2016 tables: Institutions

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2015 Count 2015
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1,616.60 3,629
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 883.36 2,258
3 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 793.80 4,291
4 Max Planck Society, Germany 745.69 2,268
5 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 636.25 1,513
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 567.65 1,682
7 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 541.95 1,999
8 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 527.00 1,219
9 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 438.28 1,221
10 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 432.89 1,242
11 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 426.81 1,177
12 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 391.01 942
13 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 377.17 902
14 Peking University (PKU), China 369.83 1,173
15 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 368.44 894
16 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 363.17 895
17 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 345.08 908
18 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 338.34 815
19 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 325.91 916
20 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 325.20 799
21 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 312.66 721
22 Kyoto University, Japan 311.72 730
23 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 302.76 661
24 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 296.28 860
25 Nanjing University (NJU), China 290.48 689
26 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 287.13 775
27 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 281.28 696
28 Tsinghua University, China 279.01 910
29 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 269.50 742
30 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 268.91 570
31 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 266.31 637
32 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 263.38 724
33 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 261.56 678
34 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 254.94 516
35 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 253.18 597
36 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 243.06 599
37 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 235.68 1,138
38 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 228.57 576
39 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 224.31 767
40 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 222.99 781
41 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 222.83 470
42 Leibniz Association, Germany 222.02 695
43 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 216.45 573
44 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 213.84 619
45 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 213.22 581
46 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 211.57 663
47 Fudan University, China 209.78 428
48 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 208.12 538
49 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 207.29 488
50 Osaka University, Japan 205.96 533
51 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 196.92 587
52 Tohoku University, Japan 194.63 434
53 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 191.04 657
54 McGill University, Canada 190.41 581
55 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 187.10 856
56 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 184.49 416
57 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.05 581
58 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 180.12 427
59 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 177.02 490
60 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 176.54 505
61 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 171.74 394
62 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 167.65 542
63 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 167.21 394
64 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 166.96 425
65 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 161.38 726
66 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 161.19 417
67 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 157.55 513
68 Nankai University (NKU), China 157.34 413
69 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 156.06 330
70 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 154.73 436
71 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 152.11 363
72 RIKEN, Japan 151.81 562
73 Nagoya University, Japan 148.32 416
74 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 146.99 396
75 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 146.68 486
76 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 144.91 364
77 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 144.36 598
78 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 140.83 368
79 Soochow University, China 140.28 265
80 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 139.12 306
81 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 138.41 578
82 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 135.19 402
83 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 135.05 439
84 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 133.90 557
85 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 131.35 423
86 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 129.81 392
87 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 129.67 340
88 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 128.60 507
89 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 127.47 361
90 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 127.13 265
91 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 125.69 576
92 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 125.38 448
93 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 125.08 286
94 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 124.74 607
95 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 123.99 271
96 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 123.77 551
97 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 120.61 292
98 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 120.45 314
99 Xiamen University (XMU), China 119.69 234
100 Hokkaido University, Japan 119.43 242
101 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 118.90 528
102 Monash University, Australia 118.10 378
103 Sorbonne University, France 117.75 1,108
104 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 116.95 186
105 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 116.30 367
106 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 116.02 324
107 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 115.94 330
108 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 114.86 894
109 Wuhan University (WHU), China 114.67 217
110 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 114.04 306
111 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 112.85 507
112 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 112.27 322
113 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 111.02 239
114 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 110.38 600
115 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 108.58 301
116 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 108.04 392
117 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 107.26 395
118 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 106.97 312
119 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 106.89 552
120 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 106.73 252
121 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 106.42 263
122 University of Göttingen, Germany 106.02 354
123 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 105.70 283
124 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 105.26 298
125 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 105.09 383
126 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 104.68 284
127 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 103.94 394
128 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 103.87 296
129 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 103.86 336
130 Jilin University (JLU), China 103.60 220
131 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 103.31 464
132 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 103.16 412
133 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 103.10 461
134 Yonsei University, South Korea 102.75 238
135 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 100.81 331
136 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 100.65 256
137 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 100.32 910
138 Lund University (LU), Sweden 99.51 337
139 Hunan University (HNU), China 99.35 152
140 Sichuan University (SCU), China 98.82 213
141 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 98.79 267
142 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 98.69 173
143 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 98.66 371
144 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 96.31 189
145 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 95.76 262
146 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 95.60 366
147 Stockholm University, Sweden 94.87 436
148 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 94.79 369
149 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 94.29 401
150 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 93.41 252
151 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 93.16 297
152 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 93.07 315
153 Kyushu University, Japan 92.77 295
154 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 92.71 245
155 UK Research and Innovation (UKRI), United Kingdom (UK) 92.52 591
156 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 92.25 313
157 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 92.07 321
158 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 91.76 134
159 Tianjin University (TJU), China 91.60 349
160 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 91.52 213
161 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 90.47 260
162 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 90.44 266
163 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 89.83 256
164 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 89.62 290
165 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 89.52 267
166 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 89.38 348
167 University of Paris, France 88.99 827
168 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 88.75 256
169 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 88.61 220
170 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 88.48 299
171 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 87.61 496
172 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 87.15 246
173 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 86.84 233
174 TU Dresden, Germany 86.40 375
175 Leiden University, Netherlands 86.38 310
176 University of Waterloo, Canada 86.21 182
177 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 85.84 174
178 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 84.65 247
179 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 83.95 330
180 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 83.31 207
181 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 83.24 278
182 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 82.95 223
183 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 81.88 268
184 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 80.26 207
185 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 80.04 311
186 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 79.41 346
187 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 79.11 287
188 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 78.94 349
189 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 78.88 178
190 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 78.83 328
191 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 78.74 197
192 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 77.59 238
193 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 77.55 213
194 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 77.51 362
195 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 77.37 230
196 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 76.67 243
197 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 76.50 700
198 Shandong University (SDU), China 75.60 260
199 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 74.98 228
200 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 74.14 245
201 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 74.09 160
202 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 73.88 171
203 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 73.20 318
204 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 72.74 222
205 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 72.16 202
206 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 72.05 391
207 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 71.96 136
208 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 71.83 336
209 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 71.66 452
210 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 70.94 259
211 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 70.74 243
212 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 70.46 357
213 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 69.79 363
214 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 69.39 262
215 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 69.11 171
216 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 68.75 341
217 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 68.42 276
218 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 67.93 320
219 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 67.70 251
220 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 67.43 261
221 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 67.02 313
222 University of Lyon, France 66.45 406
223 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 66.24 286
224 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 66.06 180
225 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 65.76 139
226 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 63.81 143
227 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 63.71 179
228 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 63.61 178
229 Korea University, South Korea 63.51 228
230 University of Strasbourg, France 63.26 380
231 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 63.25 378
232 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 63.16 129
233 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 62.64 293
234 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 62.38 156
235 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 62.32 456
236 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 62.16 244
237 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 62.14 134
238 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 61.95 230
239 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 61.64 239
240 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 61.59 152
241 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 61.33 243
242 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 60.84 133
243 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 60.63 232
244 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 60.11 152
245 University of Stuttgart, Germany 59.94 143
246 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 59.93 132
247 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 59.79 192
248 Tongji University, China 59.72 193
249 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 59.58 210
250 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 59.55 165
251 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 59.18 212
252 University of Toulouse, France 58.96 412
253 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 58.76 153
254 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 58.51 145
255 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 58.40 327
256 University of Helsinki, Finland 58.32 304
257 Université PSL, France 58.05 586
258 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 57.97 158
259 University of Tsukuba, Japan 57.71 255
260 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 57.55 367
261 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 57.04 151
262 Keio University, Japan 56.86 122
263 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 55.95 164
264 Aalto University, Finland 55.77 214
265 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 55.27 170
266 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 55.10 341
267 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 54.75 139
268 University of Vienna, Austria 53.53 183
269 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 53.08 123
270 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 53.07 146
271 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 53.04 243
272 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 52.79 567
273 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 52.77 183
274 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 52.52 112
275 McMaster University, Canada 52.51 122
276 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 52.46 112
277 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 52.17 239
278 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 51.88 171
279 HHMI Janelia Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 51.71 108
280 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 51.30 163
281 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 51.12 294
282 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 50.60 154
283 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 50.47 148
284 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 50.16 143
285 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 49.81 133
286 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 49.45 368
287 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 49.16 249
288 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 48.80 209
289 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 48.57 136
290 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 48.39 142
291 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 48.37 241
292 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 48.02 157
293 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 48.01 155
294 Southwest University (SWU), China 47.91 72
295 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 47.84 130
296 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 47.65 217
297 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 47.60 145
298 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 47.38 451
299 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 47.19 128
300 University of Montpellier, France 47.14 373
301 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 47.08 231
302 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 46.90 150
303 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 46.77 339
304 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 46.46 155
305 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 46.33 165
306 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 46.23 98
307 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 46.21 263
308 National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University (NYCU), Taiwan 46.06 116
309 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 45.85 196
310 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 45.66 106
311 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 45.38 205
312 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 45.23 217
313 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 45.16 118
314 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 45.06 267
315 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 44.99 108
316 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 44.96 109
317 Beihang University (BUAA), China 44.88 131
318 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 44.71 282
319 Leipzig University, Germany 44.68 132
320 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 44.50 169
321 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 44.41 162
322 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 44.29 118
323 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 44.04 84
324 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 43.99 196
325 University of Konstanz, Germany 43.99 89
326 The University of Dublin, Ireland 43.95 137
327 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 43.95 260
328 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 43.79 75
329 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 43.30 202
330 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 42.83 69
331 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 42.76 178
332 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 42.45 167
333 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 42.30 103
334 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 42.30 129
335 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 42.25 252
336 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 41.87 144
337 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 41.86 200
338 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 41.55 144
339 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 41.51 147
340 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 41.08 125
341 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 41.06 165
342 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 41.02 224
343 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 40.99 140
344 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 40.82 245
345 Southeast University (SEU), China 40.35 90
346 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.33 172
347 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 40.24 111
348 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 39.97 143
349 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 39.77 167
350 Queen's University, Canada 39.53 79
351 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 39.31 319
352 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 39.23 130
353 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 39.19 84
354 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 39.06 262
355 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 38.85 351
356 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 38.74 178
357 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 38.71 160
358 Ulm University, Germany 38.43 134
359 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 38.25 110
360 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 38.20 188
361 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 38.01 312
362 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 37.93 71
363 University of Bordeaux, France 37.90 249
364 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 37.85 90
365 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 37.56 305
366 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 37.54 136
367 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 37.50 230
368 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 37.18 139
369 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 37.15 103
370 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 37.14 98
371 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 36.69 92
372 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 36.61 114
373 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 36.50 109
374 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 36.22 53
375 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 36.20 83
376 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 36.15 198
377 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 35.93 108
378 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 35.87 144
379 Shanghai University (SHU), China 35.24 89
380 Chongqing University (CQU), China 35.22 79
381 Okayama University, Japan 35.13 159
382 Pasteur Institute, France 34.61 197
383 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 34.49 168
384 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.34 122
385 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 34.30 357
386 Western University (UWO), Canada 34.14 113
387 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 34.04 60
388 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 33.98 264
389 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 33.91 112
390 University of Otago, New Zealand 33.75 117
391 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 33.48 116
392 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 33.36 72
393 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 33.29 105
394 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 33.19 166
395 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 32.70 232
396 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 32.63 84
397 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 32.44 71
398 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 32.24 92
399 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 32.19 95
400 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 32.15 95
401 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 32.09 106
402 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 32.02 193
403 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 31.98 92
404 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 31.60 104
405 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 31.30 157
406 Waseda University, Japan 31.25 153
407 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 31.23 137
408 Laval University (UL), Canada 31.06 142
409 University of Potsdam, Germany 30.85 117
410 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 30.71 118
411 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 30.67 83
412 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 30.65 134
413 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 30.49 178
414 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 30.41 119
415 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 30.21 71
416 Bielefeld University, Germany 30.01 64
417 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 29.89 62
418 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 29.84 113
419 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 29.82 76
420 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 29.73 49
421 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 29.67 62
422 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 29.59 82
423 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 29.52 255
424 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 29.51 65
425 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 29.47 185
426 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 29.41 101
427 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 29.37 425
428 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 29.31 116
429 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 29.30 75
430 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 29.29 140
431 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 29.19 79
432 Curtin University, Australia 29.16 102
433 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 29.04 64
434 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 28.97 40
435 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 28.79 287
436 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 28.77 76
437 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 28.66 78
438 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 28.61 169
439 Central South University (CSU), China 28.15 87
440 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 28.01 101
441 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 27.95 97
442 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 27.88 90
443 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 27.77 86
444 Kobe University, Japan 27.67 149
445 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 27.49 141
446 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 27.28 94
447 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 27.22 97
448 University of Crete (UOC), Greece 27.21 73
449 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 27.09 79
450 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 26.95 176
451 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 26.85 67
452 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 26.62 72
453 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 26.61 75
454 Dalhousie University, Canada 26.49 75
455 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 26.49 150
456 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 26.44 33
457 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 26.43 91
458 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 26.33 34
459 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 26.32 56
460 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 26.30 248
461 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 25.81 140
462 Samsung Group, South Korea 25.70 93
463 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 25.57 56
464 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 25.46 143
465 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 25.26 84
466 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 25.20 66
467 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 25.16 97
468 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 25.04 180
469 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 25.01 103
470 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 24.92 96
471 Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT), Japan 24.87 49
472 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 24.86 172
473 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 24.63 60
474 University of Rostock, Germany 24.57 102
475 Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), India 24.49 77
476 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 24.29 60
477 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 24.12 156
478 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 24.04 86
479 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 23.98 70
480 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.90 149
481 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 23.83 45
482 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 23.67 70
483 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 23.49 61
484 Changzhou University (CZU), China 23.38 33
485 University of Porto (UP), Portugal 23.27 111
486 High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Japan 23.14 176
487 Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 23.09 94
488 University of Wyoming, United States of America (USA) 23.02 61
489 Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC), Belgium 23.01 53
490 São Paulo State University (UNESP), Brazil 23.00 104
491 TU Dortmund University, Germany 22.92 184
492 Macquarie University, Australia 22.80 92
493 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 22.79 60
494 University of Zaragoza (Unizar), Spain 22.75 98
495 The University of South Australia (UniSA), Australia 22.74 73
496 University of Arkansas (UARK), United States of America (USA) 22.65 62
497 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 22.53 44
498 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 22.48 166
499 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 22.36 37
500 Thomas Jefferson University (TJU), United States of America (USA) 22.35 53

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at nature.com/nature-index/.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.