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CO oxidation is of importance both for inorganic and living systems. Here the authors demonstrate that CO can be oxidized by nitrate in small-pore SSZ-13 zeolite at a temperature below −100 °C using spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations.
Vibrational energy transfer (VET) is essential for protein function as it is responsible for efficient energy dissipation in reaction sites and is linked to pathways of allosteric communication. Here authors equipped a tryptophan zipper with a VET injector and a VET sensor for femtosecond pump probe experiments to map the VET.
s-SNOM is a powerful tool, but it is less sensitive to in-plane variations. Here the authors present a method to improve this with a metallic microdisk antenna, which they demonstrate by probing in-plane phonon responses.
Photosystem II subunit S (PsbS) senses thylakoid lumen acidification when plants are exposed to excess light. Here the authors use NMR and IR spectroscopy to show that low pH causes repositioning of an amphipathic helix and folding of a loop involving critical pH sensing glutamate residues in PsbS.
Here, the authors demonstrate proximity-controlled strong-coupling between Coulomb correlations and lattice dynamics in neighbouring van der Waals materials (WSe2 and a gypsum layer), creating electrically neutral hybrid exciton-phonon eigenmodes called excitonic Lyman polarons.
Health status transitions are reflected as characteristic changes in molecular composition of biofluids. Here, the authors apply infrared molecular fingerprinting and reveal that blood-based phenotypes are sufficiently stable over time, providing the basis for time- and cost-effective health monitoring.
Glycolipids are glycoconjugates with important biological functions, but techniques for their analysis are deficient. Here, the authors report the use of cryogenic gas-phase infrared spectroscopy to investigate isomerism in a set of immunologically relevant glycolipids, and show that their structural features can be accurately resolved based on a narrow spectral fingerprint region.
Quantized circular photogalvanic effect (CPGE) is predicted in chiral topological semimetals, but the experimental observation remains challenging. Here, Ni et al. observe a large topological longitudinal photocurrent in CoSi, which is much larger than the photocurrent in any other chiral crystals, indicating quantized CPGE within reach upon doping and increase of the hot-carrier lifetime.
Existing high-dimensional optical imaging techniques that record space and polarization cannot detect the photon’s time of arrival due to the limited speeds of electronic sensors. Here, the authors develop a single-shot ultrafast imaging modality to record light-speed high-dimensional events with picosecond resolution.
Eumelanin protects cells from sun damage and is promising for energy conversion applications, but its structure and excited state dynamics are elusive. Here the authors shed light on both aspects combining selective excitation of UV- and visible-absorbing chromophores with time-resolved infrared spectroscopy.
Nano-FTIR spectroscopy allows chemical characterization of composite surfaces, but its capability in subsurface analysis is not much explored. The authors show that spectra from thin surface layers differ from those of subsurface layers of the same organic material, and establish a method for distinguishing them in experiments.
Atomic force microscopy-infrared (AFM-IR) spectroscopic imaging techniques offer a non-perturbative, molecular contrast for characterization of nanomaterials; however, data are often complicated by the measurement apparatus, sample preparation conditions and low signal-to-noise ratio. Here, the authors demonstrate a closed-loop controlled AFM-IR instrument design to address measurement artifacts and reduce noise up to 5x compared to previous methods.
While infrared nanospectroscopy methods based on thermomechanical detection (AFM-IR) enables the acquisition of absorption spectra at the nanoscale, single molecule detection has not been possible so far. Here, the authors present off-resonance, low power and short pulse infrared nanospectroscopy (ORS-nanoIR), which allows measuring infrared absorption spectra at the single molecule level in a time scale of seconds with high throughput and demonstrate that the secondary structure of single protein molecules can be determined with this method.
Compact spectrometers can be useful in many applications and many sophisticated architectures have been proposed. In this work, the authors show that with an evaporating droplet on a fiber tip, spectrometry can be robustly and accurately performed with a simple and passive microfluidic system.
For many two-dimensional semiconductors, such as MoS2, the exciton absorption increases with thickness. Here, the authors show that, in black phosphorus, less material absorbs more light due to exciton resonances.
Precision-spectroscopy techniques can accurately measure lines in constrained frequency and intensity ranges. The authors propose a spectroscopic-network-assisted precision spectroscopy method by which transitions measured in a narrow range provide information in other, extended regions of the spectrum.
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are present in the interstellar medium but their origin is unclear. Here the authors investigate large PAH formation from smaller PAHs in a plasma jet by mass-selective IR and UV laser spectroscopy, uncovering diacetylene radical addition as formation mechanism.
While main group elements possess four valence orbitals that are accessible for bonding, quadruple bonding to main group elements is very rarely observed. Here the authors report that boron is able to form four bonding interactions with iron in the BFe(CO)3- anion complex.
Generally infrared and Raman spectroscopic methods are needed to study the symmetric and asymmetric molecular vibrational modes. Here the authors demonstrate complementary vibrational spectroscopy to organic molecules by simultaneously measuring their symmetric and anti-symmetric vibrations with one setup.
It has been challenging to probe whether dynamically disordered organic cations affect optical properties of CH3NH3PbI3. Here, Guo et al. employ infrared-pump electronic-probe spectroscopy and show that pump-induced atomic motions of the organic cations do not substantially alter optoelectronic properties.
Long-lived excitons in a two-dimensional metal-organic crystal can be produced by visible light and detected by infrared radiation. Here, the authors show that the excitonic state of a biomimetic macrocycle can be ‘read’ by measuring the vibrations of an adsorbed ligand.
Glycosyl cations are key intermediates in glycosylation reactions, but their structure has remained elusive due to their transient nature. Here, the authors perform an in-depth structural analysis and report that C2-participating protective groups induce acetoxonium cations with distinct ring conformations.
Alumina is thought to be the main condensate to form in the gas outflow from oxygen-rich evolved stars. Here, the authors perform a condensation experiment with alumina in a low-gravity environment, and find spectroscopic evidence for a sharp feature at a wavelength of 13.55 μm.
Large peatlands exist at high latitudes because flooded conditions and cold temperatures slow decomposition, so the presence of (sub)tropical peat is enigmatic. Here the authors show that low-latitude peat is preserved due to lower carbohydrate and greater aromatic content resulting in chemical recalcitrance.
Scanning near-field optical microscopy (SNOM) offers nanometer-scale spatial resolution, but generally does not retain tomographic information. Here, Wang et al. develop peak-force SNOM to section scattered fields and improve imaging resolution.
Dual-comb spectroscopy is a powerful tool for realizing rapid spectroscopic measurements with high sensitivity and selectivity. Here, Yu et al. demonstrate silicon microresonator-based dual comb spectroscopy in the mid-infrared region, where strong vibrational resonances of many liquids exist.
X-ray spectroscopy is a tool used for the investigation of aqueous solutions but the strong absorption of water means that very thin liquid sheets are needed for accurate analysis. Here the authors produce free-flowing liquid sheets 2 orders of magnitude thinner than sheets obtained with existing techniques.
While transition metal complexes bearing terminal oxido ligands are common, those of group 11 elements have yet to be experimentally observed. Here, Riedel and colleagues synthesise molecular oxygen fluorides of copper, silver and gold, and show that the oxo ligands possess radical character.
Liquid water molecules are in constant vibrational motion, but probing how their local behaviour influences collective dynamics remains a challenge. Here, the authors present terahertz-infrared spectroscopy to elucidate coupling of the O-H stretch vibration to collective, delocalized intermolecular modes.
Protein-bound water clusters play a key role for proton transport and storage in molecular biology. Here, the authors show by simulations and experiments that the orientation of non-spherical protonated water clusters in bacteriorhodopsin is unveiled by polarization-resolved infrared spectroscopy.
A deeper understanding of the mechanics of molecular machines is limited by the fast motions which are in the nanosecond or picosecond timescale. Here the authors present a real-time observation of structural changes in a rotaxane-based molecular shuttle by transient two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy.
The electrodynamics of topological insulators has been predicted to show a new magnetoelectric term, but this hasn’t been observed. Here, Dziomet al. observe a universal Faraday rotation angle equal to the fine structure constant, evidencing the so-called topological magnetoelectric effect.
Low-frequency structural dynamics in liquids and their underlying interactions are complex and challenging to resolve. Here, Sajadiet al. use intense terahertz fields to directly interrogate intermolecular modes in polar liquids by coupling the fields to their permanent molecular dipole moments.
The lithium solvation structure in the electrolyte solution for lithium-ion batteries has not been fully understood. Here, the authors show ultrafast fluxional exchange of carbonate solvent molecules in and out of lithium-ion solvation sheath utilizing coherent two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy.
In hyperspectral imaging a broadband spectrum is recorded at each pixel, which creates information-rich images. Here, the authors combine this concept with Fourier transform infrared nanospectroscopy to achieve 5,000-pixel, nanoscale-resolution images at wavelengths between 5 and 10 micrometres.
An ideal optical frequency-comb system should combine both single-line spectral resolution and a bandwidth broad enough to cover as many lines as possible. Here, the authors incorporate a fibre spectrometer to detect approximately 500 comb-lines with an instrument resolution of 120 megahertz.
Molecules on a metal surface may be modified by the presence of oxide layers, but further mechanistic understanding is still required. Here the authors show for methanol on rutile TiO2(110) that strongly bonded adsorbates lift surface relaxations, leading to substrate-mediated interaction between adsorbates.
Rhodopsin signalling is triggered by the light-induced isomerization of its 11-cisretinal chromophore. Here, the authors use NMR spectroscopy to define retinal orientation and interactions in the active metarhodopsin II intermediate, proposing a two-stage mechanism for rhodopsin activation.
Mass spectrometry is a leading method used for sequencing peptides and proteins by fragmentation followed by analysis of the sequence fragments. Here, the authors use infrared spectroscopy to characterize the structures of peptide fragments formed during electron transfer dissociation.
Use of electron microscopy to determine morphology, or find where functionally significant biomolecules are located with high spatial resolution is of great interest. Here, Rez, Cohen et al. use aloof electron beam vibrational spectroscopy to probe different bonds in biological samples with no significant radiation damage.
Excitons—bound electron-hole pairs—in two-dimensional transition-metal dichalcogenides can exhibit a rich spectrum of excited states. Here, the authors use ultrafast mid-infrared spectroscopy to explore the dynamics of these so-called 1s-intraexcitonic transitions in monolayer molybdenum disulphide.
The onset of neurodegenerative disorders is associated at the molecular level with insoluble protein aggregates, named amyloids. Here, the authors characterize by infrared nanospectroscopy and nanomechanical studies, the amyloid aggregation at the individual species scale.
Understanding of electrolyte-electrode interfaces is limited due to the lack of suitable probing techniques. Here, the authors present a vibrational spectroscopy based on graphene gratings, which enables sensitive and interface-specific detection of molecular vibrations at electrolyte-electrode interfaces.
Infrared spectral mapping offers the non-destructive analyses of samples; however, the spatial resolution is restricted to >10 microns. Here, the authors present a new infrared technique capable of sub-micron scale mineral identification, demonstrated using a chondrule and a cometary dust grain.
Mid-infrared spectroscopy offers important chemical and structural information about biological samples but diffraction prevents nanoscale studies. Amenabar et al.demonstrate Fourier transform infrared nanospectroscopy for analysing the secondary structure of protein complexes with 30 nm spatial resolution.