2019 tables: Institutions - academic

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2017 Share 2018 Count 2018 Change in Adjusted Share 2017-2018*
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 907.60 879.83 2,478 -8.5%
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 615.64 628.10 1,579 -3.7%
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 538.25 572.10 1,832 0.3%
4 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 472.05 448.83 1,191 -10.3%
5 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 420.80 448.39 1,378 0.6%
6 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 385.07 418.68 1,086 2.6%
7 Peking University (PKU), China 394.97 413.64 1,506 -1.1%
8 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 408.03 412.45 1,293 -4.6%
9 Tsinghua University, China 354.98 399.09 1,396 6.1%
10 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 409.64 396.08 1,264 -8.7%
11 Nanjing University (NJU), China 328.84 393.00 975 12.8%
12 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 308.83 351.04 1,038 7.3%
13 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 302.83 348.27 925 8.6%
14 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 336.04 344.46 916 -3.2%
15 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 323.98 338.03 1,062 -1.5%
16 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 329.17 333.54 997 -4.4%
17 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 296.61 331.87 790 5.6%
18 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 261.17 326.92 1,907 18.2%
19 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 283.34 321.59 829 7.1%
20 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 311.83 318.49 987 -3.6%
21 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 279.55 307.69 793 3.9%
22 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 310.22 293.93 919 -10.6%
23 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 271.78 293.43 937 1.9%
24 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 243.85 290.53 712 12.5%
25 Kyoto University, Japan 307.24 289.61 761 -11.0%
26 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 250.98 288.02 780 8.3%
27 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 261.13 286.52 943 3.6%
28 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 268.60 277.09 680 -2.6%
29 Fudan University, China 206.36 260.25 687 19.0%
30 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 231.04 255.27 691 4.3%
31 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 224.86 246.09 641 3.3%
32 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 203.01 239.77 694 11.5%
33 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 242.52 238.49 585 -7.2%
34 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 243.70 236.58 853 -8.4%
35 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 209.48 233.27 920 5.1%
36 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 170.93 231.55 741 27.9%
37 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 208.06 223.85 588 1.6%
38 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 185.58 215.31 596 9.5%
39 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 200.17 214.60 594 1.2%
40 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 209.23 211.70 527 -4.5%
41 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 224.79 208.33 684 -12.5%
42 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 182.07 207.79 670 7.7%
43 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 257.24 202.89 690 -25.6%
44 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 189.86 202.08 818 0.5%
45 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.14 201.42 662 5.0%
46 Nankai University (NKU), China 156.65 198.82 557 19.8%
47 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 152.26 196.35 496 21.7%
48 Wuhan University (WHU), China 161.32 195.71 413 14.5%
49 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 177.86 193.75 730 2.8%
50 Soochow University, China 161.36 193.50 366 13.2%
51 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 200.74 184.18 594 -13.4%
52 Sichuan University (SCU), China 126.91 181.77 330 35.2%
53 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 197.44 180.99 478 -13.5%
54 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 175.48 180.07 421 -3.1%
55 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 151.15 178.97 598 11.8%
56 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 170.97 175.91 544 -2.9%
57 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 187.28 174.11 734 -12.2%
58 Osaka University, Japan 188.74 171.56 497 -14.2%
59 Tohoku University, Japan 142.81 166.72 445 10.2%
60 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 164.43 166.13 495 -4.6%
61 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 152.95 162.36 334 0.2%
62 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 166.14 159.52 454 -9.4%
63 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 140.82 158.66 616 6.3%
64 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 148.92 153.03 499 -3.0%
65 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 135.60 152.12 594 5.9%
66 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 171.62 151.18 498 -16.8%
67 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 115.78 150.91 395 23.0%
68 Xiamen University (XMU), China 146.20 150.49 284 -2.8%
69 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 119.23 150.44 450 19.1%
70 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 148.58 148.33 463 -5.8%
71 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 164.94 146.95 576 -15.9%
72 McGill University, Canada 148.03 146.46 511 -6.6%
73 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 132.31 145.67 540 3.9%
74 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 154.01 143.17 507 -12.3%
75 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 156.18 141.88 616 -14.2%
76 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 121.60 141.12 344 9.5%
77 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 149.82 136.35 461 -14.1%
78 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 131.25 136.24 611 -2.0%
79 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 122.79 132.89 452 2.2%
80 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 129.89 132.16 649 -4.0%
81 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 112.55 131.89 327 10.6%
82 Nagoya University, Japan 121.18 131.65 432 2.5%
83 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 127.44 128.33 578 -4.9%
84 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 130.47 126.80 368 -8.3%
85 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 129.59 126.52 471 -7.8%
86 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 137.06 126.04 334 -13.2%
87 Monash University, Australia 112.09 125.59 480 5.8%
88 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 102.88 122.30 421 12.2%
89 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 153.65 121.57 266 -25.3%
90 Hunan University (HNU), China 89.20 119.08 241 26.0%
91 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 108.77 117.08 237 1.6%
92 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 102.05 115.54 395 6.9%
93 Tianjin University (TJU), China 79.07 114.58 535 36.8%
94 Jilin University (JLU), China 101.49 114.56 268 6.5%
95 Hokkaido University, Japan 116.17 114.17 286 -7.2%
96 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 120.30 113.33 413 -11.1%
97 Shandong University (SDU), China 89.24 113.02 431 19.5%
98 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 119.48 112.92 536 -10.8%
99 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 116.94 111.97 260 -9.6%
100 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 85.33 111.70 281 23.6%
101 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 111.41 111.19 386 -5.8%
102 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 97.39 110.53 225 7.1%
103 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 121.74 110.44 429 -14.4%
104 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 110.48 108.75 329 -7.1%
105 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 87.77 107.39 331 15.5%
106 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 100.37 107.00 312 0.6%
107 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 82.42 106.87 222 22.4%
108 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 97.53 106.74 469 3.3%
109 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 104.19 106.32 367 -3.7%
110 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 91.67 106.21 227 9.4%
111 Tongji University, China 76.32 105.69 335 30.7%
112 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 110.70 105.67 242 -9.9%
113 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 120.31 105.14 318 -17.5%
114 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 90.48 104.46 522 9.0%
115 Sorbonne University, France 108.40 104.35 1,085 -9.1%
116 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 92.34 103.40 407 5.7%
117 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 93.58 101.46 456 2.3%
118 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 88.60 101.01 270 7.6%
119 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 85.28 100.85 340 11.6%
120 University of Göttingen, Germany 105.17 100.84 359 -9.5%
121 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 102.77 100.61 337 -7.6%
122 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 86.29 100.19 227 9.6%
123 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 101.06 99.21 323 -7.3%
124 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 78.90 98.98 401 18.4%
125 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 116.51 97.74 413 -20.8%
126 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 74.18 96.67 258 23.0%
127 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 88.20 96.18 262 2.9%
128 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 118.88 94.56 311 -24.9%
129 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 106.87 93.96 322 -17.0%
130 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 93.56 93.74 387 -5.4%
131 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 78.13 93.42 322 12.9%
132 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 80.98 93.38 292 8.8%
133 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 68.23 92.35 279 27.8%
134 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 91.12 92.32 322 -4.4%
135 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 95.73 91.94 547 -9.3%
136 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 69.13 91.32 325 24.7%
137 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 75.90 90.87 329 13.0%
138 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 93.85 90.82 525 -8.7%
139 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 81.92 89.75 384 3.4%
140 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 67.98 89.21 282 23.9%
141 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 112.12 89.09 321 -25.0%
142 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 77.86 89.07 545 8.0%
143 Yonsei University, South Korea 74.24 87.93 230 11.8%
144 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 87.29 87.91 235 -4.9%
145 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 80.21 87.86 418 3.4%
146 Kyushu University, Japan 97.34 87.70 313 -15.0%
147 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 90.77 87.28 299 -9.2%
148 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 65.58 86.70 162 24.8%
149 Stockholm University, Sweden 82.16 86.68 461 -0.4%
150 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 100.88 85.62 315 -19.9%
151 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 95.47 85.39 304 -15.6%
152 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 81.78 85.21 242 -1.6%
153 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 68.65 85.13 315 17.1%
154 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 81.75 84.82 418 -2.1%
155 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 64.51 84.39 360 23.5%
156 TU Dresden, Germany 90.93 84.05 395 -12.7%
157 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 82.19 83.59 333 -4.0%
158 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 88.22 83.07 269 -11.1%
159 Lund University (LU), Sweden 83.96 81.14 348 -8.8%
160 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 76.42 81.14 324 0.2%
161 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 86.52 81.11 288 -11.5%
162 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 84.53 80.58 241 -10.0%
163 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 73.01 80.20 305 3.7%
164 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 78.71 79.78 374 -4.3%
165 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 50.75 79.15 180 47.2%
166 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 67.78 79.06 199 10.1%
167 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 77.05 78.56 414 -3.8%
168 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 76.44 78.15 378 -3.5%
169 Beihang University (BUAA), China 53.84 77.82 328 36.4%
170 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), MSHS, United States of America (USA) 64.16 77.72 295 14.3%
171 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 71.68 77.24 409 1.7%
172 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 76.22 77.02 235 -4.6%
173 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 74.70 76.88 267 -2.9%
174 Leiden University, Netherlands 85.96 76.65 327 -15.8%
175 Southeast University (SEU), China 75.87 76.65 162 -4.6%
176 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 68.63 75.99 364 4.5%
177 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 67.40 75.74 254 6.1%
178 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 93.55 75.69 318 -23.6%
179 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 59.47 75.32 283 19.6%
180 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 82.67 75.27 351 -14.1%
181 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 80.46 75.10 331 -11.9%
182 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 68.30 74.77 221 3.3%
183 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 84.43 74.39 305 -16.8%
184 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 64.11 74.08 324 9.1%
185 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 68.04 73.48 268 1.9%
186 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 53.13 73.38 163 30.4%
187 University of Paris, France 74.73 73.35 764 -7.4%
188 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 52.15 71.87 170 30.1%
189 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 71.54 71.32 713 -5.9%
190 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 67.96 70.70 348 -1.8%
191 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 62.11 70.58 270 7.3%
192 University of Vienna, Austria 67.04 70.01 258 -1.4%
193 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 66.30 69.58 281 -0.9%
194 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 77.62 69.31 165 -15.7%
195 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 77.50 68.40 465 -16.7%
196 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 70.28 67.90 337 -8.8%
197 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 52.39 67.43 109 21.5%
198 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 76.64 67.23 296 -17.2%
199 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 69.50 67.18 530 -8.8%
200 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 62.91 66.74 165 0.1%
201 University of Waterloo, Canada 68.53 66.36 153 -8.6%
202 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 56.39 66.06 196 10.6%
203 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 72.52 66.05 197 -14.0%
204 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 42.97 64.07 106 40.8%
205 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 67.17 63.68 167 -10.5%
206 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 66.08 63.35 268 -9.5%
207 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 53.50 63.18 194 11.5%
208 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 66.96 63.07 153 -11.1%
209 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 71.15 62.27 354 -17.4%
210 University of Helsinki, Finland 60.82 62.17 398 -3.5%
211 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 61.73 61.86 260 -5.4%
212 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 63.75 61.48 151 -9.0%
213 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 62.01 61.31 297 -6.7%
214 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 58.02 61.22 271 -0.4%
215 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 55.07 61.16 236 4.8%
216 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 52.94 59.80 216 6.6%
217 Central South University (CSU), China 45.86 59.34 180 22.1%
218 Université PSL, France 60.82 59.12 676 -8.2%
219 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 58.15 58.49 203 -5.1%
220 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 55.89 58.27 397 -1.6%
221 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 57.83 57.92 168 -5.5%
222 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 55.34 57.72 222 -1.5%
223 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 53.54 57.61 192 1.6%
224 Western University (UWO), Canada 47.27 57.50 126 14.8%
225 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 54.97 57.39 432 -1.4%
226 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 60.74 57.25 179 -11.0%
227 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 43.85 57.04 202 22.8%
228 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 49.99 56.87 173 7.4%
229 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 56.11 56.75 176 -4.5%
230 University of Lyon, France 60.74 56.75 451 -11.8%
231 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 53.66 56.55 350 -0.5%
232 Southwest University (SWU), China 62.75 56.50 90 -15.0%
233 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 53.88 56.41 349 -1.2%
234 Keio University, Japan 62.11 55.97 128 -15.0%
235 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 38.33 55.91 150 37.7%
236 Chongqing University (CQU), China 38.38 55.82 126 37.3%
237 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 47.83 55.61 156 9.8%
238 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 34.57 55.19 187 50.7%
239 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 38.92 54.93 145 33.2%
240 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 53.04 54.65 147 -2.7%
241 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 44.42 54.31 297 15.4%
242 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 33.63 54.09 183 51.8%
243 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 48.81 53.96 196 4.4%
244 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 71.88 53.74 181 -29.4%
245 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 47.21 53.69 221 7.4%
246 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 54.73 53.25 230 -8.2%
247 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 47.45 53.18 159 5.8%
248 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 45.93 53.18 185 9.3%
249 University of Strasbourg, France 57.49 53.14 419 -12.8%
250 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 60.22 53.02 350 -16.9%
251 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 41.95 52.91 393 19.0%
252 Korea University, South Korea 56.43 52.82 271 -11.6%
253 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 51.92 52.68 265 -4.2%
254 Northwest University (NWU), China 34.63 52.42 115 42.9%
255 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 44.92 51.59 288 8.4%
256 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 61.45 51.10 205 -21.5%
257 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 56.92 51.02 271 -15.4%
258 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 39.34 50.96 199 22.3%
259 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 45.81 50.94 277 5.0%
260 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 47.75 50.08 266 -1.0%
261 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 41.70 49.89 308 12.9%
262 University of Toulouse, France 50.51 49.80 408 -6.9%
263 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 42.70 49.59 168 9.6%
264 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 34.58 49.30 228 34.6%
265 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 54.04 49.11 215 -14.2%
266 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 68.73 49.10 217 -32.6%
267 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 48.19 49.04 400 -3.9%
268 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 47.15 48.70 126 -2.5%
269 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 36.39 48.47 152 25.7%
270 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 25.88 48.21 143 75.8%
271 Jinan University (JNU), China 30.81 48.15 141 47.5%
272 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 53.49 47.92 161 -15.4%
273 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 31.25 47.78 102 44.3%
274 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 57.10 47.55 162 -21.4%
275 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 31.35 47.10 108 41.8%
276 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 43.22 46.81 165 2.2%
277 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 51.88 46.60 163 -15.2%
278 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 41.38 46.57 108 6.2%
279 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 40.05 46.49 138 9.6%
280 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 47.65 46.39 464 -8.1%
281 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 34.35 46.06 255 26.6%
282 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 40.02 45.90 232 8.3%
283 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 46.06 45.68 133 -6.4%
284 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 47.24 44.82 99 -10.4%
285 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 41.19 44.12 112 1.1%
286 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 34.30 43.94 134 20.9%
287 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 42.73 43.86 232 -3.1%
288 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 58.71 43.84 521 -29.5%
289 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 38.37 43.83 191 7.8%
290 University of Montpellier, France 42.54 43.82 375 -2.8%
291 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 30.70 43.66 173 34.2%
292 Aalto University, Finland 41.05 43.27 254 -0.5%
293 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 43.84 42.78 135 -7.9%
294 University of Stuttgart, Germany 40.76 42.60 141 -1.4%
295 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 40.87 42.58 336 -1.7%
296 University of Bordeaux, France 38.05 42.35 267 5.1%
297 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 39.75 42.31 167 0.5%
298 McMaster University, Canada 47.24 41.48 109 -17.1%
299 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 31.99 41.34 92 22.0%
300 Shanghai University (SHU), China 41.50 41.08 124 -6.6%
301 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 31.81 40.97 146 21.6%
302 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 36.29 40.87 168 6.3%
303 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 37.98 40.80 219 1.4%
304 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 27.11 40.42 108 40.7%
305 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 41.27 40.36 191 -7.7%
306 Leipzig University, Germany 49.93 39.74 163 -24.9%
307 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 25.44 39.72 150 47.4%
308 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 32.90 39.62 130 13.7%
309 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 24.51 39.56 125 52.4%
310 University of Tsukuba, Japan 40.09 39.56 215 -6.9%
311 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 40.21 39.17 401 -8.1%
312 Ulm University, Germany 33.59 38.87 160 9.2%
313 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 41.70 38.34 232 -13.2%
314 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 37.48 38.23 84 -3.7%
315 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 40.12 38.22 72 -10.1%
316 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 34.38 38.22 64 4.9%
317 Curtin University, Australia 30.17 38.00 147 18.9%
318 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 23.00 37.87 140 55.4%
319 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 32.19 37.57 157 10.1%
320 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 38.47 37.33 177 -8.4%
321 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 43.02 37.26 137 -18.2%
322 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 34.05 37.14 82 3.0%
323 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 33.29 37.06 173 5.1%
324 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 43.81 37.03 96 -20.2%
325 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 34.85 36.92 155 0.0%
326 Queen's University, Canada 24.78 36.92 90 40.6%
327 ShanghaiTech University, China 23.40 36.63 169 47.8%
328 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 24.91 36.44 85 38.1%
329 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 45.65 36.40 208 -24.7%
330 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 32.72 36.13 141 4.2%
331 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 38.09 35.81 223 -11.3%
332 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 29.43 35.80 83 14.8%
333 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 44.79 35.46 120 -25.3%
334 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 30.30 35.29 151 10.0%
335 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 37.36 34.94 119 -11.7%
336 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 32.82 34.32 103 -1.3%
337 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 33.25 34.25 233 -2.8%
338 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 45.58 33.90 136 -29.8%
339 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 22.79 33.68 74 39.5%
340 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 27.42 33.55 97 15.5%
341 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 25.31 33.48 277 24.9%
342 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 28.00 33.43 351 12.7%
343 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 33.07 33.26 64 -5.1%
344 University of Konstanz, Germany 41.20 33.24 87 -23.8%
345 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 32.72 33.23 159 -4.2%
346 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 33.29 33.03 157 -6.3%
347 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 15.53 33.01 65 100.6%
348 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 35.35 32.95 126 -12.0%
349 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 31.44 32.93 160 -1.1%
350 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 20.40 32.71 46 51.4%
351 The University of Dublin, Ireland 47.78 32.51 131 -35.8%
352 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 23.72 32.19 181 28.1%
353 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 26.67 31.94 110 13.1%
354 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 18.43 31.87 70 63.3%
355 TU Dortmund University, Germany 41.96 31.72 186 -28.6%
356 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 37.72 31.67 114 -20.7%
357 Laval University (UL), Canada 26.97 31.40 113 9.9%
358 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 29.50 31.35 65 0.3%
359 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 30.19 31.19 336 -2.5%
360 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 21.17 31.09 67 38.6%
361 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 30.54 31.05 110 -4.0%
362 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 35.96 31.02 225 -18.6%
363 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 36.17 30.89 156 -19.4%
364 Okayama University, Japan 28.97 30.71 140 0.1%
365 National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University (NYCU), Taiwan 40.53 30.50 101 -29.0%
366 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 36.73 30.43 48 -21.8%
367 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 26.24 30.24 94 8.8%
368 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 34.78 30.00 246 -18.6%
369 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 26.27 29.86 71 7.3%
370 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 26.69 29.83 81 5.5%
371 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 25.97 29.80 199 8.3%
372 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 28.91 29.73 119 -3.0%
373 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 23.59 29.40 75 17.6%
374 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 26.22 29.29 230 5.5%
375 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 35.50 29.25 100 -22.2%
376 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 42.90 29.23 122 -35.7%
377 Army Medical University, China 16.93 29.17 113 62.6%
378 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 35.23 29.07 240 -22.1%
379 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 29.51 28.89 288 -7.6%
380 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 30.45 28.87 117 -10.5%
381 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 23.96 28.67 100 12.9%
382 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 17.39 28.47 88 54.6%
383 Henan University (HENU), China 17.65 28.30 55 51.4%
384 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 27.08 28.13 94 -2.0%
385 Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia 12.83 27.97 129 105.8%
386 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University), Australia 18.45 27.53 86 40.8%
387 Chiba University, Japan 20.38 27.39 89 26.9%
388 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 29.12 27.37 116 -11.3%
389 Anhui University (AHU), China 14.71 27.21 72 74.5%
390 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 26.41 27.12 85 -3.1%
391 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 32.96 26.67 110 -23.6%
392 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 22.31 26.63 162 12.6%
393 Shanxi University (SXU), China 27.00 26.57 97 -7.1%
394 Waseda University, Japan 32.47 26.56 138 -22.8%
395 Zhejiang University of Technology (ZJUT), China 21.10 26.51 73 18.6%
396 Henan Normal University, China 18.51 26.30 64 34.1%
397 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur), India 24.85 26.28 40 -0.2%
398 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 27.49 25.82 206 -11.3%
399 University of Otago, New Zealand 31.54 25.79 134 -22.8%
400 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.04 25.73 161 5.4%
401 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 29.37 25.58 135 -17.8%
402 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 25.73 25.57 232 -6.2%
403 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 24.05 25.57 225 0.4%
404 Nanchang University (NCU), China 17.22 25.22 87 38.3%
405 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 22.72 25.15 306 4.5%
406 Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 20.24 24.82 116 15.7%
407 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 22.87 24.76 84 2.2%
408 Donghua University (DHU), China 14.38 24.71 61 62.2%
409 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 28.21 24.68 70 -17.4%
410 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 22.76 24.68 66 2.4%
411 Hunan Normal University (HUNNU), China 12.35 24.66 75 88.5%
412 Northeastern University (NEU), China 6.49 24.63 46 258.1%
413 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 25.36 24.59 69 -8.5%
414 Jiangsu Normal University (JSNU), China 18.17 24.47 35 27.1%
415 Kobe University, Japan 28.13 24.31 131 -18.4%
416 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 12.34 24.20 303 85.2%
417 University of Potsdam, Germany 21.94 24.17 145 4.0%
418 University of Technology Sydney (UTS), Australia 14.95 24.08 79 52.1%
419 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 25.02 23.96 94 -9.6%
420 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 29.66 23.96 76 -23.8%
421 State University of New York at Albany (SUNY Albany), United States of America (USA) 20.42 23.94 137 10.7%
422 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 25.45 23.81 82 -11.7%
423 State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil 14.59 23.79 162 53.9%
424 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 20.86 23.76 73 7.5%
425 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 19.94 23.76 96 12.5%
426 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 26.70 23.68 85 -16.3%
427 Huaqiao University (HQU), China 13.41 23.67 32 66.6%
428 Nanjing Agricultural University (NAU), China 20.72 23.66 64 7.8%
429 Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 16.23 23.64 116 37.5%
430 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 24.87 23.61 55 -10.4%
431 Nanjing Medical University (NJMU), China 16.58 23.49 78 33.8%
432 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 29.21 23.49 98 -24.1%
433 Tulane University, United States of America (USA) 15.79 23.47 79 40.3%
434 Changzhou University (CZU), China 27.14 23.46 38 -18.4%
435 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 25.53 23.42 34 -13.4%
436 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 17.86 23.40 94 23.6%
437 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 31.37 23.35 139 -29.7%
438 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 25.59 23.35 186 -13.9%
439 Jiangnan University, China 14.52 23.32 64 51.6%
440 Dalhousie University, Canada 31.94 23.32 75 -31.1%
441 University of Jinan (UJN), China 19.35 23.19 54 13.1%
442 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 25.18 23.19 83 -13.1%
443 Tokyo University of Science (TUS), Japan 18.96 23.11 73 15.0%
444 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 40.37 23.10 89 -46.0%
445 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 21.86 22.82 124 -1.5%
446 Texas Tech University (TTU), United States of America (USA) 19.43 22.60 181 9.8%
447 University of Oldenburg, Germany 14.50 22.53 65 46.7%
448 Pusan National University (PNU), South Korea 18.39 22.42 97 15.1%
449 Bielefeld University, Germany 18.90 22.30 51 11.4%
450 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 26.70 22.21 93 -21.5%
451 Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), China 16.18 21.94 84 28.0%
452 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 18.84 21.94 96 9.9%
453 Masaryk University (MU), Czech Republic 22.15 21.83 87 -7.0%
454 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 33.96 21.78 102 -39.5%
455 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 25.35 21.71 92 -19.2%
456 Yangzhou University (YZU), China 10.65 21.70 61 92.3%
457 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China 18.67 21.50 95 8.7%
458 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 19.65 21.46 196 3.1%
459 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 17.33 21.12 125 15.0%
460 Zhejiang Normal University (ZJNU), China 16.00 21.11 60 24.5%
461 Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU), China 16.87 21.00 88 17.5%
462 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati), India 23.19 21.00 41 -14.5%
463 Tianjin University of Technology (TJUT), China 11.16 20.95 62 77.1%
464 Griffith University, Australia 24.60 20.76 94 -20.3%
465 University of Tasmania (UTAS), Australia 22.34 20.56 112 -13.2%
466 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (IISER Kolkata), India 18.34 20.54 37 5.7%
467 Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), India 19.58 20.51 71 -1.1%
468 University of Siegen, Germany 19.72 20.44 113 -2.2%
469 Tampere University, Finland 11.34 20.43 218 70.0%
470 University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV), United States of America (USA) 15.03 20.36 68 27.8%
471 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 25.51 20.26 65 -25.0%
472 Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology (DGIST), South Korea 14.38 20.18 54 32.5%
473 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 20.45 20.06 79 -7.4%
474 Qingdao University of Science and Technology (QUST), China 9.10 19.86 49 106.0%
475 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 28.64 19.78 63 -34.8%
476 Qufu Normal University (QFNU), China 12.66 19.56 36 45.8%
477 Chung-Ang University (CAU), South Korea 20.58 19.37 44 -11.2%
478 University of Porto (UP), Portugal 17.57 19.18 142 3.0%
479 Xiangtan University (XTU), China 14.20 19.12 45 27.1%
480 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 20.26 18.94 63 -11.8%
481 Northwest A&F University (NWAFU), China 12.40 18.89 44 43.8%
482 The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (UT Health San Antonio), United States of America (USA) 14.75 18.86 65 20.7%
483 Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT), Japan 20.17 18.83 39 -11.9%
484 University of Vermont (UVM), United States of America (USA) 21.54 18.80 63 -17.6%
485 Montana State University, United States of America (USA) 19.12 18.63 81 -8.0%
486 Colorado School of Mines, United States of America (USA) 14.37 18.61 63 22.3%
487 Auburn University, United States of America (USA) 14.98 18.48 60 16.4%
488 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 21.20 18.47 62 -17.8%
489 Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Brazil 19.37 18.47 159 -10.0%
490 Hebei University (HBU), China 14.00 18.42 40 24.1%
491 The George Washington University (GW), United States of America (USA) 16.86 18.41 74 3.1%
492 China University of Geosciences, Beijing (CUGB), China 12.26 18.41 57 41.7%
493 Ajou University (AJOU), South Korea 17.17 18.37 48 1.0%
494 Wake Forest University (WFU), United States of America (USA) 8.93 18.30 66 93.4%
495 University of Zaragoza (Unizar), Spain 15.96 18.21 106 7.7%
496 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology - State University (MIPT), Russia 11.39 18.18 232 50.6%
497 University of Wyoming, United States of America (USA) 19.49 18.16 67 -12.0%
498 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 20.68 18.10 222 -17.4%
499 The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (Sokendai), Japan 15.83 17.98 124 7.2%
500 University of Buenos Aires (UBA), Argentina 19.83 17.95 133 -14.6%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at nature.com/nature-index/.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2021 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.