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  • Controlling diastereodivergent light-driven processes remains synthetically challenging. Here, we disclose how the light source and steric parameters can be used to control the diastereoselectivity of [2 + 2] heterocycloaddition processes, such as in Paternò–Büchi reactions, and provide access to previously inaccessible stereochemical variants.

    • Javier Mateos
    • Francesco Rigodanza
    • Luca Dell’Amico
    Article
  • Mechanical cleavage of layered materials to obtain two-dimensional (2D) sheets is restricted to materials with interlayer interactions dominated by van der Waals (vdW) forces. Here, calendering is used to weaken interlayer binding in non-vdW layered structures (metals, semiconductors and superconductors) allowing mechanical exfoliation to obtain 2D sheets with thickness-dependent properties.

    • Kun Jiang
    • Jinpeng Ji
    • Fengxia Geng
    Article
  • Enantioselective difunctionalization of alkenes mediated with radicals and using selective C–H bond activation remains unexplored. Now, an asymmetric 1,2-oxidative alkylation of conjugated dienes, based on direct functionalization of strong and neutral C(sp3)–H bonds, is reported using a combination of hydrogen atom transfer and copper-catalysed reactions.

    • Lian-Feng Fan
    • Rui Liu
    • Liu-Zhu Gong
    Article
  • Automated organic synthesis is often limited to making simple molecules, requiring a small number of synthetic steps, because of the complexity and variety of organic molecules. Now, a robotic platform has been instructed to build complex structures, such as the core fragment of (+)-kalkitoxin, in a stereochemically controlled and iterative manner.

    • Valerio Fasano
    • Rory C. Mykura
    • Varinder K. Aggarwal
    Article
  • Asymmetric C–H functionalisation provides efficient synthetic routes to chiral metallocenes; however, these methods are often limited by the substitution patterns that can be accessed. Now, a Rh-catalysed enantioselective C–H arylation provides access to chiral 1,2-disubstituted and 1,3-disubstituted metallocenes via kinetic resolution of pre-functionalised metallocenes.

    • Chen-Xu Liu
    • Fangnuo Zhao
    • Shu-Li You
    Article
  • Stereoselective alkynylallylic substitution reactions are underexplored compared with propargylic and allylic substitutions. Now, a copper-catalysed intermolecular and decarboxylative alkynylallylic amination, alkoxylation and alkylation strategy has been developed for the synthesis of chiral 1,4-enynes. Mechanistic studies suggest that the formation of a dinuclear copper allenylidene is the rate-limiting step.

    • Jiang-Shan Ma
    • Han-Yu Lu
    • Zhi-Tao He
    Article
  • Torus knots are assembled in a contra-helical tubular manner by coaxially nesting a small multistranded helix within a larger reverse helix. This approach enables the near-quantitative one-step syntheses of four iron(II)-templated trefoil knots. The spin-crossover properties of the iron(II) centres in the knots are tuneable by altering the intramolecular strain.

    • Lin Wu
    • Min Tang
    • Zhichang Liu
    Article
  • Alternaric acid is a known starting point for herbicide development. Now, the development of a total synthesis enables structure–activity relationship profiling of compound libraries, which, combined with phenotypic screening and molecular modelling, identifies lead compounds with enhanced herbicidal activity compared with alternaric acid.

    • Eva M. Israel
    • Júlia Comas-Barceló
    • Allan J. B. Watson
    Article
  • Developing highly elastic and conductive hydrogels is challenging, especially for use in harsh environments including organic solvents and extreme temperatures. Now, a self-assembly and in situ polymerization method is reported for the fabrication of highly compressible and environmentally adaptive conductive hydrogels with concrete-type constituents and high-tortuosity interconnected cellular architectures.

    • Yangyu Wang
    • Haili Qin
    • Shu-Hong Yu
    Article Open Access
  • The complexity of carbohydrate structures makes their synthesis challenging. Now, an automated glycan synthesizer is reported which is capable of preparing a library of bioactive oligosaccharides, including a fully protected fondaparinux pentasaccharide. Furthermore, the synthesizer can rapidly assemble arabinans up to 1,080-mer size, starting from monosaccharide building blocks.

    • Wenlong Yao
    • De-Cai Xiong
    • Xin-Shan Ye
    Article
  • Two-dimensional materials have many desirable properties but controllable synthesis is difficult. Now, a flux-assisted growth approach has been designed to reproducibly prepare high-quality, atomically thin materials. Eighty atomically thin composite flakes have been prepared by this approach.

    • Peng Zhang
    • Xingguo Wang
    • Yongji Gong
    Article
  • Degradable polymers are needed to overcome the environmental persistence of the materials. Now, cyclic–acyclic monomers metathesis polymerization is reported to produce degradable thermoset, thermoplastic and elastomeric polymers. The material properties and degradability of the polymers are investigated after different treatment methods during their synthesis.

    • Guifu Si
    • Changle Chen
    Article
  • Selective oxidation of ring C–H bonds is an attractive route to functionalized cyclic amines, which are versatile intermediates in drug synthesis. Now, engineered P450 enzymes, designed with computational guidance to disfavour undesired products, are reported to oxidize all unactivated C–H bonds in cyclic amines with high selectivity.

    • Yuan Zhang
    • Ziyue Xiong
    • Luet L. Wong
    Article
  • Developing a bench-stable glycosyl donor of multifunctional sugar residues that can be activated under mild conditions is a challenge in carbohydrate chemistry. Now, stable glycosyl sulfones are used in a photoinduced method for desulfonylative cross-coupling to prepare a range of C- and S-glycosides.

    • Quanquan Wang
    • Boon Chong Lee
    • Ming Joo Koh
    Article
  • Developing enantiodivergent catalysts capable of preparing both enantiomeric products from one substrate in a controlled fashion is challenging. Now, a manganese(III)-salen complex with a chiral photoswitchable phosphate counterion is reported for the epoxidation of alkenes in a stereoselective manner, where irradiation with light allows access to either enantiomer of the epoxide.

    • Xiaofei Chen
    • Pieter J. Gilissen
    • Roeland J. M. Nolte
    Article
  • Plastic waste poses a serious economic, ecological and environmental threat. Here, non-recyclable, post-consumer microplastics are used as an electron feedstock for biosynthetic reactions in a photoelectrocatalytic system. The microplastics are simultaneously broken down into organic fuels, meaning that this system provides valuable chemicals at both the anodic and cathodic sites.

    • Jinhyun Kim
    • Jinha Jang
    • Chan Beum Park
    Article
  • β-hydride and β-heteroatom eliminations are elementary steps in many catalytic reactions used in the synthesis of drug molecules and polymers. However, the elimination processes often compete leading to unpredictable outcomes. Here, a series of mechanistically informed selection rules are developed to selectively achieve the desired elimination.

    • Michael K. Bogdos
    • Olivera Stepanović
    • Bill Morandi
    Article
  • α,α-Dideutero carboxylic acids are common precursors for isotopically labelled molecules; however, their synthesis often requires high temperatures with strong bases or precious metals. Now, the α-deuteration of carboxylic acids has been developed under mild conditions using a ternary catalyst system of K2CO3, pivalic anhydride and 4-dimethylaminopyridine.

    • T. Tanaka
    • Y. Koga
    • T. Ohshima
    Article
  • Current synthesis of 2D crystalline superconductors mainly limits them to layered materials. Now, crystalline, non-layered 2D PdTe has been synthesized by inducing interfacial reactions at a solid–solid interface, exhibiting 2D superconductivity with a thickness-dependent onset critical temperature of ~2.56 K.

    • Yueyang Wu
    • Jingying Zheng
    • Liying Jiao
    Article
  • Synthesis of seven-membered carbocycles via (4 + 3)-cycloaddition reactions is often challenging due to the instability of the zwitterionic three-carbon component required. Now, a copper-catalysed enantioselective (4 + 3)-cycloaddition of 2-amino cations with dienol silyl ethers is reported, providing seven-membered carbocycles in good yields and with excellent enantiocontrol.

    • Lulu Shen
    • Zitong Lin
    • Weiwei Zi
    Article