Climate sciences

Climate science is the study of relatively long-term weather conditions, typically spanning decades to centuries but extending to geological timescales. The discipline is primarily concerned with atmospheric properties – for example temperature and humidity – and patterns of circulation, as well as interactions with the ocean, the biosphere, and, over longer timescales, the geosphere.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Reviews | | open

    The microbial majority with which we share Earth often goes unnoticed despite underlying major biogeochemical cycles and food webs, thereby taking a key role in climate change. This Consensus Statement highlights the importance of climate change microbiology and issues a call to action for all microbiologists.

    • Ricardo Cavicchioli
    • , William J. Ripple
    • , Kenneth N. Timmis
    • , Farooq Azam
    • , Lars R. Bakken
    • , Matthew Baylis
    • , Michael J. Behrenfeld
    • , Antje Boetius
    • , Philip W. Boyd
    • , Aimée T. Classen
    • , Thomas W. Crowther
    • , Roberto Danovaro
    • , Christine M. Foreman
    • , Jef Huisman
    • , David A. Hutchins
    • , Janet K. Jansson
    • , David M. Karl
    • , Britt Koskella
    • , David B. Mark Welch
    • , Jennifer B. H. Martiny
    • , Mary Ann Moran
    • , Victoria J. Orphan
    • , David S. Reay
    • , Justin V. Remais
    • , Virginia I. Rich
    • , Brajesh K. Singh
    • , Lisa Y. Stein
    • , Frank J. Stewart
    • , Matthew B. Sullivan
    • , Madeleine J. H. van Oppen
    • , Scott C. Weaver
    • , Eric A. Webb
    •  & Nicole S. Webster
  • Reviews |

    Across pre-Columbian Amazonia, the relationship between cultural transitions and climatic trends is assessed.

    • Jonas Gregorio de Souza
    • , Mark Robinson
    • , S. Yoshi Maezumi
    • , José Capriles
    • , Julie A. Hoggarth
    • , Umberto Lombardo
    • , Valdir Felipe Novello
    • , James Apaéstegui
    • , Bronwen Whitney
    • , Dunia Urrego
    • , Daiana Travassos Alves
    • , Stephen Rostain
    • , Mitchell J. Power
    • , Francis E. Mayle
    • , Francisco William da Cruz Jr
    • , Henry Hooghiemstra
    •  & José Iriarte
  • Reviews |

    Top-down studies of climate change use climate projections and modelled impacts, whereas bottom-up assessments focus on the recent past and present vulnerability. This Perspective argues that these approaches must be integrated to address the needs of immediate adaptation decisions.

    • Declan Conway
    • , Robert J. Nicholls
    • , Sally Brown
    • , Mark G. L. Tebboth
    • , William Neil Adger
    • , Bashir Ahmad
    • , Hester Biemans
    • , Florence Crick
    • , Arthur F. Lutz
    • , Ricardo Safra De Campos
    • , Mohammed Said
    • , Chandni Singh
    • , Modathir Abdalla Hassan Zaroug
    • , Eva Ludi
    • , Mark New
    •  & Philippus Wester

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