Physical chemistry

Definition

Physical chemistry is one of the traditional sub-disciplines of chemistry and is concerned with the application of the concepts and theories of physics to the analysis of the chemical properties and reactive behaviour of matter. While also at the interface between physics and chemistry, it is distinct from chemical physics.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    Phosphorylation or DNA binding promotes the physical partitioning of HP1α out of a soluble aqueous phase into droplets, suggesting that the repressive action of heterochromatin may in part be mediated by the phase separation of HP1.

    • Adam G. Larson
    • , Daniel Elnatan
    • , Madeline M. Keenen
    • , Michael J. Trnka
    • , Jonathan B. Johnston
    • , Alma L. Burlingame
    • , David A. Agard
    • , Sy Redding
    •  & Geeta J. Narlikar
  • Research | | open

    Many photo-induced processes such as photosynthesis occur in organic molecules, but their femtosecond excited-state dynamics are difficult to track. Here, the authors exploit the element and site selectivity of soft X-ray absorption to sensitively follow the ultrafast ππ*/* electronic relaxation of hetero-organic molecules.

    • T. J. A. Wolf
    • , R. H. Myhre
    • , J. P. Cryan
    • , S. Coriani
    • , R. J. Squibb
    • , A. Battistoni
    • , N. Berrah
    • , C. Bostedt
    • , P. Bucksbaum
    • , G. Coslovich
    • , R. Feifel
    • , K. J. Gaffney
    • , J. Grilj
    • , T. J. Martinez
    • , S. Miyabe
    • , S. P. Moeller
    • , M. Mucke
    • , A. Natan
    • , R. Obaid
    • , T. Osipov
    • , O. Plekan
    • , S. Wang
    • , H. Koch
    •  & M. Gühr
  • Research | | open

    The competition between chemical reactions critically affects our natural environment and the synthesis of new materials. Here, the authors present an approach to directly image distinct fingerprints of essential organic reactions and monitor their competition as a function of steric substitution.

    • Eduardo Carrascosa
    • , Jennifer Meyer
    • , Jiaxu Zhang
    • , Martin Stei
    • , Tim Michaelsen
    • , William L. Hase
    • , Li Yang
    •  & Roland Wester
  • Research |

    With recent and improved understanding of how nuclear and electronic degrees of freedom can interact with each other comes the opportunity to directly control electronic processes. Now it has been shown that ultrafast vibrational excitation can direct light-induced intramolecular electron transfer along a specific path.

    • Milan Delor
    • , Stuart A. Archer
    • , Theo Keane
    • , Anthony J. H. M. Meijer
    • , Igor V. Sazanovich
    • , Gregory M. Greetham
    • , Michael Towrie
    •  & Julia A. Weinstein
  • Research | | open

    As ternary perovskite-type oxides are increasingly used in fuel cells and catalysis, greater understanding of their surface chemical properties is required. Here the authors report a pronounced ordering of hydroxyls on the cleaved (001) surface of Ca3Ru2O7 perovskite induced by O-octahedral rotation and tilt.

    • Daniel Halwidl
    • , Wernfried Mayr-Schmölzer
    • , David Fobes
    • , Jin Peng
    • , Zhiqiang Mao
    • , Michael Schmid
    • , Florian Mittendorfer
    • , Josef Redinger
    •  & Ulrike Diebold

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