2017 tables: Institutions

The 2017 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2015 Share 2016 Count 2016 Change in Adjusted Share 2015-2016*
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1,616.60 1,589.46 3,856 0.8%
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 883.36 876.17 2,294 1.7%
3 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 793.80 769.19 4,295 -0.6%
4 Max Planck Society, Germany 745.69 766.82 2,439 5.5%
5 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 636.25 603.81 1,481 -2.7%
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 567.65 580.08 1,748 4.8%
7 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 541.95 530.33 2,080 0.4%
8 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 438.28 466.85 1,248 9.3%
9 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 432.89 438.52 1,277 3.9%
10 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 527.00 427.14 1,096 -16.9%
11 Peking University (PKU), China 369.83 386.66 1,256 7.2%
12 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 426.81 384.78 1,179 -7.5%
13 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 377.17 355.01 910 -3.5%
14 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 338.34 349.15 872 5.8%
15 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 391.01 341.16 849 -10.5%
16 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 363.17 331.42 917 -6.4%
17 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 345.08 327.95 888 -2.5%
18 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 368.44 321.42 858 -10.5%
19 Nanjing University (NJU), China 290.48 319.47 747 12.8%
20 Tsinghua University, China 279.01 316.02 1,019 16.2%
21 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 325.91 313.30 908 -1.4%
22 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 287.13 307.03 865 9.7%
23 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 325.20 289.13 765 -8.8%
24 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 268.91 288.86 652 10.2%
25 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 302.76 284.01 670 -3.8%
26 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 261.56 275.75 732 8.1%
27 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 296.28 267.88 820 -7.3%
28 Kyoto University, Japan 311.72 264.41 674 -13.0%
29 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 312.66 260.64 653 -14.5%
30 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 281.28 259.89 683 -5.2%
31 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 269.50 257.81 758 -1.9%
32 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 266.31 251.22 634 -3.2%
33 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 263.38 244.10 777 -4.9%
34 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 254.94 234.59 509 -5.6%
35 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 228.57 234.26 570 5.1%
36 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 243.06 233.72 634 -1.4%
37 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 253.18 228.83 590 -7.3%
38 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 222.83 220.35 481 1.4%
39 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 222.99 216.15 792 -0.6%
40 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 235.68 211.32 1,082 -8.0%
41 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 213.22 210.23 576 1.1%
42 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 213.84 210.00 619 0.7%
43 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 211.57 208.40 659 1.0%
44 Leibniz Association, Germany 222.02 208.34 715 -3.8%
45 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 207.29 203.43 521 0.7%
46 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 224.31 203.03 766 -7.2%
47 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 208.12 201.29 559 -0.8%
48 Osaka University, Japan 205.96 196.71 525 -2.0%
49 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 184.49 193.70 430 7.7%
50 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 216.45 188.13 528 -10.9%
51 Fudan University, China 209.78 184.73 455 -9.7%
52 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 180.12 182.33 441 3.8%
53 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.05 181.42 601 2.8%
54 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 171.74 181.09 379 8.2%
55 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 187.10 180.11 828 -1.3%
56 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 191.04 176.35 661 -5.3%
57 Tohoku University, Japan 194.63 175.48 438 -7.5%
58 McGill University, Canada 190.41 174.11 547 -6.2%
59 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 161.38 172.05 769 9.4%
60 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 196.92 169.17 627 -11.9%
61 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 176.54 167.13 483 -2.9%
62 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 166.96 165.97 424 2.0%
63 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 129.81 164.50 461 30.0%
64 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 110.38 159.16 881 47.9%
65 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 156.06 157.77 321 3.7%
66 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 135.19 156.65 452 18.8%
67 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 167.65 156.60 553 -4.2%
68 RIKEN, Japan 151.81 155.91 543 5.3%
69 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 139.12 153.80 325 13.4%
70 Nankai University (NKU), China 157.34 152.97 420 -0.3%
71 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 133.90 151.21 589 15.8%
72 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 125.69 151.14 691 23.3%
73 Soochow University, China 140.28 150.07 277 9.7%
74 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 167.21 145.87 427 -10.5%
75 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 157.55 145.71 521 -5.1%
76 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 152.11 145.62 398 -1.8%
77 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 125.38 145.31 506 18.9%
78 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 177.02 145.03 467 -16.0%
79 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 135.05 144.89 442 10.0%
80 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 118.90 144.15 548 24.3%
81 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 140.83 138.53 361 0.9%
82 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 144.36 136.19 554 -3.2%
83 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 161.19 135.74 391 -13.6%
84 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 144.91 134.66 308 -4.7%
85 Nagoya University, Japan 148.32 132.62 350 -8.3%
86 Monash University, Australia 118.10 132.42 430 15.0%
87 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 154.73 130.27 399 -13.6%
88 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 107.26 128.21 449 22.6%
89 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 127.13 128.10 274 3.3%
90 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 138.41 126.30 530 -6.4%
91 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 128.60 126.00 513 0.5%
92 Xiamen University (XMU), China 119.69 124.40 228 6.6%
93 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 106.89 122.80 614 17.8%
94 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 114.04 122.46 311 10.1%
95 Wuhan University (WHU), China 114.67 122.07 235 9.2%
96 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 123.77 121.72 577 0.9%
97 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 123.99 121.21 274 0.3%
98 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 124.74 120.30 617 -1.1%
99 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 98.66 119.22 403 23.9%
100 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 146.99 119.08 359 -16.9%
101 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 131.35 119.03 418 -7.1%
102 Hokkaido University, Japan 119.43 118.32 261 1.6%
103 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 125.08 117.52 308 -3.6%
104 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 116.30 116.98 377 3.2%
105 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 129.67 116.00 366 -8.2%
106 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 106.97 115.13 343 10.4%
107 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 105.09 114.69 389 11.9%
108 Kyushu University, Japan 92.77 113.98 334 26.0%
109 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 114.86 113.69 926 1.5%
110 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 146.68 113.67 453 -20.5%
111 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 116.95 112.03 183 -1.7%
112 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 127.47 111.22 366 -10.5%
113 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 112.85 111.01 500 0.9%
114 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 120.61 109.49 256 -6.9%
115 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 91.52 107.33 235 20.3%
116 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 105.70 106.64 264 3.5%
117 Sorbonne University, France 117.75 106.13 1,057 -7.6%
118 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 116.02 106.07 344 -6.2%
119 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 112.27 106.05 305 -3.1%
120 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 103.86 104.36 354 3.1%
121 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 105.26 102.73 308 0.1%
122 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 106.73 102.36 295 -1.6%
123 Sichuan University (SCU), China 98.82 101.98 216 5.8%
124 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 89.52 101.84 282 16.7%
125 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 96.31 101.21 180 7.8%
126 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 100.65 101.19 297 3.1%
127 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 92.71 101.10 284 11.8%
128 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 120.45 100.59 318 -14.3%
129 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 111.02 100.36 232 -7.3%
130 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 103.31 99.97 481 -0.8%
131 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 106.42 99.09 279 -4.5%
132 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 93.07 98.32 319 8.4%
133 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 88.61 98.15 258 13.6%
134 University of Göttingen, Germany 106.02 97.99 330 -5.2%
135 Lund University (LU), Sweden 99.51 95.93 377 -1.1%
136 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 108.58 95.65 282 -9.6%
137 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 71.66 95.43 496 36.6%
138 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 103.87 95.40 261 -5.8%
139 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 87.15 95.10 243 11.9%
140 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 94.29 94.95 421 3.3%
141 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 103.16 94.62 377 -5.9%
142 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 78.94 94.15 340 22.3%
143 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 104.68 93.95 312 -7.9%
144 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 100.81 93.83 310 -4.5%
145 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 103.94 92.91 359 -8.3%
146 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 100.32 92.75 900 -5.2%
147 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 74.98 92.63 262 26.7%
148 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 86.84 91.91 230 8.6%
149 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 115.94 91.86 286 -18.7%
150 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 89.62 91.71 372 5.0%
151 Yonsei University, South Korea 102.75 91.10 226 -9.1%
152 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 93.16 90.76 325 -0.1%
153 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 90.47 90.44 263 2.5%
154 Jilin University (JLU), China 103.60 89.93 211 -11.0%
155 UK Research and Innovation (UKRI), United Kingdom (UK) 92.52 89.86 624 -0.4%
156 Shandong University (SDU), China 75.60 89.14 289 20.9%
157 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 95.60 88.73 325 -4.8%
158 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 78.74 88.33 241 15.1%
159 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 103.10 86.95 460 -13.5%
160 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 98.69 86.90 181 -9.7%
161 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 91.76 86.77 125 -3.0%
162 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 77.59 85.86 280 13.5%
163 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 69.39 84.83 345 25.4%
164 TU Dresden, Germany 86.40 84.68 368 0.5%
165 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 93.41 84.14 221 -7.6%
166 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 83.31 82.86 220 2.0%
167 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 98.79 82.74 239 -14.1%
168 Hunan University (HNU), China 99.35 82.74 140 -14.6%
169 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 89.38 81.86 332 -6.1%
170 Leiden University, Netherlands 86.38 81.25 310 -3.5%
171 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 108.04 81.14 335 -23.0%
172 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 78.83 81.09 317 5.5%
173 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 89.83 80.64 253 -7.9%
174 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 88.75 80.19 288 -7.3%
175 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 80.04 79.34 324 1.7%
176 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 73.88 79.33 197 10.1%
177 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 63.16 78.67 149 27.8%
178 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 76.67 77.92 258 4.2%
179 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 59.93 77.86 150 33.2%
180 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 77.55 77.80 203 2.9%
181 Stockholm University, Sweden 94.87 77.43 410 -16.3%
182 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 95.76 77.31 237 -17.2%
183 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 62.32 76.87 499 26.5%
184 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 77.51 76.86 344 1.7%
185 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 85.84 76.76 164 -8.3%
186 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 84.65 76.67 249 -7.1%
187 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 69.79 76.35 373 12.2%
188 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 72.74 76.18 248 7.4%
189 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 94.79 76.15 342 -17.6%
190 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 92.07 75.80 268 -15.6%
191 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 79.41 75.69 345 -2.2%
192 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 88.48 75.69 288 -12.3%
193 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 74.09 75.58 159 4.6%
194 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 83.24 75.04 248 -7.5%
195 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 92.25 74.76 297 -16.9%
196 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 70.46 74.51 344 8.5%
197 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 83.95 73.98 348 -9.6%
198 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 73.20 73.86 323 3.5%
199 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 80.26 73.84 198 -5.6%
200 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 90.44 73.34 260 -16.8%
201 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 58.51 73.28 197 28.5%
202 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 67.43 72.87 313 10.8%
203 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 61.33 72.77 249 21.7%
204 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 67.70 72.03 273 9.1%
205 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 76.50 71.73 724 -3.8%
206 University of Waterloo, Canada 86.21 71.51 155 -14.9%
207 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 72.05 71.45 388 1.7%
208 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 81.88 71.43 264 -10.5%
209 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 87.61 71.35 460 -16.5%
210 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 68.75 71.16 301 6.2%
211 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 63.71 70.99 213 14.3%
212 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 61.95 70.81 278 17.2%
213 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 67.02 70.73 327 8.2%
214 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 59.18 70.04 237 21.4%
215 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 62.64 69.72 300 14.2%
216 Tianjin University (TJU), China 91.60 69.54 343 -22.1%
217 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 55.10 69.22 347 28.8%
218 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 70.94 68.87 254 -0.4%
219 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 70.74 68.83 221 -0.2%
220 University of Paris, France 88.99 68.73 702 -20.8%
221 Keio University, Japan 56.86 68.69 158 23.9%
222 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 79.11 68.35 288 -11.4%
223 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 72.16 68.12 219 -3.2%
224 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 82.95 67.48 186 -16.6%
225 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 52.46 67.20 142 31.4%
226 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 71.83 66.98 326 -4.4%
227 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 69.11 66.84 184 -0.8%
228 Southeast University (SEU), China 40.35 66.07 125 67.9%
229 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 77.37 65.54 218 -13.1%
230 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 68.42 65.06 297 -2.5%
231 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 55.95 65.01 197 19.2%
232 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 61.64 64.95 268 8.1%
233 University of Strasbourg, France 63.26 64.72 433 4.9%
234 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 60.11 64.44 168 10.0%
235 University of Lyon, France 66.45 63.62 440 -1.8%
236 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 65.76 63.33 143 -1.2%
237 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 67.93 63.16 323 -4.6%
238 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 62.38 63.00 142 3.6%
239 Korea University, South Korea 63.51 62.43 226 0.8%
240 University of Tsukuba, Japan 57.71 61.92 249 10.1%
241 University of Vienna, Austria 53.53 61.46 221 17.8%
242 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 51.88 61.25 212 21.1%
243 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 74.14 60.92 240 -15.7%
244 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 62.16 60.79 224 0.3%
245 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 45.06 60.56 310 37.8%
246 Tongji University, China 59.72 59.76 198 2.6%
247 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 57.97 58.93 173 4.3%
248 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 66.06 58.75 180 -8.8%
249 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 78.88 58.62 179 -23.8%
250 Université PSL, France 58.05 58.35 626 3.1%
251 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 52.79 57.95 578 12.6%
252 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 50.60 57.66 169 16.9%
253 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 58.76 57.50 161 0.4%
254 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 66.24 57.31 302 -11.3%
255 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 43.99 56.79 199 32.4%
256 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 44.96 56.70 133 29.4%
257 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 46.77 56.65 360 24.2%
258 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 53.04 56.56 241 9.4%
259 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 59.55 56.16 188 -3.3%
260 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 40.24 56.09 136 43.0%
261 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 45.38 56.09 233 26.8%
262 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 50.16 55.54 170 13.6%
263 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 59.79 55.38 185 -5.0%
264 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 46.23 54.99 114 22.0%
265 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 60.63 54.34 211 -8.1%
266 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 61.59 54.09 142 -9.9%
267 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 46.90 54.01 162 18.1%
268 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 30.21 53.84 109 82.8%
269 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 63.25 53.80 354 -12.8%
270 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 63.61 53.07 164 -14.4%
271 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 59.58 52.17 200 -10.2%
272 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 45.16 52.14 151 18.4%
273 University of Helsinki, Finland 58.32 51.70 307 -9.1%
274 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 44.04 50.94 89 18.6%
275 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 57.55 50.77 392 -9.5%
276 University of Toulouse, France 58.96 50.73 417 -11.7%
277 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 47.60 50.62 141 9.1%
278 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 46.46 50.47 187 11.4%
279 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 48.37 50.22 270 6.5%
280 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 45.23 50.04 242 13.5%
281 Beihang University (BUAA), China 44.88 50.01 168 14.3%
282 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 51.12 49.62 305 -0.5%
283 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 46.21 49.48 263 9.8%
284 University of Konstanz, Germany 43.99 49.45 94 15.3%
285 McMaster University, Canada 52.51 49.30 116 -3.7%
286 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 43.95 49.23 267 14.9%
287 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 46.33 49.21 190 8.9%
288 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 32.19 49.01 150 56.2%
289 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 58.40 49.00 321 -13.9%
290 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 50.47 48.87 174 -0.7%
291 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 37.54 48.44 192 32.4%
292 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 42.30 48.43 113 17.4%
293 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 53.07 48.40 139 -6.4%
294 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 42.83 48.08 95 15.1%
295 The University of Dublin, Ireland 43.95 47.66 141 11.2%
296 Leipzig University, Germany 44.68 47.34 166 8.7%
297 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 57.04 47.22 129 -15.1%
298 University of Stuttgart, Germany 59.94 47.00 127 -19.6%
299 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 47.38 46.97 456 1.7%
300 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 40.99 46.80 141 17.1%
301 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 63.81 46.24 141 -25.7%
302 Aalto University, Finland 55.77 45.73 218 -15.9%
303 HHMI Janelia Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 51.71 45.67 93 -9.4%
304 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 47.65 45.66 234 -1.7%
305 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 71.96 45.60 98 -35.0%
306 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 38.74 45.53 196 20.6%
307 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 53.08 45.41 119 -12.2%
308 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 41.86 45.18 191 10.7%
309 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 45.85 44.85 194 0.3%
310 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 54.75 44.79 122 -16.1%
311 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 48.02 44.60 167 -4.7%
312 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 49.16 44.58 262 -7.0%
313 National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University (NYCU), Taiwan 46.06 44.44 119 -1.0%
314 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 51.30 44.42 175 -11.2%
315 Western University (UWO), Canada 34.14 44.20 109 32.8%
316 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 40.82 44.17 244 11.0%
317 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 49.81 44.13 148 -9.1%
318 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 45.66 43.91 99 -1.4%
319 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 55.27 43.77 145 -18.8%
320 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 41.55 43.65 141 7.7%
321 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 52.77 43.64 159 -15.2%
322 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 37.14 43.54 113 20.2%
323 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 30.71 43.50 121 45.3%
324 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 44.50 43.21 173 -0.4%
325 University of Montpellier, France 47.14 43.08 374 -6.3%
326 Southwest University (SWU), China 47.91 43.01 65 -7.9%
327 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 62.14 42.90 105 -29.2%
328 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 38.01 42.63 331 15.0%
329 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 52.52 42.48 92 -17.0%
330 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 26.85 42.45 102 62.2%
331 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 42.45 42.20 174 2.0%
332 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 38.85 41.94 385 10.7%
333 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 39.06 41.65 261 9.4%
334 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 48.57 41.29 122 -12.8%
335 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 47.08 41.00 216 -10.7%
336 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 31.60 40.44 132 31.2%
337 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 41.02 40.21 246 0.5%
338 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 27.95 40.16 113 47.3%
339 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 60.84 40.15 109 -32.3%
340 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 41.06 39.91 171 -0.3%
341 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 41.08 39.80 125 -0.6%
342 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 43.30 39.75 203 -5.9%
343 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 47.19 39.71 125 -13.7%
344 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.33 39.64 179 0.8%
345 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 32.02 39.59 220 26.8%
346 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 52.17 39.52 207 -22.3%
347 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 42.76 39.33 188 -5.7%
348 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 38.71 39.02 176 3.4%
349 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 42.25 38.93 253 -5.5%
350 Pasteur Institute, France 34.61 38.92 201 15.4%
351 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 37.93 38.88 67 5.1%
352 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 39.23 38.45 120 0.5%
353 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 44.71 38.40 268 -11.9%
354 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 39.77 37.99 165 -2.0%
355 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 29.04 37.81 110 33.5%
356 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 42.30 37.75 104 -8.5%
357 Ulm University, Germany 38.43 37.68 143 0.6%
358 Chiba University, Japan 19.07 37.65 105 102.5%
359 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 28.61 37.62 195 34.9%
360 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 49.45 37.41 333 -22.4%
361 Curtin University, Australia 29.16 37.35 138 31.4%
362 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 22.79 37.19 80 67.3%
363 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 44.29 36.91 122 -14.5%
364 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 32.44 36.87 79 16.6%
365 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 41.87 36.69 145 -10.1%
366 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 30.65 36.33 150 21.5%
367 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 25.81 36.02 153 43.2%
368 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 44.99 35.94 100 -18.1%
369 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 30.41 35.85 143 20.9%
370 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 48.01 35.75 133 -23.6%
371 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 28.77 35.42 95 26.3%
372 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 35.93 35.15 121 0.3%
373 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 39.31 35.02 315 -8.6%
374 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 27.09 34.99 83 32.5%
375 University of Potsdam, Germany 30.85 34.96 126 16.2%
376 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 26.33 34.39 43 33.9%
377 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 29.89 34.36 79 17.9%
378 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 48.80 34.26 221 -28.0%
379 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 48.39 34.26 154 -27.4%
380 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 29.82 34.23 86 17.7%
381 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.34 34.17 128 2.1%
382 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 32.24 34.17 105 8.7%
383 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 38.20 34.12 213 -8.4%
384 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 47.84 33.70 103 -27.7%
385 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 37.18 33.61 172 -7.3%
386 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 31.23 33.43 144 9.8%
387 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.36 33.11 76 1.8%
388 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 27.49 33.05 150 23.3%
389 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 35.87 32.89 142 -6.0%
390 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 33.91 32.82 98 -0.7%
391 Shanghai University (SHU), China 35.24 32.68 92 -4.9%
392 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 29.37 32.60 512 13.8%
393 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 41.51 32.48 124 -19.7%
394 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 26.95 32.37 240 23.2%
395 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 31.98 32.29 101 3.6%
396 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 32.63 32.11 84 0.9%
397 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 28.79 32.08 285 14.3%
398 University of Bordeaux, France 37.90 31.99 232 -13.4%
399 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 34.49 31.79 163 -5.4%
400 University of Otago, New Zealand 33.75 31.78 118 -3.4%
401 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 36.61 31.58 136 -11.5%
402 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 36.69 31.42 78 -12.2%
403 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 22.00 31.38 95 46.3%
404 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 24.04 31.19 112 33.1%
405 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 29.67 31.17 65 7.8%
406 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 39.97 31.10 125 -20.2%
407 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 34.30 30.90 325 -7.6%
408 Chongqing University (CQU), China 35.22 30.66 88 -10.7%
409 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 16.45 30.64 95 91.1%
410 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 33.19 30.58 171 -5.5%
411 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 37.56 30.54 288 -16.6%
412 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 25.57 30.51 56 22.4%
413 Kobe University, Japan 27.67 30.21 149 12.0%
414 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 38.25 30.10 106 -19.3%
415 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 25.26 30.08 101 22.1%
416 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 27.28 29.76 106 11.9%
417 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 26.32 29.74 71 15.9%
418 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 24.63 29.46 59 22.7%
419 TU Dortmund University, Germany 22.92 29.45 174 31.8%
420 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 28.97 29.44 47 4.2%
421 Queen's University, Canada 39.53 29.22 71 -24.2%
422 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 39.19 29.06 76 -23.9%
423 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 43.79 28.99 56 -32.1%
424 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 15.58 28.96 92 90.6%
425 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 19.12 28.96 78 55.3%
426 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 29.52 28.81 254 0.1%
427 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 34.04 28.62 49 -13.8%
428 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 44.41 28.60 161 -33.9%
429 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 29.19 28.60 95 0.5%
430 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 29.29 28.48 145 -0.3%
431 State University of New York at Albany (SUNY Albany), United States of America (USA) 17.67 28.24 145 63.9%
432 Northwest University (NWU), China 19.92 28.02 53 44.2%
433 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 29.73 28.02 47 -3.3%
434 Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), India 24.49 27.96 109 17.1%
435 Pfizer Inc., United States of America (USA) 20.47 27.91 61 39.8%
436 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 21.56 27.45 84 30.6%
437 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 32.09 27.44 107 -12.3%
438 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 25.01 27.40 126 12.4%
439 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 36.20 27.32 84 -22.6%
440 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 19.10 27.20 88 46.1%
441 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 36.15 27.12 177 -23.0%
442 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 37.50 27.08 213 -25.9%
443 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 29.30 26.78 64 -6.2%
444 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 29.51 26.78 65 -6.9%
445 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 26.61 26.71 73 3.0%
446 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 33.48 26.67 109 -18.3%
447 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 20.67 26.53 65 31.7%
448 Waseda University, Japan 31.25 26.51 139 -13.0%
449 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 19.70 26.22 52 36.5%
450 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 30.49 25.89 165 -12.9%
451 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 23.98 25.86 71 10.6%
452 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 33.29 25.82 114 -20.4%
453 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 31.30 25.76 147 -15.6%
454 Okayama University, Japan 35.13 25.76 147 -24.8%
455 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 37.15 25.70 84 -29.0%
456 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 29.31 25.67 133 -10.2%
457 Pusan National University (PNU), South Korea 18.87 25.62 93 39.2%
458 Central South University (CSU), China 28.15 25.56 79 -6.9%
459 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 26.43 25.55 68 -0.8%
460 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 36.50 25.52 98 -28.3%
461 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 33.98 25.51 238 -23.0%
462 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 20.13 25.51 58 30.0%
463 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 36.22 25.50 44 -27.8%
464 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 22.53 25.44 69 15.8%
465 Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Spain 18.73 25.09 291 37.4%
466 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 15.58 25.07 62 65.1%
467 Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), United States of America (USA) 13.75 25.00 69 86.4%
468 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 32.15 24.91 80 -20.5%
469 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 16.57 24.75 250 53.1%
470 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University), Australia 21.49 24.68 64 17.8%
471 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 24.12 24.66 148 4.9%
472 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 19.50 24.63 101 29.6%
473 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 26.30 24.46 230 -4.6%
474 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 29.84 24.40 99 -16.1%
475 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 17.34 24.37 145 44.1%
476 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 27.77 24.23 63 -10.5%
477 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 23.67 24.19 66 4.8%
478 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 23.49 24.14 63 5.4%
479 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 29.47 24.08 166 -16.2%
480 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 26.62 23.99 58 -7.6%
481 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.90 23.98 166 2.9%
482 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 29.59 23.95 86 -17.0%
483 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 32.70 23.93 205 -25.0%
484 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 29.41 23.86 95 -16.8%
485 Dalhousie University, Canada 26.49 23.84 69 -7.7%
486 Laval University (UL), Canada 31.06 23.65 127 -21.9%
487 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 25.16 23.58 105 -3.9%
488 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France 21.24 23.57 133 13.8%
489 University of Arkansas (UARK), United States of America (USA) 22.65 23.44 68 6.1%
490 Texas Tech University (TTU), United States of America (USA) 15.09 23.42 127 59.2%
491 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 26.44 23.39 46 -9.3%
492 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 15.72 23.26 48 51.8%
493 Netherlands Cancer Institute (NKI), Netherlands 19.55 23.00 96 20.7%
494 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 21.97 22.84 269 6.6%
495 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), United States of America (USA) 21.17 22.79 95 10.5%
496 Georgetown University, United States of America (USA) 12.26 22.67 64 89.7%
497 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 8.19 22.49 47 181.8%
498 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 15.73 22.47 86 46.5%
499 Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 23.09 22.46 99 -0.2%
500 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 16.87 22.44 50 36.4%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at nature.com/nature-index/.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2021 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.