2016 tables: Institutions - physical sciences - academic

The 2016 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2015 Count 2015
1 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 227.47 615
2 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 226.21 678
3 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 223.54 615
4 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 172.73 563
5 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 169.92 521
6 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 139.00 353
7 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 130.10 451
8 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 125.51 447
9 Peking University (PKU), China 123.75 466
10 Tsinghua University, China 117.99 511
11 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 117.65 334
12 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 110.85 321
13 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 109.06 289
14 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 108.33 309
15 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 107.97 316
16 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 105.42 379
17 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 103.42 283
18 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 102.50 338
19 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 100.40 218
20 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 94.00 335
21 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 90.59 235
22 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 90.31 277
23 Tohoku University, Japan 87.66 212
24 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 87.58 212
25 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 86.90 195
26 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 86.17 189
27 Nanjing University (NJU), China 86.17 300
28 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 86.17 321
29 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 86.16 240
30 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 84.27 220
31 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 81.61 228
32 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 80.29 209
33 Fudan University, China 79.62 163
34 Kyoto University, Japan 79.59 254
35 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 74.82 286
36 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 73.68 195
37 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 71.73 202
38 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 69.25 200
39 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 68.55 229
40 Soochow University, China 66.80 127
41 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 63.50 167
42 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 62.69 206
43 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 62.38 245
44 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 61.17 204
45 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 61.11 260
46 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 61.09 182
47 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 60.98 206
48 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 60.94 137
49 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 59.17 249
50 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 56.64 196
51 Sorbonne University, France 55.71 550
52 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 54.31 242
53 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 54.15 170
54 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 54.12 178
55 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 52.02 199
56 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 51.21 236
57 Osaka University, Japan 49.07 197
58 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 48.65 127
59 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 48.21 163
60 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 47.59 174
61 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 45.50 168
62 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 44.46 175
63 TU Dresden, Germany 44.33 216
64 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 43.94 211
65 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 43.44 193
66 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 43.42 180
67 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 42.60 255
68 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 42.58 188
69 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 42.04 184
70 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 41.69 119
71 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 41.67 224
72 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 41.47 88
73 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 41.45 138
74 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 41.18 138
75 Yonsei University, South Korea 40.98 107
76 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 40.83 134
77 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 40.78 118
78 Lund University (LU), Sweden 40.58 164
79 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 40.57 87
80 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 40.42 94
81 University of Waterloo, Canada 40.16 105
82 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 39.71 201
83 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 39.60 392
84 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 39.47 213
85 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 39.24 83
86 Aalto University, Finland 38.94 170
87 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 38.60 99
88 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 38.57 140
89 McGill University, Canada 38.46 170
90 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 37.51 161
91 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 37.48 88
92 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 36.76 70
93 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 36.56 161
94 Nagoya University, Japan 36.48 194
95 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 36.07 241
96 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 36.05 78
97 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 35.52 109
98 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 35.26 147
99 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 35.13 57
100 Korea University, South Korea 34.81 143

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals through 2022, in 2023 64 health-science journals were added to the Index. The 146 journals in the Nature Index were selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at nature.com/nature-index/.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.