Review Articles

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  • Fiona Charlson and colleagues review direct and indirect ways in which climate change impacts mental health. The authors provide an overview of the current evidence to inform the mental health field’s response to climate change and identify promising approaches for health professionals for individual-level, community-level and system-wide responses, as well as advocacy and education.

    • Tara J. Crandon
    • Cybele Dey
    • Fiona J. Charlson
    Review Article
  • Hornsey and Lewandowsky examine psychological and structural reasons for climate change scepticism and describe strategies for reducing the destructive influence of such scepticism.

    • Matthew J. Hornsey
    • Stephan Lewandowsky
    Review Article
  • When and why are interventions to encourage pro-environmental behaviour effective? van Valkengoed and colleagues introduce a classification system that links different interventions to the determinants of environmental behaviour. On the basis of this classification system, they provide guidelines for practitioners on how to select interventions that are most likely to change the key determinants of a specific target behaviour.

    • Anne M. van Valkengoed
    • Wokje Abrahamse
    • Linda Steg
    Review Article
  • For a long time, climate models did not account for human behaviour. This Review by Beckage et al. surveys existing social climate models, an emerging class of models that embed human behaviour in climate models, and makes recommendations for how to best represent and integrate human behaviour in climate models.

    • Brian Beckage
    • Frances C. Moore
    • Katherine Lacasse
    Review Article
  • Danilo Bzdok and Robin I. M. Dunbar review the neurobiology of human and primate social behaviours and how the pandemic may have disrupted these systems.

    • Danilo Bzdok
    • Robin I. M. Dunbar
    Review Article
  • Rachel Hartman and colleagues review interventions designed to reduce partisan animosity in the United States and introduce a framework to categorize interventions across three levels: thoughts, relationships and institutions.

    • Rachel Hartman
    • Will Blakey
    • Kurt Gray
    Review Article
  • Low-carbon innovations in technology and behaviour are increasingly prevalent, but they are not always equitable. This Review examines how such innovations can introduce and perpetrate inequalities, and discusses ways to ensure that a low-carbon future is both sustainable and equitable.

    • Benjamin K. Sovacool
    • Peter Newell
    • Jessica Fanzo
    Review Article
  • Registered Reports were introduced a decade ago as a means for improving the rigour and credibility of confirmatory research. Chambers and Tzavella overview the format’s past, its current status and future developments.

    • Christopher D. Chambers
    • Loukia Tzavella
    Review Article
  • Peters and Kriegeskorte review the behavioural and neural-network-modelling literature on object-based visual representations. They call for new tasks that will bridge research in cognitive sciences and engineering in this domain.

    • Benjamin Peters
    • Nikolaus Kriegeskorte
    Review Article
  • The Review presents a comprehensive set of Bayesian analysis reporting guidelines (BARG), incorporating features of previous guidelines and extending these with many additional details for contemporary Bayesian analyses. It is accompanied by an extensive example of applying the BARG.

    • John K. Kruschke
    Review Article Open Access
  • Social and behavioural factors impact the emergence, spread and control of human disease. This paper reviews current disease modelling methodologies and the challenges and opportunities for integration with data from social science research and risk communication and community engagement practice.

    • Jamie Bedson
    • Laura A. Skrip
    • Benjamin M. Althouse
    Review Article
  • Köbis et al. outline how artificial intelligence (AI) agents can negatively influence human ethical behaviour. They discuss how this capacity of AI agents can cause problems in the future and put forward a research agenda to gain behavioural insights for better AI oversight.

    • Nils Köbis
    • Jean-François Bonnefon
    • Iyad Rahwan
    Review Article
  • Genome-wide association studies of behavioural traits can generate predictive polygenic signals. Abdellaoui and Verweij review key developments in this field and explain how advances in methods and data can further our understanding of the relationship between genetic effects and human behaviour.

    • Abdel Abdellaoui
    • Karin J. H. Verweij
    Review Article
  • Cognitive epidemiology studies prospective associations between cognitive abilities and health outcomes. Deary et al. review research in this field over the past decade, synthesizing evidence and outlining open questions.

    • Ian J. Deary
    • W. David Hill
    • Catharine R. Gale
    Review Article
  • Winterton et al. review the status and challenges of intranasal oxytocin research and argue that only a combination of theory, methodology and replicability will achieve a successful reorganisation of intranasal oxytocin research.

    • Adriano Winterton
    • Lars T. Westlye
    • Daniel S. Quintana
    Review Article
  • Harden and Koellinger discuss the goals, methods and challenges of social science genetics, which aims to unravel the genetic underpinnings of individual differences in social, behavioural and health outcomes.

    • K. Paige Harden
    • Philipp D. Koellinger
    Review Article
  • Natural field experiments combine randomized control with an absence of observer effects. However, they have only been used to investigate key labour market phenomena such as unemployment since the early 2000s. This paper reviews the literature and summarizes the insights natural field experiments contribute to the field of unemployment.

    • Omar Al-Ubaydli
    • John A. List
    Review Article
  • Paranoia is not only a symptom of mental disorder, but may also function as part of normal human psychology. Raihani and Bell review the evidence for an evolutionary account of paranoia in which between-group competition favours the development of psychological mechanisms to avoid social threat.

    • Nichola J. Raihani
    • Vaughan Bell
    Review Article