2018 tables: Institutions - physical sciences - corporate

The 2018 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2016 Share 2017 Count 2017 Change in Adjusted Share* 2016–2017
1 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 33.54 41.71 83 22.9%
2 Samsung Group, South Korea 15.30 10.27 35 -33.7%
3 Microsoft Corporation, United States of America (USA) 9.94 9.81 55 -2.5%
4 Toshiba Corporation, Japan 7.30 7.91 14 7.2%
5 Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT), Japan 15.79 7.11 12 -55.5%
6 FiberHome Technologies Group, China 3.37 5.07 37 48.7%
7 China State Shipbuilding Corporation Limited (CSSC), China 2.99 4.64 35 53.1%
8 Toyota Group, Japan 7.62 3.85 9 -50.1%
9 Thales S.A., France 6.08 3.81 27 -38.1%
10 Alphabet Inc., United States of America (USA) 7.49 3.77 12 -50.2%
11 HP Inc., United States of America (USA) 6.57 3.68 6 -44.6%
12 China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC), China 0.65 3.28 21 395.5%
13 Hitachi, Ltd., Japan 4.03 3.19 16 -21.7%
14 Western Digital Corporation, United States of America (USA) 5.23 2.35 8 -55.6%
15 HRL Laboratories LLC, United States of America (USA) 3.75 2.25 7 -40.7%
16 Sony Corporation, Japan 0.98 2.21 3 123.9%
17 Northrop Grumman Corporation, United States of America (USA) 1.75 2.17 16 22.5%
18 Airbus SE, Netherlands 0.58 2.15 6 264.0%
19 Infineon Technologies AG, Germany 0.06 2.13 4 3690.0%
20 Lockheed Martin Corporation, United States of America (USA) 1.03 2.10 14 101.1%
21 Intel Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.26 2.07 14 -9.4%
22 Chevron Corporation, United States of America (USA) 0.08 2.02 7 2497.0%
23 Soraa Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.00 2.00 2 -1.2%
24 China Electronics Technology Group Corporation (CETC), China 1.41 1.97 6 38.2%
25 Merck KGaA, Germany 1.01 1.86 3 80.9%
26 Schlumberger Limited, United States of America (USA) 0.84 1.80 5 111.8%
27 Nokia Corporation, Finland 1.15 1.75 9 49.9%
28 Mitsubishi Group, Japan 1.22 1.74 5 40.9%
29 Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.48 1.68 14 12.2%
30 Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips), Netherlands 0.80 1.67 7 105.9%
31 Oxford Instruments, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 1.48 4 645.1%
32 QuantumWise A/S, Denmark 1.48 5 N/A
33 China National Tobacco Company (CNTC), China 1.46 6 N/A
34 STMicroelectronics N.V., Switzerland 0.22 1.45 10 562.2%
35 Raytheon Company, United States of America (USA) 0.48 1.38 14 184.1%
36 Center for Nanotechnology GmbH (CeNTech GmbH), Germany 2.56 1.30 6 -49.9%
37 Graphenea SA, Spain 0.85 1.29 4 50.8%
38 Rydberg Technologies LLC, United States of America (USA) 1.25 2 N/A
39 Research Institutes of Sweden (RISE), Sweden 0.05 1.21 7 2556.4%
40 Foxconn Technology Group, Taiwan 2.10 1.18 8 -44.5%
41 Formosa Plastics Group, Taiwan 1.40 1.14 8 -19.3%
42 Applied Materials, Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.12 1.14 14 -46.8%
43 Emberion Oy, Finland 1.09 2 N/A
44 Saint-Gobain SA, France 0.87 1.08 4 23.2%
45 DowDuPont Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.86 1.08 9 -42.5%
46 General Atomics, United States of America (USA) 1.20 1.03 6 -14.7%
47 GNS Science, New Zealand 1.87 1.01 11 -46.7%
48 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.00 1.00 1 72790.3%
48 Firmenich International SA, Switzerland 1.50 1.00 1 -34.1%
48 FujiFilm Corporation, Japan 0.34 1.00 1 193.3%
48 Wuhan Second Ship Design and Research Institute, China 1.00 1.00 1 -1.2%
48 SWK Research, United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
48 Shanghai Huali Microelectronics Corporation, China 1.00 1 N/A
48 Intermolecular, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
48 Avalanche Technology, United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
48 Vicarious FPC, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
48 Exxon Mobil Corporation (ExxonMobil), United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
48 SwissScientific SA, Switzerland 1.00 1 N/A
49 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd., China 0.85 0.98 53 14.4%
50 Johnson Matthey (JM), United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 0.96 8 470.0%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals through 2022, in 2023 64 health-science journals were added to the Index. The 146 journals in the Nature Index were selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at nature.com/nature-index/.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2022 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.