2021 tables: Institutions - academic

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2019 Share 2020 Count 2020 Change in Adjusted Share 2019-2020*
1 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 84.82 76.59 192 -12.9%
2 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 59.03 57.59 206 -5.9%
3 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 50.41 52.05 124 -0.4%
4 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (IISER Kolkata), India 35.05 41.05 62 12.9%
5 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 21.14 37.28 59 70.0%
6 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 30.44 33.36 68 5.7%
7 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 25.53 30.04 101 13.5%
8 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati), India 34.48 28.11 48 -21.4%
9 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 42.62 27.06 133 -38.8%
10 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur), India 23.76 22.80 36 -7.5%
11 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 22.85 20.55 29 -13.3%
12 Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), India 23.08 19.66 64 -17.8%
13 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Mohali (IISER Mohali), India 17.12 18.98 36 6.9%
14 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Thiruvananthapuram (IISER TVM), India 11.52 17.20 27 44.0%
15 Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT Delhi), India 12.64 15.46 34 17.9%
16 University of Hyderabad (UoH), India 18.24 14.23 54 -24.8%
17 Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar (IIT Gandhinagar), India 9.61 13.72 35 37.6%
18 Indian Institute of Technology Indore (IIT Indore), India 10.36 12.24 47 13.9%
19 Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IIT Roorkee), India 12.89 11.91 17 -10.9%
20 University of Delhi (DU), India 14.84 11.71 77 -23.9%
21 Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad (IITH), India 3.48 11.20 38 210.0%
22 Jadavpur University (JU), India 13.37 10.18 14 -26.6%
23 University of Calcutta (CU), India 5.24 9.80 17 80.3%
24 Institute of Nano Science and Technology (INST), India 4.66 8.57 12 77.4%
25 Visva-Bharati University, India 5.25 6.48 40 19.1%
26 Indian Institute of Technology Ropar (IIT Ropar), India 4.81 5.83 9 16.7%
27 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Tirupati (IISER Tirupati), India 0.41 5.72 14 1,240.2%
28 Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS Pilani), India 7.53 5.21 10 -33.3%
29 Indian Institute of Technology Mandi (IIT Mandi), India 1.47 4.77 9 212.4%
30 Banaras Hindu University (BHU), India 3.11 4.35 21 35.1%
31 SRM Institute of Science and Technology, India 7.75 4.19 17 -47.8%
32 Indian Institute of Technology - Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad (IIT-ISM), India 1.21 4.17 6 230.9%
33 Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi (IIT BHU), India 1.58 3.82 11 133.5%
34 Siksha O Anusandhan University (SOA), India 4.83 3.80 4 -24.2%
35 Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), India 2.30 3.54 21 48.7%
36 Cotton University, India 0.13 3.45 5 2,561.3%
37 Panjab University (PU), India 2.86 3.33 96 12.1%
38 Jamia Millia Islamia (JMI), India 2.22 3.06 5 32.6%
39 Indian Institute of Technology Patna (IIT Patna), India 3.33 3.01 6 -12.8%
40 Chennai Mathematical Institute (CMI), India 3.51 3.00 12 -17.6%
41 Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar (IIT-BBS), India 1.20 3.00 48 142.1%
42 Central University of Rajasthan (CURAJ), India 1.71 2.79 4 57.6%
43 University of Madras, India 1.25 2.74 4 111.6%
44 University of Burdwan, India 3.00 2.70 3 -13.2%
45 Tezpur University, India 5.49 2.60 6 -54.3%
46 National Institute of Technology Rourkela (NITR), India 4.86 2.43 6 -51.9%
47 Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), India 3.65 2.42 9 -36.1%
48 Pondicherry University, India 2.02 2.34 6 11.8%
49 Presidency University, India 1.50 2.29 9 47.2%
50 Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT University), India 0.35 2.28 4 527.5%
51 Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), India 1.09 2.11 3 85.9%
52 National Institute of Technology Kurukshetra (NIT Kurukshetra), India 0.80 2.00 2 141.1%
53 Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology (RGCB), India 1.19 1.96 4 58.7%
54 Shiv Nadar University (SNU), India 5.42 1.91 6 -66.0%
55 Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences (SGPGIMS), India 0.53 1.80 4 227.0%
56 Amity University, India 2.44 1.74 8 -31.4%
57 Indian Institute of Technology Palakkad (IIT PKD), India 0.56 1.63 5 178.9%
58 Gauhati University, India 3.27 1.61 24 -52.4%
59 Utkal University, India 0.00 1.59 6 60,945.2%
60 National Institute of Technology Karnataka (NITK), India 1.58 3 N/A
61 University of Kalyani, India 0.83 1.52 4 75.5%
62 Regional Centre for Biotechnology (RCB), India 1.05 1.51 4 39.0%
63 All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), India 0.14 1.51 6 914.7%
64 Central University of Himachal Pradesh (CUHP), India 1.50 2 N/A
65 Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur (IIT Jodhpur), India 3.05 1.39 8 -56.1%
66 SASTRA University, India 1.27 1.34 8 1.9%
67 Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham (Amrita University), India 1.32 1.32 5 -3.8%
68 Vidyasagar University, India 1.00 1.31 4 26.7%
69 Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), India 4.22 1.25 4 -71.3%
70 Delhi Technological University (DTU), India 0.08 1.05 4 1,109.5%
71 University of Lucknow, India 1.00 2 N/A
72 Dibrugarh University, India 0.25 1.00 1 285.7%
72 Dayalbagh Educational Institute (DEI), India 0.33 1.00 1 189.3%
72 Government General Degree College, India 1.67 1.00 1 -42.1%
72 Indian Institute of Technology Tirupati (IIT Tirupati), India 1.88 1.00 2 -48.7%
72 Ajmal College of Arts and Science, India 3.33 1.00 1 -71.1%
72 Gandhigram Rural Institute, India 1.00 1 N/A
72 Government College Daman, India 1.00 1 N/A
72 Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, India 1.00 1 N/A
72 Sikkim University, India 1.00 2 N/A
72 Netaji Subhas University of Technology (NSUT), India 1.00 1 N/A
72 Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology, Bhubaneswar (CIPET Bhubaneswar), India 1.00 1 N/A
73 National Institute of Science and Technology (NIST), India 0.91 1 N/A
74 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology, West Bengal (MAKAUT, WB), India 0.02 0.88 3 3,443.5%
75 Madurai Kamaraj University (MKU), India 1.93 0.86 2 -56.9%
76 Guru Nanak Dev University (GNDU), India 1.42 0.86 3 -41.8%
77 Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda (MSU), India 0.04 0.83 2 1,828.5%
78 Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, India 3.75 0.75 4 -80.6%
79 GLA University, India 0.50 0.75 2 44.6%
79 Bharathidasan University (BDU), India 1.38 0.75 1 -47.4%
80 National Institute of Technology Calicut (NITC), India 0.65 0.70 3 3.8%
81 Savitribai Phule Pune University (SPPU), India 1.35 0.69 7 -50.9%
82 Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIIT University), India 0.72 0.68 5 -9.0%
83 National Institute of Technology, Durgapur (NITDGP), India 0.04 0.67 1 1,699.9%
83 Jain University (JU), India 0.74 0.67 2 -13.3%
83 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Kancheepuram (IIITDM Kancheepuram), India 0.67 1 N/A
84 North-Eastern Hill University (NEHU), India 3.22 0.63 2 -81.3%
85 Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur (IIEST Shibpur), India 5.47 0.61 2 -89.2%
86 National Institute of Technology Sikkim (NIT Sikkim), India 0.38 0.60 1 52.0%
86 KPR Institute of Engineering and Technology (KPRIET), India 0.60 1 N/A
86 Osmania University, India 0.05 0.60 2 1,049.7%
87 Christ University, India 0.99 0.60 2 -41.5%
88 Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), India 0.14 0.59 24 302.9%
89 Sardar Patel University (SPU), India 0.57 1 N/A
90 University of Mumbai, India 0.83 0.50 1 -42.1%
90 Sikkim Manipal University (SMU), India 0.50 1 N/A
90 Institute of Infrastructure, Technology, Research and Management (IITRAM), India 0.50 1 N/A
91 University of Rajasthan, India 0.61 0.49 25 -21.8%
92 Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT), India 0.02 0.48 3 1,931.1%
93 Indian Institute of Technology Bhilai (IIT Bhilai), India 0.63 0.47 3 -28.2%
94 Mahatma Gandhi University (MG University), India 1.11 0.47 3 -59.2%
95 University of Jammu, India 0.57 0.45 27 -25.0%
96 National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli (NIT Trichy), India 0.49 0.43 1 -15.6%
97 TERI School of Advanced Studies (TERI SAS), India 1.13 0.42 2 -64.3%
98 Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology (VNIT), India 0.06 0.40 1 517.1%
98 Mohanlal Sukhadia University (MLSU), India 0.40 1 N/A
99 Dr. B. R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology Jalandhar (NITJ), India 1.33 0.38 2 -72.6%
100 Rani Rashmoni Green University, India 0.35 3 N/A
101 Indian Institute of Technology Jammu (IIT Jammu), India 0.33 2 N/A
101 PRIST University, India 0.33 1 N/A
101 Carbonatite Research Centre, India 0.33 1 N/A
102 Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University (BBAU), India 0.67 0.32 2 -53.9%
103 Ashoka University, India 0.77 0.29 3 -63.4%
104 Malaviya National Institute of Technology Jaipur (MNIT Jaipur), India 2.03 0.29 7 -86.3%
105 Patna University, India 0.20 0.28 2 33.9%
106 Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, India 0.07 0.27 2 268.9%
107 Anna University (AU), India 0.36 0.27 2 -27.7%
108 Kazi Nazrul University, India 0.26 2 N/A
109 Ramanarain Ruia Autonomous College, India 0.05 0.25 1 430.3%
109 The LNM Institute of Information Technology (LNMIIT), India 0.25 0.25 1 -3.6%
109 Gujarat University, India 0.25 1 N/A
109 Government General Degree College, Muragachha (Muragachha GOVT College), India 0.25 1 N/A
109 National Institute of Technology Meghalaya (NIT Meghalaya), India 0.25 1 N/A
109 Bengal Engineering College Model School, India 0.25 1 N/A
109 Gandhi Institute for Technological Advancement, Bhubaneswar (GITA), India 0.25 1 N/A
109 Government Polytechnic, Panaji (GPP), India 0.25 1 N/A
110 Yenepoya University, India 0.24 2 N/A
111 Tripura University, India 0.23 2 N/A
112 Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology (SVNIT), India 0.22 1 N/A
112 Inter-University Accelerator Centre (IUAC), India 0.22 1 N/A
112 Government College for Women, Thiruvananthapuram, India 0.22 1 N/A
112 Sidho Kanho Birsha University (SKBU), India 0.22 1 N/A
112 West Bengal University of Health Sciences (WBUHS), India 0.22 1 N/A
113 The University of Trans-disciplinary Health Sciences and Technology (TDU), India 0.07 0.22 5 191.9%
114 Maharishi Markandeshwar University (MMU), India 0.11 0.20 1 73.6%
114 Charotar University of Science and Technology (CHARUSAT), India 0.17 0.20 1 15.7%
114 Darjeeling Polytechnic College, India 0.20 0.20 1 -3.6%
114 Sri Venkateswara University (SVU), India 0.20 0.20 1 -3.6%
114 Indian Institute of Technology Goa (IIT Goa), India 0.30 0.20 1 -35.7%
114 Bhupal Nobles' University (BNU), India 0.42 0.20 1 -53.7%
114 Rishi Bankim Chandra College for Women (RBCCW), India 0.20 1 N/A
114 Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management (GITAM), India 0.20 1 N/A
114 University of Calicut, India 0.20 1 N/A
114 Chaudhary Charan Singh University (CCSU), India 0.20 1 N/A
114 Indian Institute of Petroleum and Energy (IIPE), India 0.20 1 N/A
114 Chaitanya Bharathi Institute of Technology (CBIT), India 0.20 1 N/A
114 Punjabi University, India 0.20 1 N/A
114 Banasthali University, India 0.20 1 N/A
114 International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad (IIIT-Hyderabad), India 0.20 1 N/A
115 Mizoram University, India 0.20 2 N/A
116 National Institute of Technology, Andhra Pradesh (NIT-AP), India 0.19 3 N/A
117 Dr. Harisingh Gour University (Sagar University), India 0.02 0.19 2 855.6%
117 University of Allahabad, India 0.25 0.19 1 -27.7%
118 National Institute of Technology Warangal (NITW), India 0.10 0.17 1 60.7%
118 Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University (SGBAU), India 0.14 0.17 1 12.5%
118 Women's College, Calcutta, India 0.20 0.17 1 -19.6%
118 Bishop Heber College, India 0.29 0.17 1 -43.8%
118 Ram Chandra Uniyal Government Post Graduate College, India 0.40 0.17 1 -59.8%
118 Goa University, India 0.44 0.17 1 -63.8%
118 Central University of Jammu, India 0.53 0.17 1 -69.4%
118 University of Kashmir, India 1.33 0.17 1 -87.9%
118 DAV College Chandigarh, India 0.17 1 N/A
118 Karimpur Pannadevi College, India 0.17 1 N/A
118 Senate of Serampore College (University), India 0.17 1 N/A
118 Thiagarajar College, India 0.17 1 N/A
118 Chandernagore College, India 0.17 1 N/A
118 Arya Vidyapeeth College, India 0.17 1 N/A
119 ICFAI University, Tripura (ICFAI Tripura), India 0.08 0.15 2 73.6%
120 Krishna University, India 0.14 1 N/A
120 Soniya Education Trust's College of Pharmacy, India 0.14 1 N/A
120 Sarguja University, India 0.14 1 N/A
121 Symbiosis International University (SIU), India 0.00 0.13 1 10,410.1%
121 Acharya Institute of Technology (AIT), India 0.10 0.13 1 20.5%
121 Central University of Punjab Bathinda (CUPB), India 0.11 0.13 1 8.5%
121 Government College of Engineering and Ceramic Technology (GCECT), India 0.20 0.13 1 -39.7%
121 Kumaun University, India 0.88 0.13 1 -86.2%
121 J.C. Bose University of Science and Technology, YMCA, India 0.13 1 N/A
122 Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), India 0.59 0.12 4 -79.8%
123 JES College, India 0.12 1 N/A
124 JIS University, India 0.21 0.12 2 -46.9%
125 Christian Medical College and Hospital (CMC Vellore), India 0.07 0.12 3 58.9%
126 Dayananda Sagar Institutions (DSI), India 0.00 0.11 1 9,242.3%
126 Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology (RGIPT), India 0.11 1 N/A
126 Guntur Medical College, India 0.11 1 N/A
126 Government Medical College Kadapa, India 0.11 1 N/A
126 Indian Institute of Management Udaipur (IIMU), India 0.11 1 N/A
126 NSS College Pandalam, India 0.11 1 N/A
127 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad (IIIT-Allahabad), India 0.10 1 N/A
127 Teerthanker Mahaveer University (TMU), India 0.10 1 N/A
127 Triveni Devi Bhalotia College, India 0.10 1 N/A
128 MJP Rohilkhand University, India 0.09 1 N/A
128 Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University, India 0.09 1 N/A
128 Cooch Behar Government Engineering College (CGEC), India 0.09 1 N/A
129 University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS), India 0.06 0.08 1 26.6%
129 St. John's National Academy of Health Sciences, India 0.08 0.08 1 -3.6%
129 University of North Bengal (NBU), India 2.10 0.08 1 -96.2%
129 Annamalai University, India 0.08 1 N/A
129 Sir Parashurambhau College, India 0.08 1 N/A
129 Gujarat Forensic Sciences University (GFSU), India 0.08 1 N/A
130 Jiwaji University, India 0.08 1 N/A
131 Central University of Tamil Nadu (CUTN), India 0.23 0.07 2 -69.1%
132 Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences (NIMS), India 0.00 0.07 1 3,750.0%
132 Mahatma Phule Arts, Science and Commerce College, India 0.07 1 N/A
132 Siksha O Anusandhan University, India 0.07 1 N/A
132 Ahmedabad University (AU), India 0.07 1 N/A
132 Midnapore College, India 0.07 1 N/A
133 Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah University (BGSBU), India 0.07 1 N/A
134 School of Historical Studies, University of Madras, India 0.06 1 N/A
135 Indian Institute of Management Bangalore (IIMB), India 0.06 1 N/A
136 Mangalore University, India 0.01 0.06 1 307.1%
136 Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University (PDPU), India 0.10 0.06 1 -46.4%
136 Central Agricultural University (CAU), India 0.06 1 N/A
137 Central University of Kerala (CUK), India 0.12 0.05 2 -55.3%
138 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Berhampur (IISER Berhampur), India 0.25 0.05 4 -80.5%
139 Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences (RGUHS), India 0.05 2 N/A
140 Victoria Institution, India 0.05 1 N/A
140 Government General Degree College at Pedong, India 0.05 1 N/A
141 Indian Institute of Technology Dharwad (IIT Dharwad), India 0.04 0.05 1 14.0%
142 Techno India Group (TIG), India 0.04 1 N/A
143 Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology, Delhi (IIIT-Delhi), India 0.04 1 N/A
144 KL Deemed to be University (KL University), India 0.04 2 N/A
145 Yogi Vemana University (YVU), India 0.04 1 N/A
146 Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences, India 0.04 0.03 32 -21.7%
147 Punjab Agricultural University (PAU), India 0.09 0.03 8 -66.3%
148 National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research Guwahati (NIPER-Guwahati), India 0.03 1 N/A
149 Goverment College Nedumangad (GCN), India 0.03 1 N/A
150 Centurion University of Technology and Management (CUTM), India 0.03 1 N/A
151 Government Arts College, Thiruvananthapuram, India 0.03 1 N/A
152 Central University of Haryana (CUH), India 0.06 0.02 1 -63.3%
153 Central University of Jharkhand (CUJ), India 0.00 0.02 1 791.9%
154 Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research (SRIHER), India 0.02 0.02 2 -18.0%
155 Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad (IIM-A), India 0.07 0.01 1 -81.5%
156 International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), India 0.01 0.01 1 -61.7%
157 Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology (SLIET), India 0.01 0.01 1 -3.6%
158 Suraj Eye Institute, India 0.01 0.00 2 -24.1%
159 JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, India 0.00 0.00 2 -11.8%
159 Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMSDU), India 0.00 2 N/A
160 Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (DMIMS), India 0.00 1 N/A
161 Global Institute of Public Health (GIPH), AHRI, India 0.00 0.00 2 37.7%
161 Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal (GMC), India 0.00 0.00 2 -11.8%
161 School of Preventive Oncology, India 0.00 0.00 2 -48.7%
162 Government Institute of Forensic Science, Nagpur (IFSc Nagpur), India 0.00 1 N/A
163 G.H.G. Khalsa College, India 0.00 10 N/A
164 Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar (IIPHG), India 0.00 1 N/A
165 IIHMR University, India 0.00 0.00 1 16.0%
165 Srinivas Institute of Dental Sciences, India 0.00 1 N/A
165 Grant Government Medical College and Sir Jamshedjee Jeejeebhoy Group of Hospitals Mumbai (GGMCJJH Mumbai), India 0.00 1 N/A
165 Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore (FMMC), India 0.00 1 N/A
166 Indian Institute of Advanced Research (IIAR), India 1.01 0.00 1 -99.9%
167 Mahatma Gandhi University of Medical Sciences Technology (MGUMST), India 0.00 0.00 1 -67.4%
167 Rajasthan University for Health Sciences (RUHS), India 0.00 0.00 1 -67.4%
167 Ruxmaniben Deepchand Gardi Medical College (RDGMC), India 0.00 1 N/A
167 Govind Ballabh Pant Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (GBPH), India 0.00 1 N/A
167 SDM College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, India 0.00 1 N/A
167 Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics (GIPE), India 0.00 1 N/A
168 Central University of South Bihar (CUSB), India 0.06 0.00 1 -99.2%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at nature.com/nature-index/.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2021 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.