2022 tables: Institutions - academic

The 2022 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2021 to 31 December 2021.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2020 Share 2021 Count 2021 Change in Adjusted Share 2020-2021*
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 925.43 910.93 2,649 -4.1%
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 637.25 606.51 1,559 -7.3%
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 526.03 533.13 1,869 -1.3%
4 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 425.45 530.20 2,720 21.4%
5 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 449.73 502.50 1,444 8.8%
6 Peking University (PKU), China 446.96 492.69 1,823 7.4%
7 Tsinghua University, China 394.18 472.49 1,480 16.8%
8 Nanjing University (NJU), China 417.66 464.02 1,099 8.2%
9 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 459.53 452.28 1,485 -4.1%
10 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 461.12 447.54 1,256 -5.5%
11 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 342.75 417.24 1,020 18.6%
12 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 457.10 416.69 1,370 -11.2%
13 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 379.03 395.67 1,065 1.7%
14 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 394.86 373.76 1,247 -7.8%
15 Fudan University, China 291.42 366.74 1,042 22.6%
16 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 336.45 347.55 1,005 0.6%
17 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 296.70 343.13 1,050 12.7%
18 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 269.08 339.08 914 22.8%
19 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 398.48 337.97 923 -17.4%
20 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 360.72 335.71 972 -9.3%
21 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 339.82 335.38 1,057 -3.9%
22 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 304.86 318.91 861 1.9%
23 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 331.43 314.47 978 -7.6%
24 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 315.36 306.51 938 -5.3%
25 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 314.61 302.14 715 -6.4%
26 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 337.23 294.66 792 -14.9%
27 Nankai University (NKU), China 230.51 287.12 579 21.3%
28 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 268.53 281.72 1,036 2.2%
29 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 301.99 272.79 818 -12.0%
30 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 275.88 272.46 769 -3.8%
31 Sichuan University (SCU), China 220.61 268.67 503 18.6%
32 Kyoto University, Japan 267.45 263.03 734 -4.2%
33 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 294.29 262.49 831 -13.1%
34 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 292.99 255.23 793 -15.1%
35 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 252.08 253.56 754 -2.0%
36 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 253.95 248.73 963 -4.6%
37 Wuhan University (WHU), China 207.90 243.16 548 13.9%
38 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 259.06 242.68 706 -8.7%
39 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 219.63 240.44 677 6.6%
40 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 221.92 232.43 659 2.0%
41 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 216.48 231.88 624 4.3%
42 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 222.56 229.25 639 0.3%
43 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 260.31 228.37 619 -14.5%
44 Soochow University, China 197.10 225.96 469 11.7%
45 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 211.20 222.60 981 2.7%
46 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 200.40 221.53 650 7.7%
47 Shandong University (SDU), China 134.27 213.12 719 54.6%
48 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 234.40 211.43 618 -12.1%
49 Xiamen University (XMU), China 194.41 206.28 427 3.4%
50 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 212.93 202.83 619 -7.2%
51 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 198.80 198.68 524 -2.6%
52 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 171.69 198.26 518 12.5%
53 Tianjin University (TJU), China 173.73 196.64 638 10.3%
54 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 208.46 196.22 621 -8.3%
55 Jilin University (JLU), China 182.03 193.39 383 3.5%
56 Osaka University, Japan 184.21 189.26 528 0.1%
57 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 227.29 188.55 574 -19.2%
58 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 196.14 187.58 558 -6.8%
59 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 188.45 186.19 428 -3.7%
60 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 174.21 185.46 443 3.7%
61 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 216.81 183.26 655 -17.7%
62 Hunan University (HNU), China 140.66 180.47 349 25.0%
63 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 161.55 180.01 703 8.5%
64 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 162.96 173.35 727 3.6%
65 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 158.63 171.20 708 5.1%
66 Tongji University, China 127.42 169.81 475 29.8%
67 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 154.35 166.93 628 5.4%
68 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 167.53 165.50 610 -3.8%
69 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 191.16 163.85 524 -16.5%
70 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 149.61 161.30 467 5.0%
71 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 149.89 160.33 312 4.2%
72 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 123.26 160.24 341 26.6%
73 McGill University, Canada 162.68 157.30 556 -5.8%
74 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 132.72 157.07 552 15.3%
75 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 124.30 156.24 343 22.5%
76 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 161.24 156.15 469 -5.7%
77 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 156.38 154.00 462 -4.1%
78 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 174.73 153.10 449 -14.6%
79 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 176.97 151.62 463 -16.5%
80 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 139.91 150.77 371 5.0%
81 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 155.50 150.64 492 -5.6%
82 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 143.13 147.98 647 0.7%
83 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 139.08 144.58 382 1.3%
84 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 143.50 142.28 614 -3.4%
85 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 158.54 142.17 501 -12.6%
86 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 159.74 141.03 394 -14.0%
87 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 158.96 140.86 495 -13.7%
88 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 84.94 140.78 303 61.5%
89 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 148.30 137.60 556 -9.6%
90 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 113.31 137.42 369 18.1%
91 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 127.28 137.02 303 4.9%
92 Tohoku University, Japan 162.63 136.45 434 -18.3%
93 Monash University, Australia 124.31 135.90 557 6.5%
94 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 133.41 134.76 445 -1.6%
95 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 132.07 134.35 378 -0.9%
96 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 132.95 132.51 371 -2.9%
97 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 131.50 131.59 601 -2.5%
98 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 102.93 130.39 494 23.4%
99 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 138.84 129.82 587 -8.9%
100 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 95.03 129.22 516 32.5%
101 Nagoya University, Japan 147.29 128.80 391 -14.8%
102 Chongqing University (CQU), China 74.09 127.60 254 67.8%
103 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 125.40 127.54 400 -0.9%
104 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 133.88 126.91 386 -7.7%
105 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 112.19 126.52 439 9.9%
106 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 125.09 122.01 406 -5.0%
107 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 92.06 121.32 243 28.4%
108 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 131.46 120.17 276 -10.9%
109 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 128.04 120.09 446 -8.6%
110 Hokkaido University, Japan 113.31 118.98 295 2.3%
111 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 92.48 118.18 457 24.5%
112 Central South University (CSU), China 88.89 117.37 298 28.6%
113 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 108.51 117.05 278 5.1%
114 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 115.99 115.81 403 -2.7%
115 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 120.63 115.13 301 -7.0%
116 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 90.92 114.08 299 22.2%
117 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 121.17 114.08 517 -8.3%
118 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 137.02 113.65 453 -19.2%
119 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 131.11 113.54 455 -15.6%
120 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 97.84 112.91 471 12.4%
121 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 112.35 107.95 350 -6.4%
122 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 93.52 107.70 333 12.2%
123 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 112.12 107.68 365 -6.4%
124 University of Göttingen, Germany 103.94 106.68 409 0.0%
125 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 98.28 105.53 338 4.6%
126 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 117.05 104.50 522 -13.0%
127 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 118.10 103.82 430 -14.4%
128 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 94.15 103.24 329 6.8%
129 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 111.26 102.79 558 -10.0%
130 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 106.91 102.18 376 -6.9%
131 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 87.46 101.79 333 13.4%
132 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 85.31 101.50 310 15.9%
133 Yonsei University, South Korea 95.77 100.41 373 2.1%
134 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 100.70 100.15 296 -3.1%
135 Sorbonne University, France 106.14 100.07 1,078 -8.2%
136 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 114.99 99.59 246 -15.6%
137 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 102.73 99.27 312 -5.9%
138 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 88.06 98.65 416 9.1%
139 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 86.20 98.05 461 10.8%
140 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 99.57 98.02 592 -4.1%
141 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 60.23 97.91 219 58.4%
142 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 78.79 97.79 201 20.9%
143 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 88.75 97.58 347 7.1%
144 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 90.86 97.40 360 4.4%
145 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 86.72 97.30 409 9.3%
146 Southeast University (SEU), China 83.88 97.22 259 12.9%
147 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 130.57 97.00 293 -27.6%
148 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 91.10 96.94 283 3.7%
149 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 76.59 96.71 205 23.0%
150 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 119.36 96.05 354 -21.6%
151 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 103.91 95.96 305 -10.0%
152 TU Dresden, Germany 94.45 95.41 477 -1.6%
153 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), MSHS, United States of America (USA) 81.88 94.20 389 12.1%
154 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 87.30 93.83 310 4.7%
155 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 84.77 93.52 283 7.5%
156 Kyushu University, Japan 111.50 93.06 291 -18.7%
157 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 95.86 92.81 415 -5.7%
158 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 93.02 91.64 190 -4.0%
159 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 90.49 89.95 312 -3.2%
160 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 99.21 89.58 338 -12.0%
161 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 68.34 89.57 414 27.7%
162 Stockholm University, Sweden 91.67 89.33 519 -5.1%
163 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 73.37 89.19 298 18.4%
164 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 89.87 88.89 357 -3.6%
165 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 76.16 88.82 302 13.6%
166 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 83.82 88.78 268 3.2%
167 Beihang University (BUAA), China 76.54 88.62 376 12.8%
168 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 112.01 88.22 473 -23.3%
169 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 76.43 88.13 348 12.3%
170 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 76.81 87.45 212 10.9%
171 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 117.84 86.45 321 -28.5%
172 Southwest University (SWU), China 76.58 85.09 142 8.2%
173 Lund University (LU), Sweden 85.86 84.98 380 -3.6%
174 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 80.63 84.21 311 1.7%
175 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 75.28 83.85 332 8.5%
176 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 72.58 83.53 155 12.1%
177 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 75.84 83.38 588 7.1%
178 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 79.97 83.02 281 1.1%
179 Jinan University (JNU), China 75.97 81.51 214 4.5%
180 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 75.26 81.21 327 5.1%
181 University of Vienna, Austria 76.22 80.88 339 3.4%
182 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 81.03 80.49 278 -3.2%
183 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 82.56 80.19 283 -5.4%
184 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 79.71 80.00 465 -2.2%
185 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 76.24 79.87 403 2.1%
186 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 89.81 79.09 242 -14.2%
187 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 73.00 78.96 409 5.4%
188 University of Paris, France 81.03 78.47 887 -5.7%
189 Korea University, South Korea 74.56 77.28 316 1.0%
190 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 57.59 77.26 221 30.7%
191 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 75.01 77.06 364 0.1%
192 University of Waterloo, Canada 71.42 76.03 200 3.7%
193 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 90.69 75.92 194 -18.5%
194 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 79.49 75.04 236 -8.0%
195 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 82.93 74.43 277 -12.6%
196 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 79.17 74.21 232 -8.7%
197 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 69.98 73.56 167 2.4%
198 ShanghaiTech University, China 70.26 72.05 299 -0.1%
199 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 61.53 71.89 382 13.8%
200 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 64.11 70.73 173 7.5%
201 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 82.03 70.19 221 -16.6%
202 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 70.18 70.19 269 -2.6%
203 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 74.31 70.08 334 -8.1%
204 Leiden University, Netherlands 86.62 69.83 321 -21.5%
205 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 75.33 69.38 438 -10.3%
206 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 68.89 69.19 272 -2.2%
207 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 73.10 68.92 284 -8.1%
208 Shanghai University (SHU), China 54.63 68.60 190 22.3%
209 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 54.99 68.50 353 21.3%
210 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 68.42 68.18 313 -2.9%
211 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 58.09 67.63 240 13.4%
212 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 43.79 67.46 203 50.1%
213 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 62.04 67.45 258 5.9%
214 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 54.17 67.05 239 20.6%
215 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 70.96 66.95 267 -8.1%
216 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 62.90 66.49 304 3.0%
217 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 68.42 66.40 556 -5.5%
218 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 65.86 66.39 274 -1.8%
219 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 74.47 66.01 229 -13.6%
220 Northwest University (NWU), China 57.71 65.35 183 10.3%
221 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 52.35 64.93 189 20.8%
222 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 82.52 64.81 239 -23.5%
223 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 45.02 64.55 188 39.7%
224 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 59.74 64.16 112 4.6%
225 University of Helsinki, Finland 64.71 63.68 412 -4.1%
226 Donghua University (DHU), China 46.96 63.63 127 32.0%
227 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 59.83 63.24 237 3.0%
228 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 41.92 62.48 205 45.2%
229 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 47.93 62.46 98 27.0%
230 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 59.96 61.82 356 0.4%
231 University of Lyon, France 62.94 61.71 450 -4.5%
232 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 64.15 60.89 180 -7.5%
233 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 42.15 60.09 275 38.9%
234 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 63.44 60.04 178 -7.8%
235 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 60.36 59.98 421 -3.2%
236 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 56.45 59.97 301 3.5%
237 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 69.51 59.94 357 -16.0%
238 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 75.30 59.90 331 -22.5%
239 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 66.57 59.80 188 -12.5%
240 Henan University (HENU), China 48.27 59.72 141 20.5%
241 Zhejiang University of Technology (ZJUT), China 58.24 59.30 133 -0.8%
242 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 59.09 59.10 246 -2.6%
243 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 45.98 58.94 126 24.9%
244 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 54.25 58.77 270 5.5%
245 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 61.84 58.73 180 -7.5%
246 Anhui University (AHU), China 43.59 58.48 167 30.7%
247 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 52.05 58.36 153 9.2%
248 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 77.66 58.32 368 -26.8%
249 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 48.31 57.87 178 16.7%
250 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 56.76 57.82 260 -0.8%
251 Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 48.84 57.48 200 14.7%
252 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 65.83 57.41 193 -15.0%
253 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 60.95 57.25 206 -8.5%
254 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 65.48 56.91 133 -15.3%
255 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 57.05 56.69 168 -3.2%
256 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 66.23 56.51 260 -16.9%
257 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 63.62 55.40 219 -15.2%
258 Yangzhou University (YZU), China 40.18 55.37 130 34.2%
259 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 49.18 54.98 146 8.9%
260 University of Strasbourg, France 54.35 54.72 387 -1.9%
261 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 55.03 53.47 167 -5.3%
262 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 72.14 53.26 328 -28.1%
263 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 37.67 53.16 160 37.5%
264 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 60.58 53.15 700 -14.5%
265 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 41.43 52.58 228 23.6%
266 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 60.71 51.98 289 -16.6%
267 Keio University, Japan 49.75 51.97 163 1.8%
268 Université PSL, France 62.76 51.94 665 -19.4%
269 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 48.76 51.94 200 3.8%
270 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 64.70 51.60 173 -22.3%
271 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 58.63 51.44 178 -14.5%
272 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 45.11 51.31 172 10.8%
273 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 46.82 51.02 192 6.2%
274 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (IISER Kolkata), India 41.05 50.71 72 20.3%
275 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 62.60 50.70 195 -21.1%
276 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 48.82 50.70 464 1.2%
277 Nanchang University (NCU), China 40.58 50.62 111 21.5%
278 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 45.27 50.53 118 8.7%
279 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 48.06 49.85 336 1.1%
280 Aalto University, Finland 37.62 49.83 231 29.0%
281 University of Tsukuba, Japan 50.62 49.75 251 -4.3%
282 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 50.77 49.53 147 -5.0%
283 Qingdao University of Science and Technology (QUST), China 36.56 49.44 95 31.8%
284 University of Montpellier, France 46.01 49.44 408 4.7%
285 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 63.47 49.11 157 -24.6%
286 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 46.65 49.09 326 2.5%
287 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 47.10 48.64 218 0.6%
288 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 47.93 48.40 211 -1.6%
289 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 46.91 48.18 164 0.1%
290 Jiangnan University, China 39.67 47.56 95 16.8%
291 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 38.65 46.90 175 18.2%
292 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 56.51 46.83 290 -19.3%
293 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 46.13 46.77 126 -1.2%
294 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 38.03 46.75 531 19.8%
295 McMaster University, Canada 40.81 46.28 118 10.5%
296 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 43.59 46.06 111 2.9%
297 University of Toulouse, France 49.58 45.79 373 -10.0%
298 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 41.44 45.50 262 7.0%
299 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 43.87 45.41 238 0.8%
300 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 43.08 44.81 185 1.3%
301 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 46.87 44.77 209 -6.9%
302 Ningbo University (NBU), China 32.49 44.53 104 33.5%
303 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 44.50 44.40 126 -2.8%
304 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 35.19 44.28 346 22.6%
305 University of Konstanz, Germany 46.70 44.21 130 -7.8%
306 Northeastern University (NEU), China 35.80 44.18 70 20.2%
307 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 39.94 44.15 182 7.7%
308 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 41.75 44.08 187 2.8%
309 Yunnan University (YNU), China 31.20 44.07 105 37.6%
310 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 49.26 44.03 169 -12.9%
311 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 43.91 43.86 201 -2.7%
312 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 41.79 43.72 116 1.9%
313 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 50.12 43.64 151 -15.2%
314 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 54.22 43.48 278 -21.9%
315 Western University (UWO), Canada 43.29 43.29 113 -2.6%
316 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 30.04 43.17 120 40.0%
317 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 50.88 43.09 200 -17.5%
318 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 47.65 42.80 185 -12.5%
319 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 42.63 42.70 165 -2.4%
320 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 51.11 42.66 163 -18.7%
321 Leipzig University, Germany 34.17 42.65 196 21.6%
322 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 30.41 42.56 131 36.3%
323 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 36.61 42.25 178 12.4%
324 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 36.78 42.08 152 11.5%
325 Guangdong University of Technology (GDUT), China 46.44 41.99 126 -11.9%
326 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 32.41 41.98 202 26.2%
327 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 27.06 41.44 146 49.2%
328 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 46.14 40.86 423 -13.7%
329 Ulm University, Germany 34.17 40.84 156 16.5%
330 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 41.30 40.76 210 -3.9%
331 Jiangsu University (JSU), China 18.18 40.76 100 118.3%
332 Changzhou University (CZU), China 25.17 40.69 65 57.5%
333 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 26.74 40.48 104 47.5%
334 Anhui Normal University (AHNU), China 33.56 40.44 75 17.4%
335 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 33.36 40.37 81 17.9%
336 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 36.75 40.16 196 6.5%
337 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 40.31 39.98 70 -3.4%
338 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 53.15 39.66 137 -27.3%
339 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 44.21 39.50 154 -13.0%
340 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 54.46 39.34 262 -29.6%
341 Northwest A&F University (NWAFU), China 34.73 38.61 79 8.3%
342 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 46.64 38.38 190 -19.8%
343 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 43.23 38.28 144 -13.7%
344 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China 37.32 38.26 184 -0.1%
345 Henan Normal University, China 33.30 38.20 152 11.7%
346 University of Bordeaux, France 37.37 38.06 286 -0.8%
347 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 32.80 37.95 177 12.7%
348 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 38.96 37.73 149 -5.7%
349 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 30.64 37.65 162 19.7%
350 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 38.14 37.51 125 -4.2%
351 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 35.98 37.44 196 1.4%
352 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 35.63 37.39 109 2.2%
353 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 31.41 37.32 86 15.7%
354 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 43.01 37.29 178 -15.5%
355 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 37.39 37.20 154 -3.1%
356 Shanxi University (SXU), China 40.48 37.10 155 -10.7%
357 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 36.28 36.97 99 -0.7%
358 TU Dortmund University, Germany 30.50 36.78 166 17.5%
359 National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University (NYCU), Taiwan 40.10 36.65 126 -11.0%
360 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 30.10 36.52 71 18.2%
361 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 32.61 36.01 156 7.6%
362 The University of Dublin, Ireland 49.17 35.87 149 -28.9%
363 Hunan Normal University (HUNNU), China 31.87 35.65 101 9.0%
364 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 28.21 35.52 125 22.7%
365 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 36.61 35.30 158 -6.1%
366 Qingdao University (QU), China 26.39 35.27 91 30.2%
367 Southern Medical University (SMU), China 27.44 35.25 115 25.2%
368 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 37.28 35.01 55 -8.5%
369 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 38.16 34.99 231 -10.7%
370 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 27.57 34.90 311 23.3%
371 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 28.78 34.77 86 17.7%
372 Nanjing Agricultural University (NAU), China 24.97 34.64 88 35.1%
373 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 41.74 34.51 128 -19.5%
374 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 26.03 34.43 171 28.9%
375 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 35.57 34.20 196 -6.3%
376 University of Stuttgart, Germany 37.49 34.20 122 -11.1%
377 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 33.15 34.06 141 0.1%
378 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 35.50 34.01 136 -6.7%
379 Westlake University, China 18.41 33.95 126 79.6%
380 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 41.67 33.81 202 -21.0%
381 Hebei University (HBU), China 27.97 33.77 67 17.6%
382 China University of Geosciences, Beijing (CUGB), China 25.06 33.47 87 30.1%
383 Renmin University of China (RUC), China 19.91 33.45 75 63.6%
384 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 28.25 33.16 128 14.4%
385 Curtin University, Australia 35.27 33.07 148 -8.6%
386 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 34.36 32.88 141 -6.8%
387 Macquarie University, Australia 28.75 32.45 148 9.9%
388 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 38.72 32.37 115 -18.6%
389 Wenzhou University (WZU), China 28.38 32.34 73 11.0%
390 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 30.78 32.20 93 1.9%
391 Hubei University (HUBU), China 26.24 32.07 79 19.0%
392 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 28.08 31.85 108 10.5%
393 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 26.23 31.60 90 17.4%
394 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 26.86 31.59 105 14.6%
395 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 29.21 31.48 247 5.0%
396 Jiangxi Normal University (JXNU), China 21.12 31.38 70 44.8%
397 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 42.85 31.12 285 -29.2%
398 University of Jinan (UJN), China 26.20 31.04 81 15.4%
399 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 30.72 30.83 165 -2.2%
400 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati), India 28.11 30.60 49 6.0%
401 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 32.00 30.52 320 -7.1%
402 Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia 28.10 30.40 123 5.4%
403 University of Technology Sydney (UTS), Australia 32.15 30.26 103 -8.3%
404 Xiangtan University (XTU), China 14.95 30.21 58 96.8%
405 Kobe University, Japan 32.28 30.21 136 -8.8%
406 Bielefeld University, Germany 27.89 30.01 63 4.8%
407 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 29.07 29.95 213 0.4%
408 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 23.77 29.92 113 22.6%
409 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 36.14 29.74 121 -19.8%
410 Chiba University, Japan 29.10 29.52 91 -1.2%
411 Tokyo University of Science (TUS), Japan 21.79 29.50 79 31.9%
412 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 31.53 29.28 91 -9.5%
413 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 21.54 29.28 123 32.5%
414 Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), China 18.26 29.20 84 55.8%
415 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 32.45 29.20 266 -12.3%
416 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 21.01 29.08 83 34.9%
417 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 29.28 28.92 80 -3.8%
418 Nantong University (NTU), China 16.90 28.84 63 66.2%
419 Laval University (UL), Canada 29.09 28.84 123 -3.4%
420 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 34.76 28.75 78 -19.4%
421 Guangzhou University (GU), China 23.22 28.65 71 20.2%
422 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 23.13 28.24 98 18.9%
423 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 26.63 28.14 128 2.9%
424 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 29.22 28.11 139 -6.3%
425 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 36.50 27.99 127 -25.3%
426 University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB), United States of America (USA) 21.95 27.95 86 24.1%
427 University of Potsdam, Germany 25.51 27.78 174 6.1%
428 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 24.78 27.65 113 8.7%
429 China University of Petroleum, East China (CUP East China), China 24.45 27.62 62 10.1%
430 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 20.55 27.35 39 29.7%
431 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 23.73 27.17 252 11.5%
432 Pusan National University (PNU), South Korea 25.30 27.03 111 4.1%
433 Zhejiang Normal University (ZJNU), China 17.08 26.94 60 53.6%
434 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 22.47 26.48 129 14.8%
435 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology - State University (MIPT), Russia 22.19 26.47 258 16.2%
436 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 23.82 26.27 117 7.4%
437 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 19.99 26.25 166 27.9%
438 Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), India 19.66 26.14 88 29.5%
439 State University of New York at Albany (SUNY Albany), United States of America (USA) 16.62 26.14 122 53.2%
440 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 26.81 26.08 124 -5.2%
441 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 19.95 26.05 109 27.2%
442 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 26.81 26.04 278 -5.4%
443 Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT Delhi), India 15.46 25.96 50 63.5%
444 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 31.08 25.87 147 -18.9%
445 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 23.33 25.84 274 7.9%
446 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 25.03 25.82 260 0.5%
447 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Mohali (IISER Mohali), India 18.98 25.62 52 31.5%
448 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 33.01 25.18 77 -25.7%
449 Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech), Russia 22.00 25.03 92 10.8%
450 Army Medical University, China 23.11 24.86 136 4.8%
451 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 30.48 24.72 140 -21.0%
452 Huaqiao University (HQU), China 20.91 24.60 47 14.6%
453 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 31.76 24.51 158 -24.8%
454 Kyungpook National University (KNU), South Korea 16.87 24.28 149 40.2%
455 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 21.91 24.24 99 7.8%
456 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 26.08 24.23 188 -9.5%
457 Xidian University, China 14.85 24.12 59 58.2%
458 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 23.18 23.88 99 0.4%
459 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 24.01 23.84 85 -3.3%
460 Jiangsu Normal University (JSNU), China 25.67 23.80 35 -9.7%
461 Waseda University, Japan 31.07 23.80 130 -25.4%
462 Georgetown University, United States of America (USA) 16.34 23.79 86 41.8%
463 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 28.16 23.79 157 -17.7%
464 Queen's University, Canada 29.06 23.77 88 -20.3%
465 Hangzhou Normal University (HZNU), China 21.54 23.52 83 6.4%
466 Shaanxi University of Science and Technology (SUST), China 18.29 23.30 56 24.1%
467 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 30.00 23.23 65 -24.6%
468 Deakin University, Australia 15.60 23.08 69 44.1%
469 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 19.34 23.00 84 15.9%
470 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 23.03 22.88 111 -3.2%
471 University of Oldenburg, Germany 24.55 22.74 84 -9.8%
472 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 25.74 22.65 87 -14.3%
473 Nanjing Forestry University (NFU), China 12.21 22.64 76 80.7%
474 Osaka Prefecture University (OPU), Japan 18.05 22.55 48 21.7%
475 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur), India 22.80 22.54 35 -3.7%
476 Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD), Singapore 14.23 22.53 60 54.2%
477 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 20.08 22.49 104 9.1%
478 Okayama University, Japan 35.01 22.49 68 -37.4%
479 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 30.30 22.19 174 -28.6%
480 University of Tasmania (UTAS), Australia 21.16 22.12 127 1.8%
481 Guangxi University (GXU), China 12.18 22.00 113 75.9%
482 ITMO National Research University (ITMO University), Russia 21.10 21.98 72 1.5%
483 Hebei University of Technology (HEBUT), China 10.70 21.77 56 98.2%
484 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 19.26 21.76 79 10.1%
485 Kumamoto University, Japan 17.47 21.75 68 21.3%
486 Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (NUAA), China 19.15 21.70 60 10.4%
487 Auburn University, United States of America (USA) 21.72 21.63 77 -3.0%
488 Hohai University (HHU), China 22.71 21.58 56 -7.4%
489 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 22.46 21.58 62 -6.4%
490 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 21.20 21.54 81 -1.0%
491 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 18.70 21.30 40 11.0%
492 Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU), China 25.37 21.24 82 -18.5%
493 École Polytechnique, France 17.54 21.17 481 17.6%
494 Guangzhou Medical University (GMU), China 21.88 21.00 119 -6.5%
495 The George Washington University (GW), United States of America (USA) 21.87 20.86 97 -7.1%
496 National University of Defense Technology (NUDT), China 14.94 20.69 67 35.0%
497 Chung-Ang University (CAU), South Korea 22.13 20.60 58 -9.3%
498 Capital Medical University, China 19.75 20.59 115 1.5%
499 Nanjing Medical University (NJMU), China 25.01 20.49 105 -20.2%
500 Sogang University, South Korea 14.11 20.47 51 41.4%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at nature.com/nature-index/.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2021 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.