2019 tables: Institutions

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2017 Share 2018 Count 2018 Change in Adjusted Share 2017-2018*
1 Max Planck Society, Germany 748.27 777.75 2,569 -1.9%
2 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 730.23 712.07 4,359 -8.0%
3 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 514.95 505.44 2,264 -7.4%
4 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 420.80 448.39 1,378 0.6%
5 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 385.07 418.68 1,086 2.6%
6 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 408.03 412.45 1,293 -4.6%
7 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 209.48 233.27 920 5.1%
8 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 208.06 223.85 588 1.6%
9 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 200.75 202.47 1,172 -4.8%
10 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 189.86 202.08 818 0.5%
11 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.14 201.42 662 5.0%
12 Leibniz Association, Germany 187.61 199.82 799 0.5%
13 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 176.81 196.83 885 5.1%
14 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 140.82 158.66 616 6.3%
15 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 164.94 146.95 576 -15.9%
16 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 132.31 145.67 540 3.9%
17 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 154.01 143.17 507 -12.3%
18 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 156.18 141.88 616 -14.2%
19 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 131.25 136.24 611 -2.0%
20 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 119.02 136.00 718 7.9%
21 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 129.89 132.16 649 -4.0%
22 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 112.55 131.89 327 10.6%
23 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 127.44 128.33 578 -4.9%
24 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 107.99 112.77 396 -1.4%
25 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 111.41 111.19 386 -5.8%
26 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 97.53 106.74 469 3.3%
27 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 120.31 105.14 318 -17.5%
28 Sorbonne University, France 108.40 104.35 1,085 -9.1%
29 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 114.37 103.48 512 -14.6%
30 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 93.58 101.46 456 2.3%
31 University of Göttingen, Germany 105.17 100.84 359 -9.5%
32 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 96.97 100.19 928 -2.5%
33 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 78.90 98.98 401 18.4%
34 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 74.18 96.67 258 23.0%
35 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 88.20 96.18 262 2.9%
36 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 118.88 94.56 311 -24.9%
37 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 106.87 93.96 322 -17.0%
38 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 93.56 93.74 387 -5.4%
39 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 80.98 93.38 292 8.8%
40 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 91.85 91.99 926 -5.5%
41 UK Research and Innovation (UKRI), United Kingdom (UK) 100.02 91.93 752 -13.2%
42 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 75.90 90.87 329 13.0%
43 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 93.85 90.82 525 -8.7%
44 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 67.98 89.21 282 23.9%
45 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 112.12 89.09 321 -25.0%
46 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 77.86 89.07 545 8.0%
47 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 80.21 87.86 418 3.4%
48 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 88.90 87.45 393 -7.1%
49 Stockholm University, Sweden 82.16 86.68 461 -0.4%
50 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 95.47 85.39 304 -15.6%
51 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 81.78 85.21 242 -1.6%
52 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 81.75 84.82 418 -2.1%
53 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 64.51 84.39 360 23.5%
54 TU Dresden, Germany 90.93 84.05 395 -12.7%
55 Lund University (LU), Sweden 83.96 81.14 348 -8.8%
56 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 77.05 78.56 414 -3.8%
57 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 76.44 78.15 378 -3.5%
58 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 74.70 76.88 267 -2.9%
59 Leiden University, Netherlands 85.96 76.65 327 -15.8%
60 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 80.46 75.10 331 -11.9%
61 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 64.11 74.08 324 9.1%
62 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 68.04 73.48 268 1.9%
63 University of Paris, France 74.73 73.35 764 -7.4%
64 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 71.54 71.32 713 -5.9%
65 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 67.96 70.70 348 -1.8%
66 University of Vienna, Austria 67.04 70.01 258 -1.4%
67 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 55.89 69.50 438 17.4%
68 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 77.50 68.40 465 -16.7%
69 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 76.64 67.23 296 -17.2%
70 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 69.50 67.18 530 -8.8%
71 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 62.91 66.74 165 0.1%
72 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 67.17 63.68 167 -10.5%
73 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 66.08 63.35 268 -9.5%
74 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 66.96 63.07 153 -11.1%
75 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 71.15 62.27 354 -17.4%
76 University of Helsinki, Finland 60.82 62.17 398 -3.5%
77 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 55.07 61.16 236 4.8%
78 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 52.94 59.80 216 6.6%
79 Université PSL, France 60.82 59.12 676 -8.2%
80 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 58.15 58.49 203 -5.1%
81 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 55.89 58.27 397 -1.6%
82 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 55.34 57.72 222 -1.5%
83 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 54.75 57.50 136 -0.9%
84 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 54.97 57.39 432 -1.4%
85 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 60.74 57.25 179 -11.0%
86 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 56.11 56.75 176 -4.5%
87 University of Lyon, France 60.74 56.75 451 -11.8%
88 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 53.66 56.55 350 -0.5%
89 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 53.88 56.41 349 -1.2%
90 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 38.33 55.91 150 37.7%
91 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 62.19 55.64 163 -15.5%
92 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 44.42 54.31 297 15.4%
93 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 56.26 53.53 328 -10.2%
94 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 54.73 53.25 230 -8.2%
95 University of Strasbourg, France 57.49 53.14 419 -12.8%
96 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 41.95 52.91 393 19.0%
97 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 45.05 51.87 258 8.7%
98 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 44.92 51.59 288 8.4%
99 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 39.34 50.96 199 22.3%
100 University of Toulouse, France 50.51 49.80 408 -6.9%
101 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 42.70 49.59 168 9.6%
102 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 34.58 49.30 228 34.6%
103 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 54.04 49.11 215 -14.2%
104 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 48.19 49.04 400 -3.9%
105 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 51.70 46.91 280 -14.4%
106 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 51.88 46.60 163 -15.2%
107 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 47.65 46.39 464 -8.1%
108 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 34.35 46.06 255 26.6%
109 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 46.06 45.68 133 -6.4%
110 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 58.71 43.84 521 -29.5%
111 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 38.37 43.83 191 7.8%
112 University of Montpellier, France 42.54 43.82 375 -2.8%
113 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 30.70 43.66 173 34.2%
114 Aalto University, Finland 41.05 43.27 254 -0.5%
115 University of Stuttgart, Germany 40.76 42.60 141 -1.4%
116 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 40.87 42.58 336 -1.7%
117 University of Bordeaux, France 38.05 42.35 267 5.1%
118 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 31.81 40.97 146 21.6%
119 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 37.00 40.51 144 3.4%
120 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 47.39 40.42 213 -19.5%
121 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 41.27 40.36 191 -7.7%
122 Leipzig University, Germany 49.93 39.74 163 -24.9%
123 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 32.90 39.62 130 13.7%
124 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 24.51 39.56 125 52.4%
125 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 40.21 39.17 401 -8.1%
126 Ulm University, Germany 33.59 38.87 160 9.2%
127 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 41.70 38.34 232 -13.2%
128 Pasteur Institute, France 38.08 38.19 223 -5.4%
129 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 23.00 37.87 140 55.4%
130 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 32.19 37.57 157 10.1%
131 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 32.31 37.51 203 9.6%
132 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 38.47 37.33 177 -8.4%
133 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 43.02 37.26 137 -18.2%
134 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 33.29 37.06 173 5.1%
135 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 43.81 37.03 96 -20.2%
136 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 36.61 36.55 395 -5.8%
137 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 24.91 36.44 85 38.1%
138 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 38.23 36.22 296 -10.6%
139 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 34.48 34.59 308 -5.3%
140 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 32.82 34.32 103 -1.3%
141 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 33.25 34.25 233 -2.8%
142 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 25.31 33.48 277 24.9%
143 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 28.00 33.43 351 12.7%
144 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 34.86 33.26 136 -9.9%
145 University of Konstanz, Germany 41.20 33.24 87 -23.8%
146 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 31.44 32.93 160 -1.1%
147 The University of Dublin, Ireland 47.78 32.51 131 -35.8%
148 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 23.72 32.19 181 28.1%
149 TU Dortmund University, Germany 41.96 31.72 186 -28.6%
150 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 37.72 31.67 114 -20.7%
151 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 41.58 31.42 109 -28.7%
152 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 30.19 31.19 336 -2.5%
153 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 30.54 31.05 110 -4.0%
154 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 24.41 30.92 95 19.6%
155 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 36.17 30.89 156 -19.4%
156 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 26.24 30.24 94 8.8%
157 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 30.37 30.20 532 -6.1%
158 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 34.78 30.00 246 -18.6%
159 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 25.97 29.80 199 8.3%
160 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 31.37 29.58 312 -11.0%
161 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 26.22 29.29 230 5.5%
162 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 35.50 29.25 100 -22.2%
163 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 20.84 29.12 344 31.9%
164 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 35.23 29.07 240 -22.1%
165 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 29.83 29.02 134 -8.1%
166 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 29.51 28.89 288 -7.6%
167 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 30.45 28.87 117 -10.5%
168 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 23.96 28.67 100 12.9%
169 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 17.39 28.47 88 54.6%
170 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 27.08 28.13 94 -2.0%
171 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 22.91 27.45 155 13.1%
172 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 29.12 27.37 116 -11.3%
173 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 22.31 26.63 162 12.6%
174 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.04 25.73 161 5.4%
175 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 22.01 25.59 88 9.8%
176 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 25.73 25.57 232 -6.2%
177 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 24.05 25.57 225 0.4%
178 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 22.72 25.15 306 4.5%
179 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 22.87 24.76 84 2.2%
180 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 30.02 24.71 62 -22.3%
181 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 12.34 24.20 303 85.2%
182 University of Potsdam, Germany 21.94 24.17 145 4.0%
183 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 19.94 23.76 96 12.5%
184 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 24.87 23.61 55 -10.4%
185 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 29.21 23.49 98 -24.1%
186 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 17.86 23.40 94 23.6%
187 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 25.59 23.35 186 -13.9%
188 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 21.86 22.82 124 -1.5%
189 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France 23.27 22.64 130 -8.2%
190 University of Oldenburg, Germany 14.50 22.53 65 46.7%
191 Bielefeld University, Germany 18.90 22.30 51 11.4%
192 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 26.70 22.21 93 -21.5%
193 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 21.98 22.04 84 -5.4%
194 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 18.84 21.94 96 9.9%
195 Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain 22.01 21.92 212 -6.0%
196 Masaryk University (MU), Czech Republic 22.15 21.83 87 -7.0%
197 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 33.96 21.78 102 -39.5%
198 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 25.35 21.71 92 -19.2%
199 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 19.65 21.46 196 3.1%
200 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 17.33 21.12 125 15.0%
201 Fraunhofer Society, Germany 13.97 21.04 121 42.2%
202 University of Siegen, Germany 19.72 20.44 113 -2.2%
203 Tampere University, Finland 11.34 20.43 218 70.0%
204 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 20.45 20.06 79 -7.4%
205 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 28.64 19.78 63 -34.8%
206 Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Spain 19.80 19.64 284 -6.4%
207 University of Porto (UP), Portugal 17.57 19.18 142 3.0%
208 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 20.26 18.94 63 -11.8%
209 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 21.20 18.47 62 -17.8%
210 University of Zaragoza (Unizar), Spain 15.96 18.21 106 7.7%
211 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology - State University (MIPT), Russia 11.39 18.18 232 50.6%
212 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 20.68 18.10 222 -17.4%
213 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 16.67 18.04 85 2.2%
214 University of Rostock, Germany 12.91 17.78 99 30.0%
215 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 16.05 17.73 69 4.3%
216 University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy 13.05 17.72 179 28.1%
217 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 22.48 17.71 173 -25.7%
218 University of Turku (UTU), Finland 13.04 17.63 112 27.6%
219 University of Rennes 1, France 17.22 17.32 154 -5.1%
220 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 16.38 17.10 77 -1.5%
221 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 19.07 17.07 54 -15.5%
222 Free University of Brussels (VUB), Belgium 15.25 16.95 184 4.9%
223 University of Kaiserslautern (TU Kaiserslautern), Germany 13.39 16.90 51 19.1%
224 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Russia 16.24 16.70 262 -2.9%
225 Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), Netherlands 16.13 16.65 125 -2.6%
226 Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy 14.61 16.17 155 4.5%
227 Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble INP), France 18.74 16.01 288 -19.4%
228 IMDEA Institutes, Spain 12.44 15.90 66 20.7%
229 Netherlands Cancer Institute (NKI), Netherlands 19.45 15.81 74 -23.3%
230 Pompeu Fabra University (UPF), Spain 15.14 15.76 103 -1.7%
231 University of Pavia (UNIPV), Italy 13.74 15.67 239 7.6%
232 Hannover Medical School (MHH), Germany 17.55 15.59 78 -16.2%
233 Curie Institute, France 13.97 15.53 112 5.0%
234 ITMO National Research University (ITMO University), Russia 14.93 15.43 62 -2.4%
235 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 19.58 15.32 66 -26.2%
236 University of Lorraine (UL), France 14.45 15.23 96 -0.5%
237 Palacky University (PU), Czech Republic 13.54 15.11 108 5.3%
238 University of Iceland, Iceland 13.79 15.03 87 2.9%
239 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 19.20 14.91 169 -26.7%
240 University of Lille Nord de France, France 14.47 14.87 131 -3.0%
241 The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), United Kingdom (UK) 14.38 14.79 70 -3.0%
242 Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), France 17.63 14.37 208 -23.1%
243 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 10.30 14.36 59 31.7%
244 Institut Laue Langevin (ILL), France 10.36 14.28 79 30.2%
245 European Southern Observatory (ESO), Germany 10.26 14.04 104 29.2%
246 University of Seville (US), Spain 10.89 13.94 81 20.9%
247 École Polytechnique, France 14.03 13.89 307 -6.6%
248 University of Ljubljana, Slovenia 15.15 13.83 121 -13.8%
249 University of Coimbra (UC), Portugal 7.81 13.64 112 64.8%
250 Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV), Spain 10.29 13.54 57 24.2%
251 University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ), France 9.41 13.50 170 35.4%
252 Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO), Spain 11.28 13.35 45 11.8%
253 Cancer Research UK (CRUK), United Kingdom (UK) 11.23 13.30 115 11.8%
254 University of Genova, Italy 11.29 13.30 279 11.2%
255 Rudjer Boskovic Institute (RBI), Croatia 14.74 13.29 155 -14.9%
256 The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU), Ukraine 10.87 13.13 210 14.1%
257 University of Crete (UOC), Greece 10.39 13.13 49 19.2%
258 New University of Lisbon (UNL), Portugal 8.01 13.09 69 54.2%
259 University of Aveiro (UA), Portugal 19.99 13.02 54 -38.5%
260 University of London - Royal Holloway (RHUL), United Kingdom (UK) 12.94 13.01 128 -5.1%
261 University of Wrocław (UWr), Poland 15.56 12.89 45 -21.8%
262 Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), Spain 12.05 12.86 90 0.7%
263 University of Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM), Spain 4.66 12.84 55 159.8%
264 University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg 9.61 12.74 43 25.1%
265 European Commission (EC), Belgium 7.71 12.70 45 55.5%
266 University of Limerick (UL), Ireland 9.80 12.63 26 21.6%
267 University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (UK) 11.49 12.60 42 3.5%
268 University of La Laguna (ULL), Spain 8.20 12.54 130 44.4%
269 Paderborn University, Germany 8.43 12.12 28 35.7%
270 Maastricht University (UM), Netherlands 11.19 12.02 63 1.4%
271 University of Oulu, Finland 9.16 12.01 70 23.8%
272 University of Augsburg, Germany 9.29 11.94 50 21.4%
273 Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (AMU), Poland 14.94 11.93 44 -24.7%
274 University of Salerno (UNISA), Italy 12.96 11.92 68 -13.2%
275 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 17.50 11.78 45 -36.5%
276 Jozef Stefan Institute (IJS), Slovenia 14.02 11.77 125 -20.8%
277 International Solvay Institutes, Belgium 10.00 11.76 50 11.1%
278 Collège de France, France 14.52 11.74 137 -23.7%
279 University of Greifswald, Germany 9.62 11.69 71 14.7%
280 Johannes Kepler University of Linz (JKU), Austria 16.92 11.48 33 -35.9%
281 University of Surrey, United Kingdom (UK) 15.46 11.34 52 -30.7%
282 University of Nantes, France 9.67 11.32 124 10.5%
283 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 11.53 11.29 72 -7.6%
284 Champalimaud Foundation, Portugal 7.50 11.26 27 41.8%
285 Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC), Belgium 11.99 11.20 34 -11.8%
286 University College Cork (UCC), Ireland 12.62 11.14 52 -16.7%
287 Institut Polytechnique de Bordeaux (Bordeaux INP), France 12.71 11.09 77 -17.6%
288 Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), France 8.77 11.07 204 19.2%
289 University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague (UCT), Czech Republic 8.94 10.99 24 16.1%
290 University of Girona (UdG), Spain 14.31 10.99 39 -27.5%
291 University of Belgrade, Serbia 6.99 10.99 192 48.4%
292 Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg (OVGU), Germany 11.46 10.96 46 -9.7%
293 University of Perugia, Italy 13.57 10.86 184 -24.4%
294 Novosibirsk State University (NSU), Russia 10.80 10.80 238 -5.6%
295 National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (UOA), Greece 12.48 10.52 236 -20.4%
296 French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea (Ifremer), France 3.73 10.47 77 164.7%
297 National University of Ireland Galway (NUI Galway), Ireland 9.09 10.37 46 7.7%
298 University of Tartu (UT), Estonia 15.86 10.20 70 -39.3%
299 University Clermont Auvergne, France 10.19 10.17 192 -5.8%
300 University of Roma Tre, Italy 9.09 10.10 111 4.9%
301 Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech), Russia 5.46 10.10 65 74.5%
302 University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway (UiT), Norway 16.99 10.03 62 -44.3%
303 Natural History Museum, United Kingdom (UK) 10.08 9.99 52 -6.5%
304 University of Debrecen, Hungary 5.79 9.88 129 61.1%
305 University of Osnabrück (Uni Osnabrück), Germany 10.37 9.86 27 -10.3%
306 Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics (SIB), Switzerland 9.94 9.79 83 -7.1%
307 University of Aalborg (AAU), Denmark 6.89 9.78 47 34.0%
308 University of Trieste (UNITS), Italy 11.24 9.78 184 -17.9%
309 Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Finland 3.85 9.77 36 139.7%
310 University of Zagreb, Croatia 7.37 9.69 64 24.2%
311 University of Mons (UMONS), Belgium 7.87 9.67 61 15.9%
312 Chemnitz University of Technology (TU Chemnitz), Germany 6.73 9.52 34 33.5%
313 University of Salamanca (USAL), Spain 7.28 9.52 36 23.3%
314 Birkbeck, University of London (BBK), United Kingdom (UK) 8.99 9.48 53 -0.4%
315 University of Catania, Italy 7.11 9.47 159 25.7%
316 University of the Balearic Islands (UIB), Spain 5.79 9.37 36 52.7%
317 Swedish Institute of Space Physics (IRF), Sweden 6.08 9.33 41 44.9%
318 National Physical Laboratory (NPL), United Kingdom (UK) 9.17 9.30 54 -4.3%
319 University of Murcia (UMU), Spain 10.01 9.18 33 -13.4%
320 Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE), Hungary 9.23 9.17 146 -6.2%
321 Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Spain 6.69 9.15 52 29.1%
322 Rovira i Virgili University (URV), Spain 11.76 9.14 41 -26.7%
323 Kazan Federal University (KFU), Russia 5.53 9.09 49 55.2%
324 Jaume I University (UJI), Spain 11.00 9.09 46 -22.1%
325 CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, Spain 15.63 9.02 25 -45.5%
326 National University of Science and Technology (MISIS), Russia 4.83 9.01 81 76.0%
327 University of Parma (UNIPR), Italy 9.48 8.95 44 -10.9%
328 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 8.92 8.92 42 -5.6%
329 University of Kent, United Kingdom (UK) 9.67 8.91 31 -13.0%
330 National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Italy 8.89 8.90 62 -5.5%
331 Oncode Institute, Netherlands 8.88 48 N/A
332 Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME), Hungary 5.76 8.83 38 44.6%
333 France Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, France 7.12 8.78 155 16.4%
334 BASF SE, Germany 8.08 8.75 49 2.1%
335 Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS), Bulgaria 3.98 8.74 154 107.1%
336 London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), United Kingdom (UK) 3.40 8.73 60 142.5%
337 National Institute of Chemistry, Slovenia, Slovenia 6.96 8.71 21 18.1%
338 University of Neuchâtel (UniNE), Switzerland 5.54 8.71 25 48.2%
339 Gulbenkian Science Institute (IGC), Portugal 6.88 8.50 22 16.6%
340 National Museum of Natural History (MNHN), France 11.40 8.42 131 -30.3%
341 University of Silesia (US), Poland 5.83 8.39 25 35.8%
342 Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas (FORTH), Greece 11.05 8.39 31 -28.4%
343 Institute of Molecular Biology gGmbH (IMB), Germany 5.85 8.35 28 34.8%
344 Institute of Molecular Medicine (IMM), Portugal 5.02 8.33 29 56.7%
345 University of Alcalá (UAH), Spain 8.28 8.29 34 -5.5%
346 University of Cantabria (UC), Spain 6.84 8.28 145 14.2%
347 Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy 8.29 8.26 51 -5.9%
348 National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ), Poland 4.71 8.10 194 62.5%
349 Catalan Health Institute (ICS), Spain 5.60 8.08 84 36.0%
350 Università della Svizzera Italiana (USI), Switzerland 8.25 7.98 28 -8.7%
351 University of Hull, United Kingdom (UK) 10.17 7.98 35 -25.9%
352 Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Norway 9.29 7.95 36 -19.2%
353 Spanish National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC), Spain 9.75 7.90 35 -23.5%
354 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 5.39 7.80 35 36.6%
355 National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Russia 5.41 7.75 236 35.3%
356 National Centre for Scientific Research 'Demokritos' (NCSR), Greece 8.37 7.66 122 -13.6%
357 Babraham Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 9.27 7.64 28 -22.1%
358 National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), Greece 6.51 7.64 175 10.8%
359 University of Cagliari (UNICA), Italy 6.64 7.60 87 8.1%
360 Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust (OUH), United Kingdom (UK) 6.34 7.59 101 13.0%
361 Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Germany 5.77 7.58 21 23.9%
362 Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS), Italy 10.34 7.57 195 -30.9%
363 University of Savoy (USMB), France 11.74 7.50 220 -39.7%
364 Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), Netherlands 5.53 7.49 45 27.9%
365 University of Lübeck, Germany 5.79 7.48 92 21.9%
366 University of Ioannina (UOI), Greece 4.92 7.48 123 43.4%
367 Tomsk State University (TSU), Russia 6.29 7.44 109 11.6%
368 Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Germany 7.74 7.43 21 -9.3%
369 University of Minho (UM), Portugal 7.01 7.42 111 -0.1%
370 Medical University of Innsbruck (MUI), Austria 8.19 7.41 38 -14.6%
371 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes (ENSCR), France 7.27 7.28 72 -5.4%
372 Vilnius University (VU), Lithuania 7.57 7.26 127 -9.5%
373 University of Orléans, France 4.19 7.23 74 62.8%
374 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 7.46 7.22 42 -8.6%
375 Sanofi, France 5.17 7.21 33 31.7%
376 British Geological Survey (BGS), United Kingdom (UK) 5.31 7.06 39 25.5%
377 University of Valladolid (UVa), Spain 6.17 7.02 12 7.3%
378 NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH), United Kingdom (UK) 4.25 6.94 34 54.1%
379 University of Wuppertal, Germany 12.18 6.91 92 -46.4%
380 University of Eastern Finland (UEF), Finland 12.64 6.88 56 -48.6%
381 University of La Rioja (UR), Spain 5.22 6.85 17 23.9%
382 Clausthal University of Technology (TU Clausthal), Germany 1.42 6.85 10 354.5%
383 Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies (DIAS), Ireland 2.57 6.84 26 151.3%
384 University of Salzburg, Austria 5.27 6.82 18 22.2%
385 Wrocław University of Science and Technology (WRUT), Poland 9.01 6.71 23 -29.7%
386 University of Szeged (SZTE), Hungary 6.51 6.66 33 -3.5%
387 University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU), Austria 9.30 6.61 26 -32.9%
388 University of Kassel, Germany 5.63 6.59 19 10.4%
389 Loughborough University, United Kingdom (UK) 14.60 6.58 31 -57.4%
390 University of Málaga (UMA), Spain 6.15 6.47 35 -0.7%
391 Ural Federal University (UrFU), Russia 5.09 6.40 28 18.8%
392 Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL), Switzerland 6.71 6.39 33 -10.2%
393 AgroParisTech, France 6.39 6.37 65 -5.9%
394 Jacobs University Bremen, Germany 8.04 6.37 17 -25.2%
395 National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE), Russia 2.74 6.36 61 119.3%
396 University of A Coruña (UDC), Spain 4.85 6.34 15 23.4%
397 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier (ENSCM), France 6.19 6.33 85 -3.5%
398 University of Alicante (UA), Spain 5.76 6.28 37 2.9%
399 University of Calabria (UNICAL), Italy 8.32 6.25 93 -29.0%
400 University of Bari Aldo Moro (UniBA), Italy 7.31 6.19 188 -20.1%
401 Center for Cooperative Research in Biosciences (CIC bioGUNE), Spain 6.61 6.12 27 -12.6%
402 University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy 0.60 6.06 24 851.2%
403 Keele University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.69 6.03 29 111.3%
404 University of Patras, Greece 5.13 5.98 22 10.0%
405 Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU), Russia 4.47 5.95 123 25.5%
406 Ilmenau University of Technology (TU Ilmenau), Germany 5.58 5.90 15 -0.3%
407 Gustave Eiffel University, France 8.71 5.87 66 -36.4%
408 Miguel Hernández University of Elche (UMH), Spain 4.78 5.74 17 13.2%
409 University of Vigo (UVIGO), Spain 7.80 5.73 25 -30.7%
410 AGH University of Science and Technology (AGH UST), Poland 3.57 5.72 126 51.1%
411 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI), Ireland 8.94 5.72 36 -39.7%
412 NHS Lothian, United Kingdom (UK) 6.60 5.63 89 -19.5%
413 Silesian University in Opava (SLU), Czech Republic 5.24 5.58 13 0.6%
414 Åbo Akademi University, Finland 5.99 5.55 33 -12.5%
415 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE), Italy 4.11 5.52 58 26.9%
416 Bayer AG, Germany 3.61 5.51 41 43.9%
417 C. H. Boehringer Sohn AG & Co. KG (Boehringer Ingelheim), Germany 6.37 5.49 24 -18.7%
418 University of Ferrara (UNIFE), Italy 5.83 5.47 84 -11.4%
419 University of Haute-Alsace (UHA), France 4.14 5.42 113 23.7%
420 University of Brescia (UNIBS), Italy 2.90 5.40 48 76.0%
421 National Institute for Research in Computer Science and Control (INRIA), France 5.79 5.35 218 -12.8%
422 Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg (TUBAF), Germany 3.70 5.34 17 36.4%
423 Wetsus Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology, Netherlands 4.23 5.33 15 19.0%
424 UCB S.A., Belgium 4.16 5.32 14 20.8%
425 International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory (INL), Portugal 2.72 5.32 23 84.8%
426 Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod (UNN), Russia 3.05 5.28 16 63.7%
427 Centre for Cooperative Research in Biomaterials (CIC biomaGUNE), Spain 5.62 5.25 28 -11.8%
428 Institute Gustave-Roussy (IGR), France 3.90 5.24 59 26.9%
429 University of Messina (UNIME), Italy 1.61 5.23 26 207.4%
430 Swedish Museum of Natural History, Sweden 7.84 5.23 35 -37.0%
431 University of Stavanger (UiS), Norway 5.38 5.22 17 -8.4%
432 University of Burgos (UBU), Spain 5.01 5.22 13 -1.7%
433 University of Cyprus, Cyprus 4.52 5.16 111 7.8%
434 University Institute of France (IUF), France 7.14 5.15 61 -32.0%
435 German Federal Institute of Hydrology (BfG), Germany 2.90 5.14 7 66.9%
436 University of Pau and Pays de l'Adour (UPPA), France 2.10 5.12 40 129.6%
437 University of Palermo (UNIPA), Italy 6.83 5.10 30 -29.5%
438 University of Navarra (UNAV), Spain 4.54 5.10 30 6.1%
439 University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom (UK) 2.68 5.09 13 79.5%
440 Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM), United Kingdom (UK) 4.18 4.99 23 12.6%
441 National Office for Aerospace Studies and Research (ONERA), France 3.38 4.97 28 38.7%
442 Maria Curie-Skłodowska University (UMCS), Poland 1.59 4.94 11 193.2%
443 University of Namur (UNamur), Belgium 5.97 4.90 19 -22.5%
444 Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (NCU), Poland 1.93 4.89 24 139.6%
445 École Normale Supérieure Paris-Saclay (ENS Paris-Saclay), France 3.57 4.84 49 28.0%
446 University of Western Brittany (UBO), France 2.93 4.82 58 55.0%
447 University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom (UK) 7.31 4.81 26 -37.9%
448 European Space Agency (ESA), France 5.32 4.78 34 -15.3%
449 University of Siena (UNISI), Italy 3.60 4.77 111 25.2%
450 University of South Bohemia, Czech Republic 3.41 4.76 23 31.7%
451 Pablo de Olavide University (UPO), Spain 3.79 4.69 35 16.9%
452 Charles III University of Madrid (UC3M), Spain 5.55 4.64 35 -21.0%
453 Academy of Athens, Greece 5.40 4.60 25 -19.5%
454 Dublin City University (DCU), Ireland 2.84 4.59 22 52.3%
455 NERC National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS), United Kingdom (UK) 3.80 4.57 31 13.7%
456 Agroscope, Switzerland 2.03 4.56 12 111.9%
457 Rigshospitalet, Denmark 4.00 4.54 82 7.2%
458 University of Eastern Piedmont "Amedeo Avogadro" (UNIPMN), Italy 5.22 4.54 154 -18.0%
459 Cranfield University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.25 4.54 20 90.7%
460 Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Luxembourg 6.63 4.52 20 -35.6%
461 International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Italy 4.24 4.51 12 0.6%
462 Caen University (UNICAEN), France 6.24 4.50 44 -32.0%
463 Northumbria University, United Kingdom (UK) 5.73 4.50 21 -25.9%
464 Medical University of Graz (Med Uni Graz), Austria 5.25 4.46 39 -19.8%
465 University of Toulon (UTLN), France 3.64 4.42 45 14.5%
466 International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria 3.65 4.41 28 14.3%
467 Thales S.A., France 4.11 4.36 37 0.1%
468 Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski, Bulgaria 2.70 4.35 103 52.1%
469 University of Rouen, France 5.24 4.34 40 -21.8%
470 University of Salento, Italy 5.27 4.24 83 -24.0%
471 University of Burgundy, France 5.28 4.24 52 -24.2%
472 Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom (UK) 3.72 4.21 15 7.1%
473 ALBA Synchrotron, Spain 3.33 4.21 25 19.1%
474 Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU), Russia 1.61 4.20 18 147.0%
475 University of Hertfordshire (UH), United Kingdom (UK) 2.60 4.19 14 52.1%
476 Bureau de Recherches Geologiques et Minieres (BRGM), France 3.08 4.13 18 26.8%
477 Russian Quantum Center (RQC), Russia 3.06 4.11 26 26.8%
478 Fondazione Piemontese per la Ricerca sul Cancro Onlus (FPRC), Italy 1.33 4.05 11 186.5%
479 Lyon University Hospital (HCL), France 1.96 4.04 47 94.8%
480 Bangor University, United Kingdom (UK) 4.29 4.03 20 -11.2%
481 Institut d'Optique Graduate School (IOGS), France 3.05 4.02 37 24.7%
482 Czech University of Life Sciences Prague (CULS), Czech Republic 0.47 3.98 17 705.5%
483 Ligue Contre Le Cancer, France 4.33 3.96 34 -13.7%
484 University of Extremadura (UEx), Spain 2.07 3.92 11 78.7%
485 European X-ray Free-Electron Laser Facility GmbH (XFEL), Germany 1.35 3.91 37 173.9%
486 Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center (NERSC), Norway 2.46 3.90 42 50.0%
487 University Children's Hospital Basel (UKBB), Switzerland 5.27 3.86 45 -30.9%
488 Merck KGaA, Germany 3.92 3.84 24 -7.5%
489 Royal Veterinary College, University of London (RVC), United Kingdom (UK) 2.32 3.80 18 54.7%
490 Roskilde University (RUC), Denmark 1.89 3.79 24 88.8%
491 Paris-Est Créteil University (UPEC), France 5.34 3.79 54 -33.1%
492 Norway Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries, Norway 4.42 3.77 48 -19.5%
493 Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 4.16 3.71 92 -15.7%
494 Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU), Russia 3.04 3.71 103 15.2%
495 Catalan Institute for Water Research (ICRA), Spain 2.75 3.71 8 27.0%
496 University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna (VUM), Austria 4.44 3.69 24 -21.5%
497 Slovak Academy of Sciences (SAS), Slovakia 7.06 3.69 102 -50.7%
498 Gdańsk University of Technology (GUT), Poland 5.72 3.68 13 -39.2%
499 City, University of London (CUL), United Kingdom (UK) 1.53 3.68 16 127.7%
500 École Supérieure de Chimie Physique Électronique de Lyon or (CPE Lyon), France 4.70 3.68 29 -26.2%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at nature.com/nature-index/.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2021 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.