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Volume 3 Issue 4, April 2019

Mushroom phylogeny

Mushroom-forming fungi (Agaricomycetes) have key roles in ecosystems, such as plant biomass degraders and mycorrhizal mutualists. There are over 21,000 species of mushroom-forming fungi, and they have diverse fruiting-body morphologies. These range from simple and crust-like to highly structured and gilled, such as Mycena interrupta (depicted). Analysis of the global diversity of these fungi reveals intriguing patterns, including a Jurassic explosion of both species number and morphological diversity.

See Varga et al.

Image: Stephen Axford. Cover Design: Tulsi Voralia.


  • The development of essential biodiversity variables offers the prospect of large-scale data synthesis and a smoother path from science to policy.



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Comment & Opinion

  • More, not less, international cooperation on conservation is in the interest of Brazilian farmers and wider Brazilian society, argues Bernardo B. N. Strassburg.

    • Bernardo B. N. Strassburg
    World View
  • Macroscopic organisms from the late Ediacaran period have often been described as failed experiments in the history of life. We argue that the field of Ediacaran palaeobiology should dispense with unhelpful historical classification schemes and embrace phylogenetic systematics if we are to establish the evolutionary relevance of these fossils.

    • Frances S. Dunn
    • Alexander G. Liu
  • New antibiotics are urgently needed to combat rising rates of resistance against all existing classes of antimicrobials. We highlight key issues that complicate the prediction of resistance evolution in the real world and outline the ways in which these can be overcome.

    • Michael A. Brockhurst
    • Freya Harrison
    • Craig Maclean
  • Pioneer of evolutionary developmental biology and supportive mentor.

    • Gregory A. Wray
    • Eric S. Haag
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News & Views

  • Analysis of Phanerozoic vertebrate community richness suggests there have been constraints on tetrapod diversity dynamics over much of their evolutionary history.

    • Linda C. Ivany
    • Jesse Czekanski-Moir
    News & Views
  • A study of habitat loss associated with global trade reveals growing impacts on bird biodiversity and carbon sequestration. Overall increases in impacts are driven by changing consumption patterns and human population increases — and may be even greater if land-use intensification is considered.

    • Tim Newbold
    News & Views
  • Analysis of genomes, transcriptomes and proteomes from recently diverged rice species provides mechanistic insight into the process of de novo gene origination.

    • Erich Bornberg-Bauer
    • Brennen Heames
    News & Views
  • Comparative analysis of microexons across bilaterians identifies a new protein domain associated with the evolutionary origin of microexon inclusion in neural tissues.

    • Rupert Faraway
    • Jernej Ule
    News & Views
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  • Changes in species distribution and abundance can be captured using essential biodiversity variables (EBVs). Here, the authors synthesize the data and approaches needed for EBVs that allow monitoring of populations in both space and time.

    • Walter Jetz
    • Melodie A. McGeoch
    • Eren Turak
    Perspective Open Access
  • Parasites’ biological rhythms coordinate their activities with both the external environment and the biotic environment of their host. Here, the authors discuss biological rhythms of both host and parasite from an ecological and evolutionary perspective.

    • Mary L. Westwood
    • Aidan J. O’Donnell
    • Sarah E. Reece
  • A review of current knowledge of the mosquito and vertebrate host species for Zika virus, mechanisms of vector-borne transmission, and the possible scenarios of recent Zika virus emergence and evolution, including potential spillback from urban to zoonotic cycles.

    • Gladys Gutiérrez-Bugallo
    • Luis Augusto Piedra
    • Anubis Vega-Rúa
    Review Article
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Amendments & Corrections

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