2019 tables: Institutions - Nature & Science - academic

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2017 Share 2018 Count 2018 Change in Adjusted Share* 2017–2018
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 78.56 71.86 217 -14.7%
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 50.17 40.21 102 -25.3%
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 32.00 38.61 136 12.5%
4 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 16.78 26.37 87 46.5%
5 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 10.97 21.21 71 80.1%
6 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 11.17 19.89 78 66.0%
7 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 13.76 19.85 59 34.4%
8 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 19.55 19.67 65 -6.2%
9 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 16.47 19.28 87 9.1%
10 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 14.18 19.23 55 26.4%
11 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 18.73 16.94 59 -15.7%
12 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 12.92 16.51 52 19.0%
13 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 11.29 16.02 59 32.2%
14 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 18.08 15.99 58 -17.6%
15 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 12.07 14.78 73 14.1%
16 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 12.46 12.61 49 -5.7%
17 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 8.65 12.27 41 32.2%
18 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 11.78 11.24 21 -11.1%
19 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 13.55 11.18 31 -23.1%
20 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 12.55 10.89 59 -19.1%
21 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 14.70 10.68 43 -32.3%
22 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 9.84 10.55 41 -0.1%
23 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 10.77 10.52 39 -9.0%
24 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 3.93 10.24 38 142.6%
25 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 8.85 10.08 37 6.2%
26 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 3.81 9.88 40 141.5%
27 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 12.05 9.78 25 -24.4%
28 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 3.46 9.43 45 154.1%
29 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 7.48 9.19 32 14.5%
30 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 5.76 9.15 32 48.2%
31 Tsinghua University, China 9.88 8.93 31 -15.7%
32 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 6.34 8.33 25 22.4%
33 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 14.74 8.09 35 -48.9%
34 Peking University (PKU), China 5.19 7.76 30 39.3%
35 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 4.16 7.69 41 72.1%
36 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 5.35 7.51 37 30.7%
37 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 7.43 6.78 27 -14.9%
38 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 2.80 6.49 29 116.4%
39 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 2.59 6.44 34 132.0%
40 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 3.55 6.28 34 65.0%
41 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 6.92 6.19 37 -16.6%
42 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 5.94 5.91 22 -7.2%
43 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 1.42 5.80 28 279.6%
44 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 5.55 5.59 25 -6.3%
45 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 3.98 5.54 18 29.8%
46 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 3.88 5.50 22 32.0%
47 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 3.79 5.30 19 30.3%
48 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 3.62 5.30 18 36.3%
49 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 5.57 5.04 26 -15.8%
50 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 2.46 5.04 24 91.1%
51 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 11.51 5.02 21 -59.4%
52 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 3.13 4.96 24 48.0%
53 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 2.71 4.93 21 69.5%
54 Nagoya University, Japan 2.78 4.67 13 56.9%
55 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 7.21 4.65 25 -39.8%
56 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 3.28 4.60 14 30.9%
57 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 2.06 4.52 21 105.0%
58 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 0.76 4.50 15 452.6%
59 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 5.71 4.07 33 -33.6%
60 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 2.21 3.88 19 63.7%
61 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 1.05 3.88 18 243.8%
62 Monash University, Australia 1.28 3.77 22 174.1%
63 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 2.52 3.76 23 39.1%
64 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 2.72 3.76 10 29.1%
65 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 0.63 3.74 22 453.4%
66 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 0.41 3.68 9 728.7%
67 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 4.56 3.67 26 -24.9%
68 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 2.00 3.61 16 68.1%
69 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 0.54 3.60 8 516.0%
70 Fudan University, China 0.46 3.51 24 617.5%
71 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 0.73 3.49 16 346.3%
72 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 2.99 3.32 15 3.4%
73 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 2.11 3.26 24 44.3%
74 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 5.10 3.25 16 -40.7%
75 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 0.88 3.21 17 241.5%
76 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 7.49 3.13 20 -61.1%
77 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 3.20 3.13 17 -9.1%
78 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 2.84 3.04 9 -0.2%
79 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 0.30 3.04 18 851.7%
80 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 1.22 3.01 9 130.9%
81 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 2.38 2.96 30 15.7%
82 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 6.08 2.93 14 -55.2%
83 Kyoto University, Japan 5.58 2.92 20 -51.3%
84 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 3.52 2.91 24 -23.1%
85 Leiden University, Netherlands 1.45 2.87 28 84.1%
86 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 2.60 2.85 23 2.4%
87 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 1.33 2.80 10 96.1%
88 McGill University, Canada 2.57 2.80 14 1.5%
89 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 1.67 2.68 21 49.8%
90 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 5.66 2.67 19 -56.1%
91 Stockholm University, Sweden 2.94 2.63 23 -16.5%
92 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 1.10 2.62 9 122.0%
93 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 1.48 2.62 13 64.9%
94 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 2.61 5 N/A
95 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 2.58 2.60 19 -6.2%
96 University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School (UMass Chan Medical School), United States of America (USA) 1.86 2.58 17 29.5%
97 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 1.15 2.43 13 97.4%
98 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 1.33 2.42 10 69.1%
99 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 0.69 2.41 13 225.4%
100 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), MSHS, United States of America (USA) 3.78 2.40 22 -40.8%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals through 2022, in 2023 64 health-science journals were added to the Index. The 146 journals in the Nature Index were selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at nature.com/nature-index/.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2022 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.