Targets for human development are increasingly connected with targets for nature, however, existing scenarios do not explicitly address this relationship. Here, we outline a strategy to generate scenarios centred on our relationship with nature to inform decision-making at multiple scales.

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Acknowledgements

These recommendations emerged from a workshop held at the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), in Leipzig, between 3 and 6 October 2016, organized and funded by the Technical Support Unit on Scenarios and Models of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services of IPBES Deliverable 3c, and iDiv. I.M.D.R. has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement no. 703862.

Author information

Affiliations

  1. German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), 04103, Leipzig, Germany

    • Isabel M. D. Rosa
    • , Henrique M. Pereira
    • , Carsten Meyer
    • , Laetitia M. Navarro
    • , Carsten Nesshöver
    •  & Josef Settele
  2. Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, 06108, Halle, Germany

    • Isabel M. D. Rosa
    • , Henrique M. Pereira
    • , Laetitia M. Navarro
    •  & Ralf Seppelt
  3. Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos (CIBIO), Universidade do Porto, 4485-661, Vairāo, Portugal

    • Henrique M. Pereira
  4. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) Land and Water, Canberra, 2601, Australia

    • Simon Ferrier
  5. PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, 2500 GH, The Hague, The Netherlands

    • Rob Alkemade
    • , Eefje den Belder
    • , Marcel T. J. Kok
    • , Tanya Lazarova
    • , Aafke M. Schipper
    •  & Detlef van Vuuren
  6. Department of Community and Environmental Resource Planning, College of Human Ecology, University of the Philippines Los Banos (UPLB), 4031, Laguna, Philippines

    • Lilibeth A. Acosta
  7. Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, 11794-5245, USA

    • H. Resit Akcakaya
  8. Agrosystems Research, Wageningen University and Research, 6708 PB, Wageningen, The Netherlands

    • Eefje den Belder
  9. University College of Environment, Karaj, 14155-6135, Iran

    • Asghar M. Fazel
  10. ECO Institute of Environmental Science and Technology (ECO-IEST), Karaj, 31746-118, Iran

    • Asghar M. Fazel
  11. Center for Social and Environmental Systems Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8506, Japan

    • Shinichiro Fujimori
  12. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), A-2361, Laxenburg, Austria

    • Shinichiro Fujimori
  13. United Nations Environment Programme, World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Cambridge, CB3 0DL, UK

    • Mike Harfoot
  14. Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA), Maadi, Cairo, 11728, Egypt

    • Khaled A. Harhash
  15. Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Bailrigg, Lancaster, LA1 4AP, UK

    • Paula A. Harrison
  16. UFZ — Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, 04318, Leipzig, Germany

    • Jennifer Hauck
    •  & Carsten Nesshöver
  17. CoKnow Consulting, 04838, Jesewitz, Germany

    • Jennifer Hauck
    •  & Ralf Seppelt
  18. Directorate of Agro and Nature Knowledge, Ministry of Economic Affairs, 2594 AC, The Hague, The Netherlands

    • Rob J. J. Hendriks
  19. Centre for World Economy Studies (CIEM), Miramar, 11300, Habana, Cuba

    • Gladys Hernández
    •  & Ramon Pichs
  20. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Department, Yale University, New Haven, CT, 06520-8106, USA

    • Walter Jetz
    •  & Carsten Meyer
  21. Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire, SL5 7PY, UK

    • Walter Jetz
  22. Public Administration Group, Wageningen University and Research, 6708 PB, Wageningen, The Netherlands

    • Sylvia I. Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen
  23. National Institute of Ecology, Seocheon, 33657, Republic of Korea

    • HyeJin Kim
  24. Research Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, Potchefstroom, 2520, South Africa

    • Nicholas King
  25. I.I. Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, 01030, Ukraine

    • Grygoriy O. Kolomytsev
  26. Laboratoire d’Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution, Université Paris-Sud, 91405, Orsay, France

    • Paul Leadley
  27. Institute of Marine Science, University of Auckland, Auckland, 1142, New Zealand

    • Carolyn J. Lundquist
  28. National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Ltd (NIWA), Hamilton, 3216, New Zealand

    • Carolyn J. Lundquist
  29. IRI THESys, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 10117, Berlin, Germany

    • Jaime García Márquez
  30. IPBES secretariat, D-53113, Bonn, Germany

    • Hien T. Ngo
  31. Centre for Economics, Environment and Society, Bangalore, 560 047, India

    • Karachepone N. Ninan
  32. Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales (MACN-CONICET), C1405DJR, Buenos Aires, Argentina

    • Maria G. Palomo
  33. Centre for Complex Systems in Transition, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, 7600, South Africa

    • Laura M. Pereira
  34. Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, SE-106 91, Stockholm, Sweden

    • Garry D. Peterson
  35. Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Telegraphenberg, 14473, Potsdam, Germany

    • Alexander Popp
  36. Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, London, SW7 5BD, UK

    • Andy Purvis
  37. Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais Mediterrânica (ICAAM), University of Évora, 7002-554, Évora, Portugal

    • Federica Ravera
  38. Agroecology and Food Systems, UVic-Universitat Central De Catalunya, 08500 Vic, Barcelona, Spain

    • Federica Ravera
  39. CREAF, Cerdanyola del Vallès, 08193, Catalonia, Spain

    • Federica Ravera
  40. Global Mammal Assessment Program, Department of Biology and Biotechnologies, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185, Rome, Italy

    • Carlo Rondinini
  41. Centre for Economic and Social Studies (CESS), Hyderabad, 500016, India

    • Jyothis Sathyapalan
  42. UFZ — Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, 06120, Halle, Germany

    • Josef Settele
  43. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Stellenbosch, 7600, South Africa

    • Nadia Sitas

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Contributions

I.M.D.R. and H.M.P. wrote the paper with input from all co-authors. All co-authors were participants in the workshop, and provided comments and revisions to the manuscript. Note that the author list, after the fourth author, is in alphabetic order by authors’ surname.

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing financial interests.

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Isabel M. D. Rosa or Henrique M. Pereira.

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https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-017-0273-9