2021 tables: Institutions

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2019 Share 2020 Count 2020 Change in Adjusted Share 2019-2020*
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1,809.24 1,888.67 5,791 0.7%
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 923.87 925.43 2,607 -3.4%
3 Max Planck Society, Germany 768.31 794.38 2,749 -0.3%
4 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 731.50 713.31 4,539 -6.0%
5 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 647.61 637.25 1,685 -5.1%
6 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 489.98 582.72 2,521 14.7%
7 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 561.52 526.03 1,838 -9.7%
8 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 431.41 461.12 1,310 3.1%
9 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 455.53 459.53 1,436 -2.7%
10 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 419.32 457.10 1,441 5.1%
11 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 456.09 449.73 1,271 -4.9%
12 Peking University (PKU), China 437.97 446.96 1,636 -1.6%
13 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 408.57 425.45 2,506 0.4%
14 Nanjing University (NJU), China 426.56 417.66 1,021 -5.6%
15 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 394.26 399.22 1,071 -2.4%
16 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 343.83 398.48 1,035 11.7%
17 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 389.94 394.86 1,302 -2.4%
18 Tsinghua University, China 428.68 394.18 1,360 -11.3%
19 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 403.35 379.03 1,058 -9.4%
20 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 338.83 360.72 1,008 2.7%
21 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 330.62 342.75 852 0.0%
22 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 338.53 339.82 1,121 -3.2%
23 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 309.72 337.23 887 5.0%
24 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 341.40 336.45 982 -5.0%
25 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 304.04 331.43 1,022 5.1%
26 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 320.29 315.36 1,003 -5.1%
27 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 317.85 314.61 756 -4.6%
28 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 300.83 304.86 860 -2.3%
29 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 255.63 301.99 851 13.9%
30 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 244.55 296.70 842 17.0%
31 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 286.48 294.29 901 -0.9%
32 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 287.39 292.99 928 -1.7%
33 Fudan University, China 271.65 291.42 802 3.4%
34 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 261.02 275.88 763 1.9%
35 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 259.97 269.08 715 -0.2%
36 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 303.96 268.53 958 -14.8%
37 Kyoto University, Japan 252.11 267.45 696 2.3%
38 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 268.84 260.31 630 -6.6%
39 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 222.24 259.06 730 12.4%
40 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 220.39 253.95 962 11.1%
41 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 238.07 252.08 732 2.1%
42 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 197.50 236.27 935 15.4%
43 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 215.72 234.40 696 4.8%
44 Nankai University (NKU), China 243.90 230.51 566 -8.9%
45 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 200.57 227.29 609 9.3%
46 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 197.81 222.56 616 8.5%
47 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 231.61 221.92 570 -7.6%
48 Sichuan University (SCU), China 223.73 220.61 396 -4.9%
49 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 128.09 219.63 589 65.3%
50 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 207.12 217.69 1,265 1.3%
51 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 227.20 216.81 700 -8.0%
52 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 230.69 216.48 575 -9.5%
53 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 214.16 212.93 664 -4.1%
54 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 216.57 211.20 919 -6.0%
55 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 236.08 208.46 618 -14.9%
56 Wuhan University (WHU), China 217.14 207.90 495 -7.7%
57 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 192.48 200.40 636 0.4%
58 Leibniz Association, Germany 200.88 199.16 945 -4.4%
59 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 168.34 198.80 551 13.9%
60 Soochow University, China 229.36 197.10 423 -17.1%
61 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 200.65 196.14 578 -5.7%
62 Xiamen University (XMU), China 182.90 194.41 394 2.5%
63 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 164.45 191.16 586 12.1%
64 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 151.84 188.45 399 19.7%
65 Osaka University, Japan 182.59 184.21 519 -2.7%
66 Jilin University (JLU), China 161.71 182.03 418 8.5%
67 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 146.61 176.97 518 16.4%
68 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 168.10 174.73 517 0.2%
69 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 153.37 174.21 430 9.5%
70 Tianjin University (TJU), China 157.12 173.73 663 6.6%
71 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 162.01 172.13 885 2.4%
72 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 194.89 171.69 460 -15.1%
73 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 170.48 167.53 646 -5.2%
74 RIKEN, Japan 124.74 164.41 706 27.1%
75 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 184.04 162.96 648 -14.6%
76 McGill University, Canada 161.37 162.68 587 -2.8%
77 Tohoku University, Japan 142.55 162.63 481 10.0%
78 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 154.77 161.55 631 0.6%
79 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 116.65 161.24 525 33.3%
80 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 139.82 159.74 433 10.2%
81 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 157.10 158.96 568 -2.4%
82 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 151.43 158.63 664 1.0%
83 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 145.73 158.54 517 4.9%
84 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 142.81 156.38 482 5.6%
85 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 133.61 155.50 545 12.2%
86 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 163.51 154.35 660 -9.0%
87 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 136.10 152.46 743 8.0%
88 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 139.78 149.89 312 3.4%
89 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 162.63 149.61 458 -11.3%
90 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 146.03 148.30 569 -2.1%
91 Nagoya University, Japan 112.83 147.29 415 25.9%
92 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 150.74 143.50 656 -8.2%
93 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 136.44 143.13 652 1.2%
94 Hunan University (HNU), China 144.25 140.66 295 -6.0%
95 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 109.32 139.91 362 23.4%
96 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 116.93 139.08 326 14.7%
97 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 138.80 138.84 626 -3.5%
98 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 134.55 137.02 469 -1.8%
99 Shandong University (SDU), China 119.09 134.27 592 8.7%
100 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 116.54 133.88 426 10.8%
101 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 149.51 132.95 383 -14.3%
102 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 143.99 132.72 497 -11.1%
103 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 149.30 132.07 413 -14.7%
104 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 124.28 131.50 634 2.0%
105 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 109.64 131.46 302 15.6%
106 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 135.01 131.11 472 -6.4%
107 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 126.92 130.57 357 -0.8%
108 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 120.74 128.04 380 2.3%
109 Tongji University, China 110.20 127.42 434 11.5%
110 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 116.95 127.28 301 4.9%
111 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 120.59 125.40 407 0.3%
112 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 115.64 125.09 363 4.3%
113 Monash University, Australia 131.75 124.31 540 -9.0%
114 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 115.86 124.30 297 3.4%
115 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 122.99 123.26 319 -3.4%
116 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 123.60 121.17 531 -5.5%
117 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 98.17 120.63 277 18.5%
118 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 119.60 119.37 268 -3.8%
119 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 97.55 119.36 411 18.0%
120 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 93.00 118.10 446 22.4%
121 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 93.60 117.84 367 21.4%
122 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 139.00 117.30 633 -18.6%
123 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 93.13 117.05 493 21.2%
124 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 114.79 115.99 388 -2.6%
125 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 106.82 114.99 267 3.8%
126 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 119.47 113.31 313 -8.5%
127 Hokkaido University, Japan 111.33 113.31 290 -1.9%
128 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 108.96 112.35 401 -0.6%
129 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 111.89 112.19 391 -3.3%
130 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 113.63 112.12 403 -4.9%
131 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 107.02 112.01 545 0.9%
132 Kyushu University, Japan 100.48 111.50 340 7.0%
133 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 102.19 111.26 575 5.0%
134 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 118.85 108.89 560 -11.7%
135 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 117.86 108.51 268 -11.2%
136 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 97.09 106.91 411 6.2%
137 Sorbonne University, France 112.49 106.14 1,115 -9.0%
138 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 97.20 104.17 521 3.3%
139 University of Göttingen, Germany 101.35 103.94 376 -1.1%
140 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 90.57 103.91 310 10.6%
141 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 80.38 102.93 419 23.5%
142 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 113.20 102.73 320 -12.5%
143 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 84.68 101.62 462 15.7%
144 UK Research and Innovation (UKRI), United Kingdom (UK) 93.36 100.93 777 4.2%
145 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 93.78 100.76 295 3.6%
146 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 95.83 100.70 322 1.3%
147 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 104.17 100.43 384 -7.0%
148 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 89.62 100.26 377 7.9%
149 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 102.65 99.57 588 -6.5%
150 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 72.65 99.21 366 31.7%
151 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 104.80 98.28 328 -9.6%
152 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 102.31 97.84 401 -7.8%
153 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 105.34 96.87 349 -11.3%
154 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 83.10 95.86 421 11.2%
155 Yonsei University, South Korea 88.08 95.77 316 4.8%
156 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 93.57 95.10 438 -2.0%
157 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 90.21 95.03 422 1.6%
158 TU Dresden, Germany 92.05 94.45 444 -1.1%
159 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 86.95 94.15 337 4.4%
160 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 67.21 93.52 315 34.2%
161 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 108.53 93.02 184 -17.4%
162 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 91.92 92.65 1,122 -2.8%
163 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 90.90 92.48 380 -1.9%
164 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 105.72 92.06 201 -16.0%
165 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 84.55 91.85 372 4.7%
166 Stockholm University, Sweden 82.46 91.67 497 7.2%
167 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 96.88 91.30 348 -9.1%
168 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 91.37 91.10 303 -3.9%
169 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 82.33 90.92 262 6.5%
170 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 108.21 90.86 318 -19.0%
171 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 84.80 90.69 221 3.1%
172 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 86.91 90.49 305 0.4%
173 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 78.66 89.87 377 10.2%
174 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 80.84 89.81 266 7.1%
175 Central South University (CSU), China 87.64 88.89 274 -2.2%
176 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 104.87 88.75 332 -18.4%
177 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 93.34 88.44 930 -8.6%
178 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 85.03 88.06 367 -0.2%
179 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 105.20 87.46 295 -19.8%
180 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 82.72 87.30 357 1.8%
181 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 71.44 86.72 396 17.0%
182 Leiden University, Netherlands 82.57 86.62 362 1.2%
183 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 75.75 86.20 417 9.7%
184 Lund University (LU), Sweden 77.27 85.86 373 7.1%
185 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 89.27 85.82 342 -7.3%
186 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 78.90 85.31 269 4.3%
187 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 86.39 84.94 210 -5.2%
188 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 88.16 84.77 281 -7.3%
189 Southeast University (SEU), China 81.26 83.88 210 -0.5%
190 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 93.83 83.82 243 -13.9%
191 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 72.41 82.93 297 10.4%
192 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 78.96 82.56 293 0.8%
193 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 65.39 82.52 300 21.7%
194 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 62.47 82.49 378 27.3%
195 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 65.36 82.03 230 21.0%
196 University of Paris, France 72.51 81.03 858 7.7%
197 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 85.03 81.03 268 -8.1%
198 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 75.76 80.63 320 2.6%
199 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 71.21 79.97 283 8.3%
200 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 91.88 79.71 437 -16.3%
201 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 72.67 79.49 269 5.5%
202 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 95.46 79.17 263 -20.0%
203 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 87.23 78.79 192 -12.9%
204 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 68.99 78.34 321 9.5%
205 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 86.04 78.00 308 -12.6%
206 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 68.37 77.66 416 9.5%
207 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 65.43 76.81 218 13.2%
208 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 84.82 76.59 192 -12.9%
209 Southwest University (SWU), China 78.21 76.58 120 -5.6%
210 Beihang University (BUAA), China 90.07 76.54 352 -18.1%
211 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 75.96 76.43 335 -3.0%
212 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 69.51 76.37 336 5.9%
213 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 84.51 76.24 363 -13.0%
214 University of Vienna, Austria 86.40 76.22 303 -14.9%
215 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 74.24 76.16 329 -1.1%
216 Jinan University (JNU), China 66.02 75.97 200 11.0%
217 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 71.49 75.93 259 2.4%
218 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 88.67 75.84 584 -17.5%
219 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 74.16 75.33 498 -2.1%
220 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 77.55 75.30 352 -6.4%
221 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 62.85 75.28 340 15.5%
222 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 83.98 75.26 291 -13.6%
223 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 79.61 75.01 377 -9.2%
224 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 62.35 74.99 375 16.0%
225 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 71.91 74.99 331 0.5%
226 Korea University, South Korea 65.29 74.56 316 10.1%
227 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 64.25 74.47 230 11.8%
228 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 73.57 74.31 334 -2.6%
229 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 74.38 74.10 203 -4.0%
230 Chongqing University (CQU), China 59.18 74.09 171 20.7%
231 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 74.87 73.76 357 -5.0%
232 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 86.95 73.37 280 -18.6%
233 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 64.18 73.10 342 9.8%
234 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 86.06 73.00 407 -18.2%
235 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 66.98 72.58 141 4.5%
236 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 63.15 72.14 395 10.2%
237 University of Waterloo, Canada 70.86 71.42 185 -2.8%
238 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 65.33 70.96 250 4.7%
239 ShanghaiTech University, China 52.99 70.26 280 27.9%
240 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 64.91 70.18 242 4.3%
241 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 79.91 69.98 174 -15.6%
242 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 72.72 69.51 389 -7.8%
243 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 73.63 68.89 267 -9.8%
244 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 59.06 68.42 568 11.7%
245 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 55.96 68.42 303 17.9%
246 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 72.19 68.34 332 -8.7%
247 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 73.40 66.82 260 -12.2%
248 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 63.55 66.57 194 1.0%
249 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 79.55 66.23 270 -19.7%
250 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 71.75 65.86 268 -11.5%
251 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 60.47 65.83 216 5.0%
252 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 68.24 65.48 158 -7.5%
253 University of Helsinki, Finland 64.79 64.71 406 -3.7%
254 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 45.50 64.70 200 37.1%
255 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 51.87 64.15 177 19.2%
256 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 63.92 64.11 167 -3.3%
257 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 52.77 63.62 233 16.2%
258 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 56.42 63.47 210 8.5%
259 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 61.06 63.44 179 0.2%
260 University of Lyon, France 60.18 62.94 454 0.8%
261 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 74.94 62.90 314 -19.1%
262 Université PSL, France 70.77 62.76 729 -14.5%
263 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 65.77 62.60 210 -8.2%
264 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 60.96 62.04 243 -1.9%
265 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 44.04 61.84 188 35.4%
266 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 62.19 61.53 363 -4.6%
267 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 58.19 60.95 219 1.0%
268 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 50.81 60.71 303 15.2%
269 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 69.60 60.58 665 -16.1%
270 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 65.56 60.36 411 -11.2%
271 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 90.26 60.23 122 -35.7%
272 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 40.89 60.03 194 41.6%
273 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 63.54 59.96 341 -9.0%
274 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 52.69 59.83 224 9.5%
275 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 47.80 59.77 144 20.6%
276 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 54.46 59.74 119 5.8%
277 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 61.33 59.66 198 -6.2%
278 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 51.76 59.09 204 10.1%
279 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 51.50 58.84 179 10.2%
280 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 58.63 58.63 212 -3.6%
281 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 52.25 58.31 266 7.6%
282 Zhejiang University of Technology (ZJUT), China 49.36 58.24 134 13.8%
283 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 41.77 58.09 223 34.1%
284 Northwest University (NWU), China 54.94 57.71 128 1.3%
285 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 59.03 57.59 206 -5.9%
286 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 57.70 57.05 182 -4.7%
287 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 53.90 56.76 202 1.5%
288 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 51.25 56.51 293 6.3%
289 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 56.54 56.45 325 -3.7%
290 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 49.33 55.03 154 7.6%
291 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 54.21 54.99 323 -2.2%
292 Shanghai University (SHU), China 60.39 54.63 139 -12.8%
293 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 43.80 54.46 249 19.9%
294 University of Strasbourg, France 59.04 54.35 407 -11.2%
295 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 48.53 54.25 312 7.8%
296 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 48.08 54.22 301 8.7%
297 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 63.57 54.17 227 -17.8%
298 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 68.70 53.31 124 -25.2%
299 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 35.78 53.15 178 43.2%
300 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 47.13 52.86 349 8.1%
301 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 46.03 52.35 154 9.7%
302 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 50.41 52.05 124 -0.4%
303 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 46.91 51.95 204 6.8%
304 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 53.23 51.66 345 -6.4%
305 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 50.01 51.11 190 -1.5%
306 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 44.56 50.88 201 10.1%
307 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 57.49 50.77 143 -14.8%
308 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 32.83 50.76 310 49.1%
309 University of Tsukuba, Japan 54.92 50.62 239 -11.1%
310 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 55.54 50.12 179 -13.0%
311 Keio University, Japan 43.61 49.75 143 10.0%
312 University of Toulouse, France 52.29 49.58 400 -8.6%
313 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 55.87 49.26 198 -15.0%
314 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 51.98 49.18 171 -8.8%
315 The University of Dublin, Ireland 41.90 49.17 174 13.1%
316 Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 32.00 48.84 181 47.2%
317 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 44.19 48.82 456 6.5%
318 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 39.30 48.76 208 19.6%
319 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 38.02 48.64 319 23.4%
320 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 58.03 48.31 158 -19.7%
321 Henan University (HENU), China 45.77 48.27 117 1.7%
322 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 43.78 48.06 337 5.8%
323 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 47.24 47.93 205 -2.2%
324 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 48.85 47.93 90 -5.4%
325 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 42.32 47.65 195 8.6%
326 Pasteur Institute, France 33.99 47.41 274 34.5%
327 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 46.19 47.10 206 -1.7%
328 Donghua University (DHU), China 42.70 46.96 106 6.1%
329 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 53.86 46.91 167 -16.0%
330 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 41.27 46.87 234 9.5%
331 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 43.61 46.82 147 3.5%
332 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 49.71 46.82 193 -9.2%
333 University of Konstanz, Germany 52.51 46.70 108 -14.3%
334 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 46.19 46.65 353 -2.6%
335 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 49.24 46.64 192 -8.7%
336 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 42.68 46.46 224 5.0%
337 Guangdong University of Technology (GDUT), China 25.03 46.44 128 78.9%
338 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 42.95 46.41 175 4.2%
339 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 45.41 46.14 414 -2.0%
340 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 39.92 46.13 119 11.4%
341 University of Montpellier, France 43.69 46.01 394 1.6%
342 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 40.97 46.01 109 8.3%
343 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 41.84 45.98 107 6.0%
344 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 40.64 45.43 88 7.8%
345 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 42.88 45.27 114 1.8%
346 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 60.92 45.11 146 -28.6%
347 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 55.45 45.02 165 -21.7%
348 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 46.19 44.61 245 -6.9%
349 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 33.59 44.50 120 27.7%
350 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 41.72 44.44 125 2.7%
351 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 39.24 44.21 159 8.6%
352 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 53.67 43.91 196 -21.1%
353 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 51.78 43.87 246 -18.3%
354 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 55.08 43.79 151 -23.4%
355 Anhui University (AHU), China 27.04 43.59 116 55.5%
356 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 41.52 43.59 101 1.2%
357 Western University (UWO), Canada 53.02 43.29 121 -21.3%
358 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 40.77 43.23 171 2.2%
359 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 53.23 43.08 187 -22.0%
360 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 36.29 43.01 214 14.3%
361 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 38.11 42.96 246 8.7%
362 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 40.55 42.86 181 1.9%
363 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 35.26 42.85 300 17.2%
364 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 34.84 42.63 193 18.0%
365 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 44.80 42.60 169 -8.3%
366 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 41.02 42.15 240 -0.9%
367 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 49.82 41.92 159 -18.9%
368 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 25.66 41.79 107 57.0%
369 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 47.29 41.75 195 -14.9%
370 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 40.91 41.74 155 -1.6%
371 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 31.85 41.67 222 26.2%
372 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 39.90 41.44 238 0.1%
373 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 51.24 41.43 204 -22.0%
374 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 43.92 41.30 233 -9.3%
375 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (IISER Kolkata), India 35.05 41.05 62 12.9%
376 McMaster University, Canada 44.57 40.81 112 -11.7%
377 Nanchang University (NCU), China 40.74 40.58 94 -3.9%
378 Shanxi University (SXU), China 28.72 40.48 155 35.9%
379 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 45.65 40.31 72 -14.9%
380 Yangzhou University (YZU), China 37.60 40.18 97 3.0%
381 National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University (NYCU), Taiwan 34.72 40.10 131 11.3%
382 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 43.02 39.94 202 -10.5%
383 Jiangnan University, China 36.18 39.67 78 5.7%
384 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 30.80 39.60 161 24.0%
385 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 28.57 38.96 152 31.5%
386 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 32.03 38.72 145 16.6%
387 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 33.10 38.65 140 12.6%
388 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 24.94 38.16 233 47.5%
389 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 37.24 38.14 126 -1.2%
390 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 46.00 38.03 532 -20.3%
391 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 42.15 37.68 544 -13.8%
392 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 42.91 37.67 140 -15.4%
393 Aalto University, Finland 38.39 37.62 232 -5.5%
394 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 39.77 37.59 151 -8.9%
395 University of Stuttgart, Germany 37.45 37.49 129 -3.5%
396 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 27.28 37.39 167 32.2%
397 University of Bordeaux, France 36.38 37.37 279 -1.0%
398 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China 26.73 37.32 165 34.6%
399 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 21.14 37.28 59 70.0%
400 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 39.69 36.78 113 -10.6%
401 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 31.39 36.75 187 12.9%
402 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 40.86 36.61 176 -13.6%
403 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 36.52 36.61 180 -3.3%
404 Qingdao University of Science and Technology (QUST), China 42.74 36.56 79 -17.5%
405 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 45.74 36.50 158 -23.1%
406 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 31.13 36.28 125 12.4%
407 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 42.14 36.14 144 -17.3%
408 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 32.39 35.98 213 7.1%
409 Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), China 34.50 35.91 145 0.4%
410 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 33.83 35.80 195 2.0%
411 Northeastern University (NEU), China 25.67 35.80 70 34.5%
412 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 32.75 35.63 101 4.9%
413 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 28.90 35.57 203 18.7%
414 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 43.65 35.50 134 -21.6%
415 Curtin University, Australia 35.93 35.27 159 -5.4%
416 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 50.31 35.19 331 -32.6%
417 Okayama University, Japan 41.25 35.01 120 -18.2%
418 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 22.70 34.76 82 47.7%
419 Northwest A&F University (NWAFU), China 24.40 34.73 70 37.2%
420 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 43.53 34.48 124 -23.6%
421 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 27.59 34.36 129 20.1%
422 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 32.35 34.24 256 2.1%
423 Leipzig University, Germany 33.07 34.17 183 -0.4%
424 Ulm University, Germany 37.67 34.17 152 -12.5%
425 HHMI Janelia Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 46.31 34.10 92 -29.0%
426 Anhui Normal University (AHNU), China 17.54 33.56 60 84.5%
427 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 30.44 33.36 68 5.7%
428 Henan Normal University, China 48.80 33.30 91 -34.2%
429 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 28.86 33.15 115 10.8%
430 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 23.24 33.01 78 37.0%
431 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 31.52 32.93 411 0.7%
432 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 29.22 32.80 175 8.3%
433 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 28.84 32.71 320 9.3%
434 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 34.52 32.61 120 -8.9%
435 Ningbo University (NBU), China 17.06 32.49 82 83.6%
436 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 22.02 32.45 264 42.1%
437 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 37.23 32.41 147 -16.0%
438 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 30.65 32.40 81 1.9%
439 Kobe University, Japan 21.32 32.28 145 46.0%
440 University of Technology Sydney (UTS), Australia 21.31 32.15 105 45.5%
441 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 38.45 32.04 273 -19.6%
442 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 32.67 32.00 305 -5.6%
443 Hunan Normal University (HUNNU), China 25.40 31.87 87 21.0%
444 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 39.42 31.83 140 -22.1%
445 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 29.12 31.76 189 5.2%
446 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 27.78 31.53 92 9.4%
447 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 27.81 31.41 72 8.9%
448 Yunnan University (YNU), China 24.19 31.20 78 24.4%
449 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 31.88 31.08 182 -6.0%
450 Waseda University, Japan 25.63 31.07 104 16.9%
451 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 38.66 30.78 94 -23.2%
452 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 25.35 30.72 160 16.8%
453 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 30.30 30.64 131 -2.5%
454 Tianjin University of Technology (TJUT), China 20.87 30.57 62 41.2%
455 TU Dortmund University, Germany 35.12 30.50 157 -16.2%
456 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 24.17 30.48 158 21.6%
457 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 32.83 30.41 114 -10.7%
458 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 27.19 30.30 173 7.4%
459 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 31.31 30.15 87 -7.1%
460 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 34.69 30.10 67 -16.3%
461 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 22.83 30.09 109 27.1%
462 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 32.75 30.05 104 -11.5%
463 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 25.53 30.04 101 13.5%
464 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 30.36 30.00 74 -4.7%
465 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 32.68 29.83 570 -12.0%
466 High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Japan 21.88 29.65 200 30.6%
467 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 42.07 29.28 79 -32.9%
468 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 23.99 29.22 129 17.4%
469 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 33.84 29.21 246 -16.8%
470 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 36.93 29.12 137 -24.0%
471 Chiba University, Japan 21.27 29.10 106 31.9%
472 Laval University (UL), Canada 33.57 29.09 141 -16.5%
473 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 34.74 29.07 218 -19.3%
474 Queen's University, Canada 23.21 29.06 94 20.8%
475 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 43.09 28.79 111 -35.6%
476 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 27.14 28.78 81 2.3%
477 Macquarie University, Australia 29.37 28.75 141 -5.6%
478 Wenzhou University (WZU), China 14.29 28.38 65 91.6%
479 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 30.33 28.32 100 -10.0%
480 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University), Australia 24.16 28.26 104 12.8%
481 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 34.97 28.25 144 -22.1%
482 Tulane University, United States of America (USA) 21.34 28.22 87 27.5%
483 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 43.62 28.21 109 -37.7%
484 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 36.66 28.20 207 -25.8%
485 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 24.76 28.16 156 9.7%
486 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati), India 34.48 28.11 48 -21.4%
487 Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia 25.10 28.10 125 7.9%
488 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 24.14 28.08 80 12.2%
489 Hebei University (HBU), China 16.82 27.97 62 60.4%
490 University of Otago, New Zealand 32.88 27.92 139 -18.1%
491 Bielefeld University, Germany 20.06 27.89 66 34.1%
492 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 30.09 27.57 135 -11.6%
493 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 26.35 27.57 275 0.9%
494 Southern Medical University (SMU), China 21.93 27.44 96 20.7%
495 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 22.64 27.32 86 16.4%
496 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 42.62 27.06 133 -38.8%
497 Simons Foundation, United States of America (USA) 18.97 26.92 156 36.8%
498 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 27.95 26.86 93 -7.4%
499 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 27.51 26.81 267 -6.0%
500 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 24.15 26.81 136 7.0%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at nature.com/nature-index/.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2021 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.