2021 tables: Institutions - academic

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2019 Share 2020 Count 2020 Change in Adjusted Share 2019-2020*
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 923.87 925.43 2,607 -3.4%
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 647.61 637.25 1,685 -5.1%
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 561.52 526.03 1,838 -9.7%
4 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 431.41 461.12 1,310 3.1%
5 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 455.53 459.53 1,436 -2.7%
6 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 419.32 457.10 1,441 5.1%
7 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 456.09 449.73 1,271 -4.9%
8 Peking University (PKU), China 437.97 446.96 1,636 -1.6%
9 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 408.57 425.45 2,506 0.4%
10 Nanjing University (NJU), China 426.56 417.66 1,021 -5.6%
11 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 343.83 398.48 1,035 11.7%
12 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 389.94 394.86 1,302 -2.4%
13 Tsinghua University, China 428.68 394.18 1,360 -11.3%
14 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 403.35 379.03 1,058 -9.4%
15 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 338.83 360.72 1,008 2.7%
16 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 330.62 342.75 852 0.0%
17 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 338.53 339.82 1,121 -3.2%
18 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 309.72 337.23 887 5.0%
19 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 341.40 336.45 982 -5.0%
20 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 304.04 331.43 1,022 5.1%
21 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 320.29 315.36 1,003 -5.1%
22 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 317.85 314.61 756 -4.6%
23 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 300.83 304.86 860 -2.3%
24 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 255.63 301.99 851 13.9%
25 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 244.55 296.70 842 17.0%
26 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 286.48 294.29 901 -0.9%
27 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 287.39 292.99 928 -1.7%
28 Fudan University, China 271.65 291.42 802 3.4%
29 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 261.02 275.88 763 1.9%
30 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 259.97 269.08 715 -0.2%
31 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 303.96 268.53 958 -14.8%
32 Kyoto University, Japan 252.11 267.45 696 2.3%
33 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 268.84 260.31 630 -6.6%
34 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 222.24 259.06 730 12.4%
35 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 220.39 253.95 962 11.1%
36 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 238.07 252.08 732 2.1%
37 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 215.72 234.40 696 4.8%
38 Nankai University (NKU), China 243.90 230.51 566 -8.9%
39 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 200.57 227.29 609 9.3%
40 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 197.81 222.56 616 8.5%
41 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 231.61 221.92 570 -7.6%
42 Sichuan University (SCU), China 223.73 220.61 396 -4.9%
43 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 128.09 219.63 589 65.3%
44 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 227.20 216.81 700 -8.0%
45 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 230.69 216.48 575 -9.5%
46 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 214.16 212.93 664 -4.1%
47 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 216.57 211.20 919 -6.0%
48 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 236.08 208.46 618 -14.9%
49 Wuhan University (WHU), China 217.14 207.90 495 -7.7%
50 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 192.48 200.40 636 0.4%
51 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 168.34 198.80 551 13.9%
52 Soochow University, China 229.36 197.10 423 -17.1%
53 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 200.65 196.14 578 -5.7%
54 Xiamen University (XMU), China 182.90 194.41 394 2.5%
55 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 164.45 191.16 586 12.1%
56 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 151.84 188.45 399 19.7%
57 Osaka University, Japan 182.59 184.21 519 -2.7%
58 Jilin University (JLU), China 161.71 182.03 418 8.5%
59 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 146.61 176.97 518 16.4%
60 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 168.10 174.73 517 0.2%
61 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 153.37 174.21 430 9.5%
62 Tianjin University (TJU), China 157.12 173.73 663 6.6%
63 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 194.89 171.69 460 -15.1%
64 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 170.48 167.53 646 -5.2%
65 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 184.04 162.96 648 -14.6%
66 McGill University, Canada 161.37 162.68 587 -2.8%
67 Tohoku University, Japan 142.55 162.63 481 10.0%
68 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 154.77 161.55 631 0.6%
69 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 116.65 161.24 525 33.3%
70 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 139.82 159.74 433 10.2%
71 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 157.10 158.96 568 -2.4%
72 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 151.43 158.63 664 1.0%
73 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 145.73 158.54 517 4.9%
74 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 142.81 156.38 482 5.6%
75 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 133.61 155.50 545 12.2%
76 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 163.51 154.35 660 -9.0%
77 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 139.78 149.89 312 3.4%
78 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 162.63 149.61 458 -11.3%
79 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 146.03 148.30 569 -2.1%
80 Nagoya University, Japan 112.83 147.29 415 25.9%
81 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 150.74 143.50 656 -8.2%
82 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 136.44 143.13 652 1.2%
83 Hunan University (HNU), China 144.25 140.66 295 -6.0%
84 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 109.32 139.91 362 23.4%
85 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 116.93 139.08 326 14.7%
86 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 138.80 138.84 626 -3.5%
87 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 134.55 137.02 469 -1.8%
88 Shandong University (SDU), China 119.09 134.27 592 8.7%
89 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 116.54 133.88 426 10.8%
90 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 122.57 133.41 431 5.0%
91 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 149.51 132.95 383 -14.3%
92 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 143.99 132.72 497 -11.1%
93 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 149.30 132.07 413 -14.7%
94 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 124.28 131.50 634 2.0%
95 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 109.64 131.46 302 15.6%
96 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 135.01 131.11 472 -6.4%
97 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 126.92 130.57 357 -0.8%
98 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 120.74 128.04 380 2.3%
99 Tongji University, China 110.20 127.42 434 11.5%
100 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 116.95 127.28 301 4.9%
101 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 120.59 125.40 407 0.3%
102 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 115.64 125.09 363 4.3%
103 Monash University, Australia 131.75 124.31 540 -9.0%
104 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 115.86 124.30 297 3.4%
105 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 122.99 123.26 319 -3.4%
106 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 123.60 121.17 531 -5.5%
107 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 98.17 120.63 277 18.5%
108 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 97.55 119.36 411 18.0%
109 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 93.00 118.10 446 22.4%
110 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 93.60 117.84 367 21.4%
111 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 93.13 117.05 493 21.2%
112 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 114.79 115.99 388 -2.6%
113 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 106.82 114.99 267 3.8%
114 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 119.47 113.31 313 -8.5%
115 Hokkaido University, Japan 111.33 113.31 290 -1.9%
116 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 108.96 112.35 401 -0.6%
117 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 111.89 112.19 391 -3.3%
118 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 113.63 112.12 403 -4.9%
119 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 107.02 112.01 545 0.9%
120 Kyushu University, Japan 100.48 111.50 340 7.0%
121 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 102.19 111.26 575 5.0%
122 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 117.86 108.51 268 -11.2%
123 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 97.09 106.91 411 6.2%
124 Sorbonne University, France 112.49 106.14 1,115 -9.0%
125 University of Göttingen, Germany 101.35 103.94 376 -1.1%
126 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 90.57 103.91 310 10.6%
127 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 80.38 102.93 419 23.5%
128 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 113.20 102.73 320 -12.5%
129 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 95.83 100.70 322 1.3%
130 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 102.65 99.57 588 -6.5%
131 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 72.65 99.21 366 31.7%
132 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 104.80 98.28 328 -9.6%
133 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 102.31 97.84 401 -7.8%
134 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 83.10 95.86 421 11.2%
135 Yonsei University, South Korea 88.08 95.77 316 4.8%
136 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 90.21 95.03 422 1.6%
137 TU Dresden, Germany 92.05 94.45 444 -1.1%
138 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 86.95 94.15 337 4.4%
139 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 67.21 93.52 315 34.2%
140 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 108.53 93.02 184 -17.4%
141 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 90.90 92.48 380 -1.9%
142 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 105.72 92.06 201 -16.0%
143 Stockholm University, Sweden 82.46 91.67 497 7.2%
144 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 91.37 91.10 303 -3.9%
145 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 82.33 90.92 262 6.5%
146 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 108.21 90.86 318 -19.0%
147 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 84.80 90.69 221 3.1%
148 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 86.91 90.49 305 0.4%
149 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 78.66 89.87 377 10.2%
150 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 80.84 89.81 266 7.1%
151 Central South University (CSU), China 87.64 88.89 274 -2.2%
152 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 104.87 88.75 332 -18.4%
153 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 85.03 88.06 367 -0.2%
154 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 105.20 87.46 295 -19.8%
155 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 82.72 87.30 357 1.8%
156 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 71.44 86.72 396 17.0%
157 Leiden University, Netherlands 82.57 86.62 362 1.2%
158 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 75.75 86.20 417 9.7%
159 Lund University (LU), Sweden 77.27 85.86 373 7.1%
160 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 78.90 85.31 269 4.3%
161 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 86.39 84.94 210 -5.2%
162 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 88.16 84.77 281 -7.3%
163 Southeast University (SEU), China 81.26 83.88 210 -0.5%
164 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 93.83 83.82 243 -13.9%
165 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 72.41 82.93 297 10.4%
166 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 78.96 82.56 293 0.8%
167 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 65.39 82.52 300 21.7%
168 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 65.36 82.03 230 21.0%
169 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), MSHS, United States of America (USA) 62.45 81.88 374 26.4%
170 University of Paris, France 72.51 81.03 858 7.7%
171 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 85.03 81.03 268 -8.1%
172 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 75.76 80.63 320 2.6%
173 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 71.21 79.97 283 8.3%
174 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 91.88 79.71 437 -16.3%
175 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 72.67 79.49 269 5.5%
176 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 95.46 79.17 263 -20.0%
177 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 87.23 78.79 192 -12.9%
178 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 68.37 77.66 416 9.5%
179 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 65.43 76.81 218 13.2%
180 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 84.82 76.59 192 -12.9%
181 Southwest University (SWU), China 78.21 76.58 120 -5.6%
182 Beihang University (BUAA), China 90.07 76.54 352 -18.1%
183 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 75.96 76.43 335 -3.0%
184 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 84.51 76.24 363 -13.0%
185 University of Vienna, Austria 86.40 76.22 303 -14.9%
186 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 74.24 76.16 329 -1.1%
187 Jinan University (JNU), China 66.02 75.97 200 11.0%
188 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 88.67 75.84 584 -17.5%
189 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 74.16 75.33 498 -2.1%
190 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 77.55 75.30 352 -6.4%
191 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 62.85 75.28 340 15.5%
192 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 83.98 75.26 291 -13.6%
193 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 79.61 75.01 377 -9.2%
194 Korea University, South Korea 65.29 74.56 316 10.1%
195 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 64.25 74.47 230 11.8%
196 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 73.57 74.31 334 -2.6%
197 Chongqing University (CQU), China 59.18 74.09 171 20.7%
198 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 86.95 73.37 280 -18.6%
199 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 64.18 73.10 342 9.8%
200 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 86.06 73.00 407 -18.2%
201 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 66.98 72.58 141 4.5%
202 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 63.15 72.14 395 10.2%
203 University of Waterloo, Canada 70.86 71.42 185 -2.8%
204 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 65.33 70.96 250 4.7%
205 ShanghaiTech University, China 52.99 70.26 280 27.9%
206 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 64.91 70.18 242 4.3%
207 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 79.91 69.98 174 -15.6%
208 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 72.72 69.51 389 -7.8%
209 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 73.63 68.89 267 -9.8%
210 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 59.06 68.42 568 11.7%
211 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 55.96 68.42 303 17.9%
212 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 72.19 68.34 332 -8.7%
213 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 63.55 66.57 194 1.0%
214 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 79.55 66.23 270 -19.7%
215 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 71.75 65.86 268 -11.5%
216 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 60.47 65.83 216 5.0%
217 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 68.24 65.48 158 -7.5%
218 University of Helsinki, Finland 64.79 64.71 406 -3.7%
219 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 45.50 64.70 200 37.1%
220 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 51.87 64.15 177 19.2%
221 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 63.92 64.11 167 -3.3%
222 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 52.77 63.62 233 16.2%
223 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 56.42 63.47 210 8.5%
224 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 61.06 63.44 179 0.2%
225 University of Lyon, France 60.18 62.94 454 0.8%
226 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 74.94 62.90 314 -19.1%
227 Université PSL, France 70.77 62.76 729 -14.5%
228 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 65.77 62.60 210 -8.2%
229 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 60.96 62.04 243 -1.9%
230 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 44.04 61.84 188 35.4%
231 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 62.19 61.53 363 -4.6%
232 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 58.19 60.95 219 1.0%
233 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 50.81 60.71 303 15.2%
234 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 69.60 60.58 665 -16.1%
235 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 65.56 60.36 411 -11.2%
236 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 90.26 60.23 122 -35.7%
237 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 63.54 59.96 341 -9.0%
238 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 52.69 59.83 224 9.5%
239 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 54.46 59.74 119 5.8%
240 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 51.76 59.09 204 10.1%
241 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 58.63 58.63 212 -3.6%
242 Zhejiang University of Technology (ZJUT), China 49.36 58.24 134 13.8%
243 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 41.77 58.09 223 34.1%
244 Northwest University (NWU), China 54.94 57.71 128 1.3%
245 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 59.03 57.59 206 -5.9%
246 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 57.70 57.05 182 -4.7%
247 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 53.90 56.76 202 1.5%
248 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 51.25 56.51 293 6.3%
249 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 56.54 56.45 325 -3.7%
250 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 49.33 55.03 154 7.6%
251 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 54.21 54.99 323 -2.2%
252 Shanghai University (SHU), China 60.39 54.63 139 -12.8%
253 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 43.80 54.46 249 19.9%
254 University of Strasbourg, France 59.04 54.35 407 -11.2%
255 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 48.53 54.25 312 7.8%
256 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 48.08 54.22 301 8.7%
257 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 63.57 54.17 227 -17.8%
258 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 35.78 53.15 178 43.2%
259 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 46.03 52.35 154 9.7%
260 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 50.41 52.05 124 -0.4%
261 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 50.01 51.11 190 -1.5%
262 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 44.56 50.88 201 10.1%
263 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 57.49 50.77 143 -14.8%
264 University of Tsukuba, Japan 54.92 50.62 239 -11.1%
265 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 55.54 50.12 179 -13.0%
266 Keio University, Japan 43.61 49.75 143 10.0%
267 University of Toulouse, France 52.29 49.58 400 -8.6%
268 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 55.87 49.26 198 -15.0%
269 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 51.98 49.18 171 -8.8%
270 The University of Dublin, Ireland 41.90 49.17 174 13.1%
271 Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 32.00 48.84 181 47.2%
272 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 44.19 48.82 456 6.5%
273 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 39.30 48.76 208 19.6%
274 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 58.03 48.31 158 -19.7%
275 Henan University (HENU), China 45.77 48.27 117 1.7%
276 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 43.78 48.06 337 5.8%
277 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 47.24 47.93 205 -2.2%
278 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 48.85 47.93 90 -5.4%
279 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 42.32 47.65 195 8.6%
280 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 46.19 47.10 206 -1.7%
281 Donghua University (DHU), China 42.70 46.96 106 6.1%
282 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 53.86 46.91 167 -16.0%
283 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 41.27 46.87 234 9.5%
284 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 49.71 46.82 193 -9.2%
285 University of Konstanz, Germany 52.51 46.70 108 -14.3%
286 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 46.19 46.65 353 -2.6%
287 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 49.24 46.64 192 -8.7%
288 Guangdong University of Technology (GDUT), China 25.03 46.44 128 78.9%
289 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 45.41 46.14 414 -2.0%
290 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 39.92 46.13 119 11.4%
291 University of Montpellier, France 43.69 46.01 394 1.6%
292 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 41.84 45.98 107 6.0%
293 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 42.88 45.27 114 1.8%
294 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 60.92 45.11 146 -28.6%
295 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 55.45 45.02 165 -21.7%
296 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 33.59 44.50 120 27.7%
297 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 39.24 44.21 159 8.6%
298 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 53.67 43.91 196 -21.1%
299 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 51.78 43.87 246 -18.3%
300 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 55.08 43.79 151 -23.4%
301 Anhui University (AHU), China 27.04 43.59 116 55.5%
302 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 41.52 43.59 101 1.2%
303 Western University (UWO), Canada 53.02 43.29 121 -21.3%
304 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 40.77 43.23 171 2.2%
305 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 53.23 43.08 187 -22.0%
306 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 36.29 43.01 214 14.3%
307 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 35.26 42.85 300 17.2%
308 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 34.84 42.63 193 18.0%
309 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 41.02 42.15 240 -0.9%
310 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 49.82 41.92 159 -18.9%
311 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 25.66 41.79 107 57.0%
312 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 47.29 41.75 195 -14.9%
313 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 40.91 41.74 155 -1.6%
314 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 31.85 41.67 222 26.2%
315 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 39.90 41.44 238 0.1%
316 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 51.24 41.43 204 -22.0%
317 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 43.92 41.30 233 -9.3%
318 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (IISER Kolkata), India 35.05 41.05 62 12.9%
319 McMaster University, Canada 44.57 40.81 112 -11.7%
320 Nanchang University (NCU), China 40.74 40.58 94 -3.9%
321 Shanxi University (SXU), China 28.72 40.48 155 35.9%
322 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 45.65 40.31 72 -14.9%
323 Yangzhou University (YZU), China 37.60 40.18 97 3.0%
324 National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University (NYCU), Taiwan 34.72 40.10 131 11.3%
325 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 43.02 39.94 202 -10.5%
326 Jiangnan University, China 36.18 39.67 78 5.7%
327 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 28.57 38.96 152 31.5%
328 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 32.03 38.72 145 16.6%
329 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 33.10 38.65 140 12.6%
330 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 24.94 38.16 233 47.5%
331 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 37.24 38.14 126 -1.2%
332 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 46.00 38.03 532 -20.3%
333 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 42.91 37.67 140 -15.4%
334 Aalto University, Finland 38.39 37.62 232 -5.5%
335 University of Stuttgart, Germany 37.45 37.49 129 -3.5%
336 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 27.28 37.39 167 32.2%
337 University of Bordeaux, France 36.38 37.37 279 -1.0%
338 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China 26.73 37.32 165 34.6%
339 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 21.14 37.28 59 70.0%
340 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 39.69 36.78 113 -10.6%
341 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 31.39 36.75 187 12.9%
342 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 40.86 36.61 176 -13.6%
343 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 36.52 36.61 180 -3.3%
344 Qingdao University of Science and Technology (QUST), China 42.74 36.56 79 -17.5%
345 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 45.74 36.50 158 -23.1%
346 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 31.13 36.28 125 12.4%
347 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 42.14 36.14 144 -17.3%
348 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 32.39 35.98 213 7.1%
349 Northeastern University (NEU), China 25.67 35.80 70 34.5%
350 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 32.75 35.63 101 4.9%
351 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 28.90 35.57 203 18.7%
352 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 43.65 35.50 134 -21.6%
353 Curtin University, Australia 35.93 35.27 159 -5.4%
354 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 50.31 35.19 331 -32.6%
355 Okayama University, Japan 41.25 35.01 120 -18.2%
356 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 22.70 34.76 82 47.7%
357 Northwest A&F University (NWAFU), China 24.40 34.73 70 37.2%
358 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 27.59 34.36 129 20.1%
359 Leipzig University, Germany 33.07 34.17 183 -0.4%
360 Ulm University, Germany 37.67 34.17 152 -12.5%
361 Anhui Normal University (AHNU), China 17.54 33.56 60 84.5%
362 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 30.44 33.36 68 5.7%
363 Henan Normal University, China 48.80 33.30 91 -34.2%
364 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 28.86 33.15 115 10.8%
365 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 23.24 33.01 78 37.0%
366 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 29.22 32.80 175 8.3%
367 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 34.52 32.61 120 -8.9%
368 Ningbo University (NBU), China 17.06 32.49 82 83.6%
369 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 22.02 32.45 264 42.1%
370 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 37.23 32.41 147 -16.0%
371 Kobe University, Japan 21.32 32.28 145 46.0%
372 University of Technology Sydney (UTS), Australia 21.31 32.15 105 45.5%
373 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 32.67 32.00 305 -5.6%
374 Hunan Normal University (HUNNU), China 25.40 31.87 87 21.0%
375 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 29.12 31.76 189 5.2%
376 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 27.78 31.53 92 9.4%
377 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 27.81 31.41 72 8.9%
378 Yunnan University (YNU), China 24.19 31.20 78 24.4%
379 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 31.88 31.08 182 -6.0%
380 Waseda University, Japan 25.63 31.07 104 16.9%
381 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 38.66 30.78 94 -23.2%
382 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 25.35 30.72 160 16.8%
383 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 30.30 30.64 131 -2.5%
384 Tianjin University of Technology (TJUT), China 20.87 30.57 62 41.2%
385 TU Dortmund University, Germany 35.12 30.50 157 -16.2%
386 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 24.17 30.48 158 21.6%
387 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 32.83 30.41 114 -10.7%
388 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 27.19 30.30 173 7.4%
389 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 34.69 30.10 67 -16.3%
390 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 25.53 30.04 101 13.5%
391 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 30.36 30.00 74 -4.7%
392 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 42.07 29.28 79 -32.9%
393 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 23.99 29.22 129 17.4%
394 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 33.84 29.21 246 -16.8%
395 Chiba University, Japan 21.27 29.10 106 31.9%
396 Laval University (UL), Canada 33.57 29.09 141 -16.5%
397 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 34.74 29.07 218 -19.3%
398 Queen's University, Canada 23.21 29.06 94 20.8%
399 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 27.14 28.78 81 2.3%
400 Macquarie University, Australia 29.37 28.75 141 -5.6%
401 Wenzhou University (WZU), China 14.29 28.38 65 91.6%
402 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University), Australia 24.16 28.26 104 12.8%
403 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 34.97 28.25 144 -22.1%
404 Tulane University, United States of America (USA) 21.34 28.22 87 27.5%
405 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 43.62 28.21 109 -37.7%
406 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 24.76 28.16 156 9.7%
407 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati), India 34.48 28.11 48 -21.4%
408 Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia 25.10 28.10 125 7.9%
409 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 24.14 28.08 80 12.2%
410 Hebei University (HBU), China 16.82 27.97 62 60.4%
411 University of Otago, New Zealand 32.88 27.92 139 -18.1%
412 Bielefeld University, Germany 20.06 27.89 66 34.1%
413 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 26.35 27.57 275 0.9%
414 Southern Medical University (SMU), China 21.93 27.44 96 20.7%
415 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 22.64 27.32 86 16.4%
416 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 42.62 27.06 133 -38.8%
417 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 27.95 26.86 93 -7.4%
418 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 27.51 26.81 267 -6.0%
419 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 24.15 26.81 136 7.0%
420 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 51.00 26.74 82 -49.5%
421 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 26.42 26.63 134 -2.8%
422 Qingdao University (QU), China 30.16 26.39 78 -15.6%
423 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 27.31 26.30 104 -7.1%
424 Hubei University (HUBU), China 15.99 26.24 61 58.2%
425 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 23.00 26.23 78 10.0%
426 University of Jinan (UJN), China 44.96 26.20 62 -43.8%
427 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 28.17 26.08 178 -10.7%
428 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 22.94 26.03 163 9.4%
429 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 22.48 25.74 101 10.4%
430 Jiangsu Normal University (JSNU), China 25.70 25.67 51 -3.7%
431 University of Potsdam, Germany 28.35 25.51 154 -13.2%
432 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 33.07 25.46 106 -25.8%
433 Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU), China 20.94 25.37 101 16.8%
434 Pusan National University (PNU), South Korea 21.74 25.30 101 12.2%
435 Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 17.33 25.25 104 40.5%
436 Changzhou University (CZU), China 34.60 25.17 46 -29.9%
437 China University of Geosciences, Beijing (CUGB), China 29.87 25.06 69 -19.1%
438 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 26.21 25.03 260 -7.9%
439 Nanjing Medical University (NJMU), China 21.99 25.01 103 9.7%
440 Nanjing Agricultural University (NAU), China 38.15 24.97 72 -36.9%
441 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 22.80 24.78 126 4.8%
442 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 20.53 24.66 164 15.8%
443 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 19.30 24.56 188 22.7%
444 University of Oldenburg, Germany 11.71 24.55 64 102.1%
445 China University of Petroleum, East China (CUP East China), China 17.11 24.45 51 37.8%
446 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 19.43 24.01 83 19.1%
447 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 27.26 23.82 102 -15.7%
448 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 29.44 23.77 96 -22.1%
449 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 20.21 23.73 250 13.2%
450 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 21.17 23.72 113 8.1%
451 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 21.92 23.33 251 2.6%
452 University of Buenos Aires (UBA), Argentina 16.10 23.29 143 39.5%
453 Guangzhou University (GU), China 14.02 23.22 68 59.7%
454 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 20.13 23.18 106 11.0%
455 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 27.15 23.13 80 -17.8%
456 Army Medical University, China 21.64 23.11 132 3.0%
457 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 23.22 23.03 104 -4.4%
458 Dalhousie University, Canada 28.10 23.02 100 -21.0%
459 Griffith University, Australia 23.70 23.00 85 -6.4%
460 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur), India 23.76 22.80 36 -7.5%
461 Hohai University (HHU), China 9.97 22.71 56 119.6%
462 Texas Tech University (TTU), United States of America (USA) 16.91 22.63 147 29.1%
463 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 20.97 22.47 123 3.3%
464 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 18.16 22.46 84 19.2%
465 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 23.30 22.46 69 -7.1%
466 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology - State University (MIPT), Russia 15.51 22.19 196 37.9%
467 Chung-Ang University (CAU), South Korea 20.88 22.13 56 2.2%
468 Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), Japan 10.63 22.04 68 99.9%
469 Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech), Russia 13.73 22.00 97 54.5%
470 University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB), United States of America (USA) 17.48 21.95 66 21.0%
471 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 24.58 21.91 108 -14.0%
472 Guangzhou Medical University (GMU), China 16.06 21.88 104 31.3%
473 The George Washington University (GW), United States of America (USA) 18.10 21.87 97 16.5%
474 Colorado School of Mines, United States of America (USA) 13.79 21.86 82 52.9%
475 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 14.42 21.84 176 46.0%
476 Tokyo University of Science (TUS), Japan 24.32 21.79 68 -13.6%
477 Auburn University, United States of America (USA) 26.49 21.72 88 -20.9%
478 Masaryk University (MU), Czech Republic 19.26 21.64 118 8.3%
479 Hangzhou Normal University (HZNU), China 25.20 21.54 73 -17.6%
480 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 31.07 21.54 95 -33.2%
481 Zhejiang Sci-Tech University (ZSTU), China 15.50 21.40 46 33.1%
482 University of Iceland, Iceland 15.84 21.21 87 29.1%
483 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 25.30 21.20 100 -19.2%
484 University of Tasmania (UTAS), Australia 18.08 21.16 124 12.8%
485 The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (UT Health San Antonio), United States of America (USA) 16.66 21.13 69 22.3%
486 Jiangxi Normal University (JXNU), China 18.64 21.12 53 9.2%
487 ITMO National Research University (ITMO University), Russia 15.51 21.10 63 31.2%
488 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 22.59 21.09 137 -10.0%
489 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 22.95 21.01 65 -11.7%
490 Huaqiao University (HQU), China 25.08 20.91 35 -19.6%
491 University of Lorraine (UL), France 16.31 20.79 126 22.9%
492 University of Ljubljana, Slovenia 20.27 20.78 134 -1.1%
493 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 22.85 20.55 29 -13.3%
494 University of Macau (UM), China 15.33 20.31 85 27.8%
495 Capital Normal University (CNU), China 25.80 20.27 51 -24.3%
496 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 29.83 20.23 95 -34.6%
497 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 20.38 20.08 103 -5.0%
498 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 24.50 19.99 151 -21.3%
499 Utah State University (USU), United States of America (USA) 17.36 19.95 92 10.8%
500 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 20.27 19.95 97 -5.1%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at nature.com/nature-index/.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2021 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.