes and cathodes, and offers views on the progression path of these technologies.

    • Yanliang Liang
    • Hui Dong
    • Yan Yao
    Review Article
  • The costs and benefits of clean energy transitions will not be equally distributed. This Review of the literature on potential adverse impacts for specific communities highlights opportunities for future research to contribute to the design of policies and programmes that address these disparities.

    • Sanya Carley
    • David M. Konisky
    Review Article
  • Despite its prevalence, energy poverty is not formally recognized in the US as a problem distinct from general poverty. This Review of two federally-funded programs focused on reducing high energy bills highlights the limitations of this approach for effectively responding to energy poverty.

    • Dominic J. Bednar
    • Tony G. Reames
    Review Article
  • Production of hydrogen fuel by electrolysis of low-grade or saline water, as opposed to pure water, could have benefits in terms of resource availability and cost. This Review examines the challenges of this approach and how they can be addressed through catalyst and electrolyser design.

    • Wenming Tong
    • Mark Forster
    • Pau Farràs
    Review Article
  • Household energy behaviours are influenced by the behaviour of others. In this Review, the authors review recent findings on social influence in energy consumption and technology adoption and discuss pathways through which social influence can result in peer effects.

    • Kimberly S. Wolske
    • Kenneth T. Gillingham
    • P. Wesley Schultz
    Review Article
  • The development of passivating contacts holds great potential for enhancing the power conversion efficiency of silicon photovoltaics. Here, De Wolf et al. review recent advances in material design and device architecture, and discuss technical challenges to industrial fabrication.

    • Thomas G. Allen
    • James Bullock
    • Stefaan De Wolf
    Review Article
  • Along with high energy density, fast-charging ability would enable battery-powered electric vehicles. Here Yi Cui and colleagues review battery materials requirements for fast charging and discuss future design strategies.

    • Yayuan Liu
    • Yangying Zhu
    • Yi Cui
    Review Article
  • Public responses to new energy technologies can influence adoption and deployment. This Review brings together research on public perceptions of and responses to a wide range of energy technologies around the themes of technology, people, place and process.

    • Hilary S. Boudet
    Review Article
  • New electrolyte materials can offer breakthroughs in the development of next-generation batteries. Here Atsuo Yamada and colleagues review the progress made and the road ahead for salt-concentrated electrolytes, an emerging and promising electrolyte candidate.

    • Yuki Yamada
    • Jianhui Wang
    • Atsuo Yamada
    Review Article
  • Separators are an essential part of current lithium-ion batteries. Vanessa Wood and co-workers review the properties of separators, discuss their relationship with battery performance and survey the techniques for characterizing separators.

    • Marie Francine Lagadec
    • Raphael Zahn
    • Vanessa Wood
    Review Article