Volume 580 Issue 7804, 23 April 2020

Fire and rain

The cover shows lava flow on Kīlauea volcano in Hawaii during the rift eruption in 2018. In this week’s issue, Jamie Farquharson and Falk Amelung present modelling evidence that the massive outpouring of lava might have been prompted by extreme rainfall. Although it is known that rainfall can modulate shallow volcanic activity, it has been unclear if it can exert influence at the greater depths associated with magma movement. The researchers propose that the unusually heavy rainfall during the months before the 2018 eruption infiltrated the volcano’s subsurface, increasing the pressure exerted by groundwater to a 50-year high. This would have weakened the rock, creating fractures and allowing magma to rise up at new locations, ultimately precipitating the eruption. Farquharson and Amelung reviewed the history of Kīlauea’s eruptions since 1790 and found that around 60% of them occurred during the wettest parts of the year. They suggest that a better understanding of the potential coupling of rainfall and volcanism could improve forecasts of volcanic activity.

Cover image: US Geological Survey

This Week

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    News & Views

  • News & Views |

    Early 2018 saw unusually heavy rainfall in Hawaii. Modelling now suggests that groundwater pressure increased owing to rainfall: this might have triggered changes in the eruption of the island’s Kīlauea volcano.

    • Michael Manga
  • News & Views |

    The timing of disruptions to biodiversity associated with global warming is a key, but little-explored, dimension of change. Will losses in biodiversity occur all at once, or be spread out over time?

    • Jennifer M. Sunday
  • Articles

  • Article |

    The high obliquity and low rotation period of the Kuiper belt object (2014) MU69 and other similar contact binaries is successfully reproduced from the collision and post-collision characteristics of initially wide binaries.

    • Evgeni Grishin
    • , Uri Malamud
    • , Hagai B. Perets
    • , Oliver Wandel
    •  & Christoph M. Schäfer
  • Article |

    Optical spectroscopy is used to probe correlated electronic states in a moiré heterostructure, showing many-body effects such as strong layer paramagnetism and an incompressible Mott-like state of electrons.

    • Yuya Shimazaki
    • , Ido Schwartz
    • , Kenji Watanabe
    • , Takashi Taniguchi
    • , Martin Kroner
    •  & Ataç Imamoğlu
  • Article |

    Enhanced switchable ferroelectric polarization is achieved in doped hafnium oxide films grown directly onto silicon using low-temperature atomic layer deposition, even at thicknesses of just one nanometre.

    • Suraj S. Cheema
    • , Daewoong Kwon
    • , Nirmaan Shanker
    • , Roberto dos Reis
    • , Shang-Lin Hsu
    • , Jun Xiao
    • , Haigang Zhang
    • , Ryan Wagner
    • , Adhiraj Datar
    • , Margaret R. McCarter
    • , Claudy R. Serrao
    • , Ajay K. Yadav
    • , Golnaz Karbasian
    • , Cheng-Hsiang Hsu
    • , Ava J. Tan
    • , Li-Chen Wang
    • , Vishal Thakare
    • , Xiang Zhang
    • , Apurva Mehta
    • , Evguenia Karapetrova
    • , Rajesh V Chopdekar
    • , Padraic Shafer
    • , Elke Arenholz
    • , Chenming Hu
    • , Roger Proksch
    • , Ramamoorthy Ramesh
    • , Jim Ciston
    •  & Sayeef Salahuddin
  • Article |

    The polarization direction of a ferroelectric-like state can be used to control the conversion of spin currents into charge currents at the surface of strontium titanate, a non-magnetic oxide.

    • Paul Noël
    • , Felix Trier
    • , Luis M. Vicente Arche
    • , Julien Bréhin
    • , Diogo C. Vaz
    • , Vincent Garcia
    • , Stéphane Fusil
    • , Agnès Barthélémy
    • , Laurent Vila
    • , Manuel Bibes
    •  & Jean-Philippe Attané
  • Article |

    Oppositely charged colloidal particles are assembled in water through an approach that allows electrostatic interactions to be precisely tuned to generate macroscopic single crystals.

    • Theodore Hueckel
    • , Glen M. Hocky
    • , Jeremie Palacci
    •  & Stefano Sacanna
  • Article |

    Immediately before and during the eruption of Kīlauea Volcano in May 2018, anomalously high rainfall increased the pore pressure in the subsurface to its highest level in 50 years, causing weakening and mechanical failure of the edifice.

    • Jamie I. Farquharson
    •  & Falk Amelung
  • Article |

    Using annual projections of temperature and precipitation to estimate when species will be exposed to potentially harmful climate conditions reveals that disruption of ecological assemblages as a result of climate change will be abrupt and could start as early as the current decade.

    • Christopher H. Trisos
    • , Cory Merow
    •  & Alex L. Pigot
  • Article |

    An infinite number of alternative diversification scenarios—which may have markedly different, but equally plausible, dynamics—can underpin a given time-calibrated phylogeny of extant species, suggesting many previous studies have over-interpreted phylogenetic evidence.

    • Stilianos Louca
    •  & Matthew W. Pennell
  • Article |

    Using lipid residues absorbed in potsherds, the ages of pottery from various archaeological sites are determined and validated using sites for which the dates are well known from other methods.

    • Emmanuelle Casanova
    • , Timothy D. J. Knowles
    • , Alex Bayliss
    • , Julie Dunne
    • , Marek Z. Barański
    • , Anthony Denaire
    • , Philippe Lefranc
    • , Savino di Lernia
    • , Mélanie Roffet-Salque
    • , Jessica Smyth
    • , Alistair Barclay
    • , Toby Gillard
    • , Erich Claßen
    • , Bryony Coles
    • , Michael Ilett
    • , Christian Jeunesse
    • , Marta Krueger
    • , Arkadiusz Marciniak
    • , Steve Minnitt
    • , Rocco Rotunno
    • , Pieter van de Velde
    • , Ivo van Wijk
    • , Jonathan Cotton
    • , Andy Daykin
    •  & Richard P. Evershed
  • Article |

    Experiments in mice show that a population of neurons in the vagal ganglia respond to the presence of glucose in the gut and connect to neurons in the brainstem, revealing the circuit that underlies the neural basis for the behavioural preference for sugar.

    • Hwei-Ee Tan
    • , Alexander C. Sisti
    • , Hao Jin
    • , Martin Vignovich
    • , Miguel Villavicencio
    • , Katherine S. Tsang
    • , Yossef Goffer
    •  & Charles S. Zuker
  • Article |

    Temozolomide therapy seems to lead to mismatch repair deficiency and hypermutation in gliomas, but not to an increase in response to immunotherapy.

    • Mehdi Touat
    • , Yvonne Y. Li
    • , Adam N. Boynton
    • , Liam F. Spurr
    • , J. Bryan Iorgulescu
    • , Craig L. Bohrson
    • , Isidro Cortes-Ciriano
    • , Cristina Birzu
    • , Jack E. Geduldig
    • , Kristine Pelton
    • , Mary Jane Lim-Fat
    • , Sangita Pal
    • , Ruben Ferrer-Luna
    • , Shakti H. Ramkissoon
    • , Frank Dubois
    • , Charlotte Bellamy
    • , Naomi Currimjee
    • , Juliana Bonardi
    • , Kenin Qian
    • , Patricia Ho
    • , Seth Malinowski
    • , Leon Taquet
    • , Robert E. Jones
    • , Aniket Shetty
    • , Kin-Hoe Chow
    • , Radwa Sharaf
    • , Dean Pavlick
    • , Lee A. Albacker
    • , Nadia Younan
    • , Capucine Baldini
    • , Maïté Verreault
    • , Marine Giry
    • , Erell Guillerm
    • , Samy Ammari
    • , Frédéric Beuvon
    • , Karima Mokhtari
    • , Agusti Alentorn
    • , Caroline Dehais
    • , Caroline Houillier
    • , Florence Laigle-Donadey
    • , Dimitri Psimaras
    • , Eudocia Q. Lee
    • , Lakshmi Nayak
    • , J. Ricardo McFaline-Figueroa
    • , Alexandre Carpentier
    • , Philippe Cornu
    • , Laurent Capelle
    • , Bertrand Mathon
    • , Jill S. Barnholtz-Sloan
    • , Arnab Chakravarti
    • , Wenya Linda Bi
    • , E. Antonio Chiocca
    • , Katie Pricola Fehnel
    • , Sanda Alexandrescu
    • , Susan N. Chi
    • , Daphne Haas-Kogan
    • , Tracy T. Batchelor
    • , Garrett M. Frampton
    • , Brian M. Alexander
    • , Raymond Y. Huang
    • , Azra H. Ligon
    • , Florence Coulet
    • , Jean-Yves Delattre
    • , Khê Hoang-Xuan
    • , David M. Meredith
    • , Sandro Santagata
    • , Alex Duval
    • , Marc Sanson
    • , Andrew D. Cherniack
    • , Patrick Y. Wen
    • , David A. Reardon
    • , Aurélien Marabelle
    • , Peter J. Park
    • , Ahmed Idbaih
    • , Rameen Beroukhim
    • , Pratiti Bandopadhayay
    • , Franck Bielle
    •  & Keith L. Ligon
  • Article |

    Single-cell RNA-sequencing analysis of intestinal mesenchyme identified a population of fibroblasts that produce prostaglandin E2, which, when disrupted, prevented initiation of intestinal tumours.

    • Manolis Roulis
    • , Aimilios Kaklamanos
    • , Marina Schernthanner
    • , Piotr Bielecki
    • , Jun Zhao
    • , Eleanna Kaffe
    • , Laura-Sophie Frommelt
    • , Rihao Qu
    • , Marlene S. Knapp
    • , Ana Henriques
    • , Niki Chalkidi
    • , Vasiliki Koliaraki
    • , Jing Jiao
    • , J. Richard Brewer
    • , Maren Bacher
    • , Holly N. Blackburn
    • , Xiaoyun Zhao
    • , Richard M. Breyer
    • , Vassilis Aidinis
    • , Dhanpat Jain
    • , Bing Su
    • , Harvey R. Herschman
    • , Yuval Kluger
    • , George Kollias
    •  & Richard A. Flavell
  • Article |

    Phosphorylation of INSIG1 and INSIG2 by PCK1 leads to a reduction in the binding of sterols, the activation of SREBP1 and SREBP2 and the downstream transcription of lipogenesis-associated genes that promote tumour growth.

    • Daqian Xu
    • , Zheng Wang
    • , Yan Xia
    • , Fei Shao
    • , Weiya Xia
    • , Yongkun Wei
    • , Xinjian Li
    • , Xu Qian
    • , Jong-Ho Lee
    • , Linyong Du
    • , Yanhua Zheng
    • , Guishuai Lv
    • , Jia-shiun Leu
    • , Hongyang Wang
    • , Dongming Xing
    • , Tingbo Liang
    • , Mien-Chie Hung
    •  & Zhimin Lu

Amendments & Corrections

Nature Index

  • Nature Index |

    Nature Index 2020 Cancer

    This supplement features stories of success and challenges in the hard-fought and expensive race to increase survival rates. But it’s not all good news - improved treatments may still be out of reach in the countries where 70% of global cancer deaths occur.

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