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  • The use of electric vehicles has increased substantially in recent years but the development of an appropriate charging infrastructure remains a challenge. Roads with dynamic wireless charging could provide an answer.

    • Khurram Afridi
  • Cities are central to increasing the uptake of electric vehicles. A range of situational and contextual factors will influence this process, and cities need to use a variety of mechanisms — including policies and incentives — to drive the necessary change.

    • Oliver Heidrich
    • Dilum Dissanayake
    • Gordon Hector
  • Electric vehicles could help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and deliver a sustainable transport system. But the full life cycle of electric vehicles needs to be considered in order to avoid creating resource issues while trying to achieve the necessary climate goals.

    • Jessika Luth Richter
  • Autonomous vehicles are not a panacea for the issues that currently plague transportation systems. Smart policies — which are flexible enough to deal with emerging technologies — are required to help cities and states realize the benefits of these vehicles.

    • Matthew D. Dean
    • Kara Kockelman
  • Unique circumstances in Taiwan led to the creation of the foundry model, where an integrated circuit manufacturer has no products of its own and its plants produce only customer designs. The model has reshaped the global semiconductor industry and is well positioned to be at the heart of technological innovation in the industry.

    • Mark Liu
  • The increasingly prominent — and inescapable — role of digital technologies during the coronavirus pandemic has been accompanied by concerning trends in privacy and digital ethics. But more robust protection of our rights in the digital realm is possible in the future.

    • Carissa Véliz
  • The coronavirus pandemic has forced students and educators across all levels of education to rapidly adapt to online learning. The impact of this — and the developments required to make it work — could permanently change how education is delivered.

    • Barbara B. Lockee
  • The COVID-19 pandemic has brought an infodemic of misleading and unreliable information. In response, social media platforms have taken unprecedented steps to moderate content and promote official sources of information, which, combined with new policies and appropriate communication, could help tackle misinformation.

    • Paul Butcher
  • The potential of digital contact tracing to slow the spread of a virus had been quietly explored for over a decade before the COVID-19 pandemic thrust the technology into the spotlight. But can it actually be effective in the hard-to-model complexity of real-world social networks?

    • Manuel Cebrian
  • Progress towards low-power electronics based on negative capacitance has been slow. For the field to develop, the gap between fundamental research on ferroelectric materials and the engineering of practical devices needs to be bridged.

    • Michael Hoffmann
    • Stefan Slesazeck
    • Thomas Mikolajick
  • Modern cars have an array of sensors that allow different objects to be recognized, including large and small animals. They thus have the potential to become a tool for monitoring biodiversity and improving driver safety. But to achieve this various challenges in computing, communications and privacy need to be addressed.

    • Fernando Ascensão
    • Cristina Branquinho
    • Eloy Revilla
  • The adoption of autonomous vehicles will depend on the public’s trust in the technology. To establish such trust, it is important to understand the actions of different road users, and their reactions to the vehicles.

    • Cristina Olaverri-Monreal
  • The power consumption and carbon emissions of wireless communication networks are expected to substantially increase in the 5G era. The communications industry must therefore develop strategies to optimize the energy efficiency of 5G networks, without compromising spectrum efficiency.

    • Chih-Lin I
    • Shuangfeng Han
    • Sen Bian
  • The local deployment of 5G platforms for 5G-enabled healthcare in hospitals and clinics can provide a route for the development of digital healthcare technologies in rural Africa.

    • Joyce Mwangama
    • Bessie Malila
    • Molebogeng Rangaka
  • Innovation from the component to the system level is necessary to realize the full potential of the next generation of wireless communication.

    • Vida Ilderem
  • Governments have underestimated the importance of technology governance in 5G development and will look to reassert control over key technologies. If future technologies are to be based on global standards, and not become geographically fragmented, the technology community need to urgently address this challenge.

    • Paul Timmers