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Our January issue is now live!

In this issue we cover minerals security, perennial rice potential, flood risks, public acceptance of global supply chain policies, toxicological assessment of potable water reuse and more.


  • Nature Sustainability has turned five. In order to celebrate our anniversary we have put together four exciting Collections covering three topical research areas -water, emerging technologies and nature-based solutions- as well as a cross-cutting theme, inequality.

  • Batteries are crucial to move towards a more sustainable energy supply. This Focus highlights recent advances on battery technology research that has embedded sustainability principles in different components and at different life cycle stages.

Nature Sustainability is a Transformative Journal; authors can publish using the traditional publishing route OR via immediate gold Open Access.

Our Open Access option complies with funder and institutional requirements.


  • Decarbonizing the aviation sector is difficult given travel patterns and technical and economic constraints. Through nine holistic scenarios towards net-zero emissions from aviation by 2050, this study can inform investments and priorities for innovation to achieve a more sustainable aviation sector.

    • Candelaria Bergero
    • Greer Gosnell
    • Steven J. Davis
  • Nature-based solutions for climate adaptation are not comprehensively addressing the climate–biodiversity–society nexus, limiting their capacity to promote urban transformation. However, notable transformative examples of urban nature-based solutions do exist, especially in the Global South.

    • Sean Goodwin
    • Marta Olazabal
    • Unai Pascual
  • Electrochromism provides a means to control transmittance of light for increased energy efficiency of buildings. Here the aqueous electrochromic design features tunable emissivity and allows for all-season radiative thermoregulation.

    • Chenxi Sui
    • Jiankun Pu
    • Po-Chun Hsu
  • The washing processes of synthetic textiles have become one of the main sources of microplastic pollution in the oceans. Here the authors show the rational design of polydimethylsiloxane-coated nylon that releases substantially less microplastic fibres in both dry and wet conditions.

    • Sudip Kumar Lahiri
    • Zahra Azimi Dijvejin
    • Kevin Golovin
  • Diversified renewable energy sources can enable the sustainable operation of multisector resource systems. An artificial intelligence-assisted multi-objective design framework, applied in Ghana, explores optimized management and investment strategies balancing hydropower, bioenergy, solar and wind energies, and their impacts.

    • Jose M. Gonzalez
    • James E. Tomlinson
    • Julien J. Harou
    Article Open Access
  • Seaweed farming could reduce agriculture’s environmental footprint, but its potential is not well-explored yet. This study shows how globally extended aquaculture can reduce terrestrial crops demand and greenhouse gas emissions while providing a substitute or supplement for food, animal feeds and fuel.

    • Scott Spillias
    • Hugo Valin
    • Eve McDonald-Madden
  • Nature Sustainability is five. We reflect on what we have achieved so far and our ambitions going forward.

  • Sustainably addressing the water needs of populations in countries lacking adequate infrastructure is challenging. We discuss the potential of decentralized water and wastewater treatment using electrified processes across Latin American countries and reflect on what would help their implementation in the region.

    • Alexsandro J. dos Santos
    • Haruna L. Barazorda-Ccahuana
    • Sergi Garcia-Segura
  • The healthy watersheds concept links ecosystem condition with human benefits and helps decision-makers evaluate trade-offs. Implementation requires letting go of technocratic approaches, accounting for ecosystem services, embracing watersheds’ complexity and supporting participatory processes and subsidiarity.

    • Derek Vollmer
    • Robin Abell
    • Nicholas Souter
  • Carbon capture, utilization and storage, a fundamental process to a sustainable future, relies on a suite of technologies among which electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide is essential. Here, we discuss the issues faced when reporting performance of this technology and recommend how to move forward at both materials and device levels.

    • Brian Seger
    • Marc Robert
    • Feng Jiao
  • Herman Daly, one of the founders of ecological economics, has died at the age of 84. His work questioning the pursuit of economic growth, and articulating the alternative of a steady-state economy, has been foundational to sustainability science.

    • Daniel W. O’Neill
  • Restoring the connection between people and the rest of nature hinges on whole-system science, actions and negotiations.