Molecular defects in organic materials

Unravelling the relationships between defects and material properties is a daunting task, but increased analysis and knowledge could be beneficial in many applications.

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Author information


  1. Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research, 55128 Mainz, Germany.

    • Klaus Müllen


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Competing interests

The author declares no competing interests.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Klaus Müllen.