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  • The strength of functional diversity effects on forest productivity increases over time, highlighting the key role of multi-species tree communities in long-term restoration initiatives.

    • Nathaly R. Guerrero-Ramírez
    News & Views
  • Analysis of oviparous and viviparous individuals of the common lizard reveals the genetic architecture of pregnancy.

    • Camilla M. Whittington
    News & Views
  • As global temperature and climate variability increase, overshoot droughts resulting from previously high plant growth could intensify climate–vegetation feedbacks.

    • Miguel A. Zavala
    News & Views
  • An international team of authors present a horizon scan of the predominant causes and consequences of pollinator loss, revealing that perceptions of the risks of losing pollinators vary substantially among regions.

    • Dino J. Martins
    News & Views
  • Insects across the globe are facing multiple anthropogenic pressures. A study combining several data streams and advanced modelling helps to unravel the main factors underlying declines in monarch butterfly populations.

    • Diana E. Bowler
    News & Views
  • A clever experimental design in bacteria with engineered obligate mutualisms shows that interdependency can allow pairs of bacteria to survive in environments that are uninhabitable by the individual strains.

    • Clare I. Abreu
    • Manoshi S. Datta
    News & Views
  • A synthesis of animal population trends around 27 no-take marine protected areas (MPAs) cautions that concentrated fishing right next to an MPA undermines population recovery within the MPA — and beyond.

    • Nils C. Krueck
    News & Views
  • A decorated bone object adds to the mounting evidence that Neanderthals were capable of advanced behavioural complexity and could produce artistic representations.

    • Silvia M. Bello
    News & Views
  • A new lower Cambrian fossil locality in South China offers spectacular glimpses into the post-larval development of a wide variety of soft-bodied early marine animals, knowledge of which has been confined to their mature stages until now.

    • Nigel C. Hughes
    News & Views
  • Behavioural experiments and genetic manipulations reveal the mechanisms by which Drosophila females plastically alter their choosiness in response to mating, resolving trade-offs of mate choice.

    • Jennifer C. Perry
    • Ben R. Hopkins
    News & Views
  • Sperm length unexpectedly varies more than 3,000-fold across species, posing new questions for anisogamy theory and understanding the different forces shaping evolution of the male gamete.

    • Matthew J. G. Gage
    News & Views
  • Simulations of eco-evolutionary processes involved in artificial selection of microbial communities provide a guide to optimize experimental design for improving ecosystem functions.

    • Silvia De Monte
    News & Views
  • Four new Late Pleistocene European modern human genomes had Neanderthal ancestors in their immediate family history, suggesting that interbreeding with the last Neanderthals was common.

    • Carles Lalueza-Fox
    News & Views
  • It has long been asserted that samples of taxa that span more of the Tree of Life contain more features that humans find useful. This has now been tested at a global scale: across 13,500 plant genera and nearly 9,500 uses, the prediction holds, supporting a macroevolutionary perspective on biodiversity conservation.

    • Arne Mooers
    • Caroline M. Tucker
    News & Views
  • Combining detailed spatial maps of deforestation with international commodity trade patterns reveals that some countries’ consumption patterns play an outsized role in driving deforestation in others.

    • Alexandra Marques
    News & Views
  • A collation of national spending on biodiversity presents new data and explores the relationship with biodiversity loss, while also highlighting the difficulty in generating indicators for cross-national biodiversity assessment.

    • Ben Groom
    • Diana M. Weinhold
    News & Views
  • A coarse-grained model of bacterial metabolism quantitatively predicts the trade-off between drug-free growth rate and antibiotic resistance evolution.

    • Matthew Scott
    News & Views