Palaeoclimate is the reconstruction and study of past climate states on Earth and other planets. Climate parameters such as precipitation, temperature, wind strength, and patterns of interannual climate variability are frequently estimated from proxies in ice and sediment cores, tree rings, cave deposits and historical records. These are assessed in numerical models.

Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • Comments and Opinion |

    Reconstructions of Earth's past are much more than benchmarks for climate models. They also help us comprehend risk by providing concrete narratives for diverse climates.

    • Richard D. Pancost
  • Correspondence |

    • Ulf Büntgen
    • , Vladimir S. Myglan
    • , Fredrik Charpentier Ljungqvist
    • , Michael McCormick
    • , Nicola Di Cosmo
    • , Michael Sigl
    • , Johann Jungclaus
    • , Sebastian Wagner
    • , Paul J. Krusic
    • , Jan Esper
    • , Jed O. Kaplan
    • , Michiel A.C. de Vaan
    • , Jürg Luterbacher
    • , Lukas Wacker
    • , Willy Tegel
    • , Olga N. Solomina
    • , Kurt Nicolussi
    • , Clive Oppenheimer
    • , Frederick Reinig
    •  & Alexander V. Kirdyanov
  • News and Views |

    Anthropogenic aerosols over the Chinese Loess Plateau have diminished monsoon precipitation and concomitant soil erosion that plagues the region. Now, a reconstruction documents the differences between historical warming events and the present, highlighting the paradoxical implications of decreasing atmospheric aerosols.

    • Harry J. Dowsett
  • News and Views |

    The climatic response to the eruption of the Samalas Volcano in 1257 has been elusive. Medieval archives tell of a spatially variable reaction, with Europe and Japan experiencing severe cold compared to relative warmth in North America.

    • Francis Ludlow
    Nature Geoscience 10, 78–79