2023 tables: Institutions - biological sciences

The 2023 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2022 to 31 December 2022.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2021 Share 2022 Count 2022 Change in Adjusted Share* 2021–2022
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 647.90 588.89 1680 -1.1%
2 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 385.17 305.93 820 -13.6%
3 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 311.46 280.12 806 -2.2%
4 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 266.55 267.96 995 9.3%
5 Max Planck Society, Germany 314.00 248.30 984 -14.0%
6 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 200.43 203.45 515 10.4%
7 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 201.80 178.32 578 -3.9%
8 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 211.80 176.93 552 -9.1%
9 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 195.06 176.26 901 -1.7%
10 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 173.18 171.25 530 7.5%
11 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 186.76 166.35 510 -3.1%
12 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 213.80 161.86 623 -17.7%
13 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 179.69 160.49 591 -2.9%
14 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 175.19 159.77 1267 -0.8%
15 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 177.48 159.31 508 -2.4%
16 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 162.46 156.75 522 4.9%
17 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 174.16 148.20 505 -7.4%
18 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 144.66 136.24 368 2.4%
19 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 153.08 134.88 348 -4.2%
20 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 159.47 130.10 375 -11.3%
21 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 151.68 126.74 471 -9.1%
22 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 150.86 123.81 264 -10.7%
23 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 132.99 123.13 357 0.7%
24 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 146.65 119.61 451 -11.3%
25 Peking University (PKU), China 123.95 115.67 356 1.5%
26 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 95.96 112.80 292 27.8%
27 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 123.96 112.17 369 -1.6%
28 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 130.14 111.31 739 -7.0%
29 Fudan University, China 71.11 107.83 328 64.9%
30 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 97.25 106.13 331 18.7%
31 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 129.14 105.58 471 -11.1%
32 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 112.26 103.94 288 0.7%
33 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 79.69 97.30 311 32.8%
34 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 110.02 96.43 281 -4.7%
35 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 83.76 94.06 248 22.1%
36 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 85.76 88.50 524 12.2%
37 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 101.03 88.42 275 -4.8%
38 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 83.35 87.39 393 14.0%
39 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 89.74 86.19 311 4.5%
40 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 92.94 85.89 848 0.5%
41 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 84.52 84.30 226 8.5%
42 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 97.36 83.97 213 -6.2%
43 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 95.80 83.55 380 -5.1%
44 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 99.66 83.42 253 -9.0%
45 McGill University, Canada 76.45 82.43 267 17.3%
46 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 89.30 81.94 306 -0.2%
47 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 86.94 79.98 330 0.0%
48 Tsinghua University, China 79.17 79.54 276 9.3%
49 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 86.31 78.65 213 -0.9%
50 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 86.96 77.84 278 -2.6%
51 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 90.76 77.68 368 -6.9%
52 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 72.14 75.49 294 13.8%
53 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 92.92 75.07 313 -12.1%
54 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 85.32 72.48 275 -7.6%
55 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 89.73 66.79 202 -19.0%
56 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 91.45 63.85 264 -24.1%
57 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 88.87 63.01 146 -22.9%
58 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 67.57 62.11 243 0.0%
59 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 49.47 59.92 191 31.7%
60 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 85.05 59.85 198 -23.5%
61 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 63.59 58.76 167 0.5%
62 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 48.32 58.70 159 32.1%
63 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 57.18 58.61 175 11.5%
64 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 69.70 58.19 216 -9.2%
65 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 60.72 57.06 227 2.2%
66 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 67.95 54.07 148 -13.4%
67 University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School (UMass Chan Medical School), United States of America (USA) 61.26 53.93 173 -4.2%
68 Monash University, Australia 63.34 53.81 223 -7.6%
69 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 64.21 53.71 126 -9.0%
70 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 56.72 53.65 133 2.9%
71 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 51.30 53.08 226 12.5%
72 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 47.41 52.95 264 21.5%
73 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 64.49 52.30 333 -11.8%
74 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 58.21 51.91 138 -3.0%
75 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 59.77 51.66 168 -6.0%
76 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 73.71 51.11 250 -24.6%
77 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 51.76 51.07 152 7.3%
78 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 50.51 50.81 235 9.4%
79 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 47.36 50.30 161 15.5%
80 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 42.06 49.34 152 27.6%
81 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 49.92 48.70 278 6.1%
82 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 59.97 48.60 165 -11.8%
83 Kyoto University, Japan 57.27 48.49 178 -7.9%
84 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 49.33 48.29 234 6.4%
85 Leibniz Association, Germany 53.66 47.67 353 -3.4%
86 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 52.78 47.30 147 -2.5%
87 RIKEN, Japan 53.49 46.90 211 -4.6%
88 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 56.87 46.84 185 -10.4%
89 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 45.52 46.36 220 10.8%
90 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 49.92 45.47 159 -0.9%
91 Osaka University, Japan 53.72 44.78 145 -9.3%
92 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 51.29 44.57 139 -5.5%
93 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 46.98 44.47 219 2.9%
94 UK Research and Innovation (UKRI), United Kingdom (UK) 56.00 44.00 266 -14.5%
95 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 52.35 43.53 150 -9.6%
96 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 46.53 43.52 273 1.7%
97 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 34.35 43.40 114 37.4%
98 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 56.70 43.17 140 -17.2%
99 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 59.66 42.97 189 -21.7%
100 Nanjing University (NJU), China 31.23 41.83 100 45.7%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals through 2022, in 2023 64 health-science journals were added to the Index. The 146 journals in the Nature Index were selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at nature.com/nature-index/.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2022 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.