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Industrial microbiology is a branch of applied microbiology in which microorganisms are used in industrial processes; for example, in the production of high-value products such as drugs, chemicals, fuels and electricity.
Mobile genetic elements can confer antibiotic resistance on their bacterial hosts. However, they are often costly leading to conflict with the host chromosome, which can drive intragenomic coevolution and consequent modulation of resistance.
This study found a new role for chaperone–usher pathway (CUP) pili in the colonization of the gut by uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) and identified a mannoside compound that could be used to prevent their binding to host cells.