Browse Articles

  • Article |

    Ultrafast water transport in the surface of Sarracenia trichome is reported and demonstrated in synthetic bioinspired materials, where nano- and microchannels induce high-speed sliding of droplets on top of a thin water film.

    • Huawei Chen
    • , Tong Ran
    • , Yang Gan
    • , Jiajia Zhou
    • , Yi Zhang
    • , Liwen Zhang
    • , Deyuan Zhang
    •  & Lei Jiang
  • Article |

    The electromechanical properties of organic–inorganic hybrid perovskites are not well characterized. Here, a large electrostrictive strain of 1% is measured, suggesting both new electromechanical applications and implications for photovoltaics.

    • Bo Chen
    • , Tao Li
    • , Qingfeng Dong
    • , Edoardo Mosconi
    • , Jingfeng Song
    • , Zhaolai Chen
    • , Yehao Deng
    • , Ye Liu
    • , Stephen Ducharme
    • , Alexei Gruverman
    • , Filippo De Angelis
    •  & Jinsong Huang
  • Article |

    Bimetallic nanoparticles with tailored structure constitute a desirable model system for catalysts. PtAu nanoparticles with Pt single-atom surface sites, prepared by a colloidal method, exhibit unprecedented electrocatalytic activity for formic acid oxidation.

    • Paul N. Duchesne
    • , Z. Y. Li
    • , Christopher P. Deming
    • , Victor Fung
    • , Xiaojing Zhao
    • , Jun Yuan
    • , Tom Regier
    • , Ali Aldalbahi
    • , Zainab Almarhoon
    • , Shaowei Chen
    • , De-en Jiang
    • , Nanfeng Zheng
    •  & Peng Zhang
  • Editorial |

    Highly sophisticated materials properties and engineering efforts are crucial for the success of missions for space exploration and settlement.

  • News & Views |

    Micromilling gem-quality diamond tips into a toroidal shape has been shown to greatly extend the accessible pressure range of standard diamond anvil cells, opening the way for studies in extreme physics of high-density matter.

    • Malcolm McMahon
  • Comment |

    Space missions require materials that can preserve functional integrity under extreme conditions of heat, impact and radiation. This Comment outlines the materials properties needed for some of the most ambitious space missions and presents the design and testing principles before their incorporation.

    • Tommaso Ghidini
  • News & Views |

    A graphite and hexagonal boron nitride heterojunction enables superlubric sliding, almost independent of alignment orientation, in micrometre-sized contacts under ‘real-life’ working conditions.

    • J. G. Vilhena
    •  & Rubén Pérez
  • News & Views |

    Multiscale modelling provides atomic-level insights into how oxygen vacancy defect nucleation leads to the formation of the visible light photocatalyst black titania.

    • Vassiliki-Alexandra Glezakou
    •  & Roger Rousseau
  • News & Views |

    Physicists are searching for superconducting materials that can host Majoranas. New evidence for these elusive particles is provided by missing Shapiro steps in a Josephson effect mediated by an accidental Dirac semimetal.

    • Fan Zhang
    •  & Wei Pan
  • Article |

    Superconductivity is induced in an accidental Dirac semimetal via the proximity effect.

    • Chuan Li
    • , Jorrit C. de Boer
    • , Bob de Ronde
    • , Shyama V. Ramankutty
    • , Erik van Heumen
    • , Yingkai Huang
    • , Anne de Visser
    • , Alexander A. Golubov
    • , Mark S. Golden
    •  & Alexander Brinkman
  • Article |

    Phase transformations driven by compositional change require mass flux across a phase boundary. Lithium migration in LiXFePO4 along the solid/liquid interface now suggests that surface diffusion contributes to tuning phase transformation in anisotropic solids.

    • Yiyang Li
    • , Hungru Chen
    • , Kipil Lim
    • , Haitao D. Deng
    • , Jongwoo Lim
    • , Dimitrios Fraggedakis
    • , Peter M. Attia
    • , Sang Chul Lee
    • , Norman Jin
    • , Jože Moškon
    • , Zixuan Guan
    • , William E. Gent
    • , Jihyun Hong
    • , Young-Sang Yu
    • , Miran Gaberšček
    • , M. Saiful Islam
    • , Martin Z. Bazant
    •  & William C. Chueh
  • Article |

    The model alloy of Au–Ag is studied to decouple the role of stress and corrosion in intergranular cracking caused by metal dissolution. Nanoporous corrosion layers can mechanically inject a crack into grain boundaries of the parent phase.

    • N. Badwe
    • , X. Chen
    • , D. K. Schreiber
    • , M. J. Olszta
    • , N. R. Overman
    • , E. K. Karasz
    • , A. Y. Tse
    • , S. M. Bruemmer
    •  & K. Sieradzki
  • Article |

    Magnetocaloric effects can be used for refrigeration, but application uptake is limited due to large amounts of magnetic material used. Here, a cooling cycle is shown that uses thermal hysteresis, significantly reducing magnetic material quantity.

    • Tino Gottschall
    • , Adrià Gràcia-Condal
    • , Maximilian Fries
    • , Andreas Taubel
    • , Lukas Pfeuffer
    • , Lluís Mañosa
    • , Antoni Planes
    • , Konstantin P. Skokov
    •  & Oliver Gutfleisch
  • Article |

    Reversible structural surface relaxation under laser exposure is observed for monolayers of 2D metal halide perovskites. These structural changes also induce reversible shifts in the photoluminescence peaks of these materials.

    • Kai Leng
    • , Ibrahim Abdelwahab
    • , Ivan Verzhbitskiy
    • , Mykola Telychko
    • , Leiqiang Chu
    • , Wei Fu
    • , Xiao Chi
    • , Na Guo
    • , Zhihui Chen
    • , Zhongxin Chen
    • , Chun Zhang
    • , Qing-Hua Xu
    • , Jiong Lu
    • , Manish Chhowalla
    • , Goki Eda
    •  & Kian Ping Loh
  • Article |

    A systematic analysis is performed to reveal how deposition conditions and the use of cations and solvents affect the composition and orientation of 2D and quasi-2D metal halide perovskites in thin films.

    • Rafael Quintero-Bermudez
    • , Aryeh Gold-Parker
    • , Andrew H. Proppe
    • , Rahim Munir
    • , Zhenyu Yang
    • , Shana O. Kelley
    • , Aram Amassian
    • , Michael F. Toney
    •  & Edward H. Sargent
  • News & Views |

    The metallic state of an iron chalcogenide superconductor is demonstrated to be characterized by the simultaneous presence of itinerant carriers with different degrees of correlation. This orbital-selective metal arises from a sizeable Hund’s coupling.

    • Massimo Capone
  • Article |

    Combined multimodal atomic force microscopy, ion microscopy, ion mass spectrometry and infrared spectrometry experiments explore the chemical properties of ferroelastic twin domains in hybrid lead halide perovskites.

    • Yongtao Liu
    • , Liam Collins
    • , Roger Proksch
    • , Songkil Kim
    • , Brianna R. Watson
    • , Benjamin Doughty
    • , Tessa R. Calhoun
    • , Mahshid Ahmadi
    • , Anton V. Ievlev
    • , Stephen Jesse
    • , Scott T. Retterer
    • , Alex Belianinov
    • , Kai Xiao
    • , Jingsong Huang
    • , Bobby G. Sumpter
    • , Sergei V. Kalinin
    • , Bin Hu
    •  & Olga S. Ovchinnikova
  • News & Views |

    Line defects in two-dimensional borophene can self-assemble into new crystalline phases, blurring the distinctions between perfect and defective crystal.

    • Arkady V. Krasheninnikov
  • News & Views |

    A quantitative description of sound wave propagation in suspensions of self-propelled colloidal particles is achieved by combining microfluidics, video microscopy and theory.

    • Jörn Dunkel
  • News & Views |

    The van der Waals material Fe3–xGeTe2 is shown to be a strong candidate for a ferromagnetic nodal-line semimetal with a very large anomalous Hall effect.

    • D. A. Pesin
  • News & Views |

    An orally administered bifunctional gastrointestinal coating has been developed and shown to limit nutrient absorption through the bowel mucosa ultimately lowering blood glucose and also acting as a platform for delivery of drugs to the gastrointestinal tract.

    • Gregor Fuhrmann
  • Editorial |

    Treating living matter as a material has immense biomedical potential, but it’s worth acknowledging how the notion unsettles longstanding preconceptions and raises challenging new questions.

  • Letter |

    Metallic ferromagnetism is reported in an exfoliated monolayer of the van der Waals material Fe3GeTe2.

    • Zaiyao Fei
    • , Bevin Huang
    • , Paul Malinowski
    • , Wenbo Wang
    • , Tiancheng Song
    • , Joshua Sanchez
    • , Wang Yao
    • , Di Xiao
    • , Xiaoyang Zhu
    • , Andrew F. May
    • , Weida Wu
    • , David H. Cobden
    • , Jiun-Haw Chu
    •  & Xiaodong Xu
  • Letter |

    A thorough analysis of the optical and transport properties of several two-dimensional organic conductors and insulators with varying on-site correlation strengths and bandwidths led to a quantitative phase diagram for pristine Mott insulators.

    • A. Pustogow
    • , M. Bories
    • , A. Löhle
    • , R. Rösslhuber
    • , E. Zhukova
    • , B. Gorshunov
    • , S. Tomić
    • , J. A. Schlueter
    • , R. Hübner
    • , T. Hiramatsu
    • , Y. Yoshida
    • , G. Saito
    • , R. Kato
    • , T.-H. Lee
    • , V. Dobrosavljević
    • , S. Fratini
    •  & M. Dressel
  • News & Views |

    Magnetization in magnetoresistive memory devices can be controlled at room temperature by spin–orbit torques originating from the surface states of topological insulators.

    • Chi-Feng Pai
  • Article |

    Sputtered BixSe(1–x) thin films can generate very large current-induced spin–orbit torque, capable to switch both in-plane and out-of-plane magnetized CoFeB-based structures deposited on top, at room temperature.

    • Mahendra DC
    • , Roberto Grassi
    • , Jun-Yang Chen
    • , Mahdi Jamali
    • , Danielle Reifsnyder Hickey
    • , Delin Zhang
    • , Zhengyang Zhao
    • , Hongshi Li
    • , P. Quarterman
    • , Yang Lv
    • , Mo Li
    • , Aurelien Manchon
    • , K. Andre Mkhoyan
    • , Tony Low
    •  & Jian-Ping Wang
  • Editorial |

    Lessons learnt from Horizon 2020 and a determination to become a world-class hub for entrepreneurship form the basis of the European Commission’s ambitious Research and Innovation budget.

  • News & Views |

    Single-particle tracking of nanoparticles dispersed in the cytoplasm of living cells shows that non-specific interactions with the intracellular environment are the major contributors for the anomalous diffusion characteristics of intracellular motion.

    • Matthias Weiss
  • News & Views |

    Charge order has been established as a ubiquitous instability of the underdoped copper-oxide superconductors. New investigations reveal that it extends to the overdoped side of the phase diagram, a region otherwise known to host a conventional Fermi liquid state.

    • Jonathan Pelliciari
    •  & Riccardo Comin
  • News & Views |

    Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy of MoS2 doped with Rb atoms unveiled the existence of polarons, whose presence seems to coincide with the onset of superconductivity.

    • Kai Rossnagel
  • Letter |

    Long coherence times in a subset of states that allows for transitions in both microwave and optical range have been reported using an isotopically purified 171Yb3+:Y2SiO5 crystal, rendering the system suitable for quantum information applications.

    • Antonio Ortu
    • , Alexey Tiranov
    • , Sacha Welinski
    • , Florian Fröwis
    • , Nicolas Gisin
    • , Alban Ferrier
    • , Philippe Goldner
    •  & Mikael Afzelius
  • Article |

    A combined experimental and theoretical approach identifies the van der Waals material Fe3GeTe2 as a candidate ferromagnetic nodal line semimetal. These results extend the connections between topology and magnetism.

    • Kyoo Kim
    • , Junho Seo
    • , Eunwoo Lee
    • , K.-T. Ko
    • , B. S. Kim
    • , Bo Gyu Jang
    • , Jong Mok Ok
    • , Jinwon Lee
    • , Youn Jung Jo
    • , Woun Kang
    • , Ji Hoon Shim
    • , C. Kim
    • , Han Woong Yeom
    • , Byung Il Min
    • , Bohm-Jung Yang
    •  & Jun Sung Kim
  • Article |

    Key optoelectronic properties for donor and acceptor organic semiconductors are identified to obtain organic solar cells with reduced open-circuit voltage losses and high power conversion efficiencies.

    • Deping Qian
    • , Zilong Zheng
    • , Huifeng Yao
    • , Wolfgang Tress
    • , Thomas R. Hopper
    • , Shula Chen
    • , Sunsun Li
    • , Jing Liu
    • , Shangshang Chen
    • , Jiangbin Zhang
    • , Xiao-Ke Liu
    • , Bowei Gao
    • , Liangqi Ouyang
    • , Yingzhi Jin
    • , Galia Pozina
    • , Irina A. Buyanova
    • , Weimin M. Chen
    • , Olle Inganäs
    • , Veaceslav Coropceanu
    • , Jean-Luc Bredas
    • , He Yan
    • , Jianhui Hou
    • , Fengling Zhang
    • , Artem A. Bakulin
    •  & Feng Gao
  • Article |

    Tuning surface structure is key for electrocatalytic performance and stability of proton-exchange membrane fuel cells. Surface distortion as a structural descriptor can help to clarify the role of surface defects and to design enhanced nanocatalysts.

    • Raphaël Chattot
    • , Olivier Le Bacq
    • , Vera Beermann
    • , Stefanie Kühl
    • , Juan Herranz
    • , Sebastian Henning
    • , Laura Kühn
    • , Tristan Asset
    • , Laure Guétaz
    • , Gilles Renou
    • , Jakub Drnec
    • , Pierre Bordet
    • , Alain Pasturel
    • , Alexander Eychmüller
    • , Thomas J. Schmidt
    • , Peter Strasser
    • , Laetitia Dubau
    •  & Frédéric Maillard
  • Letter |

    Borophene grown under suitable conditions can have phase intermixing, with line defects in each phase adopting the unit structure of the other phase. Such 1D defects self-assemble into 2D periodic arrays, constituting new phases of borophene.

    • Xiaolong Liu
    • , Zhuhua Zhang
    • , Luqing Wang
    • , Boris I. Yakobson
    •  & Mark C. Hersam