2022 tables: Institutions

The 2022 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2021 to 31 December 2021.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2020 Share 2021 Count 2021 Change in Adjusted Share 2020-2021*
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1,888.67 1,963.00 6,325 1.3%
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 925.43 910.93 2,649 -4.1%
3 Max Planck Society, Germany 794.38 782.72 2,780 -4.0%
4 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 713.31 675.69 4,399 -7.7%
5 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 637.25 606.51 1,559 -7.3%
6 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 582.72 565.07 2,584 -5.5%
7 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 526.03 533.13 1,869 -1.3%
8 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 425.45 530.20 2,720 21.4%
9 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 449.73 502.50 1,444 8.8%
10 Peking University (PKU), China 446.96 492.69 1,823 7.4%
11 Tsinghua University, China 394.18 472.49 1,480 16.8%
12 Nanjing University (NJU), China 417.66 464.02 1,099 8.2%
13 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 459.53 452.28 1,485 -4.1%
14 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 461.12 447.54 1,256 -5.5%
15 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 342.75 417.24 1,020 18.6%
16 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 457.10 416.69 1,370 -11.2%
17 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 399.22 406.70 1,011 -0.8%
18 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 379.03 395.67 1,065 1.7%
19 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 394.86 373.76 1,247 -7.8%
20 Fudan University, China 291.42 366.74 1,042 22.6%
21 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 336.45 347.55 1,005 0.6%
22 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 296.70 343.13 1,050 12.7%
23 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 269.08 339.08 914 22.8%
24 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 398.48 337.97 923 -17.4%
25 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 360.72 335.71 972 -9.3%
26 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 339.82 335.38 1,057 -3.9%
27 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 304.86 318.91 861 1.9%
28 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 331.43 314.47 978 -7.6%
29 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 315.36 306.51 938 -5.3%
30 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 314.61 302.14 715 -6.4%
31 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 337.23 294.66 792 -14.9%
32 Nankai University (NKU), China 230.51 287.12 579 21.3%
33 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 268.53 281.72 1,036 2.2%
34 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 301.99 272.79 818 -12.0%
35 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 275.88 272.46 769 -3.8%
36 Sichuan University (SCU), China 220.61 268.67 503 18.6%
37 Kyoto University, Japan 267.45 263.03 734 -4.2%
38 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 294.29 262.49 831 -13.1%
39 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 292.99 255.23 793 -15.1%
40 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 252.08 253.56 754 -2.0%
41 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 253.95 248.73 963 -4.6%
42 Wuhan University (WHU), China 207.90 243.16 548 13.9%
43 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 259.06 242.68 706 -8.7%
44 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 236.27 242.05 914 -0.2%
45 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 219.63 240.44 677 6.6%
46 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 221.92 232.43 659 2.0%
47 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 216.48 231.88 624 4.3%
48 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 222.56 229.25 639 0.3%
49 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 260.31 228.37 619 -14.5%
50 Soochow University, China 197.10 225.96 469 11.7%
51 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 211.20 222.60 981 2.7%
52 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 200.40 221.53 650 7.7%
53 Shandong University (SDU), China 134.27 213.12 719 54.6%
54 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 234.40 211.43 618 -12.1%
55 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 217.69 209.15 1,190 -6.4%
56 Xiamen University (XMU), China 194.41 206.28 427 3.4%
57 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 212.93 202.83 619 -7.2%
58 Leibniz Association, Germany 199.16 200.12 1,001 -2.1%
59 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 198.80 198.68 524 -2.6%
60 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 171.69 198.26 518 12.5%
61 Tianjin University (TJU), China 173.73 196.64 638 10.3%
62 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 208.46 196.22 621 -8.3%
63 Jilin University (JLU), China 182.03 193.39 383 3.5%
64 Osaka University, Japan 184.21 189.26 528 0.1%
65 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 227.29 188.55 574 -19.2%
66 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 196.14 187.58 558 -6.8%
67 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 188.45 186.19 428 -3.7%
68 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 174.21 185.46 443 3.7%
69 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 216.81 183.26 655 -17.7%
70 Hunan University (HNU), China 140.66 180.47 349 25.0%
71 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 161.55 180.01 703 8.5%
72 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 172.13 173.46 860 -1.8%
73 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 162.96 173.35 727 3.6%
74 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 158.63 171.20 708 5.1%
75 Tongji University, China 127.42 169.81 475 29.8%
76 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 152.46 168.88 812 7.9%
77 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 154.35 166.93 628 5.4%
78 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 167.53 165.50 610 -3.8%
79 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 191.16 163.85 524 -16.5%
80 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 149.61 161.30 467 5.0%
81 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 149.89 160.33 312 4.2%
82 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 123.26 160.24 341 26.6%
83 McGill University, Canada 162.68 157.30 556 -5.8%
84 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 132.72 157.07 552 15.3%
85 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 124.30 156.24 343 22.5%
86 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 161.24 156.15 469 -5.7%
87 RIKEN, Japan 164.41 155.46 660 -7.9%
88 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 156.38 154.00 462 -4.1%
89 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 174.73 153.10 449 -14.6%
90 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 176.97 151.62 463 -16.5%
91 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 139.91 150.77 371 5.0%
92 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 155.50 150.64 492 -5.6%
93 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 143.13 147.98 647 0.7%
94 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 139.08 144.58 382 1.3%
95 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 143.50 142.28 614 -3.4%
96 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 158.54 142.17 501 -12.6%
97 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 159.74 141.03 394 -14.0%
98 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 158.96 140.86 495 -13.7%
99 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 84.94 140.78 303 61.5%
100 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 148.30 137.60 556 -9.6%
101 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 113.31 137.42 369 18.1%
102 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 127.28 137.02 303 4.9%
103 Tohoku University, Japan 162.63 136.45 434 -18.3%
104 Monash University, Australia 124.31 135.90 557 6.5%
105 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 132.07 134.35 378 -0.9%
106 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 132.95 132.51 371 -2.9%
107 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 131.50 131.59 601 -2.5%
108 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 102.93 130.39 494 23.4%
109 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 138.84 129.82 587 -8.9%
110 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 95.03 129.22 516 32.5%
111 Nagoya University, Japan 147.29 128.80 391 -14.8%
112 Chongqing University (CQU), China 74.09 127.60 254 67.8%
113 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 125.40 127.54 400 -0.9%
114 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 133.88 126.91 386 -7.7%
115 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 112.19 126.52 439 9.9%
116 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 125.09 122.01 406 -5.0%
117 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 92.06 121.32 243 28.4%
118 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 131.46 120.17 276 -10.9%
119 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 128.04 120.09 446 -8.6%
120 Hokkaido University, Japan 113.31 118.98 295 2.3%
121 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 92.48 118.18 457 24.5%
122 Central South University (CSU), China 88.89 117.37 298 28.6%
123 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 108.51 117.05 278 5.1%
124 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 115.99 115.81 403 -2.7%
125 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 120.63 115.13 301 -7.0%
126 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 90.92 114.08 299 22.2%
127 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 121.17 114.08 517 -8.3%
128 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 137.02 113.65 453 -19.2%
129 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 131.11 113.54 455 -15.6%
130 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 97.84 112.91 471 12.4%
131 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 104.17 110.20 548 3.1%
132 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 112.35 107.95 350 -6.4%
133 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 93.52 107.70 333 12.2%
134 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 112.12 107.68 365 -6.4%
135 University of Göttingen, Germany 103.94 106.68 409 0.0%
136 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 98.28 105.53 338 4.6%
137 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 92.65 105.04 1,197 10.4%
138 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 117.05 104.50 522 -13.0%
139 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 119.37 104.25 251 -14.9%
140 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 118.10 103.82 430 -14.4%
141 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 94.15 103.24 329 6.8%
142 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 111.26 102.79 558 -10.0%
143 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 117.30 102.36 543 -15.0%
144 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 106.91 102.18 376 -6.9%
145 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 87.46 101.79 333 13.4%
146 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 85.31 101.50 310 15.9%
147 Yonsei University, South Korea 95.77 100.41 373 2.1%
148 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 100.70 100.15 296 -3.1%
149 Sorbonne University, France 106.14 100.07 1,078 -8.2%
150 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 100.43 99.95 353 -3.0%
151 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 91.85 99.87 396 5.9%
152 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 114.99 99.59 246 -15.6%
153 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 102.73 99.27 312 -5.9%
154 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 88.06 98.65 416 9.1%
155 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 86.20 98.05 461 10.8%
156 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 99.57 98.02 592 -4.1%
157 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 60.23 97.91 219 58.4%
158 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 78.79 97.79 201 20.9%
159 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 88.75 97.58 347 7.1%
160 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 90.86 97.40 360 4.4%
161 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 86.72 97.30 409 9.3%
162 Southeast University (SEU), China 83.88 97.22 259 12.9%
163 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 101.62 97.12 427 -6.9%
164 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 130.57 97.00 293 -27.6%
165 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 91.10 96.94 283 3.7%
166 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 76.59 96.71 205 23.0%
167 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 108.89 96.52 559 -13.6%
168 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 119.36 96.05 354 -21.6%
169 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 103.91 95.96 305 -10.0%
170 TU Dresden, Germany 94.45 95.41 477 -1.6%
171 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 82.49 94.25 389 11.3%
172 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 87.30 93.83 310 4.7%
173 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 84.77 93.52 283 7.5%
174 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 100.76 93.10 315 -10.0%
175 Kyushu University, Japan 111.50 93.06 291 -18.7%
176 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 95.86 92.81 415 -5.7%
177 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 96.87 92.60 333 -6.9%
178 UK Research and Innovation (UKRI), United Kingdom (UK) 100.93 92.30 727 -10.9%
179 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 100.26 92.11 358 -10.5%
180 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 85.82 91.96 345 4.4%
181 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 93.02 91.64 190 -4.0%
182 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 95.10 91.36 470 -6.4%
183 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 90.49 89.95 312 -3.2%
184 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 99.21 89.58 338 -12.0%
185 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 68.34 89.57 414 27.7%
186 Stockholm University, Sweden 91.67 89.33 519 -5.1%
187 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 73.37 89.19 298 18.4%
188 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 89.87 88.89 357 -3.6%
189 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 76.16 88.82 302 13.6%
190 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 83.82 88.78 268 3.2%
191 Beihang University (BUAA), China 76.54 88.62 376 12.8%
192 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 112.01 88.22 473 -23.3%
193 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 76.43 88.13 348 12.3%
194 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 76.81 87.45 212 10.9%
195 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 117.84 86.45 321 -28.5%
196 Southwest University (SWU), China 76.58 85.09 142 8.2%
197 Lund University (LU), Sweden 85.86 84.98 380 -3.6%
198 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 80.63 84.21 311 1.7%
199 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 75.28 83.85 332 8.5%
200 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 72.58 83.53 155 12.1%
201 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 75.84 83.38 588 7.1%
202 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 79.97 83.02 281 1.1%
203 Jinan University (JNU), China 75.97 81.51 214 4.5%
204 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 75.26 81.21 327 5.1%
205 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 88.44 80.92 970 -10.9%
206 University of Vienna, Austria 76.22 80.88 339 3.4%
207 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 91.30 80.75 312 -13.8%
208 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 81.03 80.49 278 -3.2%
209 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 82.56 80.19 283 -5.4%
210 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 79.71 80.00 465 -2.2%
211 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 76.24 79.87 403 2.1%
212 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 89.81 79.09 242 -14.2%
213 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 73.00 78.96 409 5.4%
214 University of Paris, France 81.03 78.47 887 -5.7%
215 Korea University, South Korea 74.56 77.28 316 1.0%
216 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 57.59 77.26 221 30.7%
217 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 75.01 77.06 364 0.1%
218 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 76.37 76.05 370 -3.0%
219 University of Waterloo, Canada 71.42 76.03 200 3.7%
220 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 90.69 75.92 194 -18.5%
221 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 79.49 75.04 236 -8.0%
222 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 78.34 74.88 346 -6.9%
223 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 82.93 74.43 277 -12.6%
224 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 79.17 74.21 232 -8.7%
225 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 69.98 73.56 167 2.4%
226 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 74.99 73.15 389 -5.0%
227 ShanghaiTech University, China 70.26 72.05 299 -0.1%
228 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 61.53 71.89 382 13.8%
229 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 64.11 70.73 173 7.5%
230 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 82.03 70.19 221 -16.6%
231 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 70.18 70.19 269 -2.6%
232 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 74.31 70.08 334 -8.1%
233 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 60.03 70.02 218 13.6%
234 Leiden University, Netherlands 86.62 69.83 321 -21.5%
235 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 78.00 69.56 282 -13.1%
236 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 75.33 69.38 438 -10.3%
237 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 68.89 69.19 272 -2.2%
238 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 73.10 68.92 284 -8.1%
239 Shanghai University (SHU), China 54.63 68.60 190 22.3%
240 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 54.99 68.50 353 21.3%
241 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 68.42 68.18 313 -2.9%
242 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 75.93 68.05 214 -12.7%
243 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 58.09 67.63 240 13.4%
244 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 43.79 67.46 203 50.1%
245 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 62.04 67.45 258 5.9%
246 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 73.76 67.44 367 -10.9%
247 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 54.17 67.05 239 20.6%
248 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 70.96 66.95 267 -8.1%
249 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 66.82 66.60 298 -2.9%
250 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 62.90 66.49 304 3.0%
251 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 68.42 66.40 556 -5.5%
252 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 65.86 66.39 274 -1.8%
253 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 74.47 66.01 229 -13.6%
254 Northwest University (NWU), China 57.71 65.35 183 10.3%
255 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 52.35 64.93 189 20.8%
256 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 82.52 64.81 239 -23.5%
257 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 45.02 64.55 188 39.7%
258 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 59.74 64.16 112 4.6%
259 University of Helsinki, Finland 64.71 63.68 412 -4.1%
260 Donghua University (DHU), China 46.96 63.63 127 32.0%
261 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 53.31 63.28 141 15.6%
262 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 59.83 63.24 237 3.0%
263 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 41.92 62.48 205 45.2%
264 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 47.93 62.46 98 27.0%
265 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 59.96 61.82 356 0.4%
266 University of Lyon, France 62.94 61.71 450 -4.5%
267 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 64.15 60.89 180 -7.5%
268 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 42.15 60.09 275 38.9%
269 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 63.44 60.04 178 -7.8%
270 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 60.36 59.98 421 -3.2%
271 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 56.45 59.97 301 3.5%
272 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 69.51 59.94 357 -16.0%
273 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 75.30 59.90 331 -22.5%
274 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 66.57 59.80 188 -12.5%
275 Henan University (HENU), China 48.27 59.72 141 20.5%
276 Zhejiang University of Technology (ZJUT), China 58.24 59.30 133 -0.8%
277 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 59.09 59.10 246 -2.6%
278 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 45.98 58.94 126 24.9%
279 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 54.25 58.77 270 5.5%
280 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 61.84 58.73 180 -7.5%
281 Anhui University (AHU), China 43.59 58.48 167 30.7%
282 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 52.05 58.36 153 9.2%
283 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 77.66 58.32 368 -26.8%
284 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 74.99 58.29 281 -24.3%
285 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 58.84 58.26 187 -3.5%
286 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 48.31 57.87 178 16.7%
287 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 56.76 57.82 260 -0.8%
288 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 59.66 57.73 199 -5.7%
289 Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 48.84 57.48 200 14.7%
290 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 65.83 57.41 193 -15.0%
291 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 46.01 57.33 127 21.4%
292 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 60.95 57.25 206 -8.5%
293 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 65.48 56.91 133 -15.3%
294 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 57.05 56.69 168 -3.2%
295 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 66.23 56.51 260 -16.9%
296 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 74.10 56.14 178 -26.2%
297 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 63.62 55.40 219 -15.2%
298 Yangzhou University (YZU), China 40.18 55.37 130 34.2%
299 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 49.18 54.98 146 8.9%
300 University of Strasbourg, France 54.35 54.72 387 -1.9%
301 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 55.03 53.47 167 -5.3%
302 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 58.31 53.41 261 -10.8%
303 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 72.14 53.26 328 -28.1%
304 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 37.67 53.16 160 37.5%
305 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 60.58 53.15 700 -14.5%
306 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 41.43 52.58 228 23.6%
307 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 60.71 51.98 289 -16.6%
308 Keio University, Japan 49.75 51.97 163 1.8%
309 Université PSL, France 62.76 51.94 665 -19.4%
310 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 48.76 51.94 200 3.8%
311 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 64.70 51.60 173 -22.3%
312 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 58.63 51.44 178 -14.5%
313 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 45.11 51.31 172 10.8%
314 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 52.86 51.09 323 -5.8%
315 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 46.82 51.02 192 6.2%
316 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (IISER Kolkata), India 41.05 50.71 72 20.3%
317 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 62.60 50.70 195 -21.1%
318 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 48.82 50.70 464 1.2%
319 Nanchang University (NCU), China 40.58 50.62 111 21.5%
320 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 45.27 50.53 118 8.7%
321 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 44.61 50.24 270 9.7%
322 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 48.06 49.85 336 1.1%
323 Aalto University, Finland 37.62 49.83 231 29.0%
324 University of Tsukuba, Japan 50.62 49.75 251 -4.3%
325 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 50.77 49.53 147 -5.0%
326 Qingdao University of Science and Technology (QUST), China 36.56 49.44 95 31.8%
327 University of Montpellier, France 46.01 49.44 408 4.7%
328 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 63.47 49.11 157 -24.6%
329 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 46.65 49.09 326 2.5%
330 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 51.66 48.81 356 -8.0%
331 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 47.10 48.64 218 0.6%
332 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 47.93 48.40 211 -1.6%
333 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 46.91 48.18 164 0.1%
334 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 51.95 47.66 189 -10.6%
335 Jiangnan University, China 39.67 47.56 95 16.8%
336 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 38.65 46.90 175 18.2%
337 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 56.51 46.83 290 -19.3%
338 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 46.13 46.77 126 -1.2%
339 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 38.03 46.75 531 19.8%
340 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 34.48 46.56 161 31.5%
341 Pasteur Institute, France 47.41 46.53 294 -4.4%
342 McMaster University, Canada 40.81 46.28 118 10.5%
343 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 43.59 46.06 111 2.9%
344 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 42.86 46.03 193 4.6%
345 University of Toulouse, France 49.58 45.79 373 -10.0%
346 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 41.44 45.50 262 7.0%
347 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 43.87 45.41 238 0.8%
348 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 59.77 45.32 133 -26.1%
349 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 46.82 44.97 167 -6.4%
350 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 43.08 44.81 185 1.3%
351 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 46.87 44.77 209 -6.9%
352 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 46.41 44.54 164 -6.5%
353 Ningbo University (NBU), China 32.49 44.53 104 33.5%
354 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 44.50 44.40 126 -2.8%
355 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 35.19 44.28 346 22.6%
356 University of Konstanz, Germany 46.70 44.21 130 -7.8%
357 Northeastern University (NEU), China 35.80 44.18 70 20.2%
358 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 39.94 44.15 182 7.7%
359 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 41.75 44.08 187 2.8%
360 Yunnan University (YNU), China 31.20 44.07 105 37.6%
361 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 49.26 44.03 169 -12.9%
362 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 43.91 43.86 201 -2.7%
363 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 41.79 43.72 116 1.9%
364 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 50.12 43.64 151 -15.2%
365 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 31.83 43.57 144 33.3%
366 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 54.22 43.48 278 -21.9%
367 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 46.46 43.33 221 -9.1%
368 Western University (UWO), Canada 43.29 43.29 113 -2.6%
369 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 30.04 43.17 120 40.0%
370 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 50.88 43.09 200 -17.5%
371 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 47.65 42.80 185 -12.5%
372 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 42.63 42.70 165 -2.4%
373 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 51.11 42.66 163 -18.7%
374 Leipzig University, Germany 34.17 42.65 196 21.6%
375 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 30.41 42.56 131 36.3%
376 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 36.61 42.25 178 12.4%
377 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 36.78 42.08 152 11.5%
378 Guangdong University of Technology (GDUT), China 46.44 41.99 126 -11.9%
379 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 32.41 41.98 202 26.2%
380 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 48.64 41.88 296 -16.1%
381 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 27.06 41.44 146 49.2%
382 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 34.24 41.26 270 17.4%
383 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 45.43 40.99 111 -12.1%
384 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 46.14 40.86 423 -13.7%
385 Ulm University, Germany 34.17 40.84 156 16.5%
386 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 41.30 40.76 210 -3.9%
387 Jiangsu University (JSU), China 18.18 40.76 100 118.3%
388 Changzhou University (CZU), China 25.17 40.69 65 57.5%
389 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 26.74 40.48 104 47.5%
390 Anhui Normal University (AHNU), China 33.56 40.44 75 17.4%
391 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 33.36 40.37 81 17.9%
392 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 36.75 40.16 196 6.5%
393 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 40.31 39.98 70 -3.4%
394 Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), China 35.91 39.68 176 7.6%
395 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 53.15 39.66 137 -27.3%
396 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 44.44 39.58 115 -13.2%
397 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 44.21 39.50 154 -13.0%
398 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 54.46 39.34 262 -29.6%
399 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 42.60 39.02 181 -10.8%
400 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 50.76 38.97 286 -25.2%
401 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 32.71 38.76 311 15.4%
402 Northwest A&F University (NWAFU), China 34.73 38.61 79 8.3%
403 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 46.64 38.38 190 -19.8%
404 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 43.23 38.28 144 -13.7%
405 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China 37.32 38.26 184 -0.1%
406 Henan Normal University, China 33.30 38.20 152 11.7%
407 University of Bordeaux, France 37.37 38.06 286 -0.8%
408 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 32.80 37.95 177 12.7%
409 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 38.96 37.73 149 -5.7%
410 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 30.64 37.65 162 19.7%
411 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 38.14 37.51 125 -4.2%
412 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 35.98 37.44 196 1.4%
413 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 35.63 37.39 109 2.2%
414 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 31.41 37.32 86 15.7%
415 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 43.01 37.29 178 -15.5%
416 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 37.39 37.20 154 -3.1%
417 Shanxi University (SXU), China 40.48 37.10 155 -10.7%
418 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 36.28 36.97 99 -0.7%
419 TU Dortmund University, Germany 30.50 36.78 166 17.5%
420 National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University (NYCU), Taiwan 40.10 36.65 126 -11.0%
421 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 30.10 36.52 71 18.2%
422 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 32.61 36.01 156 7.6%
423 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 37.68 35.97 652 -7.0%
424 The University of Dublin, Ireland 49.17 35.87 149 -28.9%
425 Hunan Normal University (HUNNU), China 31.87 35.65 101 9.0%
426 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 28.21 35.52 125 22.7%
427 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 36.61 35.30 158 -6.1%
428 Qingdao University (QU), China 26.39 35.27 91 30.2%
429 Southern Medical University (SMU), China 27.44 35.25 115 25.2%
430 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 27.57 35.24 140 24.5%
431 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 37.28 35.01 55 -8.5%
432 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 38.16 34.99 231 -10.7%
433 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 27.57 34.90 311 23.3%
434 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 28.78 34.77 86 17.7%
435 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 30.15 34.77 91 12.3%
436 Nanjing Agricultural University (NAU), China 24.97 34.64 88 35.1%
437 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 41.74 34.51 128 -19.5%
438 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 26.03 34.43 171 28.9%
439 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 35.57 34.20 196 -6.3%
440 University of Stuttgart, Germany 37.49 34.20 122 -11.1%
441 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 33.15 34.06 141 0.1%
442 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 35.50 34.01 136 -6.7%
443 Westlake University, China 18.41 33.95 126 79.6%
444 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 41.67 33.81 202 -21.0%
445 Hebei University (HBU), China 27.97 33.77 67 17.6%
446 China University of Geosciences, Beijing (CUGB), China 25.06 33.47 87 30.1%
447 Renmin University of China (RUC), China 19.91 33.45 75 63.6%
448 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 37.59 33.24 138 -13.8%
449 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 28.25 33.16 128 14.4%
450 Curtin University, Australia 35.27 33.07 148 -8.6%
451 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 28.79 33.05 94 11.9%
452 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 34.36 32.88 141 -6.8%
453 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 42.96 32.66 193 -25.9%
454 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 32.04 32.46 249 -1.3%
455 Macquarie University, Australia 28.75 32.45 148 9.9%
456 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 38.72 32.37 115 -18.6%
457 Wenzhou University (WZU), China 28.38 32.34 73 11.0%
458 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 30.78 32.20 93 1.9%
459 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 29.12 32.19 131 7.7%
460 Alphabet Inc., United States of America (USA) 26.61 32.10 79 17.5%
461 Hubei University (HUBU), China 26.24 32.07 79 19.0%
462 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 28.20 31.95 169 10.4%
463 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 28.08 31.85 108 10.5%
464 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 26.23 31.60 90 17.4%
465 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 26.86 31.59 105 14.6%
466 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 29.21 31.48 247 5.0%
467 Jiangxi Normal University (JXNU), China 21.12 31.38 70 44.8%
468 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 42.85 31.12 285 -29.2%
469 University of Jinan (UJN), China 26.20 31.04 81 15.4%
470 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 30.72 30.83 165 -2.2%
471 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati), India 28.11 30.60 49 6.0%
472 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 32.00 30.52 320 -7.1%
473 Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia 28.10 30.40 123 5.4%
474 University of Technology Sydney (UTS), Australia 32.15 30.26 103 -8.3%
475 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 28.32 30.24 88 4.0%
476 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 29.83 30.23 567 -1.3%
477 Xiangtan University (XTU), China 14.95 30.21 58 96.8%
478 Kobe University, Japan 32.28 30.21 136 -8.8%
479 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 23.37 30.07 291 25.3%
480 Bielefeld University, Germany 27.89 30.01 63 4.8%
481 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 29.07 29.95 213 0.4%
482 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 23.77 29.92 113 22.6%
483 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 35.80 29.85 164 -18.8%
484 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 36.14 29.74 121 -19.8%
485 Chiba University, Japan 29.10 29.52 91 -1.2%
486 Tokyo University of Science (TUS), Japan 21.79 29.50 79 31.9%
487 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 31.53 29.28 91 -9.5%
488 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 21.54 29.28 123 32.5%
489 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 20.22 29.22 78 40.8%
490 Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), China 18.26 29.20 84 55.8%
491 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 32.45 29.20 266 -12.3%
492 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 21.01 29.08 83 34.9%
493 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 29.28 28.92 80 -3.8%
494 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 32.93 28.87 371 -14.6%
495 Nantong University (NTU), China 16.90 28.84 63 66.2%
496 Laval University (UL), Canada 29.09 28.84 123 -3.4%
497 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 30.05 28.81 80 -6.6%
498 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 34.76 28.75 78 -19.4%
499 Guangzhou University (GU), China 23.22 28.65 71 20.2%
500 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 23.13 28.24 98 18.9%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at nature.com/nature-index/.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2021 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.