Materials science

Definition

Materials science is an interdisciplinary field concerned with the understanding and application of the properties of matter. Materials scientists study the connections between the underlying structure of a material, its properties, its processing methods and its performance in applications.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    Disordered nanoscale striations on petals, tepals and bracts have evolved multiple times among flowering plants and provide a salient visual signal to foraging bumblebees (Bombus terrestris).

    • Edwige Moyroud
    • , Tobias Wenzel
    • , Rox Middleton
    • , Paula J. Rudall
    • , Hannah Banks
    • , Alison Reed
    • , Greg Mellers
    • , Patrick Killoran
    • , M. Murphy Westwood
    • , Ullrich Steiner
    • , Silvia Vignolini
    •  & Beverley J. Glover
  • Research |

    Single-particle cryo-electron microscopy is used to resolve the structure of the phycobilisome, a 16.8-megadalton light-harvesting megacomplex, from the red alga Griffithsia pacifica at a resolution of 3.5 Å.

    • Jun Zhang
    • , Jianfei Ma
    • , Desheng Liu
    • , Song Qin
    • , Shan Sun
    • , Jindong Zhao
    •  & Sen-Fang Sui
  • Reviews |

    Mechanical metamaterials exhibit exotic properties that cannot be realized in conventional materials. In this Review, recently developed shape-morphing, topological and nonlinear metamaterials are discussed together with their functionalities and design principles, and future challenges for the field are outlined.

    • Katia Bertoldi
    • , Vincenzo Vitelli
    • , Johan Christensen
    •  & Martin van Hecke
  • Research | | open

    Nodal line semimetals have been observed in three-dimensional materials but are missing in two-dimensional counterparts. Here, Feng et al. report two-dimensional Dirac nodal line fermions protected by mirror reflection symmetry in monolayer Cu2Si.

    • Baojie Feng
    • , Botao Fu
    • , Shusuke Kasamatsu
    • , Suguru Ito
    • , Peng Cheng
    • , Cheng-Cheng Liu
    • , Ya Feng
    • , Shilong Wu
    • , Sanjoy K. Mahatha
    • , Polina Sheverdyaeva
    • , Paolo Moras
    • , Masashi Arita
    • , Osamu Sugino
    • , Tai-Chang Chiang
    • , Kenya Shimada
    • , Koji Miyamoto
    • , Taichi Okuda
    • , Kehui Wu
    • , Lan Chen
    • , Yugui Yao
    •  & Iwao Matsuda
  • Research | | open

    Phase-matching and quasi-phase-matching in periodically poled ferroelectrics ensure efficient harmonic generation, but only statically. Here, Billat et al. demonstrate all-optically reconfigurable second harmonic generation by inscribing a stable grating in CMOS-compatible nonlinear waveguides.

    • Adrien Billat
    • , Davide Grassani
    • , Martin H. P. Pfeiffer
    • , Svyatoslav Kharitonov
    • , Tobias J. Kippenberg
    •  & Camille-Sophie Brès
  • Research | | open

    In silicon, quantum information can be stored in donors or quantum dots, each with its advantages and limitations—particularly in terms of fabrication. Here the authors coherently couple a phosphorous donor’s electron spin to a quantum dot, encoding information in the hybrid two-electron system’s state.

    • Patrick Harvey-Collard
    • , N. Tobias Jacobson
    • , Martin Rudolph
    • , Jason Dominguez
    • , Gregory A. Ten Eyck
    • , Joel R. Wendt
    • , Tammy Pluym
    • , John King Gamble
    • , Michael P. Lilly
    • , Michel Pioro-Ladrière
    •  & Malcolm S. Carroll

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