Articles

  • Article |

    Quantum-mechanical band-to-band tunnelling can be used to create an energy-efficient ternary logic technology that can be fabricated on the wafer scale using complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) processes.

    • Jae Won Jeong
    • , Young-Eun Choi
    • , Woo-Seok Kim
    • , Jee-Ho Park
    • , Sunmean Kim
    • , Sunhae Shin
    • , Kyuho Lee
    • , Jiwon Chang
    • , Seong-Jin Kim
    •  & Kyung Rok Kim
  • Article |

    High-performance MoS2 transistors can be created using 2-nm-thick CaF2 as a gate insulator, which forms a quasi van der Waals interface with the 2D semiconductor.

    • Yury Yu. Illarionov
    • , Alexander G. Banshchikov
    • , Dmitry K. Polyushkin
    • , Stefan Wachter
    • , Theresia Knobloch
    • , Mischa Thesberg
    • , Lukas Mennel
    • , Matthias Paur
    • , Michael Stöger-Pollach
    • , Andreas Steiger-Thirsfeld
    • , Mikhail I. Vexler
    • , Michael Waltl
    • , Nikolai S. Sokolov
    • , Thomas Mueller
    •  & Tibor Grasser
  • Article |

    A readout scheme for quantum devices, which is inspired by one-transistor–one-capacitor dynamic random access memory and consists of CMOS field-effect transistors and quantum dots, could reduce the number of input lines per qubit and allow large-scale device arrays to be addressed.

    • Simon Schaal
    • , Alessandro Rossi
    • , Virginia N. Ciriano-Tejel
    • , Tsung-Yeh Yang
    • , Sylvain Barraud
    • , John J. L. Morton
    •  & M. Fernando Gonzalez-Zalba
  • Article |

    Energy-efficient and secure wireless body sensor networks can be created by using conductive fabrics that support surface-plasmon-like modes at radio communication frequencies.

    • Xi Tian
    • , Pui Mun Lee
    • , Yu Jun Tan
    • , Tina L. Y. Wu
    • , Haicheng Yao
    • , Mengying Zhang
    • , Zhipeng Li
    • , Kian Ann Ng
    • , Benjamin C. K. Tee
    •  & John S. Ho
  • Article |

    Bilayer WSe2 field-effect transistors with near ideal device characteristics can be created using transferred via contacts made from metal-embedded hexagonal boron nitride.

    • Younghun Jung
    • , Min Sup Choi
    • , Ankur Nipane
    • , Abhinandan Borah
    • , Bumho Kim
    • , Amirali Zangiabadi
    • , Takashi Taniguchi
    • , Kenji Watanabe
    • , Won Jong Yoo
    • , James Hone
    •  & James T. Teherani
  • Article |

    By combining a CMOS-based integrated circuit with flexible and collapsible radiating structures, a scalable phased array architecture can be fabricated that has an areal mass density of only 0.1 g cm−2.

    • Mohammed Reza M. Hashemi
    • , Austin C. Fikes
    • , Matan Gal-Katziri
    • , Behrooz Abiri
    • , Florian Bohn
    • , Amirreza Safaripour
    • , Michael D. Kelzenberg
    • , Emily L. Warmann
    • , Pilar Espinet
    • , Nina Vaidya
    • , Eleftherios E. Gdoutos
    • , Christophe Leclerc
    • , Fabien Royer
    • , Sergio Pellegrino
    • , Harry A. Atwater
    •  & Ali Hajimiri
  • Article |

    The topological Hall effect is observed at above room temperature in a bilayer heterostructure composed of thulium iron garnet and platinum, suggesting the formation of skyrmions in a magnetic insulator through the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction.

    • Qiming Shao
    • , Yawen Liu
    • , Guoqiang Yu
    • , Se Kwon Kim
    • , Xiaoyu Che
    • , Chi Tang
    • , Qing Lin He
    • , Yaroslav Tserkovnyak
    • , Jing Shi
    •  & Kang L. Wang
  • Article |

    Electronic components made from two-dimensional MoTe2 can be chemically synthesized and integrated in a single step, creating devices in which each component in the active layer is connected via covalent bonds.

    • Qi Zhang
    • , Xue-Feng Wang
    • , Shu-Hong Shen
    • , Qi Lu
    • , Xiaozhi Liu
    • , Haoyi Li
    • , Jingying Zheng
    • , Chu-Ping Yu
    • , Xiaoyan Zhong
    • , Lin Gu
    • , Tian-Ling Ren
    •  & Liying Jiao
  • Article |

    Pulse engineering techniques can be used to reduce the average Clifford gate error rates for silicon quantum dot spin qubits down to 0.043%, a factor of three improvement over state-of-the-art silicon devices.

    • C. H. Yang
    • , K. W. Chan
    • , R. Harper
    • , W. Huang
    • , T. Evans
    • , J. C. C. Hwang
    • , B. Hensen
    • , A. Laucht
    • , T. Tanttu
    • , F. E. Hudson
    • , S. T. Flammia
    • , K. M. Itoh
    • , A. Morello
    • , S. D. Bartlett
    •  & A. S. Dzurak
  • Article |

    A reinforcement learning algorithm can be implemented on a hybrid analogue–digital platform based on memristive arrays for parallel and energy-efficient in situ training.

    • Zhongrui Wang
    • , Can Li
    • , Wenhao Song
    • , Mingyi Rao
    • , Daniel Belkin
    • , Yunning Li
    • , Peng Yan
    • , Hao Jiang
    • , Peng Lin
    • , Miao Hu
    • , John Paul Strachan
    • , Ning Ge
    • , Mark Barnell
    • , Qing Wu
    • , Andrew G. Barto
    • , Qinru Qiu
    • , R. Stanley Williams
    • , Qiangfei Xia
    •  & J. Joshua Yang
  • Article |

    Measurements with a lateral spin pumping device architecture suggest that long spin diffusion lengths of more than 1 μm are possible in conjugated polymer systems that have a sufficiently high spin density.

    • Shu-Jen Wang
    • , Deepak Venkateshvaran
    • , M. R. Mahani
    • , Uday Chopra
    • , Erik R. McNellis
    • , Riccardo Di Pietro
    • , Sam Schott
    • , Angela Wittmann
    • , Guillaume Schweicher
    • , Murat Cubukcu
    • , Keehoon Kang
    • , Remington Carey
    • , Thomas J. Wagner
    • , Janis N. M. Siebrecht
    • , Daniel P. G. H. Wong
    • , Ian E. Jacobs
    • , Razan O. Aboljadayel
    • , Adrian Ionescu
    • , Sergei A. Egorov
    • , Sebastian Mueller
    • , Olga Zadvorna
    • , Piotr Skalski
    • , Cameron Jellett
    • , Mark Little
    • , Adam Marks
    • , Iain McCulloch
    • , Joerg Wunderlich
    • , Jairo Sinova
    •  & Henning Sirringhaus
  • Article |

    By integrating two-dimensional MoS2 transistors with metal-oxide resistive random-access memories, two-transistor–two-resistor ternary content-addressable memory cells can be created, which could be used to search large amounts of data in parallel.

    • Rui Yang
    • , Haitong Li
    • , Kirby K. H. Smithe
    • , Taeho R. Kim
    • , Kye Okabe
    • , Eric Pop
    • , Jonathan A. Fan
    •  & H.-S. Philip Wong
  • Article |

    A transparent electronic skin, composed of an elastomer and an ionic liquid, can autonomously self-heal in both dry and wet conditions due to ion–dipole interactions.

    • Yue Cao
    • , Yu Jun Tan
    • , Si Li
    • , Wang Wei Lee
    • , Hongchen Guo
    • , Yongqing Cai
    • , Chao Wang
    •  & Benjamin C.-K. Tee
  • Article |

    Amorphous silicon compositions, which are doped with oxygen or nitrogen and sandwiched between metal electrodes, can be used to create purely electronic memristors with switching capabilities that are fast, uniform, durable, multi-state and low power.

    • Yang Lu
    • , Ana Alvarez
    • , Chung-Ho Kao
    • , Jong-Shing Bow
    • , San-Yuan Chen
    •  & I-Wei Chen
  • Article |

    A lateral heterojunction with diode-like electrical transport can be created in a homogeneous MoS2 monolayer by using a substrate in which one segment is made from an amorphous fluoropolymer and another segment from hexagonal boron nitride.

    • M. Iqbal Bakti Utama
    • , Hans Kleemann
    • , Wenyu Zhao
    • , Chin Shen Ong
    • , Felipe H. da Jornada
    • , Diana Y. Qiu
    • , Hui Cai
    • , Han Li
    • , Rai Kou
    • , Sihan Zhao
    • , Sheng Wang
    • , Kenji Watanabe
    • , Takashi Taniguchi
    • , Sefaattin Tongay
    • , Alex Zettl
    • , Steven G. Louie
    •  & Feng Wang
  • Article |

    Thermal scanning probe lithography can be used to pattern metal electrodes in direct contact with monolayer MoS2, creating field-effect transistors that exhibit vanishing Schottky barrier heights, high on/off ratios of 1010, no hysteresis, and subthreshold swings as low as 64 mV per decade.

    • Xiaorui Zheng
    • , Annalisa Calò
    • , Edoardo Albisetti
    • , Xiangyu Liu
    • , Abdullah Sanad M. Alharbi
    • , Ghidewon Arefe
    • , Xiaochi Liu
    • , Martin Spieser
    • , Won Jong Yoo
    • , Takashi Taniguchi
    • , Kenji Watanabe
    • , Carmela Aruta
    • , Alberto Ciarrocchi
    • , Andras Kis
    • , Brian S. Lee
    • , Michal Lipson
    • , James Hone
    • , Davood Shahrjerdi
    •  & Elisa Riedo
  • Article |

    Nonlinear buckling processes can be used to transform thin films of piezoelectric polymers into sophisticated 3D piezoelectric microsystems with applications in energy harvesting, multifunctional sensing and bio-integrated devices.

    • Mengdi Han
    • , Heling Wang
    • , Yiyuan Yang
    • , Cunman Liang
    • , Wubin Bai
    • , Zheng Yan
    • , Haibo Li
    • , Yeguang Xue
    • , Xinlong Wang
    • , Banu Akar
    • , Hangbo Zhao
    • , Haiwen Luan
    • , Jaeman Lim
    • , Irawati Kandela
    • , Guillermo A. Ameer
    • , Yihui Zhang
    • , Yonggang Huang
    •  & John A. Rogers
  • Article |

    Three-dimensional integrated circuits based on slot antennas and carbon nanotubes can combine plasmonics and electronics, and can be used to create unidirectional receivers and wavelength- and polarization-division multiplexing.

    • Yang Liu
    • , Jiasen Zhang
    •  & Lian-Mao Peng
  • Article |

    An optoelectronic platform that operates at low power and uses position- and angle-independent wireless power harvesting can provide multimodal programmable control over optogenetic stimulation parameters.

    • Philipp Gutruf
    • , Vaishnavi Krishnamurthi
    • , Abraham Vázquez-Guardado
    • , Zhaoqian Xie
    • , Anthony Banks
    • , Chun-Ju Su
    • , Yeshou Xu
    • , Chad R. Haney
    • , Emily A. Waters
    • , Irawati Kandela
    • , Siddharth R. Krishnan
    • , Tyler Ray
    • , John P. Leshock
    • , Yonggang Huang
    • , Debashis Chanda
    •  & John A. Rogers
  • Article |

    Rudimentary circuit elements, including a binary wire and an OR gate, can be created through the patterning of dangling bonds on a hydrogen-terminated silicon surface.

    • Taleana Huff
    • , Hatem Labidi
    • , Mohammad Rashidi
    • , Lucian Livadaru
    • , Thomas Dienel
    • , Roshan Achal
    • , Wyatt Vine
    • , Jason Pitters
    •  & Robert A. Wolkow
  • Article |

    The interplay between spin–orbit and spin-transfer torques can be used to develop a low-power route to magnetization switching of perpendicular magnetic tunnel junctions without an external magnetic field.

    • Mengxing Wang
    • , Wenlong Cai
    • , Daoqian Zhu
    • , Zhaohao Wang
    • , Jimmy Kan
    • , Zhengyang Zhao
    • , Kaihua Cao
    • , Zilu Wang
    • , Youguang Zhang
    • , Tianrui Zhang
    • , Chando Park
    • , Jian-Ping Wang
    • , Albert Fert
    •  & Weisheng Zhao
  • Article |

    Magnetic field sensors, which are based on the anisotropic magnetoresistance effect and arranged in a Wheatstone bridge configuration, can provide an artificial magnetoreception that allows a person to orientate in an outdoor setting and manipulate objects in virtual reality.

    • Gilbert Santiago Cañón Bermúdez
    • , Hagen Fuchs
    • , Lothar Bischoff
    • , Jürgen Fassbender
    •  & Denys Makarov
  • Article |

    A hafnium oxide memristor crossbar array integrated with transistors can provide a provable key destruction scheme in which unique physical fingerprints are extracted by comparing the conductance of neighbouring memristors, and can only be revealed if a digital key stored on the same array is erased.

    • Hao Jiang
    • , Can Li
    • , Rui Zhang
    • , Peng Yan
    • , Peng Lin
    • , Yunning Li
    • , J. Joshua Yang
    • , Daniel Holcomb
    •  & Qiangfei Xia
  • Article |

    A comparison between the use of directed self-assembly and conventional patterning methods in the fabrication of 7 nm node FinFETs shows similar device performance, suggesting directed self-assembly could offer a simplified patterning technique for future semiconductor technology nodes.

    • Chi-Chun Liu
    • , Elliott Franke
    • , Yann Mignot
    • , Ruilong Xie
    • , Chun Wing Yeung
    • , Jingyun Zhang
    • , Cheng Chi
    • , Chen Zhang
    • , Richard Farrell
    • , Kafai Lai
    • , Hsinyu Tsai
    • , Nelson Felix
    •  & Daniel Corliss
  • Article |

    A laser can be used to locally dope two-dimensional molybdenum ditelluride channels, allowing both n- and p-doped channels to be assembled within the same atomic plane and for device arrays of n–p–n bipolar junction transistor amplifiers and radial p–n photovoltaic cells to be fabricated.

    • Seung-Young Seo
    • , Jaehyun Park
    • , Jewook Park
    • , Kyung Song
    • , Soonyoung Cha
    • , Sangwan Sim
    • , Si-Young Choi
    • , Han Woong Yeom
    • , Hyunyong Choi
    •  & Moon-Ho Jo
  • Article |

    Nitrogen–vacancy centres can be used as in situ quantum sensors to map the electric field in an electrical device based on a hydrogen-terminated diamond surface.

    • D. A. Broadway
    • , N. Dontschuk
    • , A. Tsai
    • , S. E. Lillie
    • , C. T.-K. Lew
    • , J. C. McCallum
    • , B. C. Johnson
    • , M. W. Doherty
    • , A. Stacey
    • , L. C. L. Hollenberg
    •  & J.-P. Tetienne
  • Article |

    Spin–orbit torque switching in a two-terminal magnetoresistive random access memory cell can reduce critical write current by more than 70% compared with an equivalent spin-transfer torque device.

    • Noriyuki Sato
    • , Fen Xue
    • , Robert M. White
    • , Chong Bi
    •  & Shan X. Wang
  • Article |

    By combining strategies in material design and advanced microfabrication, three-dimensional integrated stretchable electronic devices can be created, including an eight-channel sensing system with Bluetooth communication capabilities that can be used to extract an array of signals from the human body.

    • Zhenlong Huang
    • , Yifei Hao
    • , Yang Li
    • , Hongjie Hu
    • , Chonghe Wang
    • , Akihiro Nomoto
    • , Taisong Pan
    • , Yue Gu
    • , Yimu Chen
    • , Tianjiao Zhang
    • , Weixin Li
    • , Yusheng Lei
    • , NamHeon Kim
    • , Chunfeng Wang
    • , Lin Zhang
    • , Jeremy W. Ward
    • , Ayden Maralani
    • , Xiaoshi Li
    • , Michael F. Durstock
    • , Albert Pisano
    • , Yuan Lin
    •  & Sheng Xu
  • Article |

    By examining the dynamics of skyrmions and antiskyrmions using a combination of atomistic spin simulations, reduced-variable modelling and machine learning algorithms, it is shown that current-induced spin–orbit torques can lead to trochoidal motion and skyrmion–antiskyrmion pair generation.

    • Ulrike Ritzmann
    • , Stephan von Malottki
    • , Joo-Von Kim
    • , Stefan Heinze
    • , Jairo Sinova
    •  & Bertrand Dupé
  • Article |

    Vertically structured electronic synapses, which exhibit both short- and long-term plasticity, can be created using layered two-dimensional hexagonal boron nitride.

    • Yuanyuan Shi
    • , Xianhu Liang
    • , Bin Yuan
    • , Victoria Chen
    • , Haitong Li
    • , Fei Hui
    • , Zhouchangwan Yu
    • , Fang Yuan
    • , Eric Pop
    • , H.-S. Philip Wong
    •  & Mario Lanza
  • Article |

    Device-to-device and cycle-to-cycle variations and leakage in memristor crossbar arrays can be alleviated with a memory cell design that uses the ratio of the resistances of two memristors to encode information, rather than the absolute resistance of a single memristor.

    • Miguel Angel Lastras-Montaño
    •  & Kwang-Ting Cheng
  • Article |

    A memristor-based hardware and software system that uses a tantalum oxide memristor crossbar can be used to solve static and time-evolving partial differential equations at high precision, and to simulate an argon plasma reactor.

    • Mohammed A. Zidan
    • , YeonJoo Jeong
    • , Jihang Lee
    • , Bing Chen
    • , Shuo Huang
    • , Mark J. Kushner
    •  & Wei D. Lu
  • Article |

    Complementary logic devices based on spin–orbit torque can be created in which the tunable polarity of the voltage-controlled magnetic anisotropy effect is used to fabricate n-type and p-type spin logic devices.

    • Seung-heon Chris Baek
    • , Kyung-Woong Park
    • , Deok-Sin Kil
    • , Yunho Jang
    • , Jongsun Park
    • , Kyung-Jin Lee
    •  & Byong-Guk Park
  • Article |

    Photodetectors made from single-crystalline nanowire arrays of layered metal-halide perovskites exhibit detectivities of more than 7 × 1015 jones, due to a nanowire structure that combines high resistance in the interior of the crystals and high conductivity at the edges of the crystals.

    • Jiangang Feng
    • , Cheng Gong
    • , Hanfei Gao
    • , Wen Wen
    • , Yanjun Gong
    • , Xiangyu Jiang
    • , Bo Zhang
    • , Yuchen Wu
    • , Yishi Wu
    • , Hongbing Fu
    • , Lei Jiang
    •  & Xiang Zhang
  • Article |

    Electrons can tunnel through thin ferromagnetic CrBr3 barriers, sandwiched between graphene electrodes, via the emission of magnons, which suggests that these magnetic tunnel barriers could be used for spin injection.

    • D. Ghazaryan
    • , M. T. Greenaway
    • , Z. Wang
    • , V. H. Guarochico-Moreira
    • , I. J. Vera-Marun
    • , J. Yin
    • , Y. Liao
    • , S. V. Morozov
    • , O. Kristanovski
    • , A. I. Lichtenstein
    • , M. I. Katsnelson
    • , F. Withers
    • , A. Mishchenko
    • , L. Eaves
    • , A. K. Geim
    • , K. S. Novoselov
    •  & A. Misra
  • Article |

    Current-induced spin–orbit magnetic fields at an Fe/GaAs (001) interface can be controlled with an electric field in the Schottky barrier, an effect that could be used to develop low-power spin–orbit torque devices.

    • L. Chen
    • , M. Gmitra
    • , M. Vogel
    • , R. Islinger
    • , M. Kronseder
    • , D. Schuh
    • , D. Bougeard
    • , J. Fabian
    • , D. Weiss
    •  & C. H. Back
  • Article |

    A giant magnetoresistance sensor that has a topologically protected magnetic vortex state in the transducer element can provide low magnetic noise, a high linear regime and negligible hysteresis.

    • Dieter Suess
    • , Anton Bachleitner-Hofmann
    • , Armin Satz
    • , Herbert Weitensfelder
    • , Christoph Vogler
    • , Florian Bruckner
    • , Claas Abert
    • , Klemens Prügl
    • , Jürgen Zimmer
    • , Christian Huber
    • , Sebastian Luber
    • , Wolfgang Raberg
    • , Thomas Schrefl
    •  & Hubert Brückl
  • Article |

    Single isolated magnetic skyrmions can be electrically written and deleted at room temperature in a magnetic device with a technologically relevant stripline geometry, a process that can be directly observed using time-resolved X-ray pump–probe measurements.

    • Seonghoon Woo
    • , Kyung Mee Song
    • , Xichao Zhang
    • , Motohiko Ezawa
    • , Yan Zhou
    • , Xiaoxi Liu
    • , Markus Weigand
    • , Simone Finizio
    • , Jörg Raabe
    • , Min-Chul Park
    • , Ki-Young Lee
    • , Jun Woo Choi
    • , Byoung-Chul Min
    • , Hyun Cheol Koo
    •  & Joonyeon Chang
  • Article |

    Implantable pressure and strain sensors based on biodegradable materials have been designed to naturally decompose after their useful lifetime, eliminating the need for surgical extraction of the device.

    • Clementine M. Boutry
    • , Yukitoshi Kaizawa
    • , Bob C. Schroeder
    • , Alex Chortos
    • , Anaïs Legrand
    • , Zhen Wang
    • , James Chang
    • , Paige Fox
    •  & Zhenan Bao