Condensed-matter physics

Definition

Condensed-matter physics is the study of substances in their solid state. This includes the investigation of both crystalline solids in which the atoms are positioned on a repeating three-dimensional lattice, such as diamond, and amorphous materials in which atomic position is more irregular, like in glass.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research | | open

    Exploring the helicity-orbital coupling induced skyrmion properties is essential for the spintronic applications. Here the authors report the current controlled skyrmions and antiskyrmions dynamics with locking-unlocking helicity in frustrated magnets by including the dipole-dipole interaction in their model.

    • Xichao Zhang
    • , Jing Xia
    • , Yan Zhou
    • , Xiaoxi Liu
    • , Han Zhang
    •  & Motohiko Ezawa
  • Reviews |

    Luminescent solar concentrators (LSCs) offer a unique opportunity to ‘invisibly’ integrate semi-transparent photovoltaic architectural elements, such as electrodeless glazing units, into the building envelope. This Review highlights the advancements making LSCs a realistic technology for near zero-energy buildings, along with the remaining challenges and strategies for further device optimization.

    • Francesco Meinardi
    • , Francesco Bruni
    •  & Sergio Brovelli
  • Research | | open

    Phase modifications take place in electron transport through quantum dots, yet the details are not agreed between theory and experimental observations to date. Edlbauer et al. confirm the theory by scanning fourteen consecutive resonant states of a large quantum dot hosting hundreds of electrons.

    • Hermann Edlbauer
    • , Shintaro Takada
    • , Grégoire Roussely
    • , Michihisa Yamamoto
    • , Seigo Tarucha
    • , Arne Ludwig
    • , Andreas D. Wieck
    • , Tristan Meunier
    •  & Christopher Bäuerle
  • Research | | open

    The bandgap of ultrathin black phosphorus can be tuned by a vertical electric field. Here, the authors leverage such electric field to extend the photoresponse of a black phosphorus photodetector to 7.7 μm, opening the doors to various mid-infrared applications.

    • Xiaolong Chen
    • , Xiaobo Lu
    • , Bingchen Deng
    • , Ofer Sinai
    • , Yuchuan Shao
    • , Cheng Li
    • , Shaofan Yuan
    • , Vy Tran
    • , Kenji Watanabe
    • , Takashi Taniguchi
    • , Doron Naveh
    • , Li Yang
    •  & Fengnian Xia
  • Research | | open

    Applications of rare-earth nickelates are hampered by lack of global understanding of the interplay among various degrees of freedom. Here, Mercy et al. propose that the metal-insulator transition of nickelates arises from the softening of an oxygen breathing distortion, providing a united picture of electronic, structural and magnetic properties.

    • Alain Mercy
    • , Jordan Bieder
    • , Jorge Íñiguez
    •  & Philippe Ghosez
  • Research | | open

    Hydrogenated amorphous carbon is a promising solid lubricant, but the underlying mechanisms surrounding its superlubricity remain unclear. Here the authors reveal that the attainment of a superlubricious state is dependent on the in-situin-situ formation of a nanostructured tribolayer through different carbon rehybridization pathways.

    • Xinchun Chen
    • , Chenhui Zhang
    • , Takahisa Kato
    • , Xin-an Yang
    • , Sudong Wu
    • , Rong Wang
    • , Masataka Nosaka
    •  & Jianbin Luo

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