Erkan Aydin, KAUST

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Latest Research

  • Analysis |

    The concentration of rooftop solar photovoltaics among high-income households limits deployment and access to benefits. Here the authors find that some policy interventions and business models increased photovoltaic adoption equity in existing markets and shifted deployment to underserved communities.

    • Eric O’Shaughnessy
    • , Galen Barbose
    • , Ryan Wiser
    • , Sydney Forrester
    •  & Naïm Darghouth
  • Article |

    Two-dimensional Ruddlesden–Popper layered metal-halide perovskites show better performance over three-dimensional versions, but are typically based on quantum wells with random width distribution. Liang et al. show that introducing molten salt spacers gives phase-pure quantum wells and improved solar cell performance.

    • Chao Liang
    • , Hao Gu
    • , Yingdong Xia
    • , Zhuo Wang
    • , Xiaotao Liu
    • , Junmin Xia
    • , Shouwei Zuo
    • , Yue Hu
    • , Xingyu Gao
    • , Wei Hui
    • , Lingfeng Chao
    • , Tingting Niu
    • , Min Fang
    • , Hui Lu
    • , Han Dong
    • , Hui Yu
    • , Shi Chen
    • , Xueqin Ran
    • , Lin Song
    • , Bixin Li
    • , Jing Zhang
    • , Yong Peng
    • , Guosheng Shao
    • , Jianpu Wang
    • , Yonghua Chen
    • , Guichuan Xing
    •  & Wei Huang
  • Review Article |

    Ultrathin solar cells attract interest for their relatively low cost and potential novel applications. Here, Massiot et al. discuss their performance and the challenges in the fabrication of ultrathin absorbers, patterning of light trapping structures and ensuring efficient charge-carrier collection.

    • Inès Massiot
    • , Andrea Cattoni
    •  & Stéphane Collin
  • Article |

    Hydrogen is a promising vector in the decarbonization of energy systems, but more efficient and scalable synthesis is required to enable its widespread deployment. Towards that aim, Serra et al. present a microwave-based approach that allows contactless water electrolysis that can be integrated with hydrocarbon production.

    • J. M. Serra
    • , J. F. Borrás-Morell
    • , B. García-Baños
    • , M. Balaguer
    • , P. Plaza-González
    • , J. Santos-Blasco
    • , D. Catalán-Martínez
    • , L. Navarrete
    •  & J. M. Catalá-Civera

News & Comment

  • News & Views |

    Electrocaloric cooling devices traditionally comprise sub-millimetre-thick ceramic working bodies surrounded by relatively massive apparatus. Now, cooling devices that are each based on a thin polymer layer have been stacked to yield a composite lightweight device that pumps heat across a wide temperature span.

    • Xavier Moya
    •  & Neil D. Mathur
  • Policy Brief |

    Wind energy repowering decisions are multifaceted and depend on the physical, political and social landscape, as factors such as noise regulation, aesthetics and political bargaining can significantly influence project development. Policy should recognise that a technology perspective alone cannot inform implementation pathways and should be supplemented with an understanding of the political and social dimensions.

    • Lena Kitzing
    • , Morten Kofoed Jensen
    • , Thomas Telsnig
    •  & Eric Lantz
  • Editorial |

    Renewable energy technologies do not always employ sustainable resources. The scarcity of cobalt supply must be addressed in transportation electrification.

  • Comment |

    The power conversion efficiency of organic solar cells has rapidly increased, yet significantly less attention has been paid to materials stability and device longevity. For organic solar cells to make an impact in the marketplace, researchers, funding agencies and journals should do more to address this crucial gap.

    • Quinn Burlingame
    • , Melissa Ball
    •  & Yueh-Lin Loo
  • News & Views |

    Given the benefits of improved health and reduced cooking time, women are assumed to unequivocally prefer clean cooking fuels. Now research indicates that women using firewood and those using cleaner alternatives both believe their cooking fuel supports their well-being in several ways, suggesting more complex trade-offs in fuel choices.

    • Daniel Erian Armanios
  • Policy Brief |

    Households reduced their electricity use the most when they learnt both that they were using more energy than their neighbours and that energy conservation was socially approved. This suggests that efforts to use social information to nudge conservation should combine different types of social feedback to maximize impact.

    • Jacopo Bonan
    • , Cristina Cattaneo
    • , Giovanna d’Adda
    •  & Massimo Tavoni

Focus

Social Dynamics of Energy Behaviour

Steve Proehl Exxorian

Social Dynamics of Energy Behaviour

Energy use occurs in homes, workplaces and communities in which complex webs of social relations already exist, and social interactions routinely occur.