2022 tables: Institutions - corporate

The 2022 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2021 to 31 December 2021.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2020 Share 2021 Count 2021 Change in Adjusted Share 2020-2021*
1 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 59.77 45.32 133 -26.1%
2 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 27.57 35.24 140 24.5%
3 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 30.15 34.77 91 12.3%
4 Alphabet Inc., United States of America (USA) 26.61 32.10 79 17.5%
5 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 32.40 26.20 66 -21.2%
6 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 24.63 21.38 97 -15.4%
7 Pfizer Inc., United States of America (USA) 17.16 20.25 64 15.0%
8 China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC), China 11.92 19.02 281 55.5%
9 FiberHome Technologies Group, China 9.49 16.27 141 67.1%
10 Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS), United States of America (USA) 18.84 14.87 41 -23.1%
11 Samsung Group, South Korea 15.09 13.77 70 -11.1%
12 Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., United States of America (USA) 9.64 12.61 57 27.5%
13 Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 13.98 12.51 32 -12.8%
14 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 20.43 12.13 57 -42.2%
15 Toyota Group, Japan 15.39 11.93 25 -24.5%
16 Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT), Japan 12.59 11.78 29 -8.9%
17 Johnson & Johnson, United States of America (USA) 14.88 11.70 55 -23.4%
18 Amgen Inc., United States of America (USA) 12.30 11.51 39 -8.9%
19 DowDuPont Inc., United States of America (USA) 10.29 10.78 46 2.0%
20 Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Japan 3.27 10.68 28 217.9%
21 AbbVie Inc., United States of America (USA) 6.27 10.18 27 58.2%
22 Exxon Mobil Corporation (ExxonMobil), United States of America (USA) 8.77 10.13 28 12.5%
23 BGI, China 7.57 10.00 51 28.7%
24 Microsoft Corporation, United States of America (USA) 11.18 9.80 51 -14.6%
25 GNS Science, New Zealand 11.94 9.64 59 -21.3%
26 Sanofi, France 9.46 8.68 40 -10.6%
27 23andMe, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.06 8.25 16 162.5%
28 Leidos Holdings, Inc., United States of America (USA) 7.63 7.21 85 -8.0%
29 Bruker Corporation, United States of America (USA) 9.59 6.99 39 -29.0%
30 C. H. Boehringer Sohn AG & Co. KG (Boehringer Ingelheim), Germany 5.74 6.68 30 13.3%
31 New England Biolabs, Inc. (NEB), United States of America (USA) 1.51 6.53 11 322.0%
32 Jinchuan Group Co., Ltd., China 2.19 6.48 23 187.9%
33 BASF SE, Germany 8.45 6.46 40 -25.5%
34 Vir Biotechnology, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.11 6.17 18 93.1%
35 Waters Corporation, United States of America (USA) 4.75 5.84 12 19.8%
36 China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC), China 8.25 5.69 39 -32.8%
37 Ionis Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.60 5.65 26 19.6%
38 Moderna, Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.86 5.60 14 91.0%
39 Formosa Plastics Group, Taiwan 10.38 5.57 28 -47.7%
40 Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (SSAI), United States of America (USA) 3.26 5.35 37 59.9%
41 Novo Nordisk A/S, Denmark 6.88 5.21 27 -26.2%
42 Bayer AG, Germany 6.31 5.13 26 -20.8%
43 National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Ltd. (NIWA), New Zealand 4.75 5.00 29 2.5%
44 Eli Lilly and Company, United States of America (USA) 8.38 4.99 31 -41.9%
45 Gilead Sciences, Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.58 4.93 13 4.8%
46 Shanghai Qi Zhi Institute, China 0.55 4.58 27 710.8%
47 Toshiba Corporation, Japan 1.50 4.57 8 196.9%
48 China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), China 4.71 4.52 23 -6.5%
49 Biogen Inc., United States of America (USA) 5.26 4.44 19 -17.7%
50 KWH Water B.V., Netherlands 2.81 4.34 17 50.5%
51 Intel Corporation, United States of America (USA) 3.52 4.17 20 15.3%
52 General Atomics, United States of America (USA) 2.12 4.11 15 89.1%
53 Thales S.A., France 3.51 4.08 53 13.2%
54 UCB S.A., Belgium 3.43 4.06 16 15.2%
55 Techint Group, Italy 3.22 3.79 25 14.6%
56 Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (SABIC), Saudi Arabia 1.30 3.78 14 182.4%
57 China National Chemical Corporation (ChemChina), China 6.67 3.74 20 -45.5%
58 China National Tobacco Company (CNTC), China 3.09 3.64 12 14.7%
59 Merck KGaA, Germany 1.06 3.59 18 230.5%
60 Xanadu Quantum Technologies Inc., Canada 1.65 3.56 4 110.0%
61 Hitachi, Ltd., Japan 8.49 3.24 17 -62.8%
62 Panasonic Corporation, Japan 2.88 3.11 7 5.2%
63 BioNTech AG, Germany 3.56 3.09 12 -15.5%
64 Sinopec Corporation, China 1.89 3.08 28 59.0%
65 Eisai Co., Ltd., Japan 0.23 3.04 8 1,191.4%
66 Corning Incorporated, United States of America (USA) 2.04 2.98 8 42.6%
67 LG Corporation, South Korea 2.76 2.95 11 4.2%
68 Royal Dutch Shell plc (Shell), Netherlands 4.14 2.87 12 -32.4%
69 Bioqual, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.72 2.85 18 61.3%
70 Total S.A., France 4.25 2.77 18 -36.4%
71 Norwegian Research Centre AS (NORCE), Norway 4.24 2.66 42 -39.0%
72 AGC Inc., Japan 2.57 6 N/A
73 Center for Nanotechnology GmbH (CeNTech GmbH), Germany 2.70 2.52 13 -9.1%
74 Hunan Changling Petrochemical Technology Development Co., Ltd., China 0.70 2.50 5 249.0%
75 Danaher Corporation, United States of America (USA) 3.45 2.47 15 -30.1%
76 Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. (AER), United States of America (USA) 0.83 2.42 11 182.7%
77 EpiCypher, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.29 2.28 7 659.2%
78 NorthWest Research Associates, Inc. (NWRA), United States of America (USA) 3.06 2.27 27 -27.7%
79 Unilever, United Kingdom (UK) 2.27 2.24 10 -3.9%
80 Saudi Aramco, Saudi Arabia 1.85 2.22 12 16.7%
81 Abbott Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 0.41 2.18 9 414.5%
82 HRL Laboratories LLC, United States of America (USA) 1.85 2.17 4 14.2%
83 TDK Corporation, Japan 0.83 2.13 5 151.8%
84 Adroit Materials, Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.17 2.09 7 -6.2%
85 Meta Platforms, Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.09 2.07 7 -3.5%
86 Rigaku Corporation, Japan 2.47 2.07 15 -18.4%
87 China Electronics Technology Group Corporation (CETC), China 2.09 2.03 13 -5.5%
88 NaMLab gGmbH, Germany 2.00 5 N/A
89 Nokia Corporation, Finland 1.48 1.98 11 30.2%
90 Johnson Matthey (JM), United Kingdom (UK) 1.73 1.94 11 9.0%
91 JEOL Ltd., Japan 1.60 1.92 17 17.3%
92 Raytheon Company, United States of America (USA) 1.77 1.90 10 4.6%
93 Ford Motor Company, United States of America (USA) 0.50 1.90 5 269.3%
94 Shimadzu Corporation, Japan 3.20 1.89 8 -42.5%
95 Mitsubishi Group, Japan 3.08 1.86 13 -41.2%
96 Synfuels China Technology Co., Ltd., China 0.82 1.83 13 117.9%
97 10x Genomics, United States of America (USA) 1.06 1.81 11 67.0%
98 Robert Bosch GmbH, Germany 0.20 1.80 7 787.2%
99 NanoString Technologies, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.77 1.80 9 -0.9%
100 Honeywell International, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.81 1.80 6 -3.4%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at nature.com/nature-index/.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2021 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.